Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences https://jaims.in/jaims <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2456-3110" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Monthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Monthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published monthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href="http://www.jaims.in">www.jaims.in</a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization en-US Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences 2456-3110 <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Clinical study on the effectiveness of Vatagajankusha Rasa with Pippali Churna and Manjishta Kwatha as Anupana in Apabahuka (Frozen Shoulder) https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2158 <p><em>Apabahuka </em>is a<em> Vatavyadhi</em>, localizing around the<em> Amsapradesh </em>and thereby causing of<em> Amsa Bandha </em>as well<em> Aakuncana </em>of<em> Sira </em>leading to symptoms like<em> Bahupraspandita Hara</em>.<em> Amsashosha </em>can be considered as the preliminary stage of the disease where loss or dryness of the<em> Shleshakakapha </em>from the shoulder joint occurs. In the next stage, due to the loss of<em> Shleshakakapha </em>symptoms like pain during movement, restricted movement are manifested. <em>Vatagajankusha Rasa </em>with<em> Pippali Churna </em>and<em> Manjisthakwatha </em>as<em> Anupana </em>is mentioned in the treatment of<em> Apabahuka </em>under the<em> Vatavyadhichikitsa</em>. The duration of intervention is 7 days as per the reference. Hence this study is intended to validate the same.<strong> Objective: </strong>Considering the prevalence, and lifestyle effect on patients, to evaluate the effectiveness of<em> Vatagajankusa Rasa </em>and<em> Manjisthakashaya, Pippali Churna </em>in<em> Apabahuka</em>. (Frozen Shoulder). <strong>Methodology: </strong>Among 34 registered subjects 28 completed the course of treatment. They were administered with<em> Vatagajankusha Rasa </em>(125mg) with<em> Pippali Churna </em>(3gm) and<em> Manjishta Kwatha </em>(15ml) as<em> Anupana </em>before food twice daily for a period of 7 days. For statistical analysis subjective and objective parameters were assessed by Wilcoxon signed rank, McNemar test and paired T test. <strong>Result:</strong> In the parameters of<em> Apabahuka, </em>the intervention was found to be statistically significant in relieving the assessment parameters like<em> Amsa Sandhi Shoola, Bahupraspandita Hara </em>(p &lt; 0.005). In Objective parameters like ROM of Shoulder significant relief was observed after statistical analysis. <strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Vatagajankusha Rasa </em>with<em> Pippali Churna </em>and<em> Manjishta Kwatha </em>as<em> Anupana </em>is effective in the management of symptoms of<em> Apabahuka</em></p> Muzammil Kamatagi Lakshmiprasad L. Jadhav Copyright (c) 2023 Muzammil Kamatagi, Lakshmiprasad L. Jadhav https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-16 2023-01-16 7 11 01 07 10.21760/jaims.7.11.1 A comparative clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Agnikarma by Panchaloha Shalaka and electric cautery in the management of Bahya Arshas with special reference to sentinel pile https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2160 <p><strong>Background -</strong> The diseases <em>Arsha</em> is considered to be a <em>Mahagada</em> according to the Ayurveda. Among the different types of <em>Arshas</em> explained by the Acharya Sushruta the <em>Lakshanas</em> of <em>Bahya Arshas</em> is looks similar to the structural presentation of the Sentinel pile. This condition, even though rarely fatal, gives more trouble to the sufferer and pose great difficulty for treatment. As we know the Sentinel pile is guarding to the fissure not to heal so keeping in view this clinical study <em>Agnikarma </em>with <em>Panchaloha Shalaka</em> and Electric Cautery was selected to give new dimension in the management of sentinel pile. <strong>Methodology - </strong>A comparative clinical study was done on forty subjects of both sexes, between the age group of 20-60 years who were randomly assigned into two groups, namely group A where <em>Agnikarma</em> by <em>Panchalaoha Shalaka</em> was used to the subjects and group B where <em>Agnikarma</em> by Electric Cautery was used to the subjects. After completion of the study, results were assessed using ‘Wilcoxon signed rank test’ for Single group and ‘Mann-whitney u-test’ for comparative Analysis for collected during the study. <strong>Result</strong> <strong>-</strong> Statistically Both group proved to be equally Significant. But according to the relief got by the patients Group-A proved to be more effective than group-B.&nbsp; Group-A overall result is 95.71% and Group-B overall result is 91.79%.</p> Anandkumar C C Thyagaraja Copyright (c) 2023 Anandkumar C, C Thyagaraja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-16 2023-01-16 7 11 08 13 10.21760/jaims.7.11.2 Therapeutic trial of an Ayurvedic compound in Madhumeha (Diabetes Mellitus) https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2161 <p>Diabetes mellitus has been emerged as one of the major health problems, which is found commonly all over the world. In Ayurveda, inclusion of <em>Madhumeha</em>, in eight major diseases (<em>Ashthamahagada</em>) indicates the gravity and significant attributed to it. In this study a comparative trial between an Ayurvedic compound (<em>Kalpit</em>) named as <em>Madhudaman Yoga</em>, and Glipizide as control drug was carried out. 50 patients of Diabetes mellitus were registered from the OPD and IPD of NIA, Jaipur for this study. These patients were divided into two groups.