Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences 2021-06-08T17:19:56+0530 Dr. Umapati C. Baragi Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Bimonthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Bimonthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published bimonthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal.</p> <p>All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors. The JAIMS will publish accepted peer reviewed manuscript within 4 weeks of time.</p> <p align="center"><strong>‘JAIMS’ does not levy Article Processing Charges (APCs) or Article Submission Charges.</strong></p> Application of Vishesha Siddhanta in the management of Janusandhigata Vata w.s.r. to Janubasti with Devadaru Baladi Taila - Clinical study 2021-06-08T17:19:56+0530 Dr. Manjunath Akki Dr. Savita Mordi <p>Ayurveda is the science of life. It defines any disturbance in the equilibrium of Dhatus (Dosha, Dhatu, Mala) is known as disease and on other hand the state of their equilibrium is health. Attainment of equilibrium is achieved by Samanya and Vishesa siddhanta. Vishesha has great role in Ayurveda like Samanya for being the Chikitsa Siddhanta. Sandhigatavata is a one among the Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhis, with clinical symptoms like Sandhishula, Shotha, Prasaranaakunchana Vedana etc. According to WHO, Osteoarthritis is most common musculoskeletal problem in world (30%). Most pharmacological approaches for pain management are considered temporarily effective and not very safe. In Vatavyadhi - Snehana, Swedana and Basti karma are considered as the prime line of treatment. Bahya Snehana and Swedana effects will be achieved in Janubasti. Results and Conclusion: Out of 30, 12 patients (40%) had got Good response, 17 patients (56.66%) had Moderate response and 1 patient (3.33) had Mild response. Thus, Janubasti with Devadarubaladi Taila is having good result in subsiding the symptoms of Janusandhigatavata. Snigdha, Ushna and Guru Guna of Sneha will counteract with the Rooksha, Sheeta and Laghu Guna of Vata and hence controls the symptoms.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Effect of Shirish versus Diclofenac Sodium in PostOperative Pain Management - A Randomized Comparative Clinical Trial 2021-06-04T14:40:33+0530 Dr. Ajinkya A. Tale Dr. Manoj Patil <p>Introduction: Post-operative pain is physiological pain which is caused due to tissue trauma. Drugs such as NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs) and Opioids are used for post-operative pain management but are associated with their own drawbacks. Shirish has been in use in Ayurvedic practice for analgesia. It is known to relieve pain and can be used to supplement anesthesia and also get rid of adverse effect of modern analgesic drugs. Aims and Objective: To study the comparative effect of Shirish and Diclofenac sodium in post-operative pain management. Materials and Methods: Randomized clinical trial with Group A (Control Group: Tab Diclofenac sodium 50 mg as a single dose) and Group B (Trial Group: Cap Shirish 500 mg as a single dose). Those who had undergone surgeries like hernia, appendicitis operation under spinal anesthesia were selected as per inclusion criteria. Vitals, desirable effect and undesirable effect, total surgical time, the assessment criteria observed and recorded. Results: Cap. Shirish does not show any undesirable or serious ill effects and altered values of vitals as per statistical analysis. As per visual assessment scale, pain felt by Trial group was earlier than control group. Conclusions: Shirish Vati has analgesic property but its analgesic property and pain threshold capacity is lesser than those of Diclofenac Sodium.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) An Observational Survey Study on the changes in Life style before and during COVID-19 lockdown 2021-06-04T14:43:37+0530 Dr. Veeraj Hegde Dr. Nimesh Kapatel <p>COVID-19, a global pandemic impacted daily life on a vast scale and is significantly affecting the global economy. The spread of this disease is exponential and our country is slowly rising up to being one of the worst affected countries. Since, any suitable form of immunization is not attained yet on a large scale; countries are enforcing a strict lockdown to curb the spread of this virus. People are advised to stay at homes and go out only if it is absolutely essential. India had imposed one of the biggest and strictest lockdown during the months of March, April and May 2020 which had a significant impact on the lives of its citizens. Our study is a theoretical analysis to investigate the immediate impact of lockdown on eating and lifestyle of the population aged &gt;=18 years. The survey was conducted using a well-structured questionnaire which examined the demographic, dietary, lifestyle habits before and during the lockdown period so as to assess if there was a positive or negative influence on the health of a person. The study was conducted during the month of June 2020 and was active for a period of 30 days. The paper also encompasses some of the relevant principles in Ayurveda which can be incorporated as a part of daily routine to promote a cleaner healthier regime.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Pharmacological and phytochemical study of Haridra in Maharashtra state with special reference to Desh Vichar 2021-06-04T14:49:14+0530 Vd. Darshana Mishra Vd. Balaji Sawant Vd. Janhavi Alwe <p>Haridra (Curcuma Longa Linn.) has been well documented in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeias which includes Samhita (treatise), Nighantus (lexicons), Chikitsagrantha (compendia of Ayurveda). It provides a collective information regarding Haridra, its morphological characters, properties and actions, from Nighantu, Samhita, analysis of Haridra rhizome as per Desh Vichar (different geographical conditions). It reveals Haridra actions on Sthaulya (obesity). The article reveals its synonyms, botanical description, pharmacognosy and its different pharmacotherapeutic actions. Indication in various diseases as per Samhitas and Nighantu. Importance of different geographical conditions remains untouched, so an attempt was made for analysis of rhizome from three different regions of Maharashtra and to notice the changes in its percentage of composition.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Phytochemical analysis of useful parts of Barbari (Ocimum basilicum Linn.) and its evaluation for Anti-Microbial Activity 2021-06-04T14:52:41+0530 Dr. Santosh V.R. C.B. Patil <p>In recent decades, the interest in evaluating therapeutic effects of plants has increased d. Phytomedicines have been shown to be good alternatives to synthetic chemical antimicrobial agents because of the serious side effects, antimicrobial resistance and the emergence of previously uncommon infections due to inappropriate or widespread overuse of antimicrobials. Barbari is a commonly available drug and have also been used as a folk remedy to treat various ailments. Hence Phytochemical Analysis of useful parts of Barbari (Ocimum basilicum Linn.) and its evaluation for antimicrobial activity were taken for study. The objectives of the study are Pharmacognostic study of useful parts in Barbari, Phytochemical analysis of useful parts in Barbari, Qualitative analysis of Phytoelements present in the drug and Anti-microbial activity of Barbari on certain strains of microbes. Extraction of Arka from both leaves &amp; seeds were done as per the norms mentioned in classics. Phytochemical Analysis of different extracts is done. Determinations of volatile oil percentage and chemical finger printing by GC-MS and HPLC of both the Arka have been conducted, along with their antimicrobial activities evaluated. The Results obtained are negative for the presence of Euginol by GC-MS &amp; HPLC. Both the samples were found to be inactive against tested bacterial and fungal strains.