Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences 2023-03-25T18:22:49+00:00 Dr. Umapati C. Baragi Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Monthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Monthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published monthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> Efficacy and safety of local application of Vijaya oil in the management of Sandhivata with special reference to Osteoarthrosis: An open-labeled single-arm clinical trial 2023-03-25T18:22:29+00:00 Shehla Akhlak Godatwar Pawankumar Gavali Preeti Sharma Reetu Patel Neeraj Peston Jahan James Dhuri Kalpana <p><strong>Background: </strong>Osteoarthrosis is the second most common rheumatologic problem in India. Symptoms of Osteoarthrosis resemble <em>Sandhivata</em> in <em>Ayurveda</em>. <em>Vijaya </em>(cannabis sativa) oil manufactured by Bombay Hemp Company is used as a topical application in patients suffering from <em>Sandhivata</em>. <strong>Aim:</strong> To evaluate the efficacy &amp; safety of local application of <em>Vijaya</em> oil in patients suffering from <em>Sandhivata, </em>with special reference to Osteoarthrosis. <strong>Materials and methods</strong>: Present clinical study was an open-label, single-arm study for the management of <em>Sandhivata</em> aged 30-75. The oil was applied locally on the affected site for 2 months. A total of 42 eligible patients suffering from symptomatic OA were enrolled, and 40 completed the study. Patients were assessed by clinical sign and symptom score for <em>Sandhivata</em>, Visual Analog Scale for Pain (VAS), WOMAC score for pain, stiffness, and physical function difficulty, Quality of life (QOL) score, Global assessment scale (GAS), and Overall disease severity (ODS). Statistical analysis was done by the Wilcoxon test. <strong>Results</strong>: The result was highly significant for all the subjective parameters. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The study revealed that <em>Vijaya</em> oil significantly reduced pain, and stiffness, improved quality of life, and physical functions. It could be concluded that <em>Vijaya</em> oil can be a used as safe and effective drug of choice in patients suffering from <em>Sandhivata</em>.</p> 2023-03-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Drakshadi Gutika in the management of Urdhwaga Amlapitta (Non Ulcer Dyspepsia) 2023-03-25T18:22:30+00:00 Rajaram Lawate S. P. Managoli <p><em>Amlapitta</em> is a condition where <em>Amla Guna</em> of <em>Pachaka Pitta</em> increases due to <em>Samata</em> causing <em>Vidahi</em> condition. Gastritis and non-ulcer dyspepsia have been correlated with <em>Amlapitta</em> by several M.D. and Ph.D. Scholars of Ayurveda. In recent years there has been an unprecedented increase of incidences related to gastro intestinal system due to changing life style like diet pattern, behavioural pattern and mental stress and strain. The prevalence rate of gastritis in India is around 10 million. <em>Ayurveda</em> is having good answer to <em>Amlapitta</em>. Ayurvedic physicians are providing cure for the patients of these chronic dyspeptic disorders. <em>Yogartnakar</em> has said that <em>Drakshadi Gutika</em> cures severe <em>Amlapitta</em>. <em>Drakshadi Gutika,</em> containing <em>Draksha</em>, <em>Haritaki</em>, <em>Sita</em> are having <em>Madhura, Kashaya, Tikta Rasa</em> and <em>Pitta</em> <em>Shamaka</em>, <em>Pitta Rechana Gunas. </em>These drugs are cost effective, easily available and have a good palatability. So, the present study has been planned to evaluate the clinical efficacy of <em>Drakshadi Gutika</em> in the management of <em>Urdhwaga Amlapitta</em> (Non Ulcer Dyspepsia).</p> 2023-03-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) Effect of Nadi Sweda on symptoms of Pain, Swelling and Stiffness in Knee Osteoarthritis - An Open Labeled Single Arm Clinical Study 2023-03-25T18:22:30+00:00 Sandipkumar Baheti Mahesh S <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> More than 100 million populations globally suffer from Osteoarthritis (OA) which is considered the leading cause of disability. The prevalence of OA knee in India is about 6% of total osteoarthritis. Therefore, there is a need for alternative and well-tolerable supplementary treatment which has no drug interaction with conventional drugs for OA.<strong> Aim and objectives</strong>: To evaluate the effect of traditional sudation therapy (<em>Nadi Swedana) </em>on pain, swelling and stiffness of patients with knee osteoarthritis.<strong> Method:</strong> The study was conducted after getting approval from Institutional Ethical Committee and was registered to the Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI/2018/03/012636 19/03/2018). A total of 20 patients with knee joint osteoarthritis were treated for 6 weeks. Pre-test and the post-test outcome measure was recorded on subjective parameters and statistically analyzed.<strong> Results:</strong> The applied score for pain, swelling and stiffness decreased significantly lower after the intervention (p&lt;0.05). <strong>Conclusions</strong>: Traditional sudation therapy by <em>Nadi Swedana</em> was beneficial for patients with knee osteoarthritis.</p> 2023-03-24T16:39:22+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sandipkumar Baheti, Mahesh S A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Kanchnara Twak Kwatha with Shunthi Churna and Nimba Taila Nasya in Hypothyroidism 2023-03-25T18:22:30+00:00 Pratima Yadav Ajay Kumar Tina Singhal <p><strong>Context:</strong> Hypothyroidism is a clinical syndrome resulting from deficiency of thyroid hormones due to their insufficient synthesis which is turn result in generalized slowing down of metabolic process characterized by broad clinical spectrum ranging from an asymptomatic or subclinical condition to fully manifested clinical condition. It is more common in females than males with middle age women more effected. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Sixty eligible hypothyroid patients with serum thyroid-stimulating hormone &gt;4.5 μIU/ml and serum T<sub>3 </sub>and T<sub>4</sub> lower than their respective normal range were selected and treated with <em>Kanchnar Twak Kwath</em> with <em>Shunthi Churna</em> and <em>Nimb Taila Nasya</em> for 45 days. Patients were advised to discontinue any medicine they might be taking for the management of hypothyroidism to assess the unbiased effect of therapies. <strong>Results:</strong> Significant improvement was observed on subjective parameters, and objective parameters. Of the 60 enrolled patients, In group B maximum improvement 62.07%, moderate improvement 20.69%, mild improvement 13.79%, no improvement 3.45%. But in group A maximum improvement 7.14%, moderate improvement 28.57%, mild improvement 42.86%, no improvement 21.43%. after this trial maximum patient had withdrawn their hormone replacement therapy. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> <em>Kanchnar Twak Kwath</em> with <em>Shunthi Churna</em> and <em>Nimba Taila Nasya</em> are effective in the management of hypothyroidism.