&nbsp; Group A (control drug) – 25 patients took Glipizide 5 mg twice daily for 75 days. Group B (trial drug) - 25 patients took 2 capsules of <em>Madhudaman Yoga</em> 500 mg, twice daily for 75 days. At the end of the study it was observed that the trial drug showed significant improvement in FBS, PPBS, and HbA1c (p&lt;0.001). Significant relieves in many symptoms were also observed. The overall effect of <em>Madhudaman Yoga</em> was approximately similar to that of the control drug. No side effects were noticed in any of the patients of the trial group.</p> Anita Bhardwaj Deepak kumar Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Anita Bhardwaj, Deepak kumar Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-16 2023-01-16 7 11 14 21 10.21760/jaims.7.11.3 A comparative clinical study on the efficacy of Nityanand Ras with (or) without Jeernakarkaruka Nasya in Hypothyroidism https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2162 <p>Hypothyroidism also known as underactive thyroid gland, where the gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormones to meet the demands of physical body. The thyroid gland is a small approximately two inches butterfly shaped gland, situated in the anterior aspect of the throat regulates the way the body uses its energy, including the way how one’s heart beats. The normal functioning of this organ is very crucial for the metabolic homeostasis of the body. The rapid changes in the lifestyle and stressful life events are leading to the major disturbance of the normal metabolic functions of the human body, in Ayurveda the signs and symptoms of Hypothyroidism may be superficially compared to <em>Atihraswa</em> (dwarfism) and <em>Atisthula</em> (Obesity), but apart from this also, based on the other visible signs and symptomatology, the disease may be understood and treated accordingly. It is also can be considered as an <em>Santarpanotta Vikara</em>, since most of the <em>Santarpanotta Vikara’s</em> share common etio-pathogenesis. The <em>Panchakarma</em> treatment is known for removing the morbidity deeply from the body, and restores metabolic homeostasis. With this approach the current study was designed to observe the efficacy of <em>Nityananda Ras</em>, which is indicated in the <em>Shlipada Adhikara</em> of <em>Bhaishajya Ratnavali</em>, in the management of HT, and also in comparison with <em>Nasya Karma</em>, since the nasal administration of medicine is the best root for the elimination of the diseases of Head and neck. This research has shown the <em>Nityanand Ras</em>, is found effective and in the <em>Nasya</em> with <em>Jeerna Karakaruka Swarasa</em> group patients the results were encouraging in comparing with <em>Nityanand Ras.</em></p> Chandrika Kuraakula Srikanth Babu Perugu Copyright (c) 2023 Chandrika Kuraakula, Srikanth Babu Perugu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-16 2023-01-16 7 11 22 30 10.21760/jaims.7.11.4 Effect of Dhatakyadi Oil on Upapluta Yoni Vyapad with special reference to Candida albicans https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2165 <p><em>Upapluta Yoni Vyapad </em>has mentioned in many Samhita. The genital organs are afflicted by<em> Kapha </em>&amp;<em> Vata</em>, the ailment of the woman is called<em> Upapluta </em>which clinical features are simulated description of Monilial Vulvovaginitis specially caused by Candida albicans. Sixty (60) patients were divided into two groups i.e., Trial group and Control group with clinical features of curdy thick white vaginal discharge, vulval pruritis, vulval itching, vulval oedema. Trial group was treated with<em> Yoni Pichu </em>(Vaginal Tampon) by a<em> Dhatakyadi Oil</em>. Control group was treated with Clotrimazole vaginal gel. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of<em> Dhatakyadi Oil </em>on<em> Upapluta Yoni Vyapad </em>with special reference to candida albicans. This study was a prospective, comparative and observative. This study observe significant reduction in mean scores of clinical feature and overall compliance to the treatment was excellent in the both group and p value of &lt; 0.001 was considered highly significant.</p> Animesh Maiti Copyright (c) 2023 Animesh Maiti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 7 11 31 33 10.21760/jaims.7.11.5 Evaluation of Chaturjaat Kawala in the management of Mukh Daurgandhya and its Antimicrobial Effect in Oral Hygiene https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2166 <p>Oral illnesses can develop as a result of poor oral hygiene. <em>Kawala </em>process is mentioned in <em>Ayurveda</em> texts to treat oral illnesses. <em>Chaturjaat</em> and its <em>Mukhgandh Har </em>property is mentioned in ‘<em>Karpuradi Varg’</em> of <em>Bhavprakash Nighantu. Kawala </em>of<em> Chaturjaat </em>made from<em> Hima </em>process is used here to treat <em>Mukh Daurgandhya </em>and to see its effect in antimicrobial study. Two groups of 30 patients each are included in this study. One group was given <em>Chaturjaat</em> while other 30 were given lukewarm water <em>Kawala</em>. It was seen that <em>Chaturjaat Kawala</em> was more effective in subjective criteria of oral hygiene as well as in antimicrobial study.</p> Hemant Rajpurohit Prof. Pramod kumar Mishra Rahul Parashar Copyright (c) 2023 Hemant Rajpurohit, Prof. Pramod kumar Mishra, Rahul Parashar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 7 11 34 40 10.21760/jaims.7.11.6 Women Mental Health w.s.r. to Premenstrual Syndrome - An Online Survey https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2110 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a psycho neuroendocrine disorder of unknown aetiology. Prevalence of PMS is 47.8% in world-wide and in India it is 43%. It is mainly affecting mental health of the women, and quality of life of the women so this research was planned to explore the severity of the premenstrual syndrome and to evaluate the impact of PMS on Women mental health. <strong>Materials &amp; Methods:</strong> Among 160 females, 130 females enrolled in the study based on criteria. The data was collected through Google form which was prepared based on PSST (premenstrual Symptom Screening Tool) Scale. <strong>Results:</strong> One hundred and twenty-two participants reported at least three somatic and two affective symptoms. 