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Analytical and antimicrobial study of Vanga Bhasma with special reference to Ayurved Prakash 2021-06-04T14:56:45+0530 Vd. Raman Belge Dr. Rameshwar Pandey Dr. Prakash Itankar <p>Background: Bhasma, the Ayurvedic organometallic preparation, is an incinerated metal or mineral prepared after several rounds of processing through Puta. Vanga Bhasma is also a novel preparation routinely prescribed for Prameha and genito-urinary disorders. Objectives: The present study deals with the preparation of Vanga Bhasma according to the procedures mentioned in Ayurved Prakash. The synthesized Bhasma samples were characterized by various analytical techniques. The Antimicrobial effects of these samples were studied against certain Gram +ve, Gram –ve and fungal organisms. Materials and Methods: The different steps involved in the synthesis of Vanga Bhasma include Shodhan, Jaran, Bhavana and Maran. Bhasma was incinerated by the traditional method of heating i.e., Puta. The obtained samples were analyzed for the quality control checks, on the parameters described in Ayurvedic texts as well as modern techniques such as SEM, EDX and XRD to find out the nature of the Vanga Bhasma samples. The anti-microbial study was done to find out the anti-microbial efficacy of the Vanga Bhasma samples. Results and Conclusions: This study reveals that the synthesized Bhasma was converted into its nontoxic oxide form and had a highly reduced particle size observed from SEM images. Average 13 Puta are required to prepare Vanga Bhasma which is grayish white coloured. Vanga Bhasma showed antimicrobial activity in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans with a concentration of 100mg/ml.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Role of Lekhana Karma in the management of Dushta Vrana - A Review 2021-06-04T15:00:24+0530 Dr. Shrilaxmi R Dr. KM Sweta Dr. Padma <p>Vrana is the oldest element from which humankind is suffering from. The earliest description of Vrana is found in Vedas. Ayurveda is considered as the Upaveda of Atharvaveda. A detailed study of Vrana is found in various Samhitas. Acharya Sushruta being a surgeon has explained in depth about Vrana and its management. He has thrown more light on Dushtavrana and has explained Shashti Upakrama for its management. Lekhana Karma being one among Shashti Upakrama has its own clinical significance in the treatment of Dushtavrana. Hence this article summarizes the role of Lekhana Karma in the management of Dushtavrana.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Rasayana as panacea in Covid-19 w.s.r. to Janapadodhwamsa 2021-06-04T15:04:55+0530 Dr. Jyoti Negi Dr. Manisha Dikshit Dr. R. C. Tiwari Dr. Ved Bhushan Sharma <p>In Ayurveda the foremost aim is to prolong life and to promote perfect health and secondary aim is to eradicate the disease and dysfunction of the body. Ayurveda science wreathe us with the knowledge of how to maintain long and disease-free life and code of conducts. Acharya Charaka has been described Janapadodhwamsa, in Viman Sthana and considered as the chapter of epidemiological study, where he mentioned the whole concept on handling the situation of pandemic state in which Rasayana have important contribution. Now, a days the pandemic state of SARS-CoV-2 and their new variants like U.K., Brazil and South Africa which have mutation properties causing pressure on health care system and which feels the necessity of internationally unified clear and collective actions by the individuals, communities, commercial bodies etc. due to the novelty of the virus. Hence, SARS-CoV-2 can be correlated with Janapadodhwamsa and Rasayana is panacea for this disease, which provide strength against the virus and improve the immune response towards this pandemic disease. This article focuses on information about mechanism of action of immune modulating effect of Rasayana Dravyas which should incorporate in day to day life and act as immune modulators.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) The physiological study of Prakopavastha of Shatkriyakala w.s.r. to Seasons (Ritu’s) 2021-06-04T15:07:54+0530 Dr. Mukesh Saini Dr. Rajesh Kumar Sharma Dr. Dinesh Chandra Sharma <p>The Prayojana of Ayurveda is of two types, maintenance of health a healthy person, by adopting the Ritucharya, Dincharya and Sadvritta and curing of a disease of diseased Person, by adopting therapeutic measures. Kriya means Action or treatment. Kala means time or period. Shatkriyakala means ‘Appropriate time periods to take action/treatment. Acharya Susrutha has narrated detail idea of Shatkriyakala in 21st chapter of Sutrasthana. Shatkriyakala include six stages viz. Sanchaya, Prakopa, Prasara, Sthansamshraya, Vyaktavastha and Bhedavastha. Shatkriyakala is distinctive concept of Ayurveda. By knowing the process of Shatkriyakala the disease process can be arrest at initial stage and avoid the probabilities of complications. Acharya Sushruta already mentions the Kriyakala helps the physician to adopt line of treatment by seeing the vitiated Dosha condition by his intellect and knowledge. So, we can say that the physician who diagnose a disease and treat according to Shatkriyakala will be become a successful Practitioner.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Review on the disease Kustha and its management in Ayurvedic literature 2021-06-04T15:10:30+0530 Dr. Rozy Sharma Dr. Manjunatha Adiga <p>Skin is a shield which protects us from various external invasions. Skin is the organ of the body which is readily available for inspection by the eyes. Of all the organs, skin is larger one and is exposed to disease and injury. Because of its visibility, skin reflects once emotions and it is the index of normal physiology. It is a link between internal and external environment and is also the seat of complexion which maintains beauty and personality. It creates an individual identity in the society. Changes in skin colour may be due to homeostatic imbalances in the body. Many inter related factors affect health of the skin, including nutrition, hygiene, circulation, age, immunity, genetic traits, psychological state and drugs. In Ayurveda, the word ‘Twacha’ or ‘Charma’ is used for skin. Twacha is derived from the Dhatu- Twach Samvarne meaning covering of the body. All the skin diseases in Ayurveda have been discussed under the broad headings of Kushta. Twacha is the seat of Sparshajnanendriya, which is one among seats of Vata and it is very extensive among all five Jnanendriyas.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Importantce of Ashtamahadoshkar Bhav in Panchkarma 2021-06-04T15:18:08+0530 Vd. Sheetal Tokl <p>Panchakarma is Shodhana treatment which includes Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya, Raktamokshana. Every Panchakarma is done in three stages, Poorva Karma, Pradhana Karma, Paschat Karma. All of these stages have its own importance and relevance. Ashtamahadoshkara Bhav, is very important part of Panchkarma (Shodhana therapy), Acharyas clearly mentions about eight impediments which should be avoided after Samshodhana to prevent complication and got desire effects of it. In present article, we tried to describe in detail about it and make an attempt to give scientific view to those impediments to understand it in easy way.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A review of some important Ayurvedic medicinal vegetable plants 2021-06-04T15:21:13+0530 Anil U. Kulkarni Yogeshwari Kulkarni <p>Medicinal plants have been used from the ancient civilization of the society. Traditional Indian medicine (Ayurvedic) is becoming increasingly popular, with much chronic condition responding to it well. From thousands of years these plants have been used to treat and prevent many types of disease along with epidemic. Every portion of the plant has medicinal properties. A detailed knowledge of the action of food spices and medicinal plant is need in order to understand their potential influence fully. The Ayurvedic medicine are based on natural herbal materials, majority of regular cultivated as well as wild vegetables have medicinal property and can be used to treat common ailments. In the present paper attempts were made on ethno-medicinal properties of some cultivated and wild vegetables from, published research articles and books. On the basis of available ethno-botanical information and Ayurvedic used of vegetables through published literature studies. It observed that 24 vegetables from 12 families. These may be cultivated or wild are very useful. Various parts of the vegetables that is root, stem, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits or seeds may be used in Ayurvedic treatment for curing to the diseases. The vegetables plant part being used for both internal and external. Different disease like, diabetes, rheumatism, dysentery, dyspepsia, gastritis, constipation, urinary disorders, are mostly treated by these cultivated as well as wild vegetables. These are easily available in natural habitat cheap and excellent source of nutrients but it is needed to understand the Ayurvedic prospective of these vegetables.