</p> 2023-03-24T16:54:39+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pratima Yadav, Ajay Kumar, Tina Singhal A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Vacha (Acorus calamus) in the management of Sthaulya with special reference to Hyperlipidemia 2023-03-25T18:22:31+00:00 Harleen Kaur Sethi Rosy Gupta <p>Human ardor for herbal medicine dates lower back to <em>Vedic</em> life. One such herbal drug is <em>Vacha</em> (<em>Acorus</em> <em>calamus</em> Linn.). It is indicated in <em>'Santarpana Janya Vyadhi’ </em>for having <em>Lekhaniya, Srotoshodhan, Pramathi</em> actions. As per Ayurvedic concept <em>Sthaulya</em> is a disorder of <em>Medovahasrotas </em>with symptoms of deposition of <em>Meda</em> (fat) at the site of abdomen, buttock, chest, neck and all over the body. It can be correlated with Obesity in present era. Hyperlipidemia is closely related to it which is a disorder of lipoprotein metabolism, which can include overproduction of lipoproteins. The disorder can manifest as an elevation of plasma cholesterol, TGs, or both, together that contributes to the development of atherosclerosis, a precursor for Coronary Artery Disease. Due to increased sedentary lifestyle such metabolic conditions have shown its hike in the present era. A clinical study was designed as a randomised single group open interventional trial. In this study total 41 consenting patients of either sex were registered after screening for the trial from <em>Kayachikitsa </em>O.P.D. of Government Ayurvedic Hospital, Patiala, Punjab but 30 patients completed the course of the trial. Test drug <em>Vacha Churna</em> capsules of 500mg were given twice daily with water before meal for 30 days. The results shown were highly significant.</p> 2023-03-24T18:23:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Harleen Kaur Sethi, Rosy Gupta Study the efficacy of Murvadya Choorna Vati in Pandu Vyadhi with special reference to Iron Deficiency Anaemia 2023-03-25T18:22:32+00:00 Yogesh T. Kotangale S.V. Bhosle <p><em>Rasa </em>and <em>Rakta Dhatus </em>play very important role in our human life. <em>Rasa </em>and <em>Rakta </em>are considered as key factor for the nourishment and life maintenance of the body. In today’s world of urbanization and modern lifestyle, many times it is seen that higher economic class and lower economic class are all malnourished under different circumstances. These factors include fast food, low nutritional value food, stressful &amp; hectic life, which in turn contribute to create very common and well-known disease <em>Pandu</em>. On the basis of similarity of aetiological factors and symptoms <em>Pandu Vyadhi </em>can be correlated with Anaemia. Anaemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen. It is caused due to number of causes including nutritional deficiencies, acute or slow blood loss due to trauma or disease, destruction of red blood cells due to various metabolic and immunological abnormalities or toxins, diseases of the bone marrow, general systemic diseases like infection and various varieties of cancer, kidney failure etc. In the present study, <em>Murvadya Choorna Vati </em>is described by <em>Gada Nighraha </em>in <em>Pandu Vyadhi</em>. <em>Murvadya Choorna Vati </em>contains <em>Murva, Bala </em>and <em>Chitrak</em>. Hence it is used in <em>Pandu Vyadhi </em>due to its <em>Deepana</em>, <em>Pachana </em>and <em>Rasayana </em>property.</p> 2023-03-25T05:44:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Yogesh T. Kotangale, S.V. Bhosle A comparative clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of Dashamoola Taila Karnapoorana and Nasya and orally Dashamoola Ghrita in Badhirya (sensory neural hearing loss) 2023-03-25T18:22:32+00:00 Shashikala K. Gururaj N Veerayya Hiremath <p>It is estimated that by 2050 over 900 million people will have disabling hearing loss. In Ayurveda hearing loss is described as <em>Badhirya</em>, which can be treated with <em>Nasya, Karna Poorana, </em>oral administration of <em>Vatahara Ghrita</em> and other <em>Vatashamana</em> procedures. This is a randomized comparative clinical study of 3 groups with 30 patients in each; namely Group-A of <em>Dashamoola Taila Karnapoorana,</em> Group-B of <em>Dashamoola Taila Nasya</em> &amp; Group C of <em>Dashamoola Taila Karnapoorana</em> and <em>Dashamoola Taila Nasya. Dashamoola Ghrita</em> was advised for oral administration to all groups. Total Treatment duration was of 210 days i.e., 7 days (Day 1-7), followed by 48 days administration of <em>Ghrita</em> (Day 22-70) and follow up after 140 days. There was mild improvement in hearing in both ears with slight improvement in pure tone audiometric values. There was clinical improvement seen in all three groups, group C has better results compared to other two groups. Statistically there is significant result within the group and no statistical significance between the groups. Since, combined treatment using <em>Dashamoola Taila Nasya</em> and <em>Karnapoorana</em> and <em>Dashamoola Ghrita</em> orally has shown better results, following complete <em>Chikitsasutra</em> would be helpful in management of <em>Badhirya</em> than treating with single line of treatment.</p> 2023-03-25T06:02:25+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Shashikala K., Gururaj N, Veerayya Hiremath Integrated Yoga as a first-line treatment for Antenatal and Postnatal Mental Health 2023-03-25T18:22:33+00:00 Mahi Mishra Tanmay Bagade Jamunadevi C. <p>Postnatal period of women is one of the most stressful events of a woman’s life. The journey from a pre-pregnant state to day-to-day challenges of managing a new born baby is not only stressful but also leads to several mental health issues in women during pregnancy and postnatally. Major Depressive Disorders (MDD) are becoming a global burden of diseases amongst women of child-bearing age. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a mental disorder characterised by at least two weeks of pervasive depressed mood, loss of pleasure in daily activities, weight loss, insomnia, agitation, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, attentional problems, thoughts of death, and suicidal ideation.</p> 2023-03-25T06:10:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mahi Mishra, Tanmay Bagade, Jamunadevi C. A critical review on Aushadh Sevan Kala and its importance 2023-03-25T18:22:33+00:00 Hanika Sharma Sharadha Shrinivas <p><em>Aushadh Sevan Kala</em> is the type of<em> Avasthika Kala</em> meant for the proper time of drug administration. <em>Trisutra Ayurved</em> is of prime importance while treating a patient. <em>Hetu</em> (causative factors<em>), Linga</em> (signs and symptoms) and <em>Aushadh</em> (medicine) are considered as <em>Trisutra Ayurved</em>. According to<em> Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> medicines having opposite properties of <em>Desha </em>(habitat), <em>Matra</em> (dose) and <em>Kala</em> (time) are able to cure the diseases easily. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> have stated some more factors to be taken into consideration while treating a patient such as <em>Desha</em> (region), <em>Kala</em> (time), <em>Pramana</em> (dose), <em>Satmya</em> (wholesomeness), <em>Asatmya</em> (unwholesomeness), <em>Aahara</em> (diet) and <em>Aushadh</em> (medicine). According to<em> Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> medicines with opposite properties than <em>Dosha, Dushya</em> and <em>Nidan</em> (causative factor) gives better result when used as a treatment. <em>Agni</em>, being the supreme factor for maintaining <em>Dhatu</em> <em>Samya</em> all the therapies are directed to maintain and preserve the potency of <em>Agni</em>. <em>Aushadh</em> <em>Sevan</em> <em>Kala</em> will help in food and drug interaction which is helpful to attain a quick and sustainable relief to the patient. <em>Kala</em> (time) is an important factor which must be taken into consideration while treatment. Our <em>Acharyas</em> have explained the relationship of <em>Kaala</em> and <em>Dosha</em> while treating a disease. In present era this relationship is not taken into consideration while treating a patient.