Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences 2024-06-18T22:42:51+0530 Dr. Umapati C. Baragi Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Monthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Monthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published monthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> A comparative study to evaluate the efficacy of Kushthagna Mahakashaya and Aaraghwadadi Gana along with local application of Karanjadi Taila in the management of Eka-Kushta w.s.r. to Psoriasis 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Arpana Gupta Rishabh Jain Swati Nagpal <p><strong>Introduction</strong><strong>:</strong> <em>Eka</em>-<em>Kushta</em> is one among 11 varieties of <em>Kushdra</em> <em>Kushta</em> which resembles psoriasis clinically. It is one of the most common dermatological diseases, affecting up to 1-3% of the world’s and 0.44-2.8% of Indian population. Currently the treatment available for the management of psoriasis include topical therapy, photo therapy, corticosteroids, etc having their own limitations. Thus, there is a need for safe, effective, and sustainable medicine for the management. <strong>Methodology:</strong> The clinical study was done on 45 subjects of both genders, between the age group of 18-58 years who were randomly assigned into 3 groups (15 patients in each group) namely - Group A (<em>Kushthaghna Mahakashyay </em>and<em> Karanjadi Taila), </em>Group B<em> (Aaraghwadadi Gana </em>and<em> Karanjadi Taila)</em>, and Group C (Placebo). <strong>Result:</strong> Outcome of the treatment after 45 days was statistically extremely significant in the remission of the symptoms of <em>Eka-Kushta</em> in most of the subjective and objective parameters. <strong>Discussion:</strong> Group A, treatment was found to be effective in <em>Matsyashalopam, Kandu,</em> Auspitz Sign, Candle grease sign, Koebner’s phenomenon, and PASI Score and the result was very significant in <em>Aswedanama </em>and<em> Vruttam</em>. Group B, treatment regimen was found to be effective in <em>Matsyashalopam, Kandu</em>, and Auspitz Sign, Candle grease sign, Koebner’s phenomenon, and PASI Score and the result was very significant in <em>Aswedanama, Vruttam</em>. Group C, treatment regimen was found to be effective in <em>Matsyashalopam</em> and the result was insignificant in <em>Kandu, Aswedanama, Vruttam, Krishna Varna</em>, Auspitz Sign, Candle grease sign, Koebner’s phenomenon, and PASI Score.</p> 2024-06-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Arpana Gupta, Rishabh Jain, Swati Nagpal Clinical efficacy of Madhu Aschyotana in the management of Prathama Patalagata Timira w.s.r. to Simple Myopia - A Pilot Study 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Shweta Savalagi Vinod Jadhav Santosh Pujari Manjunath Koutal Prashanth Kalyanshetty <p><em>Sarvendriyanam Nayanam Pradhanam</em> <em>Netra </em>(Eye) is a highly specialized sense organ serving the most important vision function. Almost 90% of knowledge is perceived only through the eyes. But in today’s era due to Excessive exposure to dust, smoke, and other pollutants like carbon dioxide emitted from vehicles, factories visual impairments have started. <em>Ayurvedic</em> classical texts have mentioned the eye and its diseases since <em>Vedic</em> and <em>Samhita Kala</em>, thus while explaining <em>Nidana</em>’s<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong>(Causes) of <em>Netra Roga</em> they said, as <em>Sukshma Nireekshana</em>, <em>Durekshanat</em>, <em>Diva Swapna</em>, and <em>Prasakta Samrodhana</em>, <em>Vega Vinigraha</em>, etc lead to the different types of <em>Netra Roga</em>. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, clinical features related to visual disturbances are generally seen in <em>Dristigata Roga</em>. The anatomical consideration of the <em>Patala</em> and symptoms of the vitiated <em>Dosha</em> situated in these <em>Patala</em> reveals that the word <em>Timira</em>, described as an ocular pathology in <em>Ayurveda</em>, is nothing but the error of refraction. The part of clinical features of <em>Timira</em> (<em>Prathama</em> <em>Patalagata Timira</em>) can be correlated to simple myopia. Honey is good for the eyes and hence considered under <em>Chakshushya Dravya’s</em><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong>, and eliminates vitiated <em>Kapha</em> and <em>Pitta Dosha</em>. Honey has a long history of <em>Ayurvedic</em> use for various eye ailments. Administration of <em>Madhu</em> in the eyes improves vision or eyesight.</p> 2024-06-15T09:51:36+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Shweta Savalagi, Vinod Jadhav, Santosh Pujari, Manjunath Koutal, Prashanth Kalyanshetty A clinical study of Digestive Health Capsules in the management of Grahani Roga with special reference to Irritable Bowel Syndrome 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Rohini Jat Preeti Gavali Pawankumar Godatwar Harshad Jain Neeraj Kumar Patel Jahan Peston Jamas <p><strong>Background:</strong> Clinical manifestation of <em>Grahani</em> <em>Roga</em> is similar to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS is not a life-threatening condition but it can significantly impact the quality of life. The prevalence of IBS varies from 12% to 15% in India. It is 3 times more common in women and people of working age. Due to the wide spectrum of disease, much prevalence in society and lack of effective medicines, the disease has been chosen for the trial. Digestive Health Capsules manufactured by Bombay Hemp Company is used in patients suffering from <em>Grahani</em> <em>Roga</em> (IBS). <strong>Aim:</strong> The aim of this study was to study the safety and efficacy of Digestive Health Capsules in the management of <em>Grahani</em> <em>Roga</em> (IBS). <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Forty clinically diagnosed patients of <em>Grahani Roga</em> (IBS) were selected and administered Digestive Health Capsules - 1 capsule twice a day with water after meal for 8 weeks. <strong>Study Design:</strong> It was an open labeled, single center, single arm clinical study. <strong>Results:</strong> The result was highly significant for all the subjective and objective parameters. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Digestive Health Capsules can be used as safe and effective drug of choice in patients suffering from <em>Grahani Roga </em>(Irritable Bowel Syndrome).</p> 2024-06-15T10:02:22+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Rohini Jat, Preeti Gavali, Pawankumar Godatwar, Harshad Jain, Neeraj Kumar Patel, Jahan Peston Jamas To evaluate the effect of Marma Chikitsa in the management of Gridhrasi (Sciatica) 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Rahul Gupta Rita Marwaha Pankaj Gupta <p>The uniqueness of <em>Ayurveda</em> is been scrutinized, analysed and then researched by its followers from the ancient time up to till date but it’s an endless procedure. Acc. to Ayurveda the whole human body is explained by itself but as it’s a modern era so we have to correlate each and every Ayurvedic concept with the modern science this study has been taken to correlate <em>Ayurveda</em> has classified the vital points in the body into 107 and named them Marma according to <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> <em>Marma</em> is constituted by confluence of <em>Mansa</em> (muscle), <em>Sira</em> (vessels), <em>Snayu</em> (nerves, tendons and ligaments), <em>Asthi</em> (bone) and <em>Sandhi</em> (joints).&nbsp; <em>Ayurveda</em> is an ancient health science devoted to the cure on human suffering and for the care of the health of the people. The lifetime prevalence of low back pain has been reported between 60% to 80%. By contrast, the life time prevalence of sciatica is between 2% and 4%. According to <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charaka,</em> two types of <em>Gridhrasi</em> have been listed <em>Vataj</em> and <em>Vatakaphaja Gridhrasi</em> is a <em>Shula</em> <em>Pradhana Vata Nanatmaja Vyadhi </em>which is characterized by the <em>Kramat Shula</em> in the <em>Prushtha</em> <em>Bhaaga</em> of <em>Sphik, Kati, Uru, Jaanu Jangha</em> and <em>Pada Pradesha.</em></p> 2024-06-15T10:06:13+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Rahul Gupta, Rita Marwaha, Pankaj Gupta Management of Essential Hypertension (Ucharaktachap) - A Pilot Study 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Sonika Solanki Babita Dash <p>Hypertension is the most common lifestyle disorder today. Hypertension may be a chronic and sometimes asymptomatic medical condition during which systemic blood pressure is elevated beyond normal. Fewer than half of those with hypertension are conscious of their condition and lots of others are Modern treatment modalities are effective for the management of hypertension but pose human beings to their unwanted complications on their long-term use. The conventional antihypertensive drugs have many adverse effects &amp; are not well tolerated which led to non-compliance, switching &amp; discontinuation of treatment. There is no direct description of HTN in <em>Ayurveda</em> but based on its clinical presentation and similarity between pathogenesis factors for hypertension can be correlated with <em>Raktadhatugata Vata (Vatpradhan</em>) and it is considered as <em>Tridoshaja Vyadhi.</em> Treatment for hypertension in <em>Ayurveda</em> on the idea of Balancing all three Doshas. So <em>Nidan Parivarajan</em>, proper dietary habits, Yoga, Meditation along with <em>Ayurvedic h</em>erbs can be beneficial for balancing the state of mind, maintaining as well as reducing blood pressure. <em>Ayurveda </em>has various classical formulations and single herbs having <em>Hridya, Kaphahara, Vatahara, Balya, Raktaprasadana,</em> etc. properties which are safe and cost-effective too. In present study <em>Nitya</em> <em>Virechana Karma</em> has been selected as <em>Shodhana</em> measure, to trump over offending <em>Tridosas, </em>as <em>Virechana</em> has also been equally effective in <em>Rakta</em> vitiation. In the present study <em>Shamana</em> remedy (<em>Amritanagaradi Kashayam)</em> has been selected taking in to view the aspect of the preventive, curative and also <em>Dosha Pratyanic</em> effect of <em>Shamana Yoga</em> drugs.</p> 2024-06-15T10:11:13+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Sonika Solanki, Babita Dash Exploring the Ayurvedic Practice of Potaki Taila Pichu for Labor Facilitation among Rural Women in Northern Indi 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Shashi Bharti Sushma Vidya Sagar Ram <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Childbirth is a profound experience in a woman's life, emphasizing the importance of promoting natural birthing processes to minimize discomfort and medical intervention. Ayurveda, an ancient holistic medical system, advocates for safe motherhood through herbal interventions like <em>Potaki</em> (<em>Basella alba</em>) <em>Taila Pichu</em>, which aims to alleviate imbalances in <em>Apana Vayu</em> and facilitate smooth labor. <strong>Methods:</strong> This study evaluated the efficacy of <em>Potaki</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pichu</em> in promoting easier labor by assessing its impact on cervical dilation and effacement. Sixty pregnant women meeting inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to a trial or control group. Various parameters, including cervical dilation, uterine contractions, and labor duration, were measured and compared between the two groups. <strong>Results:</strong> The trial group showed significant increases in cervical dilation and effacement compared to the control group, indicating the potential of <em>Potaki</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pichu</em> in facilitating labor progression. The intervention did not disrupt the natural rhythm of labor, as evidenced by consistent uterine contraction duration between groups. Moreover, the trial group experienced a significantly shorter latent phase of labor, suggesting accelerated onset of active labor. <strong>Discussion:</strong> These findings suggest that <em>Potaki</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pichu</em> may offer a safe and effective means of promoting smoother labor experiences while minimizing the need for medical interventions. Integrating traditional herbal remedies into modern obstetric care aligns with efforts to enhance maternal and neonatal outcomes. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Herbal interventions like <em>Potaki</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pichu</em> hold promise in optimizing childbirth experiences by promoting natural labor progression. Further research is needed to validate these findings and explore long-term effects on maternal and neonatal health.</p> 2024-06-15T10:15:52+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Shashi Bharti, Sushma, Vidya Sagar Ram Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Screening of Proprietary Ayurvedic Medicine - N-Dopa Tablet 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Vishva Prajapati Manish Gajjar Amit Patel <p>The N-Dopa tablet is a proprietary <em>Ayurvedic</em> poly-herbal formulation widely used in Parkinson's disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, Myalgia and Muscular dystrophy. This study aims to standardize the formulation using advanced analytical techniques and pharmacopoeia standards. The physicochemical testing, heavy metal analysis and microbiological limit test evaluations were carried out in accordance with <em>Ayurvedic</em> pharmacopoeia of India. All the heavy metals were determined to be within the acceptable ranges. The extractive value revealed increases in water soluble extractive, which suggests higher bioavailability in a water medium. In addition, the microbial load was found to be safe for ingestion by humans in terms of microbes. This assessment could aid in determining the drug's authenticity and provide pertinent data for the safer and more effective use of this formulation in therapeutics. These methods will assist drug manufacturers in adhering to regulations and substantiating the stability, safety, and therapeutic efficacy of their goods.</p> 2024-06-15T10:23:51+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Vishva Prajapati, Manish Gajjar, Amit Patel A comprehensive pharmacognostical study of Charakokta Shonitasthapana Varga Dravyas 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Venkatesaiah Naveen Mullur Siddalingaiah Veena <p><em>Shonitasthapana Varga Dravyas</em> of <em>Charaka</em> consists of <em>Audhbida</em> (<em>Madhuka, Lodhra, Mocharasa, Priyangu, Kunkuma), Jangama (Madhu), Parthiva (Gairika, Mritkapala) </em>and<em> Ahara Dravya (Laja, Sharkara)</em>. Potent pharmacological action of the drug depends on proper identification authentication and purity of the drug. Majority of the drugs of <em>Shonitasthapana Varga</em> are subjected to extensive adulteration commercially. Detailed pharmacognostic analysis of the group of drugs is indispensable before its utility in therapeutics. Samples of <em>Shonitasthapana Varga Dravyas</em> were collected, procured or purchased from authentic sources and analyzed for their organoleptic, macroscopic, microscopic and physicochemical characteristics. The results of <em>Madhu, Madhuka, Lodhra, Mocharasa, Priyangu, Gairika, Kunkuma </em>and<em> Sharkara</em> were within the limits of Indian Pharmacopieal standards; <em>Laja </em>as per the Indian Council for Medical research guidelines. The Pharmacognostic analysis of <em>Shonitasthapana Varga Dravyas</em> helps in standardization and safe use of the drugs clinically on human subjects for its maximum therapeutic effects.</p> 2024-06-15T11:58:03+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Venkatesaiah Naveen, Mullur Siddalingaiah Veena Validation of questionnaire on Meda Sara Pareeksha - A Multicentric Study 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Sindhu BR Mahesh Hirulal <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is one of the most renowned traditional systems of medicine that has survived and flourished from ages till date. There are many avenues still to be explored by the researchers, practitioners and experts in the field who carry the responsibility of keeping the traditional systems of medicine alive and contributing to their growth in the future. It follows an individual focused treatment strategy. <em>Sara</em> is described as ‘<em>Vishudhataro</em> <em>Dhatu’</em><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> meaning best quality of the <em>Dhatu</em> and is one among <em>Dashavidha</em> <em>Pareeksha</em>.<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> This work is intended for revalidating of concept of <em>Sara</em> <em>Pareeksha</em> to the contemporary era aimed at its reachable equality in perception without losing its meaning. Very few works are done on <em>Sara</em> <em>Pareeksha</em> and no known works consummate on the questionnaire designing, detailed assessment of <em>Meda</em> <em>Sara</em>. Need of standardization of basic principles like <em>Sara</em> concept should be supported with solid evidence using contemporary parameters. Scientific and statistical validation of questionnaire on assessment of <em>Sara</em> <em>Pareeksha</em>, showed relevance in effective and efficient examination of <em>Sara</em> <em>Pareeksha</em>.</p> 2024-06-15T17:02:26+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Sindhu BR, Mahesh Hirulal Utility of Nirgundyadi Kashaya Yoga in Urinary Tract Infections in Children 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Rajasree TR <p><strong>Background:</strong> Urinary tract infections are among the most common infections of childhood. The diagnosis of UTI is often missed in infants and young children since symptoms are minimally expressed and non-specific. Younger age, inadequate antibacterial therapy and recurrent infections and delayed diagnosis often lead to further complications. <strong>Methods: </strong>The symptoms of UTI can be correlated to <em>Mutrakrcchra,</em> which is explained in <em>Samhitas</em>. <em>Acharya Kashyapa </em>had explained in detail <em>Mutrakrcchra</em> in children in <em>Mutrakrcchra Chiktsadyaya</em>. The <em>Nirgundyadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> <em>Yoga</em> in <em>Sahasrayoga</em> is explained in <em>Kashaya Prakarana</em> and indicated in <em>Krimi</em> <em>Chikitsa</em>. <strong>Results: </strong>The <em>Yoga</em> is found effectively prescribed in children with UTI. This article analyses the probable mode of action in terms of its <em>Samprapti Vighatana</em> in children. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The analysis of the drugs and their therapeutic efficacy in <em>Ayurvedic</em> point of view, which will be elaborated, can aid the validation of practices in the paediatric age group.</p> 2024-06-15T17:24:17+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Rajasree TR Yoga as a complementary therapy for HIV/AIDS 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Pankaj Patidar Pragati Bhutoria <p>HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an infection that targets the immune system. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the disease’s advanced stage. The first well-documented case of HIV in humans was found in Congo in 1959. During HIV infection, the worst effect is on our body’s immune system due to which the number of CD4+ cells, an important cell in our body, starts decreasing and ultimately this infection takes the form of AIDS. It is possible to avoid this because after this infection, it takes more than 10 years for it to take the form of AIDS. if Yoga therapy is adopted during this period, then the rate of this infection can definitely be reduced. Previous studies showed that Yoga therapy increased the number of vital cells like CD4+. Swami Kuvalayananda introduced Yoga therapy to India in the 1920s. Yoga therapy that involves physical movement or postures, breathing techniques, kriyas and meditation. These practices promote organ system harmony and balance, resulting in improved health and sense of well-being. Various studies have shown that Yoga improved mental health and quality of life of people living with HIV. The study concluded that Yoga therapy can be included as a complementary therapy in the treatment of HIV/AIDS.</p> 2024-06-15T17:44:25+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Pankaj Patidar, Pragati Bhutoria A review on Ekal Dravya Prayoga in various Yonivyapada 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Himanshi Goyal Ashwarya Raj Laxmi Zhillika Harpreet <p>We have progressed greatly over time to reach the contemporary day, where everything has altered at the grassroots level due to globalization. Dietary changes have occurred alongside changes in culture, society, and the economy. Numerous ailments have emerged as a result of dietary and lifestyle changes, particularly in women who must juggle work and home obligations. Since <em>Artava</em> is the <em>Updhatu</em> of <em>Rasa Dhatu</em> and changes in <em>Ahara</em> result in <em>Rasa Dhatu Dushti</em>, <em>Artava Dhatu</em> leads to a variety of <em>Yonivyapadas</em>. 87% of women reported having dysmenorrhea, 86% premenstrual syndrome, 72% abnormal menstrual flow, and 63% genital infections, according to the study. The average impact of gynecological issues on employed women was 56.13%. The impact of these issues on their social and occupational performance was rated as mild by 8% of women, severe by 16%, and moderate by 76% of women.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> In terms of living forms, ferns (2 species, 2.99%), trees (7 species, 10.45%), shrubs (15 species, 22.39%), and sedge (1 species, 1.49%) were the most common life forms utilized in gynecological treatments (42 species, 62.69%).<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> <em>Bandhyatva</em>, <em>Garbhadhan</em>, <em>Garbhasrava</em> and <em>Garbhpata</em>, <em>Pradararoga</em>, and several other <em>Yonivyapadas</em> mentioned by <em>Acharyas</em> can all be treated with <em>Ekal Dravya</em>, such as <em>Ashoka</em>, <em>Udumbara</em>, <em>Durva</em>, <em>Kadalli</em>, <em>Tagara</em>, <em>Shunthi</em>, <em>Gokshura</em>, <em>Atibala</em>, <em>Yashtimadhu</em>, <em>Vacha</em>, and so on. Several <em>Yonivyapadas</em> will be discussed in this study along with other classical facts about the <em>Ekal Dravyas</em>.