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) The Buzz Button to your Toothache – Spilanthes acmella : A Review 2021-06-04T15:26:17+0530 Dr. Soundarya Vishwanathan Dr. Nandan N Dr. Anitha C Dr. Manjushree R Dr. Sunil Raj N <p>Spilanthes acmella, commonly known as toothache plant, is an important medicinal plant belonging to family Asteraceae. It has been reported to possess various biological activities like anti-pyretic, antidiuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, anticancer and antitoothache etc. The bioactive chemical component is spilanthol, an alkamide which is present in roots and all aerial parts of the plant. Spilanthol has high industrial demand for its use in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and toothpaste industry. S.acmella is quickly getting depleted from its natural habitat, because of its wider applications for commercial use.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Mechanism of Jwara leading to Raktapitta - A Review Article 2021-06-04T15:40:47+0530 Dr. Niveditha R. Thrilok GK Janaki YS <p>In the present era, many people rely on internet for treatment when they are initially affected by a disease. Many a time people approach physician only when they are afflicted with multiple conditions. In Ayurveda a disease leading to another disease is explained in the concept of Nidanarthakararoga, when the latter disease is treated it can only temporarily relieve the condition, by understanding the concept of Nidanarthakararoga, planning the treatment for former disease helps in managing both the condition. This article is a preliminary effort to analyze the concept of Nidanarthakararoga and Nidanartakaratva of Jwara leading to Raktapitta by thorough evaluation of Ayurvedic classics (Bruhatrayee &amp; Madhava Nidana) and understanding them through contemporary science. Understanding the mechanism is very essential in diagnosing and its management.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Trends of Research studies on Gridhrasi 2021-06-04T15:44:20+0530 Dr. Nalini N Yogita Bali Sathish HS <p>Gridhrasi is a pain dominating Vata Vyadhi and is surge in incidence is alarming. A large group of patients with this condition suffer from limited or restricted daily routine activities and is posing burden on socioeconomic life of an individual. This disease is being studied routinely in postgraduate departments, this article attempts to assess the trends and pattern of research studies conducted till date on the subject and also to highlight the unexplored areas to bring out the best possible solution for this malady. Number of studies are targeted on assessing the therapeutical potential of a modality or a drug and least number of studies are targeted on the studying the disease pathology.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Review of Netravarti 2021-06-04T15:46:48+0530 Dr. Harshada S. Shevalkar Dr. Arati Dubewar <p>Ayurveda mention “Ashtang Chikitsa” of which Urdhvang Chikista is important branch as it deals with treatment of Urdhvajatrugat Vicar i.e., above parts of neck. All vital organs are situated in head &amp; out of that Eye is an important organ. Netra Kriyakalpa is same important as Panchakarma in Kayachikitsa. In this Kriyakalpa under ‘Anjana’ Kriya Netravarti Kalpana comes. Netravarti is very useful topical treatment of eye disorders &amp; daily procedure to be performed for health of eye as mention in Dincharya. Now days everyone from child to oldest, is using mobile &amp; computer which affects the health of eyes. So, in this article study of types Netravarti &amp; Review of Netravarti in Ayurvedic literature is done.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Classical and contemporary aspect of Dushi Visha 2021-06-04T15:51:02+0530 Vd. Jaiprakash S. Ukey Dr. Pranali Abaji Dudhe <p>In Today’s Era people follows western lifestyle and food habits. Peoples are constantly exposed to environmental chemicals through polluted water, soil, air and food. Toxins gets accumulated in body tissues that leads to serious health. New generation is likely to consume junk food, cold drinks, working late nights. As Dushi Visha is mild in potency it is not fatal and causes various diseases as the toxins remain in the body for longer period. Unfavorable environment (Desha), time (Kaala), food, over exertion, mental dilemma, anger etc. Reduces the immunity of a person, and these are the aggravating factors of Dushi Visha. To remove these toxins from body Panchakarma therapy should be done yearly as it is the detoxification procedure it detoxifies the body and neutralizes the toxins. Every year it should be done periodically so that it will maintain physiology of body and prevent from diseases.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Review on the disease Shwasa and its management in Ayurvedic literature 2021-06-04T15:54:15+0530 Dr. Rozy Sharma Dr. Manjunatha Adiga <p>Tamaka Shwasa is a very broad term which includes many more diseases where dyspnoea is predominant symptom. But still we can correlate Bronchial Asthma to Tamaka Shwasa, because out of the remaining four, three are incurable and the fourth one is Kshudra Shwasa developed due excessive labour or taking excessive Ruksh Ahara and which is easily curable. In its early onset it is easily curable but in chronic cases it is difficult to treat. Respiration is the evident feature of life which is carried out by Prana Vayu. This sole sign of life is affected in this disease, Tamaka Shwasa, causing an impediment to the respiratory function. Ayurveda is the best way to effectively and safely manage the condition without inducing any drug dependency where various Shodhana procedures and use of internal medication not only detoxifies the body but also provides nutrition and increases the elasticity of lung tissue and develops natural immunity of the body.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Chronotherapeutics in Ayurveda 2021-06-04T15:59:36+0530 Dr. Haroon Irshad Dr. Anishma AS Dr. Harita Chandran Dr. Leena P. Nair Dr. C. Usha Kumari <p>In order to maximize health benefits and minimize adverse effects of a treatment, chronotherapeutics is administered to patients according to his/her daily, monthly, seasonal or yearly biological clock. According to Ayurveda observation of the specific features of disease corresponding to season, day and night, age and meal is known as Kaala Aveksha. The Dasha Bheshaja Kaala (ten different time period for the administration of medicine) is one among the Shadaveksha Kaala (Six observatory aspects of time). It is defined according to the biological clock. The medicines at proper Bheshaja Kaala help to attain the equilibrium of Doshas and Dhatus. Here chronotherapeutics can be correlated with Bheshaja Kaala. As it gives importance to the time of administration which can be responsible for variations of drug kinetics. Objective: To conduct an in-depth analysis of the literature in order to identify and evaluate the evidence base for chronotherapy. Data source: A literature search was conducted in classics of Ayurveda and electronic databases. Result: Review shows that the drug administered according to the Bheshaja kaala has more beneficial outcomes than the other methods. Conclusion: The review presents the scope of chronotherapy in drug administration.