</p> 2023-03-25T06:20:33+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Hanika Sharma, Sharadha Shrinivas Role of Garbhini Paricharya in preventing complications of ANC 2023-03-25T18:22:34+00:00 Divya Rajpurohit Sushmita Rajpurohit Malika Choudhary <p><em>Ayurveda</em>, the most ancient science of healthcare has laid colossal significance on safe parenthood, Woman, being the precious creation of the world is the only source for new creation and the esteem wish of a woman is to procreate a healthy progeny. To assure a safe motherhood as well as a healthy progeny in her womb, special care of a pregnant woman is required which is elucidated as antenatal care. The<em> Ayurvedic </em>Classics have given lot of emphasis on both Pre-conceptional (<em>Garbhadhan Sanskara</em>) and Prenatal Care (<em>Garbhini Paricharya</em>). The diet of pregnant woman after proper digestion, eventually leads to nourishment of women’s body, formation of breast milk, nutrition to the fetus. Though common food and medications have been recommended depending on <em>Desh, Kala, Ritu</em>. Life Style of mother has a pivotal role in the growth and development of fetus. Hence appropriate <em>Vihar</em> in a pregna<em>Ayurveda</em>, the most ancient science of healthcare has laid colossal significance on safe parenthood, Woman, being the precious creation of the world is the only source for new creation and the esteem wish of a woman is to procreate a healthy progeny. To assure a safe motherhood as well as a healthy progeny in her womb, special care of a pregnant woman is required which is elucidated as antenatal care. The<em> Ayurvedic </em>Classics have given lot of emphasis on both Pre-conceptional (<em>Garbhadhan Sanskara</em>) and Prenatal Care (<em>Garbhini Paricharya</em>). The diet of pregnant woman after proper digestion, eventually leads to nourishment of women’s body, formation of breast milk, nutrition to the fetus. Though common food and medications have been recommended depending on <em>Desh, Kala, Ritu</em>. Life Style of mother has a pivotal role in the growth and development of fetus. Hence appropriate <em>Vihar</em> in a pregnant mother should be incorporates as per the principles of <em>Ayurveda</em>. Prenatal <em>Yoga</em> can be very helpful in maintaining normal healthy pregnancy and preparing for labour as it teaches the mother to take cues from her body and maximize its natural potential. <em>Ayurveda</em> will give new avenue in obstetrics care through proper care with wholesome approach.nt mother should be incorporates as per the principles of Ayurveda. Prenatal Yoga can be very helpful in maintaining normal healthy pregnancy and preparing for labour as it teaches the mother to take cues from her body and maximize its natural potential. Ayurveda will give new avenue in obstetrics care through proper care with wholesome approach.</p> 2023-03-25T06:30:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Divya Rajpurohit, Sushmita Rajpurohit, Malika Choudhary Critical Review and Analysis of Nadi Vigyan: A Boon to Ayurvedic Methodology 2023-03-25T18:22:34+00:00 Anjali Pandey Bhumika Bhardwaj Divyashree Shirvadkar <p><em>Ayurvedic</em> medicine has been using <em>Nadi Pareeksha</em> as a tool of diagnosis for <em>Roga Rogi</em> <em>Pareeksha</em>, since 2500 years ago. <em>Charaka Acharya</em> has mentioned “<em>Rogamaadou Pareekshayet Tato Anantaram Aushadham”</em> as an approach for accurate diagnosis and treatment. <em>Acharya Sharangadhara</em> was the first to describe about <em>Nadi Pareeksha</em>. The traditional text <em>Sharangdhara Samhita</em>, <em>Yogaratnakara</em>, <em>Basavarajeeyam, Bhavaprakash Samhita, Kanada</em> <em>Samhita</em> and <em>Ravana</em> <em>Samhita</em> have discussed the details of <em>Nadi Pareeksha</em>. In the 17<sup>th</sup> century, <em>Yogaratnakara </em>takes a special place in <em>Nadi Vigyana</em> as he explains about <em>Vega</em> (rate), <em>Gati</em> (movement), <em>Sthiratva</em> (stability), <em>Tala</em> (rhythm), <em>Akruti</em> (volume and tension) and <em>Kathinyatva </em>(consistency) of <em>Nadi </em>useful for <em>Nadi Pareeksha</em>. Also, he explains <em>Nadi Pareekhsa</em> under <em>Ashtavidha Pareeksha</em>. The root cause for all diseases is imbalance of <em>Tridoshas</em> (<em>Vata</em>, <em>Pitta</em> and <em>Kapha</em>). A <em>Vaidya</em> should examine the <em>Nadi</em> in the initial consultation to know about the extent of <em>Doshas</em> imbalance. According to <em>Yogaratnakara,</em> all the diseases can be diagnosed from <em>Nadi</em> and it was compared with strings of <em>Veena</em> playing all the <em>Ragas</em>, similarly, the <em>Nadi</em> of hand highlights <em>Prakruti </em>of<em> Dosha </em>vitiation. The speed, stability and <em>Gati</em> of <em>Nadi</em> varies with <em>Dosha</em> vitiation and assessing is an Art and Science of its own. Although<em>, Nadi Pareeksha </em>is an important part of investigation, still, it is not practiced by many <em>Vaidyas</em> due to insufficient knowledge. In relation to modern science, <em>Nadi Pareeksha </em>needs more growth and development. Hence, it is the need of the hour for <em>Vaidyas</em> to develop<em> Nadi Pareeksha</em> for globalization of <em>Ayurveda.</em></p> 2023-03-25T07:32:41+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Anjali Pandey, Bhumika Bhardwaj, Divyashree Shirvadkar Concept of Trividha Kukshiya Vimana and its importance in Chikitsa 2023-03-25T18:22:35+00:00 Archana Dhanpal Jugale <p><em>Ayurveda,</em> the science of life is probably the first medical science which gives importance to <em>Ahara </em>both in the maintenance of health and in causing various diseases. In <em>Charaka Samhita</em> <em>Vimana Sthana</em> 2<sup>nd</sup> <em>Adhyaya</em> i.e<em>., Trividha</em> <em>Kukshiya</em> <em>Vimanam</em> <em>Acharya</em> explained <em>Trividha Kukshiya Siddhanta</em> which is related to <em>Ahara Matra.</em> <em>Amatrayukta Ahara</em> is one of the important causes in <em>the Utpatti</em> <em>of Ama. Ama</em> plays role in the manifestation of the <em>Diseases</em> as significant as the <em>Doshas</em>. <em>Ahara </em>is one among<em> Trividha Upasthambha</em>, if consumed in a proper <em>Matra </em>lead to health and if not consumed in a proper <em>Matra</em> leads to diseases like <em>Visuchika, Alasaka </em>etc<em>. Concept</em> of <em>Trividha</em> <em>Kukshiya Vimana</em> is very useful for the achievement of aim of <em>Ayurveda</em>.