</p> 2024-06-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Himanshi Goyal, Ashwarya Raj Laxmi, Zhillika, Harpreet A review on Ayurvedic concept of Mind with emphasis on Medhya Rasayana 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Zhillika Pruthi Smitha R Nair Sanuj Muralidharan Saranya S Kumar <p><em>Ayurveda</em>, a five-millennium-old science rooted in the <em>Vedas</em>, encompasses profound insights into health and healing. The traditional Indian medical system perceive the mind and body as complementary parts of one’s entity and purports to preserve the balance between the duo for enhanced quality of life. Moreover, the World Health Organization defines health as a condition of whole physical, mental, and social well-being rather than only the absence of illness or disability, indicating the significance of mind covering the mental health component. The term mind in <em>Ayurveda</em> is referred to as the <em>Manas</em>, and it is one among the <em>Tristhuna</em>, the three pillars quintessential for a healthy life. <em>Acharya Caraka</em> has included<em> Manas</em> in <em>Adhyatama Dravya Guna Sangraha</em>, since true perceptions occur only when <em>Manas</em> is actively engaged with the body and senses. <em>Satva</em> and <em>Chetas</em> are considered as synonyms of <em>Manas</em>. Also, <em>Rashipurusha</em> involved in <em>Srishti</em> <em>Utpatti</em> is depicted as an amalgamation of <em>Atma</em>, <em>Buddhi</em>, <em>Indriya</em>, <em>Manas</em>, <em>Indriyaartha</em>, and <em>Mano-Vishyas</em>. The <em>Satva</em> is considered as unique <em>Guna</em> entity of <em>Manas</em> while <em>Rajas</em> and <em>Tamas</em> are <em>Mano</em>- <em>Doshas</em>. <em>Swastha</em> <em>Avastha</em> of <em>Sareera</em> is invariably linked to <em>Satva</em> <em>Guna</em> where on the contrary<em> Mano</em>-<em>Doshas</em> manifest as diseases. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Caraka</em> emphasizes that whatever comes under the purview of <em>Mana</em> and its knowledge are all its <em>Vishayas</em>, <em>Chintana</em> being the most important. The use of <em>Medhya</em> <em>Rasayana</em> has been advocated in <em>Ayurveda</em> in this regard for its supreme functioning and to ward off diseases caused by <em>Sareerika</em> and <em>Manasika</em> <em>Doshas.</em></p> 2024-06-15T18:08:06+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Zhillika Pruthi, Smitha R Nair Implication of Forensic Science for Private Security 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Shruti Saxena Sunila H. Deo <p>In today's time, when violence has made its home everywhere, where every day we get to see and hear about crimes and also come to know about such incidents, in such a situation a person is worried about his safety and the safety of his loved ones. Because of this, the dependence on private security has increased. This facility is available not only to the individual but also to his valuables and belongings. There are various in such agencies around us today which provide us with required facilities and trust, due to which we can remain safe in society. The application of forensic sciences also has an important contribution in making the private security strong, powerful and efficient, where-in forensic science includes streams like civil law, fingerprint, DNA analysis, and training on weapons, ballistics, arson &amp; explosives. Therefore, with the help of forensics, these security services work well, and they are also responsible for preventing any unusual incidences. It is able to create a mundane and crime-free environment in society.</p> 2024-06-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Shruti Saxena, Sunila H. Deo Role of Rasayana in communicable diseases with special reference to Covid-19: A Review 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Akash Santoki Rahul Kothiyal Achyut Acharya Preeti Gavali <p>Communicable diseases continue to be prevalent and pose serious problems for public health. Recently, COVID 19 emerged out as one of the communicable diseases which was declared as a pandemic. COVID-19 pandemic has left its imprints on various health systems globally and caused immense social and economic disruptions. The scientific community across the globe is expecting potential leads from traditional systems of healthcare. <em>Rasayana</em> (rejuvenation therapy) is one of the comprehensive disciplines of <em>Ayurveda</em> which includes various approaches like use of herbs, food articles, herbo-mineral formulations, dietary and lifestyle changes. It strengthens the body’s immune system by improving health of body tissues and promoting a balanced state of body.<em> Rasayana</em> essentially imparts nutrition to the body at all levels from macro to micro-cellular level. <em>Rasayana</em> therapy replenishes the vital fluids of the body and it enhances the <em>Ojas</em> (vital force of life) resulting in increased energy and balanced mental and emotional health. <em>Rasayana</em> therapy is particularly helpful in management of such disorders where immunity and infections are playing central role like COVID-19. The therapy is helpful to increase the immunity of a person and hence protects from communicable diseases like COVID-19. As COVID 19 is still active, so <em>Rasayana</em> therapy can play a vital role to combat with the disease.</p> 2024-06-15T19:52:09+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Akash Santoki, Rahul Kothiyal, Achyut Acharya, Preeti Gavali Review article on Gridhrasi w.s.r. to Sciatica 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Kirti Garasiya Namo Narayana Meena <p>In India, low back pain is among the most prevalent new illnesses that are influencing people's daily lives on both a physical and psychological level. Low back ache is the second most common disorder causing disability. Among its various causes the most commonly appearing one is Sciatica. <em>Gridhrasi</em> is such an entity enumerated into eighty types of <em>Nanatmaja Vata Vyadhies.</em> It is distinguished by a unique discomfort that starts in the buttock and moves into the affected area's heel. Based on symptom complex it can be broadly correlated with disease sciatica in modern science. <em>Ayurveda</em> is a simple practical science of life, and its principles are universally applicable to everyone for day-to-day life. <em>Ayurveda</em> speaks of every element and fact of human life. Every human being wants to live a happy and comfortable life, but this is not achievable for a variety of reasons, including shifting environmental conditions and lifestyle changes. As their social and professional lives become busier, people are sitting in offices and factories incorrectly, exerting themselves excessively, and moving erratically when travelling or playing sports. All these things put excessive strain on the spinal cord, which is the main cause of sciatica and low back pain.</p> 2024-06-15T20:08:50+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Kirti Garasiya, Namo Narayana Meena Understanding of Pranavaha Sroto Moola in the purview of modern physiology 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Pol Rajashree Arun Vinushree M.K.S. Venkatakrishna K.V. <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Pranavaha Srotas </em>are the first <em>Srotas </em>to be enlisted in <em>Charaka Samhita. </em>These channels carry <em>Prana </em>all over the body to all bodily tissues.<em> Pranavaha Srotas </em>has its <em>Moola </em>in <em>Hridaya </em>and <em>Mahasrotas </em>according to <em>Charaka Samhita </em>while<em> Sushuruta Samhita </em>states that <em>Hridaya </em>and <em>Rasavahini Dhamanis </em>as <em>Moola. Moola </em>of <em>Pranavaha Srotas </em>not only denotes the anatomical aspects but also represents the functional entities. <strong>Methods: </strong>A comprehensive literature review was done on<em> Pranavaha Srotas </em>in Ayurveda and the physiology of respiration according to contemporary science through searching classical texts, textbooks, and online articles from peer-reviewed journals to narrate the Anatomical, Functional/physiological aspects, and Therapeutic aspects of <em>Pranavaha Sroto Moola. </em><strong>Results:</strong><em> Pranavaha Srotas </em>can be considered as a functional unit that consists of the heart, brain, and alimentary canal. Respiratory physiology is directly linked to the circulatory, gastro gastrointestinal systems for the exchange of gases, absorption, transportation, excretion, monitoring, and control of all activities. <strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Pranavaha Srotas </em>is the basic system that works in harmony with all the physiological attributes of the body like circulatory, alimentary, and nervous systems.</p> 2024-06-15T20:15:19+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Pol Rajashree Arun, Vinushree M.K.S., Venkatakrishna K.V. Sadhaka Pitta: The Gatekeeper for Mental Health w.s.r. to Neurotransmitter 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Tejalrani Jaiswal Babita Sharma Swati Nagpal <p><em>Doshas</em>,<em> Dhatus, </em>and<em> Malas</em> are the fundamental building blocks (physical entities) of the human body. Amongst them,<em> Doshas </em>(<em>Vata, Pitta, and Kapha</em>) are directive forces for all activities of the body and mind. Each of the <em>Tri Doshas</em> exhibits particular <em>Gunas</em>, like <em>Pitta Dosha<strong>, </strong>which</em> is sweltering in nature. One of the <em>Pitta</em> subtypes that is located in the <em>Hridaya</em> and associated with psychosomatic functions and behaviour is the <em>Sadhaka Pitta<strong>. </strong></em>It has the effect of making <em>Hridaya</em> more active as it consistently prevents the heart from being influenced by <em>Kapha</em> and <em>Tamoguna</em>, which slow down the activity of <em>Hridaya</em>. <em>Sadhaka</em> <em>Pitta</em> is primarily aligned with our cognitive abilities. So, its imbalance may induce psychosomatic imbalances and emotional disturbances. The function of <em>Sadhaka</em> <em>Pitta</em> may be compared with the function of neurotransmitters, which serve as the communication means between neurons and their target tissues in the process of <strong>s</strong>ynaptic transmission (neurotransmission). The body requires an extensive range of neurotransmitters serving different purposes, including acetylcholine, glutamate, GABA, glycine, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin etc. The functions of <em>Sadhaka</em> <em>Pitta</em> can be recognized as functions of higher centre of brain which is carried out by neurotransmitters. This article is an effort to explain the effect of <em>Sadhaka</em> <em>Pitta</em> on mental health and its correlation with neurotransmitter.</p> 2024-06-15T20:23:40+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Tejalrani Jaiswal, Babita Sharma, Swati Nagpal Ayurvedic approach of dietary management of Hrudaya Roga - A Review Article 2024-06-16T10:39:14+0530 Temani Rashmi Komal Keshwa Sharma Surendra Kumar <p>Diet play an important role in our day to day life for maintenance of our health, energy and various activities. It is now agreed that diet governs many situations favouring the onset of many heart diseases. All disease requires modified diet but diet plays a variable role in their cure. All Disease requires modified diet but diet plays a variable role in their cure. To keep good health we must “eat to live and not live to eat”. The concept of <em>Ahara </em>has been given due importance in various text of <em>Ayurveda. Acharaya Sushruta</em> has stated the important factors of healthy living namely strength, complexion and <em>Ojas</em> are dependent on <em>Ahara</em>. It is presumed that all diseases according to Ayurveda are believed to have their root of origin in improper <em>Ahara</em> and hence it is essential to understand the basic concept of <em>Ahara</em> as elaborated in Ayurveda.