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Concept of Oushadha Samyoga in Ayurveda 2021-06-04T16:03:08+0530 Dr. Haroon Irshad Dr. Athira P Dr. Leena P. Nair <p>Ayurvedic medicines have an exceptional way of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. The pharmacological actions of Ayurvedic drugs were explained through Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka, Prabhava etc. Ayurveda is well known for both single and polyherbal formulation, among them poly herbal formulations have prime role because of its multiple pharmacological actions. Various basic concepts of Ayurveda such as Samyoga, Samskara, Rasapanchaka, Anupana etc were playing behind the formation of polyherbal formulation. The concept of Samyoga, is the essential norm behind the formation of Polyherbal preparations. Thus, literary review mainly intended to know the role of Samyoga in the preparation of various Ayurvedic poly herbal preparations and to highlight their importance of Oushadha Samyoga (multidrug/ polyherbal formulation) in the present era.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A critical review on Padamshika Krama - A transition technique 2021-06-04T16:52:51+0530 Dr. Shruthi S. Shet Dr. Venkatakrishna K.V. Dr. Asha S.A. <p>Introduction: Padamshika Krama is a unique concept in Ayurveda, which is to be observed during the change from Apathya to Pathya. Padamshika Krama is a technique of gradual adopting and leaving that can be used for both Ahara and Vihara. According to various Acharya’s, opinion on this notion varies. Sudden abandonment and transition to new things is the source of so many health conditions that are left unnoticed. Sudden withdrawal from certain diet practice will lead to the vitiation of Dosha. Method: Literature review Discussion: The study tries to develop the concept of Padamshika Krama in relation to Ahara-Vihara as well as Rutucharya. Various notions regarding the method and days of transition has been discussed along with its significance. Conclusion: Padamshika Krama is a method, which helps to maintain the body equilibrium. It can be correlated to the concepts such as tapering dose and withdrawal symptoms. This method prevents the occurrence of diseases due to incompatibility.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Ayurveda perspective of disease manifestation 2021-06-04T16:56:02+0530 Dr. Thrilok GK Niveditha R Ranjitha <p>Studying and understanding a concept in the present era is different from Samhita Kala (1500 BC to 5th century AD). Interlinking and comprehension of subject were done methodologically, even when the concepts were explained under different contexts during those days. To learn in short duration, a concept is compiled and explained completely under single context in this era. In Ayurveda classics, disease manifestation is explained in different contexts. Hence this article is a preliminary effort to bring together and analyse the factors responsible for manifestation of Vyadhi (disease) by thorough evaluation of Ayurveda classics. Understanding the basic elements involved and path of disease manifestation helps in better planning of treatment.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Review on Vyanga vis a vis Melasma 2021-06-04T16:58:50+0530 Dr. Swati Patare Dr. S. P. Mangoli <p>Vyanga (Melasma) is a common, acquired and symmetrical hypermelanosis characterized by more or less dark brownish maculae, with irregular contour, but clear limits, on photo exposed areas, especially the face, forehead, temples, and more rarely on the nose, eyelids, chin, and upper lips. In Ayurveda, Vyanga has been elaborated as one of the Kshudra Rogas (minor ailments). Vyanga is a disease which belongs to Swalpa variety of Ksudra Roga. Vayu aggravated by Krodha and Ayasa, get associated with Pitta and suddenly produces a thin, grey colored circular patch when reaches the face. Both modern and Ayurvedic sciences have considered the use of topical as well as oral medications and their combinations for the treatment of Vyanga. In Ayurveda, Vyanga has been treated both by Antah-Parimarjan and Bahi-Parimarjana Chikitsa. Though, several Ayurvedic texts such as Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Samgraha &amp; Hridaya, etc., have elaborated the pathophysiology and treatment of Vyanga, the available references are scattered. Thus, there is need of in-depth review and compilation of Ayurvedic texts and literatures. This review may be helpful in better understanding of comparative pathophysiology and management of Vyanga (Melasma).</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A review on Rasaushadhi in Geriatrics as a Rasayana 2021-06-04T17:01:37+0530 Dr. Simi Jose Dr. Chaitra L.V. <p>Worldwide the elderly population is increasing and geriatrics is emerging as a challenging speciality. It is now felt necessary to develop newer strategies for geriatric healthcare. The conventional system of medicine focusing more in the area of management of diseases of old age. Ayurveda has broad spectrum of preventive measures for combating the ageing process. Rasayana Tantra is a branch of Ayurveda, exclusively devotes to Jarajanya Vyadhi. Rasaushadhis are being the backbone of Ayurveda due to its Rasayana and therapeutic properties. Here is an attempt is made to discuss Rasayana property of Rasaushadhis in geriatrics.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Effect of Ayurvedic herbs Neem (Azadirecta indica), Khadir (Acacia catechu), Madhuk (Madhuka indica) on Periodontal Disease 2021-06-04T17:13:30+0530 Dr. Namrata Kulshrestha Devesh Panwar Ravi Raj Singh <p>Periodontal diseases continue to be a major health problem world-wide with the incidence of oral cancer and other disorders are on the rise in developing countries. Oral health also reflects the body health and mental health. For prevention and the treatment of periodontal diseases, Ayurveda may lead to the development of novel preventive, therapeutic and holistic strategies for oral health. This Indian ancient system of medicine not only recommends treatments with specific herbs and minerals to cure various oral diseases but also recommends some daily use therapeutic procedures for the prevention of and maintenance of oral health. Various Ayurvedic herbs and natural products have been used for their pharmacological applications viz. antiulcer, wound healing, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties and have been proven to be safe and effective for oral disease and hygiene including various therapeutic Ayurvedic procedures. Scientific validations of the Ayurveda oral health practices could justify their incorporation into modern oral care. In this paper, an attempt has been made to scientific evidence based therapeutic procedure Dantapavan (tooth brush) of neem (Azadiracta indica) for the prevention and maintenance of oral health and hygiene mentioned in Ayurveda.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Censorious appraisal of Malahara Kalpana 2021-06-04T17:30:27+0530 Dr. Rashmi Yadav Dr. Malavi Shayan Dr. Vikram S <p>The name “Malahara'' is derived from the Unani system of medicine, where similar formulations are termed as “Malham”. In Ayurveda it comes under “Lepa Kalpana'' and has been in existence since the time of Charaka Samhita. However, the term “Malahara'' was first observed in Yogaratnakara and subsequently seen in Bharat Bhaisajya Ratnakara, Rasatarangini and Rasatantrasara &amp; Sidhaprayoga Sangraha in sequential order. Malahara Kalpana is a very useful and potent pharmaceutical preparation for external use, and it can be compared with ointments, creams and pastes in modern pharmaceuticals. These formulations are predominantly used in conditions like Vrana (wounds) and Kushtha (skin diseases). Here the active medicaments are mixed with fatty bases, which in addition to facilitating absorption into skin, enhancing shelf life and bringing convenience of use, also add their own properties to the formulation. Not only the ingredients but even the method of preparation used in various Malahara Kalpanas, has been meticulously designed and varies based on the ingredients and the indication of the formulations. Although in Ayurvedic texts we find a detailed description about its different kinds of formulation, there is limited knowledge available about Malahara Kalpana. This article is an attempt to bring about clarity on the subject through review of various Malahara Kalpana given in different texts.