34.7% participants mentioned that PMS affects their quality of life. 30.3% participants reported mild, 24.6% female reported moderate, 10.7% reported severe and 7.4 % stated very severe. PMS significantly having relation with occupation, stress, and physical exercise. 57% participants reported that they are stressed due to any personal/ occupational issues. The participants who are doing regular exercise/ yoga are having less severity of symptoms compared to other participants. <strong>Discussion:</strong> This study reveals that PMS is common in almost all females but degree of severity differs. It affects both mental and physical health and also quality of life of the women. By this study additional thing we found that women who practice yoga, <em>Pranayama</em>, any physical exercise have less severity of premenstrual symptoms.</p> Suma Rajaput Sandeep Sagare Anju Yadav Arpit Sah Copyright (c) 2023 Suma Rajaput, Sandeep Sagare, Anju Yadav, Arpit Sah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 7 11 41 45 10.21760/jaims.7.11.7 Antinociceptive activity of Karpasa Beeja https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2167 <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Karpasa Beeja </em>(cotton seeds) is a drug which is been used since <em>Samhita </em>period<em>,</em> it has <em>Vatahara</em> and <em>Vedanasthapana</em> properties. <em>Acharya Charaka</em> includes <em>Karpasa</em> in <em>Brimhaniya Gana </em>while <em>Acharya Susruta</em> includes it in <em>Vatasamsamana Varga. </em>Cotton seeds are a rich source of cattle feed. It is also widely used in preparation of Ayurvedic medicines. The present study is highly relevant in searching experimentally for its Anti-nociceptive activity in cotton seeds and its pharmacognostical, phytochemical, HPLC+TLC profile. <strong>Aim and objective: </strong>An experimental evaluation of <em>Karpasa beeja</em> for its Antinociception activity.<strong> Results: </strong>Acetic acid induced writhing test, mice was treated with paracetamol (72.5mg/Kg) and test <em>Karpasa Beeja</em> drug <em>Kashaya </em>(12.48ml/kg,) and distilled water as control group in a dose of 1ml. The efficacy of test substances for analgesic activity was evaluated in the swiss albino mice. The analgesic activity of <em>Karpasa Beeja Kashaya</em> was studied in swiss albino mice by administering the test substance orally. The writhing effect was induced by 1% V/V glacial acetic acid solution in mice pre-treated with test substance. The number of abdominal writhing were measure over 20 min after injection of acetic acid. Finally, percentage inhibition was calculated.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>In this test substance it is found that the percentage inhibition of pain is 38.89 % hence it can be concluded that the test substance is known to possess analgesic activity.</p> Abhiram L. Copyright (c) 2023 Abhiram L. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 7 11 46 51 10.21760/jaims.7.11.8 Antibacterial efficacies of brown sea weed Sargassum Wightii on Periodontal Pathogens: An In-Vitro Microbiological Analysis https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2059 <p><strong>Objective: </strong><em>Sargassum wightii </em>is brown algae available across the south east coast of India which can produce many secondary metabolites and are opulent sources of potential plant derived by-products with antiviral, antihelminthic, antifungal and antibacterial activities. The objective of the current study was to assess minimal inhibitory concentration MIC and minimum bactericidal concentration MBC of whole leaf extract of <em>Sargassum wightii </em>on <em>P.Gingivalis (Pg), F.Nucleatum (Fn), T.Forsythia (Tf) and A. Actinomycetemcomitans (Aa)</em>.<strong> Methods:</strong> The method executed out by serial dilutions of the test drug with thioglycollate broth nine times. Cultures of chosen pathogens were added to obtain culture suspension up to 10<sup>-9</sup>. Their turbidity has monitored to assess MIC after incubating in oxygen independent container. The First 3 or 5 dilutions tubes which were MIC sensitive were removed and incubated one complete day. To determine whether there was&nbsp;bacterio-static or bactericidal effect of the extract on selected organisms, colony numbers were assessed the day after. <strong>Results:</strong> Outcome for MIC was in the span of 0.2μg/ml to 0.4μg/ml and for MBC from 0.2μg/ml to 3.12μg/ml. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Positive pharmacological effect does exists against tested microorganisms of whole leaf extract of <em>Sargassum Wighitti</em> &amp; demands more extensive research for treating multi-factorial periodontal disease.</p> Nagraj BK Koregol AC Hannahson Puladas Sulakod K Patil K Gore S Copyright (c) 2023 Nagraj BK, Koregol AC, Hannahson Puladas, Sulakod K, Patil K, Gore S https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 7 11 52 58 10.21760/jaims.7.11.9 Rajonivritti : A Physiological Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2168 <p>Perimenopause has become an important health issue for women with increasing life expectancy. Most of Perimenopausal women expercience various somatic &amp; Phychological symptoms. <em>Rajonivritti</em> is consider as a normal physiological process in body, which an indication of <em>Jaravastha</em> (ageing) in women's life.