</p> 2024-06-15T20:34:23+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Temani Rashmi, Komal Keshwa, Sharma Surendra Kumar Pancha Shirishanama Agad - An Ethno-Ayurvedic Formulation for Insect Bite 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Heena Tabassum Ramesh Chandra Tiwari Manisha Dikshit Bhawana Mittal Ved Bhushan Sharma <p><em>Agad Tantra </em>is one among the branches of<em> Ayurveda </em>that deals with sign, symptoms and management of poisoning resulting from the bites of animal origin <em>(Jangam Visha</em>) like snakes <em>(Sarpa</em>), insects <em>(Keet), </em>spiders <em>(Loota), </em>rodents <em>(Mooshika) </em>etc as well as various toxic combinations of plants(inanimate) and mineral <em>(Dhatu)</em> poisons. To neutralize the effect of <em>Visha </em>(poison), administration of different <em>Vishaghna </em>(anti-toxic) formulations has been mentioned in classical texts. <em>Pancha Shirishanama Agad</em> is an ethno-<em>Ayurvedic</em> formulation indicated to be useful in the treatment of all types of <em>Keet Visha </em>(insect bite poison) and their associated symptoms. <em>Pancha Shirishanama Agad</em> consists of five parts of <em>Shirish</em> (seed, root, stembark, flower and leaves), <em>Trikatu</em> (<em>Shunthi, Maricha, Pippali</em>), <em>Pancha Lavana</em> (<em>Saindhav Lavana, Sauvarchal Lavana, Samudra Lavana, Vid Lavana, Audbhidha Lavana</em>) and <em>Madhu</em>. Almost all the ingredients are having <em>Vedana Sthapana (</em>analgesic) and <em>Shothaghna </em>(anti-inflammatory) properties as <em>Vedana</em> (pain), <em>Sopha </em>(swelling), <em>Kandu</em> (itch) and <em>Jwara </em>(fever) are the primary symptoms of <em>Keet Visha Damsha </em>(insect bite poison). Through this paper, an attempt has been made to understand the properties of all the ingredients of <em>Pancha Shirishanama Agad</em> in detail.</p> 2024-06-15T20:45:11+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Heena Tabassum, Ramesh Chandra Tiwari, Manisha Dikshit, Bhawana Mittal, Ved Bhushan Sharma Effect of Vamana Karma and Panchkola Phanta in Hypothyroidism (Agnimandya) 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Mohini Rawat Arvind Gupta Vandana <p>Modernization leads to improper balance and disintegration of health and environment, body, mind and soul leading to lifestyle disorders. Hypothyroidism is one among the lifestyle and endocrinal disorder which is commonly encountered now days continuing to pose a major health issue. As it also responds to stress and stimuli the global incidence of hypothyroidism is more. This is leading to many lifestyle disorders and hormonal imbalance in our body. Hypothyroidism also known as underactive thyroid is a condition where the thyroid gland does not create enough thyroid hormones, which decreases the basal metabolic rate. Hypothyroidism may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stage. It occurs about 7-8 times more frequently in females than males. The only modern treatment available is lifelong use of hormonal therapy (Levothyroxine sodium) but it has side effects on long term use. Thus, in order to prevent life long medication and side effects of synthetic drugs, using traditional and natural substance for treatment of hypothyroidism. In <em>Ayurveda</em> there is no direct reference of thyroid in Ayurveda classics but all the metabolic processes of the body are under the control of <em>Agni. </em><em>Ayurveda</em> mentioned <em>Shodhana Chikitsa</em>, in <em>Agnimandya</em> dominancy of <em>Kapha Dosha</em> and <em>Vamana Karma</em> is best line of treatment for <em>Kapha Dosha. Panchkola Phanta </em>serves the purpose of<em> Deepan</em> and <em>Pachana</em>, thus eliminating the root cause of the disease and correcting the <em>Agni</em> and does the digestion of <em>Ama</em>. In <em>Agnimandya</em>, <em>Panchkola Phanta</em> is useful for <em>Amapachana</em> and to increase the <em>Agni</em>.</p> 2024-06-15T20:54:33+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Mohini Rawat, Arvind Gupta, Vandana Concept of Pittadharakala Sa Eva Majjadharakala - A Review 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Nilkanth Thakare <p><em>Sushruta</em> has explained seven <em>Kala</em>, <em>Pittdhara Kala</em> is the seventh <em>Kala</em> which is <em>Sthana</em> of <em>Agni</em> and it is the part which is in between the <em>Amashaya</em> and <em>Pakvashaya</em> called as <em>Grahani</em>.<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> According to modern science it comprises of pyloric part of stomach and small intestine that means <em>Pittadhara Kala</em> can be co-related with mucus membrane of stomach, duodenum, jejunum and ileum. <em>Majjakshaya</em> symptoms are <em>Asthisaushirya</em>, <em>Bhram</em>a, <em>Timirdarshana</em><sup>.<strong>[10]</strong></sup> <em>Asthisaushirya</em> can be co-related with osteoporosis. Enterochromaffin cells are present in gut that produce serotonin in gut and then release it in blood. It reaches to the bone and binds with Htr1b receptor at the surface of osteoblast and decreases bone formation. So the study of this concept of <em>Pittadhara Kala Sa Ev Majjadhara Kala</em> will be more beneficial for treating the patients of osteoporosis.</p> 2024-06-15T21:56:49+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Nilkanth Thakare Role of Ayurveda medicine in the management of Carcinoma of Breast 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Shripathi Acharya G Gopikrishna S. Acharya Rajeshwari S. Acharya <p>The incidence of malignant disorders is increasing in modern India. Due to altered lifestyle, faulty food habits intake of carcinogenic drugs, alcohol and tobacco and derangements in hormonal activities, cancers are seen common. Carcinoma of stomach, carcinoma of head of pancreas, carcinoma of breasts, carcinoma of prostate, squamous cells carcinoma of the mouth and tongue, skin carcinoma, osteosarcoma, carcinoma of rectum, Bronchogenic carcinoma are few malignant conditions seen commonly in the society. Surgical excision, Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are practiced in the management of cancer. In Ayurveda, <em>Nidana Parivarjana,</em> use of <em>Vyadhi Pratyanika Aushadhi,</em> <em>Panchakarma</em> therapy, practice of <em>Yogasanas</em> and <em>Pranayama</em>, Pyramid therapy, <em>Pathapathya Prayoga</em> and diet therapies are advocated. Ayurveda provides palliative treatment in this disease. It often improves the quality of life and body strength in these patients. In the review paper, the role of Ayurveda medicine in the management of Carcinoma of breast is discussed elaborately.</p> 2024-06-15T22:06:25+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Shripathi Acharya G, Gopikrishna S. Acharya, Rajeshwari S. Acharya Immune enhancing measures in Children 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Rohini Dharwal Rakesh Sharma <p>Children are the epitome of innocence and purity therefore the child’s health care should include specific biological and psychological needs that must be ensured to the survival and healthy development of the child, the future adult. They are in constant danger of developing infections due to underdeveloped immune system. <em>Ayurveda </em>emphasizes not only treating diseases but also by maintenance of health by improving immunity of the body. Several measures are considered to enhance the immunity in children. To ameliorate the immunity <em>Acharya Kashyapa</em> described a special formulation by the name <em>Lehana in</em> which herbal drugs are mixed with <em>Madhu </em>(honey) and <em>Sarpi </em>(clarified butter) to the child for the first time. <em>Suvarnaprashna </em>is another method adopted for physical and mental development in newborn and preschool children. <em>Phalaprashan Samskara </em>is a ritual or sacrament acknowledged by him where the first solid food is introduced to the baby that helps in strengthening the bodily tissues. In our classics as a part of <em>Dinacharya, Abhyanga</em> and <em>Snana helps</em> to keep child’s immune system performing at its peak by stimulating the lymphatic system. <em>Nidra</em> (adequate sleep) contributes to child’s overall wellbeing and establishing healthy sleep habits with recommended amount of sleep for their age is an absolute necessity to rejuvenate the body. Daily practice of <em>Yogasana </em>and <em>Pranayam </em>in children helps them to boost their immune system by synchronizing their mind and body. Encouraging children to follow an <em>Ayurvedic </em>routine helps in balancing and enhancing their innate capacity to grow, heal and thrive.</p> 2024-06-15T22:18:06+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Rohini Dharwal, Rakesh Sharma Concept and significance of Shatkriyakala 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Geetu Rathour <p>The term <em>Kriyakala</em> refers to the recognition of the stages of a disease progress. This concept is mostly compared with disease pathogenesis. <em>Kriyakala</em> means the time of treatment or interception in the process of disease manifestation. <em>Acharya Susrutha</em> has narrated detailed concept of <em>Shatkriyakala</em> in 21<sup>st </sup>chapter of Sutrasthana. <em>Shatkriyakala</em> include six stages viz <em>Sanchaya, Prakopa, Prasara, Sthansamshraya, Vyaktavastha and Bhedavastha</em>. <em>Kriya</em> means Action or treatment. Early diagnosis of any disease helps to cure the disease successfully without much discomfort. This is an objective approach of ancient scientists helping for the clinical practice.</p> 2024-06-15T22:54:20+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Geetu Rathour Understanding the Nidana Panchaka of Sthoulya induced Fibroid Uterus (Garbhashaya Granthi) through its Ayurvedic management 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Chaithra TM Pramod Katti <p><em>Sthoulya </em>(obesity) is one among the non-communicable disease which is a threat for human health. The overweight population have been doubled in a few decades in urbanised societies as a result of changes occurring in Food Habits, Lifestyle and Occupational patterns, and these have significant health implications as they produce <em>Santarpanottha Vikaras.</em> In Ayurveda metabolic disorders can be corelated with the <em>Santarpanottha Vikaras</em>. <em>Sthoulya</em> is enumerated under <em>Santarpanottha Vyadhi</em>. <em>Dustha Kapha</em> and <em>Medo Dhatu</em> when they take <em>Sthanasamshraya in Garbhashaya Mamsa Dhatu</em> and results in the manifestation of <em>Granthi, Arbuda,</em> which are enumerated under <em>Santarpanotha Vyadhi</em>. In the <em>Nidanaarthakara Roga,</em> the <em>Ubhayarthakara Roga</em> is explained which refers to the manifestation of secondary disease with persistence of primary disease. Here in this <em>Vyadhi Sthoulya</em> acts as a <em>Ubhayarthakara Roga</em> for <em>Garbhashaya Granthi</em>. In the literatures of <em>Ayurveda,</em> research articles, Allopathic books, Modern research articles we have found a link between <em>Kapha Dosha, Meda Dhatu,</em> <em>Sthoulya</em> (Obesity) having relation with manifestation of Fibroid Uterus (<em>Garbhashaya Granthi)</em>. To come out with line of treatment, as direct line of treatment is not explored hence, we want to explore the line of treatment for <em>Sthoulya </em>(Obesity) induced Fibroid Uterus (<em>Garbhashaya Granthi</em>). The present article is focused on understanding of pathophysiology of <em>Sthoulya </em>induced Fibroid Uterus (<em>Garbhashaya Granthi</em>) with its different dimensions of Ayurvedic treatment.</p> 2024-06-15T22:58:22+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Chaithra TM, Pramod Katti Therapeutic effect of an Ayurvedic drug in the management of Respiratory Allergic Disorders in children - A comprehensive review 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Archit Kumar Brahm Dutt Sharma Nisha Ojha <p><strong>Background: </strong>Respiratory allergic disorders (RAD) are the most common allergy symptom seen in children. Respiratory allergies are primarily caused by hyper responsiveness of the respiratory mucosa, which results in histamine release and mast cell activation. In <em>Ayurvedic</em> words, this could be viewed as an abnormality of the body's immune system or <em>Ojus</em> induced by disrupted <em>Vata, Kapha, </em>and<em> Pitta.