PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF ASYSTASIA VARIABILIS TRIM. - AN EXTRAPHARMACOPOEAL AYURVEDIC MEDICINAL PLANT

  • Kavitha Nayak Post Graduate Scholar, Dept. of Dravyaguna, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwar College of Ayurveda, Kuthpady, Udupi, Karnataka, India.
  • Shrikanth P Professor and HOD, Dept. of Dravyaguna, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwar College of Ayurveda, Kuthpady, Udupi, Karnataka, India.
  • Ravikrishna S Associate Professor, Dept. of Agada Tantra, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwar College of Ayurveda, Kuthpady, Udupi, Karnataka, India.
  • Suchithra Prabhu Research officer, SDM Centre for Research in Ayurveda and Allied Sciences, Kuthpady Udupi, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Background - Asystasia Variabilis Trim. also known as Maithaala Kaddi by traditional practitioners of Udupi. Belonging to the family Acanthaceae. Is a semi-scandent herb, and effectively used by the Folklore practitioners for the management of Amlapitta (acid peptic disorder), worm infestations and rheumatism. Aim - To explore the pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical parameters of plant to standardize the drug. Materials and Methods - whole mature plant of A.variabilis was collected from Udupi district. Macroscopic, microscopic physico-chemical standards, HPTLC and secondary metabolites screening were scientifically recorded. Results - The pharmacognostical leaf study has shown single layered epidermis throughout midrib and lamina. Anatomical features of stem exhibit single layer of epidermis covered with trichomes. Inner to this, densely arranged collenchyma cells are present. In transverse section of root showed epidermal layer is surrounded by root hairs which are abundant. Powder microscopy characteristics showed the presence of starch in parenchyma region, mesophyll cells with stomata and sclerides were present. The standard out print of the drug is represented by physicochemical standards and HPTLC. Preliminary Phytochemical study shows that it contains Alkaloids, Carbohydrates, Steroids, TanninsĀ  and Phenol. Conclusion - Pharmacognostical study carried out on A.variabilis showed quality standards of the drug, with respect to its macroscopy, microscopy, physico-chemical standards and HPTLC.

Published
2018-04-12
How to Cite
NAYAK, Kavitha et al. PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF ASYSTASIA VARIABILIS TRIM. - AN EXTRAPHARMACOPOEAL AYURVEDIC MEDICINAL PLANT. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (ISSN 2456-3110), http://www.jaims.in/index.php/jaims/pages/view/Citation, v. 3, n. 1, p. 48 - 55, apr. 2018. ISSN 2456-3110. Available at: <http://jaims.in/index.php/jaims/article/view/478>. Date accessed: 26 apr. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.21760/jaims.v3i01.11638.
Section
Original Article