&nbsp; Ageing is natural in every individual that is "<em>Nishpratikrya</em>", that mean it cannot be stopped. It this study total 100 women were selected for the evaluation of physiological status of <em>Rajonivritti</em>. These all women divided into two groups, (A) Premenopausal, (B) Post menopausal. The women in whom menstruation stop atleast 12 consecutive months, put into post menopausal class. A Survey questionnaire was prepared for the details about physiology &amp; other information. In this study, it was observed that food-habits, lifestyle, Sleep pattern, <em>Kostha, Agni</em> effect the <em>Rajonivritti</em>. <em>Jara, Vata Vridhi, Pitta Vridhi, Kapha Kshaya, Artava Kshaya</em> etc. all these factors play role in causing symptomatology of perimenopausal syndrome.</p> Anita Bhardwaj Deepak kumar Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Anita Bhardwaj , Deepak kumar Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 7 11 59 66 10.21760/jaims.7.11.10 Exploration of standardized diagnostic protocol in Ayurvedic perspective w.s.r to Nidana Panchaka and its relevant application in current clinical practice https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2065 <p>Diagnosis is a fundamental component in clinical practice with significant implication in patient care, research &amp; health policy. Diagnosis in health care is among the most important processes since the protocol for the patient treatment depends on this step. WHO recently prioritized patient safety areas in primary care and included diagnostic errors as a high-priority problem. Most people will likely experience a diagnostic error in their lifetime. Despite of extensive investigation understanding the etiopathogenesis still remain elusive in contemporary practice. The time pressure often involved in clinical appointments also contribute to challenge in the clinical history &amp; interview. Though diagnostic error is frequent in contemporary practice but still represent an underemphasized &amp; understudied area of patient safety. Defeating and dissecting diagnostic error is the need of era which can be challenged by understanding as well as implementing the principles of <em>Nidana Panchaka</em> as per <em>Ayurvedic</em> Perspective. Developing and validating diagnostic tools for disease enumerated in <em>Ayurvedic</em> classical texts can help in standardizing the clinical approach even when attempting to arrive at a patient specific diagnosis. The author has made an attempt to explore the concept of five basic diagnostic protocol under the heading <em>Pancha Nidana</em> and its relevancy in contemporary clinical practice.</p> Prof. Kshirabdhi Tanaya Rautaray Shiva Prasad Mohanty Copyright (c) 2023 Prof. Kshirabdhi Tanaya Rautaray, Shiva Prasad Mohanty https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 7 11 67 75 Contribution of Sushruta towards Anatomy https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2169 <p><em>Sushruta</em> a surgeon of ancient Indian medicine has made significant contributions to various branches of <em>Ayurveda</em>. <em>Sushruta</em> a father of Indian surgery. Probably his exhaustive knowledge of basic sciences he would have made as a great surgeon. He performed various surgeries shows his brilliant knowledge of anatomy in those days. This article been complied the contributions of this great branch and interprets his perspective knowledge towards Anatomy.</p> Ashok Naikar Savita Renuka Gururaj Anilkumar Baccha Copyright (c) 2023 Ashok Naikar, Savita, Renuka, Gururaj, Anilkumar Baccha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 7 11 76 78 A conceptual study of Immunomodulation through Ayurveda : A Review https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2170 <p>According to <em>Ayurveda</em> immunity (<em>Vyadhi Kshamatva</em>) means the power of the body which decreases the damaging power of the disease and stops the genesis of the disease. <em>Ayurveda</em> a holistic approach of medical science is strongly emphasize on preventive and promotive aspects of health rather than curative. The main purpose of preventive attributes prescribed in Ayurveda is to improve immunity. If the power of the body to fight against the disease is less, various disease occurs and if the same is great, disease will not occurs or if occurs they were be of mild in nature. In present era due to modern dietary and life style factors there is rapid rise in immune disorders worldwide. The purpose of this review is to focus the light of <em>Ayurvedic</em> concepts in the modulation of immune system which is necessary to live a healthy life. The brief literary review of the <em>Ayurvedic</em> concept like <em>Dinacharya, Ritucharya, Sadvrutta, Pathya Apathya, Rasayana, Ahara Vidhi Vidhana</em>, <em>Panchakarma </em>etc. which are essential in modulating immune system are taken from <em>Ayurvedic</em> texts and relevant journals for this study.</p> Nandini R. Copyright (c) 2023 Nandini R. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 7 11 79 83 Time to look upon the Ayurvedic Dietary Habits in the Present Scenario : A Critical Reappraisal https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2102 <p><strong>Background:</strong> <em>Ayurveda </em>places special emphasis on "<em>Ahara</em>" (diet) and "<em>Anna</em>" (food) as a means to good life, health and wellness. According to the <em>Ayurveda</em> ones who consume <em>Viruddha Ahara</em> are prone to many disorders. According to <em>Acharya Charak</em> those food substances and combinations, which induce deteriorating action on the body tissues, that is, <em>Dhatus</em> can be called as <em>Viruddha Ahara</em>. <em>Acharya Charaka</em> also pointed out the eighteen dietetic incompatibilities that generate the toxins responsible for generating the pathogenesis systematically or less commonly localized. <strong>Objective:</strong> To conclude the association of <em>Virudhha Ahar</em> with disease in the individual who consume these incompatible foods with short and long duration. