PHARMACEUTICO-ANALYTICAL STUDY OF TRIPHALA GUGGULU
There are many formulations mentioned in Ayurvedic classics to treat various disease used as internally as well as external applications, Guggulu Kalpana is one of them. It is a very popular, safe and effective formulation for mitigation of Tridosha mainly Vatadosha. Two methods for preparation of Guggulu Kalpana areused; 1. Kuttana (pounding) and 2. Analapaka (heating). Mostly small production of Guggulu Kalpana is made by Kuttana and large production is made by Analapaka. Amidst of all Guggulu Kalpana, Triphala Guggulu is one of the most momentous and widely used in Vrana Shodhana and Vrana Ropana Karma in practice. Triphala Guggulu is indicated in Bhagandara, Gulma, Shotha, Arsha, Vatarakta, Kushtha, Pakva-vidradhi, Gandamala, Asthibhagna which is described in Sharangdhara Samhita, Yogaratnakara and Bhavaprakasha. Three batches of Triphala Guggulu were prepared with reference of Sharangdhara Samhita and follow the in house quality control parameters to standardized the medicine in large scale production by heating method. The size of Triphala Guggulu was form 10.27mm to 10.28mm in diameter, pH 5.9 to 6.2, loss on drying 0.8% to 1.6%, ash value 6.0%w/w to 7.5%w/w, acid-insoluble ash value 0.8%w/w to 1.2%w/w, alcohol-soluble extractive value 16.4%v/w to 30.2%v/w and water-soluble extractive value 32.0% to 38.0%. Phytochemical screening of Triphala Guggulu shows that Glycoside, Amino acid, Protein, Carbohydrate, Flavanoid, Tannin, Steroid, Saponin and Alkaloid were present in all batches. On the basis of this study it is clear that, if we follow the same procedure with authentic drugs then large scale production also have quality assurance.
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