Understanding the role of Vata in treatment of Female Infertility - A Literary Review

  • Dr. Deepthi G.B. Final Year Post Graduate Scholar, Dept of Prasuti Tantra and Stree Roga, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, INDIA.
  • Dr. Gayathri Bhat N.V. Professor and Head of Department, Dept. of Prasuti Tantra and Stree Roga, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, INDIA.
Keywords: Vata, Vandhyatwa, Infertility, Garbha Sambhava Samaghri

Abstract

Introduction: Infertility is defined as failure to conceive within one or more years of regular unprotected coitus. Infertility is faced worldwide affecting 8-10% of all the couples. As per WHO data, the estimated prevalence of primary infertility among reproductive age group women in India is 11.8%. Vandhyatwa is the inability of the couple to achieve conception. It is considered as one among the 80 Nanatmaja Vyaadhis by Acharya Kashyapa of the three Doshas described in Ayurveda. Vata has a prime factor in causing infertility and various disturbances in the reproductive health; hence it is essential to understand the role of Vata Dosha in Vandhyatwa. Methodology: To review, analyze and interpret the Guna and Karma of Vata and its subtypes, to study Vata as an important Garbha Sambhava Samagri (essential factors for conception) as described in various Ayurveda classics and its further implication in treatment of infertility. Hence for healthy reproductive system and healthy progeny controlling Vata is one of the essential factors. Discussion: The balance of Tridosha, Saptadhatu and Trimala is required for healthy progeny - Supraja. Controlling Vata is described as the main line of treatment in Yoni Vyapat. Vandhyatwa is one of the complications of Yoni Vyapat and Vata Vyadhihara Karma can be adopted in treating the same.

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Review Article