</em> The prevalence of respiratory allergies in school-aged children in India varies widely, ranging from 5-20%. <strong>Methods:</strong> This study was completed by gathering the knowledge from classical <em>Ayurvedic</em> literature, research articles, guidelines and PubMed and MedLine databases. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> <em>Dashmoola Katutrayadi</em> drug is mentioned in <em>Sahastra Yogam</em> under <em>Swasa Kasahara Kashaya</em> have <em>Shwas-Kasahar</em>, anti-inflammatory, anti-histaminic and anti-asthmatic effects individually and in combinations. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Present review reveals that these drugs have potential to alleviate the severity and frequency of RAD and can be used for the management of the same.</p> 2024-06-15T23:01:31+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Archit Kumar, Brahm Dutt Sharma, Nisha Ojha Literature review about Forensic Toxicology and Poisoning 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Ammar Boriwala Mayuri Hankare <p>The field of toxicology is the research and investigation of the properties, processes fatalities, effective dosage, recognition, evaluation, and deductive reasoning of the results of toxicological tests, in addition to the handling of poisons. Forensic toxicology focuses on the therapeutic and juridical consequences of contaminants' harmful effects on people. If a material penetrates into the human body or comes into contact with any portion of it, regardless of whether it is solid, liquid, or gaseous, it is deemed toxic. The local the surroundings, the body's structure, or both may have an impact on poisoning. Because even compounds that seem safe in little quantities can become lethal when taken in large quantities, and because toxins generated through bacteria aren't typically regarded as toxic substances, the concept of poison comes with an imprecise and inappropriate definition. Based on a forensic perspective, it is crucial to understand that there are two approaches taken in the criminal investigation of the poisoning case. In the first case, it's crucial to ascertain the kind of damage caused and the poison's consequences; in the second, on the other hand, it's critical to locate the perpetrator and ascertain their reasons. Poisoning may sometimes result in death, but it can also have long-term health implications on the victim. This suggests that law enforcement investigations into contamination are a very complex procedure involving experts spanning multiple disciplines.</p> 2024-06-15T23:04:54+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Ammar Boriwala, Mayuri Hankare A conceptual analysis of Marma Chikitsa in Avabahuka 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Aayushi Chouhan Rita Marwaha Nisha Bhalerao Swatantra Kumar Chourasia <p><em>Acharya Sushruta </em>has classified<em> Avabahuka, </em>a disease of the<em> Amsa Sandhi </em>(shoulder joint), under the eighty varieties of<em> Vata Vyadhi. Amsa Shosha</em> (wasting of the shoulder) can be considered as the preliminary stage of the disease, where loss or dryness of <em>Sleshaka Kapha</em> from <em>Amsa Sandhi</em> occurs. Its growing prevalence in today's world necessitates efficient management with quick and long-lasting effects. Therefore, in such cases, <em>Marma</em> <em>Chikitsa</em>, an alternate <em>Ayurvedic</em> therapy, can be recommended. Multiple sittings are required for better results. <em>Avabahuka</em> can be treated with improvements, regardless of its severity or duration. In this study, emphasis is laid upon eight specific <em>Marma</em> <em>Sthana</em> (or energy points) for the management of <em>Avabahuka</em> by considering the related literature. This conceptual study may prove beneficial from the clinical and surgical point of view.</p> 2024-06-15T23:13:22+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Aayushi Chouhan, Rita Marwaha, Nisha Bhalerao, Swatantra Kumar Chourasia Rutucharya - A brief postulation of Grishma Rutucharya (Summer Regimen) 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Vinayak Dashrath Munde Amit Hanmant Shinagare Ganesh Vitthal Lokhande <p><em>Ritu,</em> the season, classified by different features expresses different effects on the body as well as the environment. <em>Ayurveda</em> has depicted various rules and regimens (<em>Charya</em>), regarding diet and behaviour to acclimatize seasonal enforcement easily without altering body homeostasis. The prime principle of <em>Ayurvedic</em> system of medicine is preventive aspect, can be achieved by the change in diet and practices in response to change in climatic condition. This is a very important aspect of preventive medicine as mentioned in <em>Ayurvedic</em> texts. The basic principle followed in the <em>Ayurvedic</em> system of medicine is <em>Swasthyashya Swasthya Rakshanam</em>, which means to maintain the health of the healthy, rather than <em>Aturashya Vikara Prashamanancha</em>, means to cure the diseases of the diseased. For this purpose the <em>Dinacharya</em> (daily regimen) and <em>Ritucharya</em> (seasonal regimen) have been mentioned in the classics of <em>Ayurveda.</em></p> 2024-06-15T23:17:07+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Vinayak Dashrath Munde, Amit Hanmant Shinagare, Ganesh Vitthal Lokhande Understanding of Krimigranthi w.s.r. to Blepharitis 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Basavaling Bhagwat Rohan Gajanan Prakruthi G. <p><em>Ayurveda</em> deals with <em>Ashtangas</em> (8 branches of <em>ayurveda</em>) and <em>Shalakya</em> <em>tantra</em> is one among them. Acharya Sushruta has explained seventy-six eye diseases with their medical and surgical management in detail. <em>Krimigranthi</em> is one among the nine <em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Roga</em> which can be correlated to blepharitis based on the signs and symptomatology. The signs and symptoms include a swelling in the lid margin, lodging of organism in the junction of the eyelids and eyelashes to produce severe itching in the lids. These organisms can move along the eyelid junction which can penetrate and affect the <em>Shuklamandala</em>. Blepharitis is said to be the most common chronic inflammatory disease of the lid margin which can occur at any age. The disease is usually bilateral and become chronic with recurrence and relapse associated with seborrhea of scalp, trichiasis and ectropion. <em>Krimigranthi</em> is said to be a <em>Kaphaja</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> and the management constitutes <em>Swedana, Bhedana, Pratisarana, Rasakriya Anjana</em> and also <em>Nidanaparivarjana</em>, following <em>Pathya</em>-<em>Apathya</em>. The selection of the appropriate treatment depends on the <em>Yukti</em> of the physician and following the appropriate treatment methodology can be helpful to remove the disease from the root and also it is helpful to reduce the recurrence rate.</p> 2024-06-15T23:25:19+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Basavaling, Bhagwat Rohan Gajanan, Prakruthi G. Role of Dhataki Pushpa in Sandhaan Kalpana 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Kamakshi Joshi Sanjeev Kumar <p><em>Woodfordia fruticosa (Dhataki)</em> is a deciduous shrub found abundantly in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and West Bengal. It is commonly known as Fire Flame Bush because of its bright red flowers. Flowering mainly occurs in February to April. These flowers have various medicinal and pharmacological uses. These are helpful in treating diarrhoea, bleeding disorders like menorrhagia, wounds, bleeding piles etc. and have hepatoprotective and antioxidant properties. There is a large demand of these flowers in pharmacies in the preparation of <em>Aasavas</em> and <em>Arishtas</em> as a fermenting agent as they have property of self generating alcohol. The use of <em>Dhataki</em> flowers in the fermentation processes has been documented for the first time in <em>Ashtang Hridya</em>. <em>Acharya Charak</em> has also mentioned <em>Dhataki Pushpa</em> among <em>Aasava Yonis </em>(fermenting agent). It is considered as the backbone of <em>Ayurvedic </em>medicinal industries dealing in fermentation processes and is highly valued in the Indian System of Medicine. So, in this review paper, the role of <em>Dhataki Pushpa</em> in <em>Sandhaan Kalpana</em> has been discussed.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong></p> 2024-06-15T23:38:51+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Kamakshi Joshi, Sanjeev Kumar Critical review on physiological aspects of Samana Vata 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Gopika S Pratibha V Kulkarni <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Samana Vata</em> which is located near the seat of <em>Agni</em> and it have role in digestion as well as in the assimilation of ingested food. <em>Anna</em> <em>Grahana</em>, <em>Pachana</em>, <em>Vivechana</em> and <em>Munchan</em> are the functions of <em>Samana</em> <em>Vata.</em> The physiological functions of <em>Samana Vata</em> can be correlated with enteric nervous system which is known as the second brain, and parasympathetic and sympathetic supply of autonomic nervous system. ENS functions by maintaining the enteric homeostasis and also act as modulator in gut barrier functions. After the food reaches stomach, several digestive juice acts on it. Gastric juice, pancreatic juice, all contains important digestive enzymes and act on food. Secretion of this enzyme is mostly under the control of intrinsic and extrinsic enteric nervous system. <strong>Aims and</strong> <strong>Objective:</strong> To critically analyse the concept of <em>Samana Vata</em> and find out the correlation with modern physiology. <strong>Materials and</strong> <strong>Methods: </strong>Literature review was referred from different classical text books and relevant modern textbooks, articles, data bases like google scholar, pubmed.<strong> Conclusion:</strong> <em>Samana Vata</em> chiefly locates in the middle part of body. It is primarily responsible for stimulation of <em>Agni </em>and leads to digestion, absorption, separation of essence and waste material. Function of <em>Samana Vata</em>, described by Acharyas can be compared with the physiological function of enteric nervous system. It can be partially correlated with enteric nervous system, sympathetic and parasympathetic supply of autonomic nervous system.</p> 2024-06-15T23:45:54+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Gopika S, Pratibha V Kulkarni Mandoor Shodhana - A Bird Eye Review 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Deepal Tambat Ketki Adhav <p><em>Mandoor </em>(Iron Oxide) is important in <em>Rasashastra</em> as a <em>Dravya </em>from <em>Upadhatu Varg</em>. &nbsp;It is widely used in Ayurveda therapeutics for the treatment of <em>Pandu Roga, Kamala Roga</em>, <em>Rajakshaya</em> and <em>Raktakshaya</em>. <em>Mandoor</em> is found buried inside the earth’s land and is said to be of mineral origin. Thus, it becomes important to get rid of physical and chemical impurities in <em>Mandoor</em> and make it potent for using it in therapeutics. To serve the necessity, <em>Shodhana </em>procedure is mentioned in classical texts of Ayurveda. The physical and chemical changes occurring during <em>Shodhana </em>make <em>Mandoor </em>suitable for the therapeutic use. In the classical texts of Ayurveda and Rasashastra numerous <em>Shodhana</em> procedures for <em>Mandoor </em>are found mentioned. So here an attempt was made to review various <em>Shodhana</em> procedures for <em>Mandoor. </em>&nbsp;In this context eighteen <em>Vishesh Shodhana</em> methods and a <em>Samanya Shodhana </em>found mentioned in different texts. A thorough review was carried out for the <em>Shodhana</em> procedures.