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Ritucharya w.s.r. to Varsha Ritu and its effect on Health 2021-06-04T17:33:37+0530 Dr. Priya Jarimalli Dr. Pratibha Kulkarni <p>Ayurveda the science of health suggests various theories and principles towards the achievement of healthy physical and mental status, in this regards Ayurveda advocates concepts of Dinacharya (daily regimen) and Ritucharya. It has highlighted various rules and regimens regarding Ahara (diet), Vihara (regimens), Achara (conduct), Vichara (thoughts) which are mandatory for attaining the desired healthy life, one among such regimens is “Ritucharya”, which plays an important role in acclimatizing the seasonal enforcement easily without altering body homeostasis. In this work an attempt is made to understand the concept of Varsha Ritu, prevention of seasonal disease that may occur in Varsha Ritu, and to understand and follow the regimen of Varsha Ritu which helps to prevent the disease and maintain the health of individual.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Analytical Study of Raktvaha Srotas and Raktavahi Sira w.s.r. to Enucleated Erythrocyte 2021-06-04T17:37:36+0530 Dr. Saurabh Jain Prof. Sunil Kumar Dr. Rashi Sharma Dr. Meenakshi Dr. Gaurav <p>Dhatus are the constitutional elements of the body having properties of Dhaaran and Poshan and to restore their specific function is the principle of Ayurveda. Rakta Dhatu is the base of living being as it maintains life. To fulfill this purpose, Rakta circulates to each n every cell of body through its channel (Raktavaha Srotas). Acharya Charaka described only two moola of this Srotas viz Yakrit and Pleeha. Liver and spleen is the productive site and Raktavahi Dhamni (By Sushruta) are the conductive site to be consider as Raktavaha Srotomoola as Srotas includes Ashaya, Dhamni, Rasayni, Sira etc. Raktavahi Sira are the conductive sites of Rakta Dhatu i.e., the vessels loaded with newly formed blood cells. Life is the chief function of Rakta Dhatu as it conducts Prana to every Dhatu of body. So Rakta Dhatu should be considered in treatment of Pranakshaya, Sammoha (weakness, malaise, faint etc). Dhatu Kshaya and Vriddhi of other Dhatu are dependent on Rakta Dhatu. Snayu and Sira are formed during the formation of Rakta Dhatu as they are the Upadhatu of it. So, in the vitiation of them (diseases of Snayu &amp; Sira), Rakta Dhatu should be considered in treatment plan. In Raktajvikaar like Raktakshayaja (Anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, Polycythemia, leukocytosis, thrombosis), Rakta should be primarily considered and for that Yakrit and Pleeha should also be considerable in management of above.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Importance of Ghranendriya as explained in Ayurveda with reference to Olfaction 2021-06-04T17:42:34+0530 Dr. Shabina Mewa Farosh Dr. Rajesh Kumar Sharma Dr. Dinesh Chandra Sharma <p>Indriya word is derived from word “Indra” means Prana. Indriya are organ in the body which exhibit the sign of life or vitality. The Panch Gyanendriya is the Sadhan for the perception of Bahygagyana. Each sense is dominated by the 5 different elements according to Ayurveda; earth, water, fire, air and sky. All elements are present in each sensory experience. Indriya is a function that connect the individual with the outside the world, which is the strength of the body. And the power of the senses. The feeling by which the inner ‘I’ gets knowledge about the world around. The nose is considered the doorway to the brain, according to Ayurveda. So, the cleansing and caring for the nose increase the flow of Prana and increases energy to the head and brain.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A Single Drug Protocol for Bhinnavisha (fragmented poison) 2021-06-04T17:46:05+0530 Dr. Sharon Jose Dr. Hema AG Dr. Ambili TS <p>Concepts like Garavisha (artificial poisons), Dooshivisha (cumulative toxins), Jangamavisha (poison of animal origin), Sthavaravishas (poisons of plant origin), Virudhaahara (incompatible food) are much familiar to the ayurvedic world. The idea of Bhinnavisha (fragmented poison) is not acquainted to the budding ayurvedic physicians so far. Many textual references are available for this topic in traditional Malayalam Vishachikitsa texts. The modern conceptual world is with less knowledge on such topics though its applicability is very high. Bhinnavisha is a condition in which the Visha gets scattered and settles in Sandhipradesha (joints), resulting in symptoms like weakness of joints, pains, Kampa (tremors), Daha (burning sensation) and different kinds of manifestations in the course of time due to certain reasons. We are provided with many treatment methodologies for Bhinnavisha (fragmented poison) textually. Here is an attempt to reveal a much-practiced methodology for the treatment of Bhinnavisha (fragmented poison) with a widely available single drug Physalis minima. Linn used in Kashaya (decoction), Ksheerapaka (decoction in milk) and Ghrita (ghee) forms.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A conceptual study on the effect of Tilwaka Prathisaraneeya Kshara in Internal Haemorrhoids 2021-06-04T17:49:56+0530 Dr. Surabhi Chandra P. Dr. Sridhar Rao SM Dr. Vasudha A. <p>Arshas is one of the most common ano-rectal disorder affecting mankind for thousands of years, which is evident from references available in Vedas. Because of its severity it is considered as one among the Astamahagadas. Arshas can be clinically correlated with Haemorrhoids. Haemorrhoids are dilated veins with in the anal canal in the subepithelial region formed by radicles of the superior, middle and inferior rectal veins. It is divided into two categories - internal and external Haemorrhoids. The causes are straining during defecation, sitting for a long period, chronic diarrhea or constipation, being obese, being pregnant, eating low fiber diet, regular heavy lifting etc. Haemorrhoids are very common and affect up to 5% of general population particularly people above 50 yrs of age. Sushruta explains four modalities of treatment for Arshoroga as Bheshaja, Kshara, Agni and Shastra Karma. Kshara Pratisarana is mentioned in case of Arshas which is having features like Mrudu (soft), Prasruta (extensive), Avagadha (deep) and Ucchrita (raised). The effect of Kshara is to replace Shastra Karma, as it does the functions of Chedana, Bhedana and Lekhana Karma. It also does the functions like Dahana, Dharana, Pachana, Vilayana, Shodana, Ropana, Shoshana, Stambana, Krimighna, Kaphaghna, Kustaghna, Vishaghna, and Medhaghna. Hence Kshara Karma is considered to be superior among Shastra and Anushastra Karma. It is a para surgical procedure which requires minimum hospital stay. Here is an attempt is made to conduct a study regarding the effect of Tilwaka Prathisaraneeya Kshara in Internal Haemorrhoids.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Understanding the role of Vata in treatment of Female Infertility - A Literary Review 2021-06-04T18:07:31+0530 Dr. Deepthi G.B. Dr. Gayathri Bhat N.V. <p>Introduction: Infertility is defined as failure to conceive within one or more years of regular unprotected coitus. Infertility is faced worldwide affecting 8-10% of all the couples. As per WHO data, the estimated prevalence of primary infertility among reproductive age group women in India is 11.8%. Vandhyatwa is the inability of the couple to achieve conception. It is considered as one among the 80 Nanatmaja Vyaadhis by Acharya Kashyapa of the three Doshas described in Ayurveda. Vata has a prime factor in causing infertility and various disturbances in the reproductive health; hence it is essential to understand the role of Vata Dosha in Vandhyatwa. Methodology: To review, analyze and interpret the Guna and Karma of Vata and its subtypes, to study Vata as an important Garbha Sambhava Samagri (essential factors for conception) as described in various Ayurveda classics and its further implication in treatment of infertility. Hence for healthy reproductive system and healthy progeny controlling Vata is one of the essential factors. Discussion: The balance of Tridosha, Saptadhatu and Trimala is required for healthy progeny - Supraja. Controlling Vata is described as the main line of treatment in Yoni Vyapat. Vandhyatwa is one of the complications of Yoni Vyapat and Vata Vyadhihara Karma can be adopted in treating the same.