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> A through search of modern medicine and <em>Ayurvedic</em> literature through free searching engine like PubMed and Google Scholar are used. Relevant results analysed and draw the conclusion. <strong>Results:</strong> Many studies held in <em>Ayurvedic</em> Institutions in India regarding the <em>Viruddh Ahar </em>mostly arrived on the conclusion that combinations of certain food items cause certain disease. Even for taking chronically this may cause cancer also. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is great need of checking and proving facts enumerated in the old text regarding the <em>Viruddha Ahar </em>based on the evidence based Modern medicine. So that it can be applied in modern medicine also. However, In <em>Ayurvedic</em> discipline the <em>Viruddha Ahar</em> certainly cause the disease depending on the nature, amount, frequency, duration and immunity status of the individual approved in many <em>Ayurvedic</em> studies.</p> Dezy Singh Ramesh Chand Tiwari Manisha Dikshit Ved Bhushan Sharma Bhawana Mittal Copyright (c) 2023 Dezy Singh, Ramesh Chand Tiwari, Manisha Dikshit, Ved Bhushan Sharma, Bhawana Mittal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 7 11 84 90 Literary Review on Adharneeya Vega w.s.r. to Physiology https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2112 <p><em>Ayurveda is</em> an ancient system of medicine which is not merely used in conventional sense of curing diseases, though also teaches us way of life and how to preserve and protect health. According to various <em>Acharyas, </em>there is one main cause of all the type of diseases and that is the suppression of natural urges. Therefore, it should not be suppressed. <em>Ayurveda </em>termed it as <em>Adharaneeya Vega. </em>There are thirteen types of <em>Vega</em> that are mentioned by different <em>Acharyas which</em> should not be suppressed. If they are suppressed in daily life, they will lead to various serious health problems. Therefore, this review article attempts to explain<em> Adharaniya Vega</em> in details as mentioned in <em>Ayurvedic</em> literature and also, it’s bad effects on individual’s health and their treatment.</p> Aakriti Jamwal Komal Samyal Sourabh Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Aakriti Jamwal, Komal Samyal, Sourabh Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 7 11 91 99 Concept of Genetics in Ayurveda w.s.r. to Developmental Anatomical Deformities - A Review https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2171 <p>Ayurveda is science of life from thousands of years<em>.</em> In <em>Ayurveda</em> different concepts of genetics are described. In hereditary diseases are disease which is caused by abnormal <em>Shukra</em> and <em>Shonita. </em>Concept of <em>Beejbhaag </em>also mentioned in <em>Ayurveda</em> scientific study on genetics started since ancient time. <em>Doshas</em> dominating the <em>Shukra</em> and <em>Shonita </em>during the time of conception and also inhabiting the uterus at that time determines the <em>Prakriti</em> of the individual. The <em>Doshas</em> that ultimately emerge as dominant factors actually determine the <em>Prakriti</em>. Season also indirectly serves as one of the important factor for the determination of <em>Prakriti</em> in as much as they also aggravate <em>Doshas </em>in the <em>Shukra Shonita</em>. <em>Ayurveda</em> mentioned different diseases like <em>Sthaulya</em> (obesity), <em>Klaibya</em> (impotence), <em>Prameha</em> (diabetes) etc. which is due to defect in genetic component of a person. <em>Prakriti</em> (different types of personality) is also mentioned as concept of genetics. Present article through some glimpses on various concepts of genetics in <em>Ayurveda</em>. The modern medical science also recognizes these three terms exp:-<em>Adibalapravrtta</em>, <em>Janmabalapravrtta</em>, and <em>Kulaja</em>. Hereditary signifies conditions, transmitting through defects in the DNA of genes, congenital, implies the abnormalities present at birth. In this regards <em>Adibala</em> <em>Pravritta</em> and <em>Janmabala</em> <em>Pravritta</em> are categorized under the heading of <em>Garbhajanya Vikriti. </em>These mainly arise from the maternal or paternal problems and defects in progeny.</p> Arvind Kumar Yadav Rita Marwah Nisha Bhalerao Swatanta Kumar Chourasia Shradhha Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Arvind Kumar Yadav, Rita Marwah, Nisha Bhalerao, Swatanta Kumar Chourasia, Shradhha Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 7 11 100 105 Literary Review of Poorva Karma in Shalya Karma https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2172 <p><em>Acharya Sushruta</em> is credited with inventing the notion of <em>Trividha Karma</em> and mentioned <em>Trividha Chikitsha Karma</em> in <em>Agropharniya Adhyaya</em> viz; - <em>Poorva Karma, Pradhana Karma, </em>and<em> Paschata Karma. Poorva Karma</em> is derived from the words <em>Poorva</em> (foremost) and <em>Karma</em> (action). In the <em>Ayurvedic</em> tradition, there are two methods of treatment for all diseases: <em>Aushadhi Chikitsa </em>or<em> Shastra Chikitsa</em>. In <em>Shayla Tantra</em>, there are descriptions of <em>Yanta, Shastra, Kshara, </em>and<em> Agni Karmas</em> for performing <em>Shayla Karma</em> (surgical and para surgical procedure), but <em>Poorva Karma</em> should be given importance in any surgical treatment, and this <em>Poorva Karma</em> is recognized as pre-operative care. <em>Poorva Karma</em> is crucial to a successful and complication-free operation.