</p> 2023-03-25T07:43:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Archana Dhanpal Jugale Ayurvedic management of Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) in Pregnancy 2023-03-25T18:22:35+00:00 Divyashree G Vidya Ballal <p>Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by a low platelet count and mucocutaneous bleeding. Its highest frequency is in young women of reproductive age and it also occurs in 0.83 of 10,000 pregnancies. Pregnancy does not increase the incidence of ITP nor does it exacerbate a pre-existing disease. Sometimes platelet autoantibodies facilitate increased platelet destruction by the reticuloendothelial system especially the spleen and also these autoantibodies (IgG) can cross the placenta and place the foetus at risk for thrombocytopenia and may cause bleeding problems such as intracranial haemorrhage. Although some pregnant women with ITP may experience several maternal and foetal complications, in most cases even with a very low platelet count, there is neither maternal nor foetal morbidity or mortality. Corticosteroids are the first line of therapy in pregnant women or intravenous immune globulin is commonly used in steroid resistant patients. Other treatments such as intravenously administered anti-D and splenectomy during pregnancy have been reported. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, it can be correlated to <em>Tiryak Rakthapitta</em>, which is caused due to excessive consumption of <em>Ushna, Tiktha</em> and <em>Amla Rasa</em>. It is <em>Tridoshaja Vyadhi</em> and its manifestation will be subcutaneous bleeding. Since <em>Apathya Ahara</em> is also cause of any disease, <em>Ayurveda</em> highlights on diet and lifestyle changes along with <em>Garbhini Paricharya </em>to combat any such diseases seen in pregnancy. Further we can adopt <em>Rasayana</em> therapy and <em>Samshamana Kriya</em>, which are safe during pregnancy. Careful monitoring of the mother throughout pregnancy is critical to avoid risk to both the mother and neonate.</p> 2023-03-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Divyashree G, Vidya Ballal Concept of Koshtha in Kriya Sharir 2023-03-25T18:22:36+00:00 Komal Samyal Sourabh Sharma Aakriti Jamwal <p>According to <em>Ayurveda,</em> the human body is composed of four basics - the <em>Dosha, Dhatu, Mala </em>and <em>Agni.</em> There is immense significance of all these basics of the body in <em>Ayurveda</em>. So, is the <em>Koshtha.</em> The term <em>Koshtha</em> refers to the digestive tract or the motility of the intestines and movement of food, faecal matter and its expulsion. <em>Koshtha </em>is included in <em>Abhyantara Rogamarga</em>. It is of three types: <em>Krura, Mridu</em> and <em>Madhya</em> in which dominance of one of the <em>Dosha </em>is seen. <em>Koshtha Pariksha</em> is important for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. <em>Koshtha Pariksha </em>helps in selection of <em>Aushadhi </em>and <em>Aushadhimatra.</em></p> 2023-03-25T08:54:29+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Komal Samyal, Sourabh Sharma, Aakriti Jamwal An anatomical study of Guda Marma and its clinical importance 2023-03-25T18:22:36+00:00 Sapna Anand Rita Marwaha Nisha Bhalerao Pooja Tekam <p>Nowadays owning to the sedentary life style with almost negligible or irregular physical activities as well as improper diet, frequency of several diseases and disorders has increased significantly.<em> Guda </em>(Anus) thus is implied in context of disease since ages and plays a very important role in the physical wellbeing of human body. The terminal part of large intestine and <em>Moola</em> of <em>Pureeshava Srotas</em> is known as <em>Guda. </em>It is one of the <em>Karmendriyan</em>. <em>Charak</em> has mentioned that <em>Guda </em>is one of the <em>Koshtangas</em>. <em>Guda </em>is defined as the passage through which excretion of faeces takes place and is located in the pelvic region and Charaka recognized two parts in it i.e., <em>Uttara</em> <em>Guda</em> and <em>Adhara</em> <em>Guda</em>. It is one among nine <em>Bahirmukhasrotas</em> located in pelvic region. Total length of <em>Guda</em> is 4½ <em>Angula</em>. There are 3 sphincter situated inside the <em>Guda </em>placed one above the other at a distance of 1½ <em>Angula</em> from each other and are named as <em>Pravahini, Visarjini</em> and <em>Samvarni</em>. <em>Pureeshdhara</em> <em>Kala</em> is related to <em>Guda</em> and it is <em>Moola</em> of <em>Pureeshvaha Srotas</em> and also is <em>Sadhyopranhara</em> <em>Marma.</em> <em>Guda</em> thus is implied in context of disease since ages and plays a very important role in the physical wellbeing of human body. Objective of the study are comprehensive literary review of <em>Guda Marma</em> with correlation of anatomical features described in Ayurveda to contemporary science. Data related to <em>Guda Sharira</em> and diseases were collected from various classics.</p> 2023-03-25T09:10:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sapna Anand, Rita Marwaha, Nisha Bhalerao, Pooja Tekam Review on Nithya Asheelaniya Aahara Dravya with special reference to the Dadhi (Curd) 2023-03-25T18:22:37+00:00 Muttu (Neeta) Kadeangadi Ashwini V. Junjarwad Jagannath C. Huddar Shilpa Nimbal <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is one of the Ancient system of medicine. <em>Ayurveda</em> <em>Acharya's</em> taught us about health, how to living healthy in a society through <em>Ahara Niyama </em>by following <em>Pathyapathya</em>. which <em>Ahara</em> can be taken in all season which one is good for which season. In classics there is an elaborate description regarding <em>Dinacharya, Rutucharya, Sadvritta Palana </em>etc. <em>Ahara </em>(Food) has been recognized as an important pillar for human being. <em>Ayurveda</em> enhance the importance of Unwholesome <em>Aahara Dravya </em>in the maintenance of health as well as prevent of diseases. As per <em>Ayurveda Asheelaniya Ahara Dravya's </em>are those food articles which are not suitable for regular use, E.g.- <em>Dadhi</em>. These food items with regular consumption can lead to various diseases. In this study there is detailed review of <em>Dadhi </em>(Curd) mentioned under <em>Asheelaniya</em> <em>Ahara Dravya. </em>This study is an attempt to fulfil knowledge of rules for consumption of <em>Dadhi</em>.</p> 2023-03-25T14:03:10+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Muttu (Neeta) Kadeangadi, Ashwini V. Junjarwad, Jagannath C. Huddar, Shilpa Nimbal Analytical study of Rheumatoid Arthritis w.s.r to Ojo-Visramsa as Autoimmunity 2023-03-25T18:22:38+00:00 Ayushi Patel Namrata Tiwari Dileep Singh <p><em>Ayurveda</em>, although an ancient science, incorporates all those aspects and facts which have been emerging from various researches in the modern medical science since ages. In recent times, various autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, myositis, muscular dystrophies etc. are getting public attention more than ever. These autoimmune disorders are actually the consequences of the misalignment of immune system towards its own body tissues. Autoimmunity comes under the concept of immunology and in <em>Ayurveda</em>, immunology is described as <em>Vyadhikshamtva</em> and <em>Oja Bala</em>. <em>Oja</em>, the quintessence of the seven <em>Dhatus</em> is responsible for providing immunity to the body. Any fluctuations in <em>Oja </em>tends to generate disease causing elements in the body. In <em>Ayurveda</em> it has been mentioned that <em>Oja</em> gets deformed in three ways: <em>Ojo-Kshaya</em>, <em>Ojo-Vyapad</em> and <em>Ojo-Visramsa</em>. Out of these, <em>Ojo-Visramsa</em> may be considered as most relevant with the concept of Autoimmunity. <em>Ojo-Visramsa</em> can be defined as the dislocation or the diversion of <em>Oja</em> from its normality, whether it may its normal location, structure or function. Comparably, autoimmunity is also the misalignment of the immune system such that the system which should ideally defend the body against the diseases, starts attacking its own body and creates various autoimmune disorders. Hence this article is an attempt to create a novel concept about <em>Ojo-visramsa</em> and its relatability with autoimmunity through a pathogenic analysis of rheumatoid arthritis so that it can be more helpful for the physicians to treat these disorders to benefit the society in an efficient way.