</p> 2024-06-15T23:48:35+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Deepal Tambat, Ketki Adhav Critical study of Kala Shareera w.s.r. to Pittadhara Kala with its Modern Anatomy 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Anil Patange M. R. Patil Jyoti R. Ankalagi <p>In various classical texts of <em>Ayurveda</em>, <em>Kala</em> is described as an anatomical structure, which separates the <em>Dhatu</em> and <em>Aashaya</em> i.e., it provides boundary between <em>Dhatu</em> and <em>Aashaya</em>. Also called as <em>Dhatwashayantaramaryada</em>. As per <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em>, the numbers of <em>Kala</em> are Seven. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> said as the core of a piece of wood become exposed to view by cutting into it, so the <em>Dhatus</em> of the body may be seen by removing the successive layers. These <em>Kala</em> are extensively supplied with <em>Snayus</em>, bathed in mucus and encased in membranous covering. By sequential order, <em>Pittadhara</em> <em>Kala</em> is the sixth <em>Kala</em> mentioned by <em>Acharya Sushruta</em>. According to modern anatomy the mucus membrane presents many villi, the intestinal villi are finger like projection of mucous membrane. They give the surface of the intestinal mucosa a velvety appearance. Each villus is covered by a layer of absorptive columnar cells. This article lays emphasis on the types of <em>Kala</em> according to <em>Ayurvedic</em> perspective w.s.r. to <em>Pittadhara Kala</em> and its correlation with modern anatomy. This article describes the various aspects of <em>Kala</em> mainly <em>Pittadhara Kala</em> in all respects to types, structure etc. Since description of <em>Kala</em> and its types is present in both the sciences, so an attempt is made in this article to correlate and compare <em>Kala</em> with Membrane.</p> 2024-06-15T23:55:44+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Anil Patange, M. R. Patil, Jyoti R. Ankalagi A comprehensive evaluation of Rukshana Karma in clinical utility - A Review Article 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Radhika Ketkar I.B. Kotturshetti Samiuzzama Davalbhai <p><em>Acharya Charaka</em> presented six unique approaches to therapy known as <em>Shadvidhopakramas.</em> <br><em>Rukshana</em> is one among them. The term <em>'Upakrama'</em> has multiple meanings, including planning, starting, remedy, and preparation. <em>Upakrama</em> is the process of planning and implementing an appropriate therapy modality. The word meaning of <em>Rukshana</em> is “The quality that is devoid of <em>Snigdhata</em>”. The drugs or the Procedures which induce <em>Kharatva</em> in the body are called <em>Rukshana</em>. These properties make <em>Rukshana</em> an important principle in the treatment of <em>Santarpana</em> <em>Janya</em>, <em>Kapha</em> <em>Meda</em> <em>Pradhana</em> <em>Vadhis</em>. It also plays a major role in controlling <em>Kleda</em> and treating <em>Aama</em> <em>Dosha</em>. <em>Rukshana</em> can be advised either internally in the form of <em>Kashaya</em>, <em>Takra</em>, <em>Arishta Pana</em> or externally as <em>Udvartana</em>, <em>Ruksha Sweda</em>.</p> 2024-06-16T07:35:12+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Radhika Ketkar, I.B. Kotturshetti, Samiuzzama Davalbhai Role of Agnikarma in Pain Management 2024-06-18T22:42:51+0530 Ashima Kahi <p>Pain is a bad feeling that makes a person visit a doctor because it prevents them from doing their daily tasks. When <em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Vata</em> affects movable joints of the body, like the knee joint (<em>Janusandhi</em>), the condition becomes more excruciating. Due to its frequent involvement in daily routine work, its status as a weight-bearing joint, and its tendency to develop in overweight patients, the disease <em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Vata</em> is more likely to affect the knee joint. <em>Vata</em> <em>Dosha</em> is predominant in the pathophysiology of <em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Vata</em>, exhibiting symptoms like <em>Vedana</em> (pain during joint movement) and <em>Shopha</em> (swelling). The joint stiffness and crepitus (specific sound during joint movement) are symptoms that may be co-related in modern parlance with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee joint in this article details description given about <em>Agnikarma</em>.</p> 2024-06-16T07:59:49+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Ashima Kahi Exploring Dhumapana: The ancient art of Ayurvedic inhalation for health 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Somanath S. Durgawati Devi <p><em>Prayogika</em> <em>Dhumapana</em> is a traditional Ayurvedic practice involving the inhalation of medicinal smoke derived from specific herbs and minerals, aimed at maintaining health and treating ailments, particularly those related to the <em>Kapha </em>and <em>Vata Dosha</em> in the <em>Urdhva</em> <em>Jatru</em>. Rooted in ancient <em>Ayurvedic </em>texts such as the <em>Caraka</em> <em>Samhita</em> and <em>Sushruta</em> <em>Samhita</em>, <em>Prayogika</em> <em>Dhumapana</em> is known for its efficacy in managing respiratory conditions, chronic cough, sinusitis, headaches, and stress-related disorders. This therapeutic approach utilizes the rapid absorption of bioactive compounds through the respiratory mucosa to provide immediate relief and therapeutic effects. Although traditionally practiced, <em>Prayogika</em> <em>Dhumapana</em> has potential for integration into modern clinical settings, with preliminary research indicating its benefits in managing chronic respiratory issues, migraines, and allergic rhinitis. However, further rigorous clinical trials are necessary to validate these findings and develop standardized treatment protocols. The practice of <em>Prayogika</em> <em>Dhumapana</em> exemplifies the convergence of ancient Ayurvedic wisdom with contemporary scientific inquiry, offering a holistic approach to health and well-being. Continued research and clinical evaluation will be essential to fully harness its therapeutic potential and ensure its safe application in modern healthcare.</p> 2024-06-16T08:51:46+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Somanath S., Durgawati Devi Tracing the pathways: Identifying Nadi linking foot to eye and their role in Padabhyanga 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Lovepreet Sunil Kumar Yadav <p>Throughout Ayurveda texts, the practices of <em>Padabhyanaga</em>, <em>Padatrdharana,</em> <em>Prakshalana</em>, and <em>Padapooja</em> have been emphasized as beneficial for ocular health, referred to as <em>Dhrishti Prasadaka</em> or <em>Chakshusya</em>. <em>Acharya Vagbhatta's</em> elaboration on two <em>Nadi</em> originating from the midpoint of the feet, ascending to the <em>Shirah Pradesh</em> and extending to the <em>Netra</em>, underscores a profound correlation between the <em>Chakshu</em> <em>Indriya</em> and the <em>Pada</em>. This research article delves into the intricate relationship between the foot and the eye as elucidated in ancient <em>Ayurveda</em> texts. After meticulous examination of various sources, it becomes evident that a network of interconnected <em>Nadi</em> links the foot to the eye. Texts such as <em>Vaishshtha</em> <em>Samhita</em>, <em>Varah Samhita</em>, <em>Shandilya Samhita</em>, and <em>Darshan Samhita</em> mention <em>Yashshvini-Pusa Nadi</em> connected by <em>Varana Nadi</em> to the right eye, and <em>Hasthjihva</em>-<em>Gandhari Nadi</em> connected via <em>Vishwodhara Nadi</em> to the left. Similarly, insights from <em>Yoga Upanishads</em> and <em>Varmam Shastra</em> further corroborate the association of specific <em>Nadi</em> with ocular function. Central to this understanding is the role of <em>Vayu</em>, described as the "<em>Yantra Tantra Dhra</em>," responsible for physiological functioning via the <em>Nadi</em>. The unimpeded flow of <em>Vayu</em> through the <em>Nadi</em> is crucial for overall health. <em>Acharya Charaka's</em> mention of <em>Vayu</em> residing abundantly in <em>Twacha</em> (skin) highlights the tactile sensation's dependency on <em>Vayu</em>, suggesting the efficacy of <em>Tailabhyanga</em> (foot massage) in maintaining <em>Vayu</em> equilibrium, particularly <em>Vyana</em> and <em>Kurma</em> <em>Vayu</em>, thus benefiting ocular health. Hence, <em>Padabhyanga</em> emerges as a pivotal practice for promoting eye wellness, aligning with the concept of <em>Chakshushya</em>.</p> 2024-06-16T09:01:19+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Lovepreet, Sunil Kumar Yadav A Case Study on Pakshaghata - A Successful Story 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Pooja Mural Prashanth AS Madhusudhan Kulkarni <p><em>Pakshaghata </em>(hemiplegia) is a condition that affects half side of the body. <em>Vata Dosha</em> regulates all the functions of the body. <em>Vata Prakopa</em> acts as a main cause for <em>Pakshaghata. Vata Prakopa </em>happens due to <em>Marghavarodha</em> and <em>Dhatukshaya. </em>According to the contemporary science, all the sensory and motor activities are controlled by the brain. Cerebrovascular accidents are mainly responsible for loss of function in the body and due to its similarity, it can be correlated to <em>Pakshaghata</em> as explained in <em>Ayurveda</em>. <em>Pakshaghata</em> can be treated in <em>Ayurveda</em>, with <em>Panchakarma</em> procedures like <em>Mridu Samshodhana</em> and <em>Basti</em>. In the present case, the patient presented with the weakness in the right side of the body. Patient was bed ridden and treated with <em>Panchakarma </em>therapy for 4 months with <em>Udwartana, Basti, Nasya, Abhayanga</em>. After treatment patient was able to walk without any support and other complaints got relived by 80%.</p> 2024-06-16T09:05:32+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Pooja Mural, Prashanth AS, Madhusudhan Kulkarni Unveiling Holistic Healing: A comprehensive case study on the integrated management of Avaranjanya Pakshaghata 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Vikhil Vijaykumar Darak Anupama Jitendra Shimpi <p><em>Pakshaghata </em>is a condition where exacerbated <em>Vata</em> disrupts the vessels governing bodily functions, leading to constriction of sinews and affecting either the right or left side of the body. This results in symptoms such as loss of movement, pain, and speech impairment. Specific triggers can aggravate <em>Vata,</em> causing dryness in the <em>Siras</em> and <em>Snayus</em>, leading to hemiplegia or paralysis of one side of the body. Manifestations of <em>Vata </em>disorders can vary, including individual <em>Vata</em> aggravation, associated <em>Vata</em> aggravation, accumulation in bodily tissues or waste, and obstruction. <em>Avarana</em>, a complex concept in Ayurveda, plays a significant role in these conditions. In a case study discussed here, involving a 40-year-old male patient exhibiting loss of movement in the right upper and lower limbs and aphasia, the diagnosis was <em>Kaphavrutta Udana Vyanjanita Pakkshaghata.</em> Initially managed in an intensive care unit during the acute phase, the patient subsequently underwent <em>Shamana</em> treatment before undergoing <em>Panchakarma </em>and <em>Vidhhakarma </em>therapies.