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Ayurvedic perspective of Circadian Rhythm 2021-06-04T18:11:38+0530 Dr. Leena P. Nair Dr. Lekshmy ML Dr. Haritha Chandran Dr. Haroon Irshad Dr. Haroon Irshad <p>Background: Biological rhythms are the natural cyclical changes in our body, in which researches mainly focuses on circadian rhythms. Body processes vary according to adaptation of solar and lunar related rhythm. Ayurveda explains this on the basis of cyclic rhythm of Tridoshas. The Doshas Kapha, Pitta and Vata maintain the integrity of our body, like Soma, Surya &amp; Anila maintaining the integrity of the terrestrial world. Aims and Objectives: This review paper aims to understand the concept of circadian rhythm in Ayurvedic view and its application in the prevention and management of disorders. Materials and Methods: Literature search were carried out in Classical texts of Ayurveda and Modern system and relevant databases. Total 8969 articles were found, among them 89 relevant articles were taken, of which abstracts and full paper of the most relevant and freely downloadable articles were reviewed. Results and discussion: This review clarified that, diet and lifestyle regimens mentioned in Ayurveda aims to maintain the diurnal and seasonal variations of doshas. Deviation in this rhythm lead to many disorders. Conclusion: We can maximize our health, mental alertness and immunity by proper alignment of circadian rhythm by following methods like Dinacharya, Ritucharya, proper Ahara and Nidra, Ritusodhanas etc.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A Review on Sthoulya with special reference to Obesity 2021-06-04T18:13:59+0530 Dr. Rozy Sharma Dr. Manjunatha Adiga <p>Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual ideal body weight. In Ayurveda, Obesity is described as Medo Roga or Sthoulya. Continuous indulgence in highfat food, fried items, etc., along with a sedentary lifestyle leads to excess accumulation of body fat which gets deposited in the numerous body channels. Appropriate Ayurvedic internal medicines along with Shodhan procedures are used to achieve the best results, without any side effects. Vamana, Virechan, Basti, Udvartan according to vitiation of Dosha, these Shodhana procedures gives effective results. Pathya Apathya (Diet management) &amp; Lifestyle modifications play an important role in the management of Obesity. Sthaulya (Obesity) is such a disease, which provides the platform for so many hazards like hypertension, diabetes mellitus etc. as well as psychological disorders like stress. The mortality and morbidity rates are more in obese person. It is one of the most common, yet among the most neglected public health problems in the present world. In rich countries, obesity is more common among the less educated, but in poor countries, obesity is more common among the highly educated. In classics Sthoulya (Obesity) has been described under the Santarpanajanya Vikara and in Bahudoshavastha condition. Ayurvedic treatment aims not only at the radical removal of the causative factors of the disease, but also at the restoration of Doshika equilibrium.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Management of Sheetapitta through Shodhana and Shamana - A Case Study 2021-06-04T18:16:52+0530 Dr. Asha A. Bhat Dr. Manjula K. <p>Now a day’s cosmetic issue especially Urticaria has become a common problem in the society. Urticaria, commonly known as hives, usually occurs due to an allergic reaction. Sheetapitta is a similar condition in Ayurveda, as the symptoms are similar. Sheetapitta is comprised of two words Sheeta and Pitta. The condition occurs due to dominance of cold over Pitta Dosha. Due to exposure to cold wind, Kapha and Vata Doshas get aggravated and combine with Pitta Doshas. These spread all over the body and produce rashes on the surface of the skin. A 26 year old male student, presented with complaints of Reddish lesions over hands and back since 15-20 days associated with burning sensation, pain and itching which aggravated more during evening and night hours and on exposure to cold climate. The diagnosis was done as Sheetapitta with respect to Urticaria Pigmentosa. Its management was done successfully by following the principles of Shodhana and Shamana.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Ayurvedic management of a patient with Hypoxia and Co-Morbidities by Home Care through Telehealth in 2nd wave of COVID-19 - Case Report 2021-06-04T18:19:44+0530 Dr. Ashok Kumar Panda <p>Ayurvedic herbal combinations like Kasaya, Churna and Vati are very useful even in the moderate to severe patients with oxygen support. It was reported that Ayurveda medication can prevent further progression of inflammatory phase (cytokine storm) and prothrombic phase (Organ failure) of Covid- 19 infection. Rasa Rasayana are thought to be more potent and quicker in action as compared to Ayurvedic herbal combination in Jvara Chikitsa (Fever) and are potent Immuno boosters also. A 42 years male consulted an Ayurvedic Physician with breathing difficulties and redness of eyes and face. His SPO2 was 85%and HRCT of thorax’s severity score was 14/25 with Diabetes and Hypertension as pre-existing co-morbidities. The patient had received Ayush-64, Siddha Makardwaja, Swasa Kasa Chintamani Rasa for the first three days of treatment along with oxygen therapy after that Dasamoola Haritaki was added. The patient showed clinical improvement within a day of administration of Ayurvedic medicines and felt good. His cough and breathing difficulties have substantially reduced and his SPO2 became stable between 94 and 96% in two days. This case report highlights the clinical success story as a result of administration of Ayurvedic Rasa-Rasayana and herbal combination in early Inflammatory phase of COVID-19 infection without the use of synthetic steroid and reducing the oxygen requirement needed for home care set up through telehealth service. It may sensitize the reader for early detection and management of similar or identical cases.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A Case Report on Ayurvedic management of Amavata 2021-06-04T18:22:26+0530 Dr. Ann Rani Jose Dr. Shaila Borannavar <p>Amavata is a disease caused due to the vitiation or aggravation of Vata associated with Ama. Vitiated Vata circulates the Ama all over the body through Dhamanis, takes shelter in the Kapha Sthana (Amashaya, Sandhi, etc.) producing symptoms such as stiffness, swelling etc. in the joints. Amavata is a chronic auto immune, inflammatory, systemic disorder mainly affecting synovial joints. The Ama when combines with vitiated Vata Dosha and occupies in Sleshmasthana i.e., joints result in painful disease. Clinical features of Amavata resembles with Rheumatoid arthritis. Now a day it is a common problem due to the change of lifestyle, food habits and lack of physical activities. It is the most common crippling and disabling disorder in the world. In Amavata presence of Bahudoshavastha will be there, in such condition Shodhana is indicated. The prevalence of Rheumatoid arthritis is approximately 0.8 % of the population (range 0.3 to 2.1%); women are most commonly affected.