A cross sectional study to develop a scale on health related QOL for assessing the effect of Unhealthy Food Habits in apparently Healthy Subjects
Bhatt R.1*, Rajeshwari N M R.2, Powar V.3, Madhuvratha P.4
1* Rashmi Bhatt, Assistant Professor, , Shivalik Institute of Ayurveda and Research, Dehradun, Uttrakahand, India.
2 Raja Rajeshwari N M, Professor, Dept. of Samhita and Siddhanta, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara College of Ayurveda and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, India.
3 Vibhu Powar, Consultant, , Atharva Ayurveda Clinic, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
4 P Madhuvratha, Consultant Physician, , Kottakkal Arya Vaidyasala, Adyar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Background: Non communicable diseases continue to be an important public health problem and are responsible for major proportion of mortality and morbidity in India and about 60% of deaths in India are due to these diseases. This is due to drastic change in life style and food habits which are affecting the quality of life of person. Objectives of the Study: To develop a validated scale to assess the HRQOL in healthy individuals who have unhealthy food habits. Methods: All data regarding components which are taken as an indicator of HRQOL were compiled and critically analyzed for construction of domains and item generation. Content validity was carried out by giving to 5 experts as a process of pretesting of questionnaire and for checking face value. Questionnaire administration was done on 77 healthy subjects as a first set of analysis and later on 111 healthy subjects development and validation. For internal consistency Cronbach’s alpha was run, & for item reduction Principal component analysis (PCA) was done and components were extracted and accordingly domains were reframed. Reframed questionnaire was administered to the 270 healthy subjects and to check reliability Cronbach’s alpha was done. Scoring was done based on the mean of all domains to create the scale. Results: Initially 104 items were framed based on intense literature search, after content validity no items were deleted. So, 104 questions were administered for 1st assessment after checking internal consistency 28 items were deleted and 76 items remained. After 2nd set of assessment with deletion of 7 items 69 items remained. After data extraction 43 items remained which were used for generation of scale scoring. Scoring was done based on mean of all domains. Conclusion: This developed self-assessment scale will help in the assessment of effect of unhealthy food habits over HRQOL in apparently healthy subjects.
Keywords: Ayurveda, QOL, HRQOL, Health, Scale, Scale Development, Unhealthy food habits
|How to Cite this Article
, Assistant Professor, , Shivalik Institute of Ayurveda and Research, Dehradun, Uttrakahand, India.
|Rashmi Bhatt, Raja Rajeshwari N M, Vibhu Powar, P Madhuvratha, A cross sectional study to develop a scale on health related QOL for assessing the effect of Unhealthy Food Habits in apparently Healthy Subjects. J Ayu Int Med Sci. 2022;7(1):33-38.