</p> 2024-06-16T09:15:14+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Vikhil Vijaykumar Darak, Anupama Jitendra Shimpi Annadravashoola and Ayurveda: A Case Study 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Pallavi Survase Ashok Naikar Vinod B. <p><em>Annadrava</em> <em>Shoola</em> is one of the diseases of the alimentary canal in which there is pain occurs after digestion, during digestion &amp; patient feels relief after vomiting. It can be clinically co related with gastric ulcer on the basis of its signs &amp; symptoms. Gastric ulcers are most commonly located at the lesser curvature, whereas duodenal ulcers are more common in duodenal bulb. The ulcer is round to oval with a smooth base. Acute ulcers have regular borders, while chronic ulcers have elevated borders with inflammation. An ulcer extends beyond the muscularis mucosa. Ayurveda encourages lifestyle interventions &amp; natural therapies to regain a balance between body mind &amp;the environment. In this paper a case study of <em>Annadrava Shoola</em> has been explained. A 43 yrs old female patient having complaint of pain in epigastric region after having meals radiating to back since 6 months.&nbsp; The nature of pain is burning type &amp; exaggerated after having meals, Pain relieved after vomiting. On the basis of history of patient &amp; endoscopy report, she was diagnosed as gastric ulcer (two small antral ulcers). We have done <em>Shamana Chikitsa</em> with a simple formulation of <em>Yashtimadhu Kwatha</em> for 4 months. After the treatment, symptoms relieved. So, there is hope in Ayurveda for treatment of <em>Annadrava Shoola</em>.</p> 2024-06-16T09:20:28+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Pallavi Survase, Ashok Naikar, Vinod B. An Atypical Case Report - Strychnos nux-vomica toxicity resulting from Vishtinduk Vati overdose linked with bradycardia 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Khushali S. Shroff Abhaychandra S. Inamdar <p><em>Strychnos nux-vomica</em>, commonly known as poison nut, is a plant notorious for its toxic alkaloids, particularly strychnine and brucine. While cases of poisoning from <em>nux</em>-<em>vomica</em> ingestion have been documented, its occurrence following <em>Vishtinduk Vati </em>overdose is exceedingly rare. Here a case of a 55-year-old female with a known history of osteoarthritis who inadvertently overdosed on <em>Vishtinduk Vati</em>, an over-the-counter <em>Ayurvedic</em> medicine containing <em>nux</em>-<em>vomica</em>, in an attempt to alleviate her pain, led to severe poisoning characterized by classical symptoms of strychnine toxicity, including muscle twitching, vomiting and bradycardia, necessitating immediate medical intervention. This case highlights the dangers of self-medication with herbal remedies and the accessibility of potentially harmful over-the-counter <em>Ayurvedic</em> medications. It underscores the importance of healthcare providers opting for safer drug choices in daily practice and advocating against the indiscriminate use of herbal supplements, emphasizing the need for regulation and education to prevent such adverse outcomes.</p> 2024-06-16T09:32:16+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Khushali S. Shroff, Abhaychandra S. Inamdar Role of Marma Chikitsa in the management of Anidra (Insomnia) - A Single Case Study 2024-06-16T10:39:15+0530 Aayushi Chouhan Rita Marwaha Pankaj Gupta Nisha Bhalerao Swatantra Kumar Chourasia <p><em>Marma </em>is the vital area of the body. The word <em>Marma</em> comes from the Sanskrit origin word <em>‘Mri’</em> meaning death. The <em>Sanskrit </em>phrase <em>‘Marayanti Iti Marmani’</em>, also means death or serious damage to the body or health after infliction to the point of their situation. Hence these areas are called <em>Marma. Marma</em> <em>Chikitsa</em> focuses on energizing the body to relieve occupational illness and stress-related diseases. Hence the complete knowledge of the basic principles of <em>Marma</em> and its clinical application can play an important role in treatment modalities. <em>Ahara, Nidra, </em>and<em> Brahmacharya</em> are the three factors that play an important role in the maintenance of a living organism. This study focuses on the effectiveness of <em>Marma Chikitsa</em> on <em>Anidra</em>. A 40-year-old female came to the OPD of Pt. Khushilal Sharma Government Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Bhopal (MP) with a complaint of disturbances in the sleep-wake cycle. In this case study effect of <em>Marma Chikitsa</em> in the management of <em>Anidra </em>(insomnia) is evaluated. The patient was treated with <em>Marma Chikitsa</em> for 10 days. The study suggested that <em>Marma Chikitsa</em> may be used for relieving symptoms of <em>Anidra</em>; however, a study on a large population was suggested.</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 AAYUSHI CHOUHAN Role of Ayurveda treatment protocol in the management of Yuvanpidika w.s.r. to Acne Conglobata – A Single Case Study 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Ashish Zanwar Sumit Diliprao Ingole <p>Acne Conglobata refers to the severe form of acne characterized by large polyporous comedon, severe inflammatory lesions including abscesses and cysts, marked scarring and sinus formation. The etiology of acne involves the interplay of multiple factors, including hormonally-induced sebum production, and inflammation. The gram-positive microaerophilic/anaerobic rod called Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) is a commensal organism of the skin found deep within the sebaceous follicle and mediates a portion of the inflammatory component. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, AC can be correlated with <em>Mukhadushika</em> which was explained under <em>Kshudra Rogas</em>. Due to vitiation of <em>Kapha, Vata </em>and<em> Rakta</em>, small or medium sized eruptions appeared on the face of adolescents. Classical text explains treatment plan for <em>Mukhadushika</em> is of two types <em>Shodhana Chikitsa</em> and <em>Shamana Chikitsa</em> including <em>Vamana, Nasya, Siravedha, Lepa and Pralepa</em>. A 27 year old male patient came with complaints of <em>Pidaka</em> (glandular and papular swelling) all over the face, <em>Todavat Pida</em> (pricking pain) with oiliness of face,<em> Malabadhata (</em>constipation<em>)</em>, improper sleep pattern since last 2 months. After detailed examination and history taking <em>Hetu</em> of the disease were evaluated and patient treated with <em>Shodhan </em>and <em>Shaman </em>for 2 months along with <em>Jalukaavcharan</em> 2 times in treatment duration &amp; was also advised to follow <em>Pathya-Apathy</em>. After completion of treatment patient was got relief of all the complaints and get rid of disease.</p> 2024-06-16T09:44:56+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Ashish Zanwar, Sumit Diliprao Ingole A study to evaluate the efficacy of Nirgundi (Vitex negundo Linn.) Patra Arka in the management of Post-Operative Fistulotomy Wound - A Case Report 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Keya V. Sonawala Padma Bhat KM Sweta <p>Fistulotomy is considered the standard treatment modality for fistula-in-ano and is the most widely performed procedure in an average of 55.6% of cases. A post-operative fistulotomy wound is a contaminated wound and is more prone to further contamination by faeces, which may lead to secondary infections or delayed wound healing. Management of these wounds have been a challenging task, due to their anatomical position and patient’s minimal resting period, hence delaying its healing. Thus, these wounds are co-related to <em>Dushta Vrana </em>in <em>Ayurveda </em>which requires <em>Vrana Shodhana</em> and <em>Vrana Ropana</em> for management. <em>Nirgundi Patra Arka</em> has shown promising results by the virtue of its <em>Vrana Vishodhana, Vrana Ropana, Shoolahara </em>and<em> Kandughna </em>property and is considered a novel approach for the same. Therefore, a patient aged 25 years/ male with a post-operative fistulotomy wound was subjected to dressing with <em>Nirgundi Patra Arka </em>twice a day for a period of 14 days. Complete healing of the wound was observed in 21 days and findings as per VAS score and Bates - Jensens criteria for wound assessment tool were documented.</p> 2024-06-16T09:48:40+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Keya V. Sonawala, Padma Bhat, KM Sweta Ayurvedic management of Sensorineural Hearing Loss (Badhirya) - A Case Study 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Lakhwinder Singh Ashu Manoj Kumar <p>The inner ear is the main culprit of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), which is a specific type of hearing loss. Peripheral and Central SNHL (auditory pathway or cortex) can be distinguished. It might be congenital or acquired. Congenital: resulting from prenatal or perinatal conditions or from defects of the inner ear. About 90% of reported cases of hearing loss are related to it. There is currently no suggested course of treatment for it. Hearing loss is associated with <em>Badhirya</em> (hearing loss) in <em>Ayurveda</em>, and our <em>Acharyas</em> have prescribed numerous therapeutic techniques and formulations for the effective treatment of <em>Badhirya </em>(hearing loss). This case study demonstrates the efficacy of <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment in improving the hearing capacity of a 42-year-old male patient who has had moderate to severe SNHL for two years. He was made to undergo both <em>Ayurvedic</em> procedures and medications. The names of the <em>Ayurvedic</em> procedures adopted are <em>Nasya </em>(nasal drops) with <em>Shirbala Taila (101 Avrti),</em> <em>Karnapoorana </em>with <em>Bilwa Taila </em>for 7 days, <em>Sarivadi Vati</em>, <em>Dashmoola Arishta, </em>and<em> Ashavagandha Arishta </em>internally for 45 days. The intervention resulted in a good improvement in hearing.</p> 2024-06-16T09:53:34+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Lakhwinder Singh, Ashu, Manoj Kumar Ayurvedic management of Gridhrasi (sciatica): A Case Report 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Nidhi Vishwakarma Rita Singh Sanjay Srivastava Sapna Shrivas <p>Sciatica is one of the most common emerging diseases in India which is affecting peoples physically as well as mentally. It can be defined as low back pain radiating to unilateral lower limb or bilateral lower limb along with paraesthesis. Treatment includes internal medication for pain and inflammation, Physical therapy and spinal injections. And lastly surgery is advised for those who do not respond to conservative&nbsp; treatment. But the success rate for this surgery is not so high. A 60 year male patient presenting with complain of back pain radiating to b/l lower limbs since 3 years treated with <em>Ardhang Snehan Swedan</em> along with <em>Erandamoolaadi Basti (Kaal Yoga</em>) and oral Ayurveda medication. Total duration of the treatment was 16 days however significant pain relief observed from the day three. This case is an evidence to demonstrate the effectiveness of Ayurveda treatment in case of <em>Gridhrasi </em>(Sciatica) and as a proposition for further research on more number of patients.