</p> Dansena Nobal Singh Balendra A.H. Haritha Lakra Alka Sahu Sevant Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 Dansena Nobal, Singh Balendra, A.H. Haritha, Lakra Alka, Sahu Sevant Kumar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 7 11 106 110 Evaluation of action of Netra Anjana in maintaining Netra Swasthya https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2062 <p>Eyes hold special status among all the sense organs because vision is crucial for social and intellectual development of the human beings. Hence <em>Acharyas</em> have mentioned several preventive and curative measures for the management of ophthalmic disorders. <em>Kriyakalpa</em> is the basis of the treatment of ophthalmic disorders, as <em>Panchakarma</em> is the basis of <em>Kayachikitsa</em>. When we refer our classics for the therapeutic measures adopted in the management of eye diseases, we find that the management includes many of the topical treatments along with systemic ones. <em>Netra</em> <em>Kriyakalpas</em> have very fast action on the target tissues of the eye. <em>Kriyakalpa</em> includes various procedures like <em>Tarpana</em>, <em>Putapaka</em>, <em>Seka</em>, <em>Ashchyotana</em>, <em>Anjana</em> etc. for the treatment of eye diseases, as local measures. The process in which herbomineral preparation (<em>Gutika</em>, <em>Rasakriya</em> &amp; <em>Churna</em>) mixed with water and applied on the lower eyelid margin with the help of <em>Shalaka</em> is called <em>Anjana</em> <em>Karma</em>. Its active principles may be transferred to the interior of the eye depending on their hydrophilic and lipophylic nature through the conjunctiva and cornea by paracellular and transcellular pathways respectively. <em>Anjana</em> therapy is highly beneficial in the anterior segment and also in the posterior segment disorders of the eye.&nbsp; An <em>Ayurvedic</em> review &amp; probable mode of action of <em>Anjana</em> <em>Karma</em> discussed in present article.</p> Jayashree Bagade Copyright (c) 2023 Jayashree Bagade https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 7 11 111 117 Viruddh Aahar role as an etiological cause of Skin Diseases https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2096 <p><em>Aahar</em> is one of the <em>Trayo-Upstambha </em>(<em>Aahar, Nidra, Brahamacharya</em>). Healthy diet is the key of healthy, long and disease-free life. It is well said that right kind of food is the most important single factor in the promotion of health and the wrong kind of food is the most important single factor in the promotion of disease. We don’t need a bag full of medication to heal our body; all we need is to focus on what type of diet we should consume. If healthy food consumed and metabolized properly, it improves the quality and span of life. Due to fast paced life, there has been a major shift in diet pattern and increase in consumption of incompatible food. The substances which are contrary to <em>Sharir Dhatus</em> behave opposite to them. This antagonism may be in terms of properties, combination, processing, place, time, dose etc. or natural composition. ‘<em>Viruddh Aahar’</em> is considered as the incompatible food i.e., the wrong combination of food which when consumed can cause disturbances in the normal physiological functioning and metabolism of body starting at the molecular level. In this paper we are going to infer the result that consumption of <em>Viruddh Aahar</em> can cause <em>Rakta Dushti</em> in human body. Also, how we can analyze it from the modern point of view through the concept of free radicals.</p> Tanvi Gusain Brijendra Singh Tomar Satbir Kumar Chawla Copyright (c) 2023 Tanvi Gusain, Brijendra Singh Tomar, Satbir Kumar Chawla https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 118 126 Role of Ritushodhana in Prevention of Cancer - A Conceptual Review https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2067 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Health is wealth and is achieved only through practicing of Preventive medicine. But Human beings are working beyond their capacity to achieve their goals with tremendous work pressure and regardless of time neglecting their health. All these developments are taking human away from nature and causing change in food and life style leading to non-communicable disorders. In present era Cancer is the most common threatening disease which is having multi-factorial and diverse kind of etiopathogenesis. The cancer incidence in India is estimated to be 19 to 20 lakhs, according to a study by FICCI and EY. <em>Panchakarma</em> or <em>Shodhana Upakrama</em> is the only one which helps to nourish the body tissue along with rejuvenating effect. Cancer is one of the disease conditions requiring rejuvenation and <em>Shodhana</em> effect simultaneously. <strong>Aim:</strong> To review and analyze the role of <em>Ritushodhana</em> in prevention of Cancer. Materials and <strong>Methods:</strong> Review of classical textual data was gathered from <em>Bruhatrayis</em> and texts of contemporary sciences with related articles published was done to analyze the benefit of <em>Ritushodhana </em>on Cancer. <strong>Discussion:</strong> Procedures like <em>Vamana</em> may help in preventing occurrence of lung and oesophageal cancers, <em>Virechana</em> in liver and stomach cancers, <em>Basti</em> in colon and bone cancers, <em>Nasya</em> in oral, head and neck cancers by detoxifying, eliminating the carcinogens and rejuvenating the cells. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> <em>Shodhana</em> in appropriate seasons helps to expel <em>sanchita Malas</em> by not allowing carcinogens to impeach in the body which may prevent the occurrence of Cancer.</p> Prabhu C Nagalapur C. S. Karamudi Copyright (c) 2023 Prabhu C Nagalapur, C. S. Karamudi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 127 131 An Ayurvedic approach to Auto Immune Disease https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2174 <p>Immune system is meant for fighting against foreign pathogens such as bacteria and viruses when they enter your body. The white blood cells will identify the foreign cells, attack and wipe them off your body. But, if a person has an autoimmune disease, then the immunity cells stop differentiating the foreign cells from the body cells. As a result, the immune system releases auto-antibodies that attack the healthy cells of the body tissues instead of just fighting the infection.