PRELIMINARY PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTO-CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF DARBHA (DESMOSTACHYA BIPINNATA STAPF.).

  • NIti Tushar Shah GAU
  • Bharati Umrethia
  • Tushar Shah

Abstract

Backgroud: Darbha (Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf.) is found in the plains of India, throughout the Middle East to Indo-China, North and tropical Africa. It is a species of open habitat, arid regions with water table near surface. According to Ayurveda its roots are used in conditions such as Mootrakruchchra¸ Ashmari, Raktapitta, Pitaprakopa, etc.


Aim: To investigate preliminary pharmacognostical and phytochemical parameters of plant to standardize the drug.


Materials and Method: Identification of the plant was done as per the standard guidelines given in the floras. Preliminary physico-chemical andvphytochemical screening was done and after achieving the idea of phytoconstituents group, quantitative test of sugar content and volatile oil content and thin layer chromatography studies were carried out for different organic solvent extracts.


Results: Presence of air cavities in root but their absences in stolon suggest that Darbha is a halophytic plant. Aqueous extracts showed the presence of tannins, carbohydrates and sugars.


Conclusion: The findings of the study will be helpful in the identification of Darbha plant.


Keywords: DARBHA, DESMOSTACHYA BIPINNATA STAPF., DIURETIC, SUGAR.

Published
2017-07-07
How to Cite
SHAH, NIti Tushar; UMRETHIA, Bharati; SHAH, Tushar. PRELIMINARY PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTO-CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF DARBHA (DESMOSTACHYA BIPINNATA STAPF.).. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (ISSN 2456-3110), http://www.jaims.in/index.php/jaims/pages/view/Citation, v. 2, n. 3, p. 75 - 83, july 2017. ISSN 2456-3110. Available at: <http://jaims.in/index.php/jaims/article/view/313>. Date accessed: 21 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.21760/jaims.v2i3.8213.
Section
Original Article