</p> 2024-06-16T09:57:28+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Nidhi Vishwakarma, Rita Singh, Sanjay Srivastava, Sapna Shrivas Ayurvedic management of Karnanaada w.s.r. to Tinnitus - A Case Report 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Rajesab D. Kabade Roopa Kumatagi Gangadhar M. Timmapur <p>Shalakya Tantra is one of the branches among Astanga Ayurveda. <em>Karnanada</em> is one of the <em>Karnagata Roga</em> explained in Shalakya Tantra. It is the most common complaint encountered in clinical practice of Shalakya. <em>Vata</em> dominant <em>Tridosha</em> along with <em>Rakta</em> presents as the chief pathological factors in the case of <em>Karnanada</em>. <em>Karnanada</em> can be correlated with tinnitus. It is the condition in which there is a perception of sound that appears to originate in the head in the absence of external stimuli. Epidemiologically this disease is present in 38% population below the age of 40 years and 68% population above the age of 40 years. This is a case study of patient aged about 19 year female came to Shalakya Tantra OPD with complaints of ringing sound in right ear for the last 1 year which was mild in nature. Since 15 days symptom is increased and she also complained of disturbed sleep and irritation. The patient was treated with <em>Nirgundi</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Karnapoorana</em>, <em>Ksheerabala</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Nasya</em> along with oral administration of <em>Sarivadi</em> <em>Vati</em> for one week. The patient showed marked relief in symptoms of tinnitus. There was no recurrence during a follow-up of four weeks. The treatment reveals that Ayurvedic interventions are effective in the management of tinnitus quite efficiently.</p> 2024-06-16T10:01:02+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Rajesab D. Kabade, Roopa Kumatagi, Gangadhar M. Timmapur Ayurvedic management of IBS - A Case Study 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Richa Kumari Upadhyay Devarsh Man Mohan Sharma <p>Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by recurrent abdominal discomfort in association with alternate episodes of diarrhea and constipation. Physiological, luminal, behavioral and psychosocial factors are responsible for IBS. They are caused by two entirely different mechanisms. Bowels habit is disturbed by diarrhea or constipation occurring alone or alternating. A 30 years old male patient having symptoms of <em>Muhurbaddha Muhurshithil</em> (episode of constipated and loose stools), <em>Apakwa</em> <em>Malapravritti</em> (stool with mucus), <em>Udarshool</em> (abdominal pain). Patient treated with various <em>Panchakarma</em> (five bio-cleaning Ayurvedic therapies) procedures like <em>Basti</em> (herbal medicated enema), Herbal and oral medications. At the end of 50 days of treatment, patient got significant improvement.</p> 2024-06-16T10:08:29+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Richa Kumari, Upadhyay Devarsh, Man Mohan Sharma An Ayurvedic methodology for managing PCOD - A Case Report 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Gracy Sokiya Vandana Paridhi Painuly Gaurav Sharma <p>Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is a heterogenous endocrine disorder characterized by ovarian cysts, anovulation, and hormonal fluctuations, impacting women’s health in various ways. PCOD has transformed into a lifestyle disorder due to sedentary habits, excessive consumption of fast food, and an unhealthy lifestyle. Predisposing risk factors such as genetics, neuroendocrine factors, lifestyle and environmental influences, as well as obesity, play significant roles in the development of PCOD. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, PCOD cannot be correlated to any one particular disease; it can be related to certain diseases like <em>Vandhya, Nasthartava, Aratava Kshaya, Pushpaghni Jataharini, </em>etc. and must be controlled according to the <em>Dosha Dushya </em>vitiation. In this present case study, a 21 year old female patient came with symptoms of scanty menses, acne over face and weight gain in the OPD of <em>Kayachikitsa</em>. The USG report reveals PCOD changes in both ovaries as both ovaries are bulky in size right ovary, vol = 18cc and left ovary, vol = 13.2cc with multiple peripherally arranged follicles with central echogenic stroma. The result was determined based on the relief of clinical symptoms and the findings from the ultrasound report. Therefore, in this case study, drugs such as <em>Dashmool Kwath, Narikanti</em>, Cystogrit diamond etc. was given which have<em> Lekhaniya</em> properties results into reducing the size of ovary and effectively alleviate <em>Kapha Dosha</em> and <em>Ama</em>, facilitating the treatment of <em>Sroto-Dusti</em> and removing obstructions caused by <em>Apana Vayu</em>, ultimately enhancing menstrual flow.</p> 2024-06-16T10:14:57+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Vandana, Gracy Sokiya , Paridhi Painuly, Gaurav Sharma An Ayurvedic approach towards management of Acute Pancreatitis: A Case Study 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Gracy Sokiya Paridhi Painuly Mudita Negi Gaurav Sharma <p>In acute pancreatitis, there is sudden inflammation of the pancreas, histologically characterized by the destruction of acinar cells, which can range from mild to life-threatening. A 22-year-old non-alcoholic male patient presented to the outpatient department (OPD) with acute abdominal pain, accompanied by heartburn and nausea. MRCP findings suggested acute pancreatitis, with a large heterogeneous collection observed along the body and tail of the pancreas in the lesser sac, containing internal debris and hemorrhagic contents indicative of a pancreatic pseudocyst, along with elevated serum amylase and lipase concentrations. Due to the similarity between the patient's chief complaints and the symptoms of <em>Pittaja Gulma,</em> treatment was administered based on the principles of <em>Pittaja Gulma.</em> The treatment regimen included <em>Dashmool Kwath, Mulethi Kwath</em> with <em>Narikela Lavana,</em> Drakshovin syrup, and a combination of <em>Avipattikar Churna, Kamdhudha Ras, Praval Panchamrit Ras,</em> and <em>Shankha Bhasma.</em> After 15 days of treatment, serum markers returned to normal levels, and ultrasonography reports indicated satisfactory changes. The therapy's effectiveness was deemed satisfactory, with statistically significant improvements observed in both clinical and laboratory findings.</p> 2024-06-16T10:18:44+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Gracy Sokiya, Paridhi Painuly, Mudita Negi, Gaurav Sharma Successful management of Osteomyelitis through Integrated Approach : A Case Report 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Nanasaheb Memane Sonal Memane G. Gupta <p>Osteomyelitis is a severe condition characterized by the infection and inflammation of the bone and its bone marrow, thus quickly impacting the Harversian systems. It is often caused by bacteria, the methicillin-resistant S. aureus bacteria being the most common organism. Conventional treatment typically involves long-term antibiotic therapy, surgical debridement, and supportive measures. However, the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance and the adverse effects emphasize the need for complementary and alternative treatment approaches. The rationale for Ayurvedic is that inflammatory swelling is correlated with vidradhi. This case report discusses about the chronic inflammation of osteomyelitis caused by fracture of the humerus with mal-union which has been treated successfully through an Ayurvedic approach by administering <em>Varunaadi Gana Kashaya</em> (decoction), <em>Nyagrodhadi Gana Kashaya </em>(decoction), <em>Arogyavardhini Vati</em> (tablet), <em>Lakshadi Guggulu</em> (tablets), Local application <em>of Jatyadi Taila</em> (oil). <strong>Results: </strong>The patient was followed up every 7 days while on ayurvedic treatment. In the initial days, the wound was closed with a cast; after 10 days, the cast was removed, and discharge was drastically reduced culminating in overall wound healing. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> This case report highlights the successful management of osteomyelitis using Ayurvedic medicine as an adjunct therapy. The individualized Ayurvedic treatment plan, including internal medicine, external applications, and lifestyle modifications, contributed to symptom improvement, reduced inflammation, and promoted healing in the patient.</p> 2024-06-16T10:22:50+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Nanasaheb Memane, Sonal Memane, G. Gupta Management of Sandhivata (osteoarthritis of knee joint) in Ayurveda with Rasnashirishadi Kwatha and Ajamodadi Vati: A Case Series 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 OP Vyas Nimina Nanu Manikkoth <p><em>Sandhivata or</em> Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease. It is considered to be the result of inflammation, degeneration and wearing out of joint cartilage over time. Here the top layer of cartilage breaks down and goes away. This makes the bones under the cartilage to rub together. The rubbing results in pain, swelling and loss of motion of the joint. <em>Sandhivata</em> develops in all ages of people, but most probably it occurs after the age of 40. The most commonly affected joints include knee, hips, etc. Gradually O.A worsens as the time passes. Then the bone starts to break down and develops growths called spurs. There is a possibility to chip off the bits of bone or cartilage and float around in the joint. As a result of inflammatory process in the body, cytokines (proteins) and enzymes are produced that will further damage the cartilage. The primary purpose of this study was to establish the efficacy of medicines or treatment and demonstrate freedom from unwanted side effects in human. Suitable medicine plays a paramount role in the success of treatment as it is a main factor lying with the management of a disease. There is a direct proportional relationship between the success of treatment and the genuineness of the medicine. The present study was undertaken to carry out the clinical evaluation of <em>Rasnashirishadi Kwatha </em>and <em>Ajamodadi Vati </em>in <em>Sandhivata</em> patients.</p> 2024-06-16T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Nimina Nanu Manikkoth, OP Vyas An Ayurvedic approach to Atopic Dermatitis - A Case Report 2024-06-16T10:39:16+0530 Vaishnavi Mutalikdesai Anukeerth M Rakshith K R Deepthi R Sajitha K <p>Atopic dermatitis, which is also called as Eczema is a type of response pattern characterised by a range of histologic and clinical characteristics including Papules, erythematous macules and vesicles. This affects a person's cosmetic appearance, which is equally distressing since it creates disfigurement. <em>Vicharchika</em>, one of <em>Kshudra</em> Roga can be compared to Atopic Dermatitis based on its signs and symptoms. In the present case study, a 55 years old female patient was admitted in the IPD section of Department of <em>Swasthavritta,</em> Sri Sri College of Ayurvedic Science and Research Hospital, Bengaluru with the complaints of Skin lesions over both the forearms and neck associated with blackish brown discolouration, severs itching, mild discharge and reduced sleep since 2 years. The case was diagnosed as Atopic Dermatitis (<em>Vicharchika</em>) based on signs and symptoms. Classical<em> Virechana</em> was planned along with other <em>Ayurvedic</em> oral medications. Patient was satisfied with the treatment in terms of reduced itching, discharge and improved sleep. This study demonstrates that <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment is effective in managing Atopic Dermatitis, without any complexities or negative consequences.</p> 2024-06-16T10:35:12+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 Vaishnavi Mutalikdesai, Anukeerth M, Rakshith K R, Deepthi R, Sajitha K