</p> 2023-03-25T14:12:52+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ayushi Patel, Namrata Tiwari, Dileep Singh A review article on the concept of Rasayan in Ayurveda 2023-03-25T18:22:38+00:00 Minakshi Rakesh Sharma <p><em>Ayurveda </em>is the ancient system of medicine in the world. This science of life deals with every aspect of life. <em>Ayurveda</em> has two aims i.e., Promotion of Health and Cure from disease. <em>Rasayan </em>may be employed for ful<em>-</em>filling both of them. <em>Rasayan </em>are the ways of attaining excellent <em>Ras</em> i.e., Attains longevity, memory, intelligence, freedom from disorders, youthful age, excellence of luster, complexion and voice, ultimate strength of physique and sense organs, wisdom and successful words and brilliance. <em>Rasayan</em> also called a Rejuvination therapy is one considered under <em>Ashtang Ayurveda</em>. <em>Rasayan </em>drugs are those which are capable of importing superior<em> Rasas and Dhatus </em>to the body and toning up the system of healthy persons. <em>Rasayan</em> aids in increasing natural immunity enhancing general wellbeing, improving the functioning of all the fundamentals organs of the body and keep the signs of early ageing at bay. Moreover, it involves two opposite processes that simultaneously come into operation i.e., growth and atrophy. Ageing represents structural and functional changes of an organism over its entire life span. <em>Rasayan </em>is not a drug therapy but it is a specialized procedure practiced in the form of rejuvenate recipes, dietary regimes and special health promoting conduct and behaviour i.e., <em>Achar Rasayan.</em></p> 2023-03-25T14:19:29+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Minakshi, Rakesh Sharma Anatomical study of Trika Pradesha 2023-03-25T18:22:39+00:00 Rubia R. Peerzade J. T. Giritammannavar M. R. Patil <p><em>Rachana Shaareera</em> deals with study of the ‘constructive aspect of the human body, their numbers, location and dimensions’which is important to study the holistic system of Indian medicine called Ayurveda. There are differences related with <em>Trika Pradesha</em>. The study is done under various headings of: Historical review consists of references pertaining to <em>Trika</em> in various ancient literatures of Vedic period, Samhita period and <em>Sangraha Kala</em> as the term is used in various context in <em>Puranas</em> and <em>Granthas</em>. <em>Trika</em> is also the name of a Sage. Ayurvedic review consists of references about <em>Trika</em> as regions, bone, various joints of 3 bone, site of disease, site of treatment and its importance. When we study the samhitas and there commentaries we can anatomically co-relate it with pelvic region. Hence an attempt is made to define <em>Trika</em> Pradesh from Historical, Ayurvedic and Modern view.</p> 2023-03-25T14:28:39+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Rubia R. Peerzade, J. T. Giritammannavar, M. R. Patil A conceptual study of Hridroga in context of modern era 2023-03-25T18:22:39+00:00 Tabassum Parveen Gauri Jadhav Reetu Sharma B.K. Sevatkar <p>The word ‘<em>Hridaya’</em> in Ayurveda is a synonym for heart in Modern medicine. The name itself indicates the function of this vital organ. <em>Hridroga</em> embodies a significant part of cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is one which is tremendously increasing in this era. Life style modifications like high caloric intake, alcohol consumption, smoking and stress are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease<em>. Nidana</em> plays important role in manifestation of disease hence <em>Nidanaparivarjana </em>is the first line of treatment for any disease. <em>Hridaya </em>being <em>Moola</em> of <em>Rasavaha </em>and <em>Pranavaha Srotas, Dusthi </em>of those also lead to <em>Hridroga.</em> As there are different sets of <em>Nidanas </em>being explained in classics there is a need for critical understanding hence the present write up is aimed to provide an insight into the concept of <em>Nidanas</em> based on classical references and allied modern literature.</p> 2023-03-25T14:42:17+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Tabassum Parveen, Gauri Jadhav, Reetu Sharma, B.K. Sevatkar A conceptual study on Marma and its practical application in Chikitsa 2023-03-25T18:22:40+00:00 Pooja Tekam Rita Marwaha Nisha Bhalerao Shiba Dutta Panda Sapna Anand <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is a living science that believes in treating the mind, body, and spirit to achieve total health, and this ancient wisdom is mirrored in the unique idea and composition of <em>Marma</em> as well. <em>Marma</em> is not just anatomical markers, but also locations where the <em>Tridosha</em>, in its subtle forms <em>Prana</em>, <em>Ojusa</em> (<em>soma</em>), and <em>Tejas</em>, may be found <em>(Agni).</em> They also have three <em>Gunas</em>: <em>Sattva, Raja</em>, and <em>Tamas</em> (<em>Manas</em> contents) as well as the soul or life force (<em>Bhutatma</em>). <em>Sushruta</em> <em>Samhita</em> and <em>Siddha</em>, respectively, include detailed descriptions of <em>Marma</em> and <em>Marma</em> <em>Chikitsa</em>. <em>Marma</em> <em>Chikitsa </em>/ Therapy are the manipulation or stimulation of <em>Marma</em> in the treatment of different ailments. The <em>Prana</em> (vital energy) present in <em>Marmas</em> may be directed to eliminate blockages (even in distant locations) and promote energy flow, resulting in a state of healthy body, mind, and spirit, through various ways of <em>Marma</em> stimulation. The purpose of this page is to give a general understanding of <em>Marma</em> and <em>Marma</em> treatment. Ancient science literature, <em>Ayush</em> physicians/surgeons, the internet, and personal experience are all used to gather information.</p> 2023-03-25T15:29:23+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pooja Tekam, Rita Marwaha, Nisha Bhalerao, Shiba Dutta Panda, Sapna Anand An Ayurvedic perspective about Autism - Literary Review 2023-03-25T18:22:40+00:00 Ashwini Ashokrao Patil Rutuja Rahul Kate Shubhangi Sanjay Jadhav <p>Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that impacts on the normal functioning of brain, challenging child development particularly in the field of language and communication, social and emotional with presence of unusually strong narrow interest and personal occupation by repetitive stereotype mannerism. Western medicine and research have seemingly stalled in respect to the management of autism however early intervention and behavioral therapies have shown improvement in some extent. Ayurveda understand the nature of human brain in a completely different manner from modern psychiatric and physiological theories. Autism has close similarities to the features of that <em>Unmada</em> which is described in Ayurveda. The condition may be due to <em>Khavaigunya</em> (disrrangements) of <em>Srotas</em> (channels) which nurtures <em>Manas</em> (mind) as a consequences of many <em>Agantuja</em> (epigenetic and toxic insults and post-natal environmental factor) and <em>Sahaja</em> (genetic) factors. Among the various type of treatment modalities <em>Yuktivyapashrya Chikitsa</em> plays a vital role in managing the symptoms of autism in children.