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Ayurvedic approach to Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies - A Case Study 2021-06-04T18:25:37+0530 Dr. Pooja Dr. Prashanth A.S. <p>Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are a group of rare progressive genetic disorders that are characterized by wasting (atrophy) and weakness of the voluntary muscles of the hip and shoulder areas (limb-girdle area). Muscle weakness and atrophy are progressive and may spread to affect other muscles of the body. Many different subtypes have been identified based upon abnormal changes (mutations) of certain genes. The age at onset, severity, and progression of symptoms of these subtypes may vary greatly from case to case, even among individuals in the same family. Some individuals may have a mild, slowly progressive form of the disorders; other may have a rapidly progressive form of the disorder that causes severe disability. As this is a genetic disorder, we can consider it as Adibala Pravritta Vyadhi. In this condition, by considering the symptoms, we can correlate with Mamsadhatu along with Paraspara Avarana of the Udanavritta Vyanavata. To combact with this condition Swedana, Abhyanga and Mamsarasadi Sneha Prayoga is ideal for treatment. In this case study a 34 years female having the characteristic features of this particular condition along with raised CPK level- 51,500 IU/L, for this specific treatment schedule was planned. Along with this Shamanoushadhi have given better improvement in symptomatically as well as drastic changes in elevated CPK levels.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Ayurvedic management of Vataja Shira Shoola (tension headache) - A Case Study 2021-06-04T18:27:41+0530 Dr. Savad KK Rathi S. <p>Shiras is considered as Uttamanga according to Ayurveda. It’s included in one among three Marmas and also Dasha Pranayatana. Diseases related to head has explained in Ayurvedic classics. Vataja Shirashoola is one among the Shiro Rogas explained by Charaka, Sushrutha and Vagbhata. Acharya Charaka had explained Nidana of Vataj Shirashoola such as Upavasa, Shoka, Bhaya, Trasa etc.Vataja Shirashoola is corelated to Tension Head ache which accounts for nearly 90% of all headaches. Tension headache is related to stress, depression and anxiety. Here a case of Vataja Shirashoola successfully treated with Ayurvedic Management is recorded.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) An Ayurvedic Management of Migraine - A Case Study 2021-06-04T18:31:11+0530 Dr. Syed Munawar Pasha <p>Migraine is an episodic headache disorder usually characterized by pain involving either half of the head. According to International headache society, Migraine constitutes 16% of the primary headache and affects about 10-20% of the general population. Ardhavabhedaka is mentioned under Shiroroga (Diseases of head) which can be correlated with migraine. Nasya Karma (Errhine Therapy) is considered as the best therapeutic intervention in Shiro Roga by Acharya Charaka. Kumkumadi Ghrita is mentioned by Acharya Vagbhata in context of Shiroroga Chikitsa. So, an attempt has been made to assess the efficacy of Anu Taila Nasya in the management of migraine in this single case study. After 7 days of Nasya Karma, considerable improvement was seen in the clinical features of Migraine. Materials and methods: The subject who approached Shalakya Tantra OPD of Government Ayurveda Medical College Bengaluru with symptoms of Migraine since 4 years was systemically reviewed and Nsaya line of treatment is adopted. Results: The subject showed marked improvement as depicted in the scoring scale before and after treatment. Discussion: By adopting the holistic approach with both internal and external treatment modalities an attempt is made to bring about satisfactory results.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Effect of Haritaki Ghrita in Ashteela w.s.r. to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - A Case Study 2021-06-04T19:44:59+0530 Dr. Radhika Pachamalai Chandrakala D. <p>Ashteela one of the 12 types of Mutraghata having Ashteelavat Ghana Granthi leading to obstruction or retention of urine by vitiated Apana Vata which gets lodged between the bladder and rectum. Ashteela can be considered to BPH which is senile disorder of male seen after fifth decade. Symptoms while micturition are incomplete emptying, frequency, intermittency, urgency, weak stream, straining and nocturia. To evaluate the efficacy of Haritaki Ghrita in the management of Ashteela/BPH and to improve quality of life of BPH patient this study is taken up in which Haritaki Ghrita 10ml BD given for 48 days with Follow up of 2 months. Changes in subjective criteria (by IPPS index) and objective criteria (by USG) were recorded before and after the treatment. Significant changes found in reduction of symptoms like Urgency, intermittency, hesitancy, nocturia and reduction of Prostate size.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A single case study on the efficacy of Anu Taila Nasya followed by Narasimha Rasayana in Khalithya vis-à-vis Androgenic Alopecia 2021-06-04T19:48:18+0530 Dr. Jyothi S. Dr. Ashwini MJ. <p>Ayurveda, the indigenous system of medicine offers a number of non-invasive regimens for various disorders affecting a human body. One such common disease is Khalithya. For most people it can just be a common hair fall, though in some cases it can be extreme. It affects approximately 1.7% of world population. It can be correlated to Alopecia in contemporary science, which presents with loss of hair due to a disturbance of hair follicles which had, previously, developed and functioned normally. It is classified into two types as ‘Alopecia areata’, which is patchy hair loss and ‘Diffuse alopecia’, generalized hair loss. Alopecia is diffuse if it affects the scalp in a general distribution. Diffuse alopecia is common, affecting up-to 50% of men and women. While it can affect both the sexes at any age, women present more frequently than men. The classical description about Khalithya reveals the involvement of Tridosha i.e., Pitta, Vata, Kapha along with Rakta as the chief pathological causes. Although the disease does not produce serious side effects except cosmetic problem, it interferes with the self-confidence and social acceptance of the individual. A case of 16years old female patient, who came with the complaint of severe generalized hairfall over the scalp was taken up for the research work. As Nasya is a prime therapy in all Jatrurdhva diseases, Anutaila-Marsha-Nasya, indicated in Khalithya had been done followed by Narasimha Rasayana internally. Significant improvement was seen in both subjective and objective parameters at the end of follow-up period.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Role of Classical Panchakarma on Dushta Vrana (Chronic Non-healing Wound) - A Case Study 2021-06-04T19:50:51+0530 Dr. Prakash Lokhande Dr. Namrata Shirsat <p>A non-healing wound generally described as a wound that will not heal within four weeks. If wound does not heal within this usual time period, the cause is usually found in underlying condition that has either gone unnoticed or untreated. As the science has advanced, newer remedies are tried out for speedy recovery, but the oldest remedies still lead the race. A female patient of age 22yrs, non-obese, non-smoker with chronic history of non-healing wound on left gluteal region. Any therapeutic scheme was unsuccessful and patient came for Ayurved treatments. Significant relief found after Panchakarma which includes classical Virechana Karma and Jaluvakavachrana.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Management of Superior Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion - A Case Study 2021-06-04T19:55:27+0530 Dr. Premcy CR Dr. S. M. Pasha <p>Introduction: Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) is a type of retinal vein occlusion which is the second most common vascular disorder found in retina. BRVO is a blockage of one or more branches of the central retinal vein. Its symptoms include floaters, peripheral loss of vision, retinal hemorrhages and blurred or distorted central vision due to macular edema. Materials and Methods: A female of 28 years old approached to Shalakya Tantra OPD of GAMC with symptoms of visual field defects and blurred center vision since 1 week. After thorough examination, the case was diagnosed as superior BRVO and was treated with the help of Aurvedic medicines. The treatment prescribed was Nasya, Puarnavadi Kashaya, Puarnavadi Guggulu, Mahavasakadi Kashaya, Kaishora Guggulu, Kushmada Avaleha, Seka And Vidalaka. Result: Significant improvement was observed both subjectively and objectively. Discussion: BRVO can be compared to Kaphanubandha Urdhwaga Rakthapitha. So in this case study, Pitha Kaphahara followed by Rakthapithahara line of treatment is adopted.