</p> K G Muddapur Copyright (c) 2023 K G Muddapur https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 132 135 A Critical Review on Chandraprabha Vati - An Ayurvedic Formulation https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2109 <p>Herbal and herbo-mineral medicines are been widely used in <em>Ayurveda</em>. It has mentioned indications covering in a broader way. <em>Rasa Oushadhi</em> plays an important role in <em>Ayurveda </em>because of its rejuvenating property along with it provides immunization, long shelf life, and greater efficacy even when given in a low dose. One such classical multi-ingredient herbo- mineral <em>Ayurvedic</em> formulation is <em>Chandraprabha Vati</em>. It has many pharmaco-therapeutical applications. It is formulated with broad spectrum activity and is indicated in various diseases like <em>Prameha, Arbudha, Artava, Mutra Vikaras, Arshas</em> etc. Many formulations are mentioned in the name of <em>Chandraprabha Vati</em>. <em>Chandraprabha Vati</em> is <em>Rasayana, Balya, Tridosha Shamaka</em> properties and also acts as catalyst. It is truly a medicine for all diseases and hence called as <em>Sarvaroga Pranashini</em> and is also been used in ailments of reproductive health in both men and women. Certain researches have been done regarding its hypotensive and hypoglycemic properties. It also provides immunity and strength to the body due to <em>Rasayana</em>. In this study an attempt is made to gather and analyze the formulation having different varieties of <em>Chandraprabha Vati</em> from various classics along with its insight in their ingredients, dosage, indication and mode of action and its applications.</p> Poornasri Jagani Pradeep Kumar Moharana Soumya E A Copyright (c) 2023 Poornasri Jagani, Pradeep Kumar Moharana, Soumya E A https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 136 144 A Review on Eksara Gana https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2107 <p><em>Agad Tantra</em> is a branch of <em>Astang Ayurveda</em> and it deals with the toxicology. Many formulations are explained in different type of poisoning in which one is <em>Eksara Gana</em>. Total seventeen drugs are described in this context and the usage is totally up to doctor’s intellectuality<em>. Eksara Gana</em> can be used as single drug form or can be mixed with two or more drug. All the drugs are called as anti-poisonous and can be used in every poisoning condition.in researches, all the drugs had been proved beneficial for different system of body. So, it should be used according to target of poison. For ex- if poisoning is of due to <em>Mandali</em> (viper) snake bite, then its main target is blood and kidney so <em>Varuna</em> and <em>Shyama</em> can be used.</p> Jyoti Rani Priyanka Katru Renu Sharma Prof. Anita Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Jyoti Rani, Priyanka Katru , Renu Sharma , Prof. Anita Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 145 149 A Review of management of Kamala w.s.r to Hepatitis through Shamanaushadi https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2177 <p><em>Kamala</em> which is caused by aggrevated <em>Pitta</em>, may occur with or without <em>Pandu Roga</em> (<em>Swatantra</em> and <em>Paratantra</em> <em>Vyadhi</em>)<strong>. </strong>In this <em>Vyadhi</em>, the hunger and appetite is diminished, mala gets discoloured (<em>Peeta</em>, <em>Haridra</em>, <em>Harithadi</em>) In classical texts of <em>Ayurveda</em>, we come across the explanation of <em>Rakta</em> <em>Pradoshaja</em> vikaras. <em>Kamala</em> is a <em>Pittaja</em> <em>Nanatmaja</em> and <em>Rakta Pradoshaja Vyadhi</em>. Most of the people have become used to spicy fast-food day by day. This has taken human being far away from the nature. Nowadays alcohol consumption is also increasing day by day. General symptoms of Hepatitis include, intense abdominal pain, yellowing of eyes and skin, nausea, extreme tiredness and dark urine.&nbsp; This article aims at discussing the about the <em>Kamala</em> (Hepatitis). This paper also discusses the <em>Ayurvedic</em> medicines like <em>Triphala, Guduchi, Nimba, Vasa, Katuki</em>. that can be helpful in curing this infection and their properties are discussed as well.</p> Akshata Punith P I. S. Mathapati Copyright (c) 2023 Akshata, Punith P, I. S. Mathapati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 150 154 Conceptual understanding of the Anti-inflammatory effects of Dashamoola with relevant Modern perspective : A critical study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2178 <p>Inflammation&nbsp;is a part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli. Inflammation in Ayurveda is known by different names like <em>Shotha, Shopha</em> etc.&nbsp; Ayurveda treats the concept of inflammation as (a) Symptom of a disease (b) An independent disease and (c) A complication of diseases. There are numerous formulations explained by our <em>Acharyas</em> for the management of inflammation. <em>Dashmoola</em> is thought to be one of the most powerful combinations of several plants utilized in <em>Ayurveda</em> for the management of <em>Shotha</em>. The paper deals with the concept of understanding the Anti-inflammatory effects of <em>Dashamoola </em>in <em>Ayurveda</em> with relevant Modern perspective.</p> Ranjana Urs KL KM Sweta Copyright (c) 2023 Ranjana Urs KL, KM Sweta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 155 160 Importance of Gandusha Dharana in Daily Life w.s.r. to Oil Pulling https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2179 <p>The risk of oral disorders rises as a result of the oral cavity being exposed to external environmental pollutants on a continual basis, which encourages bacterial invasion. Therefore, it is crucial to keep up with appropriate oral hygiene to reduce the risk of bacterial invasion. As a specific therapy for maintaining good dental hygiene, <em>Gandusha</em> is advised by <em>Ayurveda.