</p> 2023-03-25T15:42:24+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ashwini Ashokrao Patil, Rutuja Rahul Kate, Shubhangi Sanjay Jadhav Poison v/s Nutrition in consumption of our food 2023-03-25T18:22:41+00:00 Harshitha S. Pramodhkumar N <p>Living healthy long life by consuming healthy food has become challenging in today’s era. Unfortunately, today’s world has been adapted to method of consuming food which has very much harmful effects on physical as well as mental health. Globalization and urbanization have great impact on eating habits and made it necessary to eat fancy food. Well responsibilities carried out by farmers, industries, and consumers plays major role in maintaining health.</p> 2023-03-25T15:55:22+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Harshitha S., Pramodhkumar N Review on Samsarjana Krama in Diseases 2023-03-25T18:22:41+00:00 Deeksha Nayaka HV Manjunath Kanthi Niranjan Rao <p><em>Shodhana</em> treatment is a specialized <em>Ayurvedic</em> therapy that involves the internal purification of the body through five specially designed procedures. One of characteristic of <em>Panchakarma </em>is that it can provide both prevention and cure for various disease. <em>Shodhana </em>treatment includes<em>, Vamana, Virechana, Nasya, Basti</em> and <em>Rakstamokshana. </em>As the <em>Shodhana </em>includes <em>Trividha Karma</em> - <em>Poorva Karma, Pradhana Karma, Paschat Karma</em>. Eventhough, <em>Pradhana Karma</em> is having more important, equal importance should be given to both <em>Poorva </em>and <em>Paschat Karma</em>. <em>Samsarjana Karma</em> is one among the <em>Paschat Karma</em>. After every <em>Shodhana </em>procedure there will be <em>Agnimandhyata</em>, to restore the <em>Agni Bala</em> one should follow <em>Samsarjana Krama. </em>The duration of <em>Samsarjana Krama</em> depends on the level of <em>Shuddhi</em> achieved. The <em>Samsarjana Krama</em> includes <em>Peyadi -Rasadi-Tarpanadi</em> <em>Samsarjana Krama</em>. And some of the disease like <em>Prameha, Sthoulya, Amlapitta, Grahani</em>, <em>Swasa </em>are explained. According to <em>Desha, Kala, Vyadhi </em>and<em> Aahara Krama, Samsarjana Krama</em> can be modified without alternating the principles of <em>Samsarjana Krama.</em></p> 2023-03-25T16:04:05+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Deeksha Nayaka HV, Manjunath Kanthi, Niranjan Rao Role of Rasayana Dravyas in the form of Ksheerapaka during Pregnancy 2023-03-25T18:22:42+00:00 Meghashree B Ramadevi G. <p>The antenatal care is termed to be most important because Quatre of Indian population suffer from malnutrition during antenatal period. Therefore, our acharyas have given an in depth, systematic month wise regimen to be observed throughout the antenatal period. <em>Garbhini Paricharya </em>prescribes <em>Pathya Ahara</em> and <em>Vihara</em> to be accompanied at different stage in pregnancy because it has direct impact on the mother and the child. <em>Rasayana</em> in <em>Garbhini Paricharya </em>is very much beneficial for the mother to overcome the physiological stumbling blocks of pregnancy which includes gastritis complaints, infection, tiredness, ache in calf muscles, pedal oedema etc. and for the foetus to have first-class nourishment. <em>Rasayana</em> effect in pregnancy can be brought about by different formulation, among them one of the special types of <em>Kalpana</em> which can produce <em>Rasayana</em> effect in pregnancy is <em>Ksheerapaka</em>. This paper targets to study the <em>Rasayana</em> drugs used for <em>Ksheerapaka</em> and to assess their viable benefits in pregnancy.</p> 2023-03-25T16:32:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Meghashree B, Ramadevi G. A review on Vrischika Visha and its Chikitsa in classics 2023-03-25T18:22:42+00:00 Moumita Tewary Shrinidhi R Chaithra Hebbar Shubha PU <p>Scorpion stings are an intimidating problem in India, especially in rural parts of India. Envenomation from scorpions if estimating on yearly basis it is about 12 lakh people per year and is responsible for nearly about 3250 deaths. There are about 1400 species of scorpions identified worldwide out of this only 53 are reported to be dangerous to humans. The common clinical feature of the scorpion sting is sharp localized burning pain which gradually spreads to the whole limb followed by the variable nature of paresthesia and swelling. Even death is immediately seen in untreated cases of scorpion sting. <em>Vrischika Visha</em> is categorized under <em>Keeta Visha</em> in <em>Ayurveda</em>. Its warning signs are <em>Urdhwa Gati </em>of<em> Daha, Toda, Sphutana</em>, <em>Sotha, Shyavata</em> etc. <em>Vrischika Damsha</em> is such a specific envenomation that requires medical attention. Several treatment approaches are explained in our classics which are described for managing <em>Vrischika Visha. </em></p> 2023-03-25T16:44:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Moumita Tewary, Shrinidhi R, Chaithra Hebbar, Shubha PU Significance of Poorvarupa (Prodromal feature) of Prameha – A Review Article 2023-03-25T18:22:43+00:00 Hukum Singh Dhakad Reshma Shekh Rajesh Kumar Jain <p><em>Prameha</em> as well as diabetes is an important public health menace due to its high morbidity, mortality, economic impact, resource consumption, systemic complications, silent yet progressive nature, and less curative options. The prevalence of diabetes is also higher in urban areas than rural areas.&nbsp; In India over all 2.4% rural population and 4.6 – 11.6% urban population is suffering from diabetes. Systematic diagnosis of disease is well explained under the heading of <em>Nidan Panchaka</em> (Fivefold of examination) Viz. <em>Nidan</em> (Etiological factors), <em>Poorvarupa </em>(Prodromal features), <em>Rupa</em> (Specific sign and symptoms), <em>Upasaya</em> (Relieving factors) and <em>Samprapti</em> (Pathogenesis). Among the <em>Nidan Panchaka</em>, <em>Poorvarupa</em> (Prodromal features) are the symptoms which indicate the forthcoming disease. The long-term effects include progressive development of retinopathy with potential blindness, nephropathy that may lead to renal failure, neuropathy with risk of foot ulcers, amputation, Charcot joints and features of autonomic dysfunction including sexual dysfunction. People with diabetes are at increased risk of cardiovascular, peripheral vascular and cerebrovascular disease.</p> 2023-03-25T16:54:40+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Hukum Singh Dhakad, Reshma Shekh, Rajesh Kumar Jain A compiled review on the concept of Keeta Visha and its Chikitsa 2023-03-25T18:22:43+00:00 Vidya S. Kukanur Sreejith K Shubha PU Chaithra Hebbar <p>Ayurveda is an ancient Indian system of medicine having eight important branches.