Review Article


Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences

2022 Volume 7 Number 1 Jan-Feb

Review on Ayurvedic concept of Garbhini Paricharya

Rajaram Shirke P.1*

1* Prashant Rajaram Shirke, HOD & Associate Professor, Department of Ayurved Samhita & Siddhant, Sai Ayurved College Hospital, Hospital & R.C., Vairag, Solapur, Maharashtra, India.

In every women’s life pregnancy is the most important and critical part. Garbhini Paricharya is nothing but the care given to women during her pregnancy mostly through Ahara, Vihara and Vichara. In Ayurveda food is considered to be the best source of nourishments as well as medication for pregnant woman. Ayurveda described month wise Paricharya that helps in the development of foetus, healthy growth and gives health and care to mother. In Ayurveda food is considered to be the best source of nourishments as well as medication for pregnant woman. The main intension of advising Garbhini Paricharya is Paripurnatya (providing growth of mother and fetus), Anupaghata (pregnancy without complications), Sukhaprasava (for healthy delivery and healthy child).

Keywords: Garbhini Paricharya, Ahara, Vihara

Corresponding Author How to Cite this Article To Browse
Prashant Rajaram Shirke, HOD & Associate Professor, Department of Ayurved Samhita & Siddhant, Sai Ayurved College Hospital, Hospital & R.C., Vairag, Solapur, Maharashtra, India.
Prashant Rajaram Shirke, Review on Ayurvedic concept of Garbhini Paricharya. J Ayu Int Med Sci. 2022;7(1):195-198.
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Manuscript Received Review Round 1 Review Round 2 Review Round 3 Accepted
2022-01-26 2022-01-28 2022-02-04 2022-02-11 2022-02-18
Conflict of Interest Funding Ethical Approval Plagiarism X-checker Note
Nil Nil Yes 17%

© 2022by Prashant Rajaram Shirkeand Published by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. This is an Open Access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ unported [CC BY 4.0].


Pregnancy is the time of transformation when various changes are experienced.

In developing country prevalence of maternal deaths are more that developed one.

The common factors that are responsible for maternal death are haemorrhage, pregnancy induced hypertention, obstructed labour, infection, complication of unsafe abortion etc.

As the health of baby completely depends on mother, the pregnant lady should get adequate food, care and nutrition so that she will deliver a healthy baby without any complications.

During pregnancy for better development of fetus antenatal care is important.

From conception to delivery health of pregnant woman can be maintained by Garbhini Paricharya.

Garbhini Paricharya is nothing but taking proper Ahara (diet), Vihara (exercise), Pathya (do’s), Apathaya (dont’s), Meditation and Yoga etc.

Materials and Methods

Garbhini Paricharya is divided into three parts i.e.,

  • Masanumashika Pathya (Monthly dietary regimen)
  • Garbhopaghatakara Bhavas (Activities and substance which are harmful to foetus)
  • Garbhasthapak Dravyas (substances useful for maintenance of pregnancy)

Garbhopaghatkar Bhavas

Kashyapa   Should not observe declining moon, sunset. Should not carry heavy weight for long. Avoid tremoring, excessive laughing. Avoid use of cold water and garlic. She should not remain in erect or flexed posture for long[5]
Charaka Should not carry heavy and hot substance Avoid doing harsh and violent activity[6]
Sushruta Vyayam, Vyavay, Atikarshan, Diwaswapna, Ratrijagran, Shoka, Vegadharan, Utkatasan, Raktamokshan, Snehan[7]
Vagbhata Vyavaya Vyayama Tiksna Aushadh[8]

Masanumashika Pathya (Monthly dietary regimen)

Month Charak Samhita[1] Sushrut Samhita[2] Ashtang Sangraha[3] Haarita[4]
1 Milk Sweet, cold and liquid diet Medicated milk Yashtimadhu or Parushaka or Madhupushpa with Navaneeta with Madhura Payo Anupana
2 Milk medicated with Madhur Rasa drugs Same as 1st month Same as Charaka Kakoli Siddha Ksheer
3 Milk with honey and Ghrita Same as 1st month and Shashthi rice cooked with milk Same as Charaka Ksheera
4 Navneet (butter) Shashthi rice with milk Milk with one Tola (12gm) of butter Sanskrita Odana
5 Ghrita Ghrita or rice gruel medicted with Gokshur Same as Charaka Paayasa
6 Ghrita prepared from milk medicated with Madhura drugs Ghrita medicated with Prithakparnyadi group of drugs Same as Charaka Madhura Dadhi
7 Ghrita prepared from milk medicated with Madhura drugs Asthapan Basti Anuvasan Basti Same as Charaka Ghrita Khanda
8 Ksheer Yavagu mixed with ghee   Kshira Yavagu mixed with ghee. Asthapan Basti Ghritapurana
9 Anuvasan Basti Yonipichu Unctuous gruels Anuvasan Basti Vividha Anna