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) The management of Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis through Ayurveda - A Case Report 2021-06-04T19:59:54+0530 Dr. Harshitha KS Dr. Harish Bhakuni Dr. Bharat Kumar Padhar Dr. Rashmi Mutha Dr. Deepika Gupta <p>Introduction: Back pain is the most common symptom of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. This pain is typically worse with activities such as bending and lifting, and often eases when lying down. This condition occurs as a consequence of the general aging process in which the bones, joints, and ligaments in the spine become weak and less able to hold the spinal column in alignment. In Ayurveda, the complaints of Degenerative Lumbar spondylolisthesis can be effectively managed on the treatment principles of Gridhrasi and Katishula. Methodology: The present article deals with a case of diagnosed grade 1 Degenerative Lumbar spondylolisthesis of L4 and L5 and was advised for surgery. The Ayurvedic diagnosis of Gridhrasi was made. Management included internal medications and procedures like Kati Basti and Agni Karma. Results: The effectiveness of Ayurvedic management was assessed by Roland Morris's low back pain and disability questionnaire scale and Oswestry Low back disability questionnaire. On Roland-Morris's low back pain and disability questionnaire, the before treatment score was 20(83.33%) and at the time of discharge, it was reduced to 4 (16.66%). That means the patient showed an improvement of 66.67% on the Roland-Morris low back pain and disability questionnaire. Conclusion: The present case substantiates the effectiveness of classical Ayurvedic treatment in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) A rationale approach to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus through Ayurveda - Case Series 2021-06-04T20:02:18+0530 Dr. Gayathri Bhat N.V. Dr. Deepthi G.B. <p>Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus results in stages of carbohydrate tolerance levels with its first onset during pregnancy. This happens due to the alterations in the glucose metabolism during pregnancy. The incidence of diabetes complicating pregnancy has increased approximately 40% from 1989-2004. The increasing prevalence of type-2 diabetes in pregnant younger women has led to adverse maternal complications and fetal mortality and morbidity. Methodology: Here is a case series of 3 primigravida patients admitted in the In-patient department of Prasuti Tantra &amp; Stree Roga, SDM Hospital, Hassan, 2 of these patients in 2nd trimester and 1 patient in 3rd trimester with increased blood glucose levels first diagnosed during pregnancy. They were given Ahara, Vihara and Aushadha as per principals of Ayurveda, Nishamalaki tablet and Asanadhi Gana Kashaya was given in same quantity and duration. Regular diabetic chart was maintained in the In-patient department and alternative day blood sugar levels were measured. Discussion: The holistic approach of treating gestational diabetes mellitus with Ayurveda utilizing the concept given by Acharyas have shown good results in patients paving the way in controlling the blood sugar levels and preventing the complications caused by GDM on both mother and the fetus. There was reduction in the blood glucose levels and no complications were noticed during delivery. Hence here is an article regarding rationale approach to GDM through Ayurveda.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) An Ayurvedic management of Retinal Pigment Epithelial Detachment - A Case Study 2021-06-04T20:05:26+0530 Dr. Soundarya N. Dr. Vivek Gowda S Dr. Rathi S <p>Introduction: Retinal pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) are characterized by separation between the RPE and the inner most aspect of Bruch's membrane. The space created by this separation is occupied by blood, serous exudate, drusenoid material, fibro vascular tissue or a combination. The symptoms of RPE detachment can be considered under Drustigata Rogas mentioned by Sushrutha. This is a case study of a 73year old male patient who was diagnosed with PED with Subretinal fluid in Right eye since 8 months. Materials and methods: The subject who approached Shalakya Tantra OPD of Government Ayurveda Medical College Bengaluru with symptoms of diminished vision for both near and far objects in right eye associated with flashes in front of eye since 8 months, patient underwent two courses of inpatient management, which included Ayurvedic oral medicines, and external therapies for the eyes (Kriyakalpa) and head. Results: Signs of improvement in visual acuity and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were observed at the end of both treatments. Conclusion: The main aim of management was to preserve and give a better quality of vision for the patient. The results indicate the potential of Ayurvedic treatments to manage and maintain vision in REP detachment.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Integrative management of Congestive Cardiac Failure (Hrudrog) with Ayurveda and Modern Medicine: A Case Report 2021-06-04T20:10:18+0530 Dr. Amit V. Nakanekar Dr. Madhukar L. Bhavsar Dr. Punam N. Khobarkar Dr. Snehalkumar Patil <p>Introduction: The prevalence and incidence of congestive heart failure (CCF) is increasing. There is no any published case report that shows the treatment of CCF through Ayurveda. This is case of CCF treated with Ayurveda. Clinical findings: A 68 years male patient came with complaints of dyspnoea on exertion, mild orthopnoea associated with chest pain, abdominal distension, and loss of appetite, constipation, bilateral pedal oedema, and dry cough since 1 year. Diagnosis: He was known case of CCF. In Ayurveda it can be correlated with Hrudroga. Intervention: Patient was treated on the basis of treatment principle of Hrudroga. Outcome: There is increase in left ventricular ejection fraction from 25% to 40% within 2 months. ECG was normal, complete relief in symptoms after 2 years course of treatment. Conclusion: This case report give direction to the treatment of CCF through Ayurveda. Hence the further research in this direction is warranted</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) Management of Hemangioma with Ksharasutra - A Case Study 2021-06-04T20:12:27+0530 Dr. Prerana S. Bandekar <p>It is benign vascular endothelial tumor, common in girls (3:1). In Ayurveda Hemangioma can be compared with Raktaja Granthi. The diagnosis is based on clinical examination and usually straight forward by visual inspection. The treatment of Hemangioma has to be done with endurance and careful selection of procedure according to the type and site of the disease; otherwise, it may lead to cosmetic derangement or recurrence of the ailment regarding the management of this disease, different types of treatment procedures are explained in contemporary science. In Ayurveda also, various treatment principles explained like administration of drugs internally, external application of drugs and parasurgical procedures [i.e., Raktamokshana (bloodletting), Ksharakarma (chemical cauterization), Ksharasutra (medicated thread ligation) and Agnikarma (thermal cauterization)]. These indigenous treatment methods are minimal invasive procedures which do not cause the scar formation, no recurrence and found to be more beneficial in the treatment of Hemangioma. This case study will reveal the management of hemangioma through Ksharasutra along with internal medications. A female patient of age 24-year complaints of small swelling on left breast. Patient was diagnosed case of hemangioma. After required investigations and local examination of swelling, patient was planned and treated with (Ksharasutra, Jatyadi Taila) Ayurvedic formulations as described in texts of Ayurveda.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c)