<em> Agadatantra </em>is one amongst the eight-fold branches of <em>Ayurveda</em> that deals with identification, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various manifestations caused by <em>Sthavara Visha</em>, <em>Jangama Visha</em>, <em>Krithrima Visha</em> and <em>Khanija Visha</em>. <em>Acharya’s Charaka, Susrutha, Vagbhata, Madhavakara, Bhavamishra</em>, other classics and regional texts have recited concerning the origin of <em>Visha, Sthavara Visha (Vatasanbha, Kupeelu, Ahiphena </em>etc<em>.) </em><em>Jangama Visha (Sarpa, Vruschika, Keeta, Loota, Alaraka</em> etc.) and <em>Krithrima Visha</em> (<em>Gara Visha</em> and <em>Dushi Visha</em>). <em>Acharya’s</em> have described <em>Keeta Visha</em> under <em>Jangama Visha</em> and classified under four groups and elucidated 67 different types of <em>Keeta</em>. These are the largest groups of arthropods, which constitute 80% of all living animals, only 3% of the insect species are harmful to humans. <em>Keeta Visha</em> causes local symptoms to severe systemic manifestations like <em>Shopha, Granthi, Visrapa</em>, <em>Karnika, Kitibha</em> in the human beings, even death. Depending on its variety, diagnosis and treatment of <em>Keeta Visha </em>is found to be very difficult because these varieties are not yet properly identified and besides, regional variations of these <em>Keetas</em> expresses very differently. Here an attempt is made to collect signs and symptoms of <em>Keeta Visha </em>and their treatment modalities mentioned in different classical texts.</p> 2023-03-25T17:18:34+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Vidya S. Kukanur, Sreejith K, Shubha PU, Chaithra Hebbar Effective Ayurvedic management of Katigraha - A Case Report 2023-03-25T18:22:44+00:00 Govind Kumar Prajapati Sakshi Gupta Mahima Pandey Rita Singh <p><em>Katigraha</em> is the commonest encountered disease. It is the condition which is characterized by stiffness, pain and impaired functioning of Lumbar spine region due to vitiation of <em>Vata</em> in <em>Katipradesh</em>. Even though this condition is not life threatening but it hampers the daily activity. <em>Kati</em> itself is one of the seats of <em>Vata Dosha</em> and the root cause of disease is aggravated by <em>Vata</em>.&nbsp;&nbsp; According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, it involves the <em>Dushti</em> of <em>Asthivaha Srotas</em>. About 80% of the industrial population and 60% of the general population suffers from low back pain due to their wrong posture. <strong>Case Report</strong> <strong>-</strong> A female pateint of 38 year old working as a tailor came to our hospital having complaint with low back pain which radiates to left lower limb, tingling sensation in bilateral lower limb, numbness in left heel region, difficulty in walking, loss of appetite, indigestion and disturbed sleep due to pain. <strong>Aim and objective - </strong>To evaluate the efficacy of <em>Ksheerbala Tail Matra Basti</em> and <em>Murivennam Tail Katibasti</em> in <em>Katigraha</em> for relieving pain, stiffness and impaired functioning of Lumbar spine. <strong>Result - </strong>Patient got marked relief in the pain, stiffness and tingling sensation along with improvement in walking. We will discuss the details in full paper. <strong>Conclusion - </strong><em>Katigraha</em> is a common disorder of present era which is <em>Vata Pradhan Tridoshaj</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> in <em>Ayurveda</em>. Through this study we can conclude that <em>Matra Basti</em> with <em>Ksheerbala</em> <em>Tail</em> and <em>Kati</em> <em>Basti</em> with <em>Murivennam</em> <em>Tail</em> are effective in reducing the symptoms of <em>Katigraha</em>.</p> 2023-03-25T17:27:43+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Govind Kumar Prajapati, Sakshi Gupta, Mahima Pandey, Rita Singh Management of Pakshaghata in Ayurveda - A Case Study 2023-03-25T18:22:45+00:00 Yogesh T. Kotangale Anuja Bhojane Sumedha Y. Kotangale <p><em>Pakshaghat</em> is made up of two words <em>Paksha</em> (half part of body) and <em>Aghat</em> (loss of function). Ayurved literature is full of textual references where <em>Pakshaghat</em> is described extensively. It is considered as <em>Vata Dosha</em> predominant <em>Vyadhi</em>. Patient usually presents with loss of function of a half of body or weakness of one half. Face may or may not be involved. Prognosis depends on many factors including <em>Vaya, Bala, Dosha</em> involvement etc. In modern science all the motor activities are controlled by brain. Cerebrovascular accidents are mainly responsible for loss of function in body and due to maximal similarity they can be correlated with <em>Pakshaghat</em>. In modern science there is usually treatment of symptoms but when it comes to Ayurveda there is treatment of root cause along with symptoms. In Ayurveda, treatment of diseases is divided in to two parts <em>Samshodhana</em> and <em>Samshamana</em>. <em>Panchkarma</em> is <em>Shodhana</em> <em>Pradhana</em> therapy, which includes five major procedures for <em>Shodhana</em> of body. Along with it there are many allied processes which help in symptomatic relief by directly acting on the part being affected. <em>Pakshaghat</em> is best treated with <em>Mridu</em> <em>Samshodhana</em> and <em>Vata Shamaak Snehana Chikitsa</em>. In the present case patient presented with right side <em>Pakshaghat</em> and treated with <em>Panchakarma</em> therapy, which included <em>Nasya</em>, <em>Vasti</em> and <em>Akshitarpana</em>. Initially <em>Nasya</em> and <em>Akshitarpana</em> given for 15 days. Patient was called for second sitting after 16 days and given in <em>Kala Vasti Karma</em>. After treatment patient was 100% cured.</p> 2023-03-25T17:35:41+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Yogesh T. Kotangale, Anuja Bhojane, Sumedha Y. Kotangale A management of Bhagandara (fistula-in-ano) with Ksharasutra : A Case Study 2023-03-25T18:22:45+00:00 Ganapthirao I Patil Sachin <p>Fistula-in-ano is a chronic inflammatory condition having a tubular structure with opening in the Anorectal canal at one end and surface of perineum or perianal skin on the other end. Any opening in perianal area with chronic pus discharge indicates fistulous tract. Prolong sitting, unhygienic condition, obesity, repeated irritation due to hair may increase the risk of occurrence. In Ayurveda it is correlated with <em>Bhagandara</em> and <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> mentioned five types of <em>Bhagandara</em>. He had explained <em>Shastra Karma</em> along with <em>Kshara karma</em> and <em>Bheshaja Chikitsa</em> for treatment. Here a case of fistula in Ano in a 30-year male patient was examined in Shalya OPD and treated with <em>Ksharasutra</em>, considering it as an ideal procedure in treatment of <em>Bhagandara</em> as it cuts and curettes the unhealthy tissue present inside the fistulous tract.</p> 2023-03-25T17:48:27+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ganapthirao I, Patil Sachin Ayurvedic treatment protocol in the management of Diabetic Foot Ulcer - A Single Case Report 2023-03-25T18:22:46+00:00 Riddhi J. Ganatra Tukaram Dudhamal <p>The most common debilitating complication of diabetes mellitus is nonhealing diabetic foot ulcers worldwide. This case report presents a complete wound healing of 4-months chronic nonhealing diabetic foot ulcer in 66 years old retired male. Complete wound healing was achieved in 15 days with help of local as well as systemic management of <em>Ayurveda</em>. Cleaning of the wound with <em>Triphala Kwatha </em>followed by dressing with <em>Apamarga Kshara Taila </em>was done regularly. Footwear modification was also done in the patient for faster healing of the wound. For systemic management, <em>Punarnavashtak Kwatha </em>20ml twice a day, <em>Snjivani Vati </em>1 tab four times a day<em>, </em>and <em>Haritaki Churna </em>5gm HS with lukewarm water for 1 month were prescribed orally for 15 days. This is a single case report presenting complete healing of a diabetic foot ulcer with a positive outcome in short term through Ayurveda management.