Garbhasthapak Drugs

The maintenance of Garbha is done by Garbhasthapak Dravyas by counter acting the effect of Garbhopaghatkara Bhavas.

These drugs are used in the treatment and prevention of abortion.

They help in the proper development, growth and health of foetus. Some of the Garbhasthapak Aaushadhis

are Aindri (Bacopa monieri), Bramhi (Centella asiatica), Satavirya (Asparagus racemosus), Sahashravirya (Cynodon dactylon), Avyatha (Tinospora cardifolia), Amogha (Stereospermum suaveolens), Shiva (Terminalia chebula), Vatyapushpi (Sida cardifolia), Arista (Picrorhiza kurroa), Vishwasenkanta (Callicarpa macrophylla) etc. These should be taken orally as preparations in milk and ghee.[9]

Mode of action of Garbhasthapak Drugs


It is CNS activator and acts as utero relaxant[10]


Its extract have a stimulatory effect on thyroid function[11]

Can be used as muscle relaxant and vascular relaxant[12]

Having antistress effect[13]


Having estrogenic effect on female mammary gland and genital organs of guinea pig.[14]

The saponin rich fraction of asparagus shows inhibition of oxytocin induced uterine contraction in vivo.[15]


Its fresh juice is a remedy for urogenital disorders like rubella infection and muscle cramps.[16]

The plant extract strengthen uterine muscle, checks uterine bleeding, averts abortion[17]

It has a potent aphrodisiac and male fertility activity.[18]


Its etanol extract from stem bark given orally shows marked analgesic and anti-inflamatory response in comparison to aspirin and morphine.[19]


Methanol extract of Tinosporia cordifolia is having antioxidant property[20]


Its fruit is having antibacterial and antifungal activity.[21]


It is having hepatoprotective effect and immunomodulatory effect.[22]


Having free radical scavenging and nitric oxide scavenging property.[23]

Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity.[24]


Ethanolic extract of leaves have anti-inflammatory property[25]

Aqueous as well as ethanolic extract of leaves shows anti-inflammatory potential.[26]

Clinical importance of Garbhini Paricharya

First Trimester

  • During 1st Trimester pregnant women experiences nausea and vomiting, which results in dehydration and loss of nutrients. So, to prevent this use of cold and sweet liquid diet and milk is beneficial.
  • Sufficient amount of energy is required during this period. These energies will be provided by Kshira, Krusara, Ghrita, Payasa, Kshira medicated with Madhura Ausadhi.

Second Trimester

  • During this period muscular tissue of fetus grows and require more protein which is supplied from animal sources such as meat, milk, cheese, butter etc.
  • Most of women suffer from oedema of feet and complications of water retention. So, Ghrita medicated with Goksura is used as diuretic and will prevent retention of water.
  • Milk provides nourishment and stability to fetus.
  • Meat helps in muscular growth of fetus.
  • Cooked Sasti rice is rich in carbohydrate and provides energy to the body.

Third Trimester

  • Ghrita medicated with Prithakparnyadi group of drugs are diuretic, and suppress Pitta and Kapha.
  • In eighth month Yavagu consumption is Balya and Brimhana provides nourishment to mother and fetus.

  • Administration of Asthapana Vasti which is best for Vata Anulomana and relives constipation.
  • As milk is a complete food. Milk and drugs of Madhura group have been advised for entire pregnancy period

Benefits of Garbhini Paricharya

  • According to Acharya Charaka, with the help of Garbhini Paricharya the health of woman remains good and delivers healthy child having good energy, strength, and voice.
  • As per Acharya Vagbhat and Charaka, Garbhini Kukshi, sacral region, and back becomes soft.
  • Vayu moves in Anulom position due to that urine, feces, and placenta are excreted or expelled easily by their respective passages; skin and nail become soft, she delivers easily at proper time and gain strength and complexion.


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