</p> 2023-03-25T17:56:13+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Riddhi J. Ganatra , Tukaram Dudhamal Ayurvedic management of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - A Case Study 2023-03-25T18:22:46+00:00 Praveen Kumar K S Mahesh S <p>Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-system disorder affecting connective tissues and is auto immune in nature. Prevalence of SLE in India is estimated to be 30 per million people. A 25 year old Indian female came to hospital with complaints of pain and burning sensation on both knee joints especially after walking, anxiety and mood disorders since 4 years. She was a known case of SLE and was taking corticosteroids. Clinical evaluation revealed intermittent fever, discoid rashes on elbows and lower limbs, oral ulcers and occasional severe headache. The case was diagnosed as <em>Pittadhika Vataraktam</em> and <em>Deepana Pachana</em> was started with <em>Amapachana Vvati, Udwartana</em> was started with <em>Yava</em> and <em>Triphala Churna</em>. <em>Snehapana</em> was done with plain <em>Goghrita</em> until <em>Samyak Lakshanas</em> and <em>Virechana</em> was done with <em>Trivrut Avaleha</em>. After <em>Peyadi Krama</em>, <em>Ksheera Basti</em> was done for eight days along with intake of <em>Manjistadi Kwath, Kaisora Guggulu</em> and <em>Guduchi Churna</em>. Pain, edema and burning sensation of both the knees was completely relieved after follow up period. ANA was reduced from 1:1640+++ to 1:160+, while Anti ds-DNA value also got reduced from 80.0 IU/mL+++ to 28.0 IU/mL +. Hemoglobin improved from 7.3 gm % to 10 gm% after treatment. SLE may be correlated with <em>Vatarakta</em> and its line of management may be adopted here.</p> 2023-03-25T18:00:15+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Praveen Kumar K S, Mahesh S Role of Udavartahar Chikitsa in the management of Pureesha Avrita Vata w.s.r. to Chronic Constipation on Constipation Assessment Scale: A Case Study 2023-03-25T18:22:47+00:00 Ramraj Singh J.D. Gulhane <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Pureesha Avrita Vata</em> is defined as the absolute constipation along with <em>Parikartika</em> (Fissure in Ano), <em>Shroni</em> <em>Vankshana</em> <em>Prstha</em> <em>Ruk</em> (pain in hips, groin and back) and uncomfortable sensation in chest region etc. The main features of Constipation are infrequent or hard stool, abdominal pain, bloating, and feeling of unsatisfactory bowel evacuation. Contemporary laxatives, which are generally used in Constipation, become habitual after some duration and only symptomatic relief. Moreover, these medicines never alter pathogenesis of disease. So, it is a need of hour to search effective, safe &amp; alternative formulations in Ayurveda, which can completely break the pathogenesis of <em>Pureesha Avrita Vata</em>. As per Ayurveda, <em>Vata</em> <em>Dosha</em> and <em>Pureesha</em> <em>Mala</em> are the main factor involved in this condition. Therefore, the prime treatment principle recommended by Ancient <em>Acharyas</em> is <em>Snigdha</em> <em>Udavartahar</em> <em>Kriya</em>. <strong>Aim &amp; Objectives:</strong> This case study is primarily carried out to study <em>Pureesha Avrita Vata</em> w.s.r. to Constipation and to evaluate role of <em>Chinchalavan</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Matra</em> <em>Basti</em>, <em>Indukanta</em> <em>Ghrita</em> orally with <em>Snigdha</em> <em>Virechana</em> in the management of<em> Pureesha Avrita Vata</em>. <strong>Methods:</strong> A 68 years old male patient approached Kayacikitisa I.P.D. with <em>Pureesha Avrita Vata</em> for one year; he was administered 60ml <em>Chincha</em> <em>Lavana</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Matra</em> <em>Basti</em> for 7 days, <em>Indukanta</em> <em>Ghrita</em> orally and <em>Snigdha</em> <em>Virechan</em> for consecutive 15 days. <strong>Result:</strong> Patient has significant effect to improve the Constipation Assessment Scale from 15 to 03 and in other classical features of <em>Pureesha Avrita Vata.</em></p> 2023-03-25T18:06:06+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ramraj Singh, J.D. Gulhane Anatomical study of Amsaphalaka Marma – A Cadaveric Study 2023-03-25T18:22:47+00:00 Uma Raikwar Rita Marwaha Pankaj Gupta Nisha Bhalerao Shiba Datta Panda Swatantra Kumar Chourasia <p><em>Marma</em> is one of the unique part and concept of <em>Ayurveda</em> which has been discussed in all the classical texts and deeply elaborated by <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> in 6th chapter of <em>Sharir Sthana</em>. <em>Amsaphalaka</em> <em>Marma</em> is one out of 107 <em>Marma</em>, located on <em>Pristhavansa Ubhayato</em> (both side of vertebral column) and is related to <em>Trika</em>. According to <em>Rachna</em> it is a <em>Asthi Marma</em>.&nbsp; It is classified as <em>Vaikalyakar</em> <em>Marma</em>. Trauma to <em>Amsaphalaka</em> <em>Marma</em> results in <em>Baahuswapa</em> and <em>Sosha</em>.&nbsp; Here, <em>Marmabhighata Lakshan</em> can act as predictors of the structures involved. In this study, scholar was trying to find out exact location of <em>Amsaphalaka</em> <em>Marma</em> and its relationship with other anatomical entities (in circumference of this Marma) with the help of cadaveric study. As a final result the study concludes that <em>Amsaphalaka</em> <em>Marma</em> may be considered as spine of the scapula.</p> 2023-03-25T18:15:40+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Uma Raikwar, Rita Marwaha, Pankaj Gupta, Nisha Bhalerao, Shiba Datta Panda, Swatantra Kumar Chourasia Management of Mutraghata (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) with Bala Tail Matrabasti - A Case Study 2023-03-25T18:22:48+00:00 Priyanka Chauhan TS Dudhamal <p>The two broad categories of <em>Mutrakrichha</em> and <em>Mutraghata</em> have been used to list all urinary diseases. The <em>Ayurvedic</em> text books list 8 different categories of urological illnesses under <em>Mutrakrichha</em> and 13 different types under <em>Mutraghata</em>. According to contemporary medicine, BPH is a benign enlargement of the prostate gland brought on by excessive prostatic nodule proliferation. It is a typical condition in older males and causes a large amount of morbidity in this age range. The minimally invasive approach to treating BPH is still a surgical operation at the moment, while the medication approach to treating BPH is classified as conservative. From both a modern and <em>Ayurvedic</em> perspective, it seems more suitable to use conservative procedures. In this case study, well diagnosed benign enlargement of prostate was treated with <em>Bala</em> <em>Tail</em> <em>Matra</em> <em>Basti</em> of medicated oil through rectum) 60 ml once daily for 21 consecutive days. The patients assessed on the basis of International Prostate System Score (IPSS) and objective parameter weight of the prostate and post voidal residual urine. After completion of the treatment, significant relief was observed in signs and symptoms. This case highlights the fact that, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia can be managed with simple administration of <em>Bala</em> <em>Tail</em> through rectum.</p> 2023-03-25T18:21:07+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Priyanka Chauhan, TS Dudhamal