</em> By acting as a cleanser and bolstering the oral cavity's defenses, it will maintain and promote oral hygiene. Oral illnesses are treated with and prevented from using <em>Gandusha.</em> The <em>Gandusha</em> therapy will serve as a fundamental instrument for proper oral hygiene, as this review article demonstrates.</p> Yogesh Kumar Netam Anita Sharma Vibha Pali Copyright (c) 2023 Yogesh Kumar Netam, Anita Sharma, Vibha Pali https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 161 164 Significance of Buddhi in Ayurveda as well as Modern Aspects https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2180 <p>In <em>Ayurveda, </em>the concept of <em>Buddha </em>covers a wide range. It is actually considered the ultimate knowledge. In the beginning, proper perception of knowledge takes place by <em>Indriyas </em>later it is processed with <em>Mana</em>, and after <em>Manovyapara </em>the <em>Buddhi </em>was formed. Human intelligence is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills. Language, memory and speech are essential for acquiring and applying knowledge, hence considered as higher intellectual functions. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, till date, there aren’t enough studies available on the concept of <em>Buddhi</em>. Here the detailed description of the concept of <em>Buddhi </em>and its significance from an <em>Ayurvedic </em>perspective have been underexplored. Certain <em>Buddhi Gunas is </em>explained in <em>Mahabharata</em>. It can be correlated with different intellectual functions. On the basis of different sensory perception, <em>Buddhi </em>has two types’ <em>Panchendriya Buddhi </em>and <em>Manobuddhi</em>. Anatomically the <em>Panchendriya Buddhi </em>considered as different sensory cortices and their association cortices because the functions are same. Physiologically the <em>Buddhi</em> is considered as <em>Manobuddhi</em> which it can be functionally correlated with the process of cognition.</p> Shipra Girdhar Rajesh Kumar Sharma Dinesh Chandra Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Shipra Girdhar, Rajesh Kumar Sharma, Dinesh Chandra Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 165 168 Therapeutic use of Vidanga on Krimiroga - A Literary Review https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2055 <p>‘<em>Krimi’</em> is a short name representing vast term called “worms” which may grow inside or outside the human body. In today’s fast going world we all use fast food, street food, half cooked food and readymade food for saving time. Our children are also very fond of these kinds of foods as their day starts with Pizza &amp; ends with Burger. Due to this type of food intake which is hard to digest in time, we people prepare a good medium for intestinal worm infestation. Due to various reason including bad food habits 96% of peoples nowadays are affected with a <em>Krimiroga (Udar Krimi).</em> This is very common among children so it is very necessary to have cheap and easily available medicine to get rid of it. And if this medicine would have natural composition &amp; still have high efficacy, then it would be better. One of the herbal remedy we are interested here is <em>vidanga</em>. <em>Embelia ribes </em>known as <em>Vidanga</em> has sure shot therapeutic value in treating <em>Krimiroga</em> due to its chemical constituent. This review is going to highlight the overall information in this short section.</p> Shahraf Naaz Sarswati Bharati Raman Ranjan Ganesh Prasad Gupta Copyright (c) 2023 Shahraf Naaz, Sarswati Bharati, Raman Ranjan, Ganesh Prasad Gupta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 169 174 Methods of evaluating Anukta Dravya https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2181 <p>In <em>Dravyaguna Shastra</em> medicinal plants are documented by means of <em>Rasapanchaka</em> and <em>Karma</em>. Chronological up gradation of medicinal plants has been observed from <em>Vedic Kala</em> to <em>Samhita Kala</em> and up to <em>Nighantu</em> <em>Kala</em>. Still many folklore plants and exotic plants are available in India which have not been mentioned in <em>Ayurvedic Samhitas</em> and <em>Nighantus</em>. Such undocumented or unexplored drugs are known as <em>Anukta Dravya</em> (extra pharmacopeial drugs). It is noted that raw drugs for making good number of formulations are derived from plants. And some plants are fall under endangered category. Because of increased population and over exploitation of drugs, habitat degradation is going on. Earth is losing at least one potential major drug every two years. <em>Pandit Narahari</em> author of <em>Raja Nighantu</em> has provided criteria for nomenclature of undocumented drugs. <em>Acharya Charaka</em> has explained guidelines for drug standardization in <em>Viamana Sthana</em>. If these methods are followed to study <em>Anukta Draya</em> along with modern parameters of Pharmacognosy will provide new ways to preserve some endangered species by adapting tissue culture technique. Additional activity can be explored by screening the drugs. And at the end the Standardized drug can be added in API Monograph.</p> Rathod Geeta Krishna Shashidhar P. Naik Copyright (c) 2023 Rathod Geeta Krishna, Shashidhar P. Naik https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 175 179 Therapeutic importance of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox Wall.) in various diseases : A comprehensive Ayurvedic review with overview of current research https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2100 <p><em>Ayurveda</em> believes that every plant available on earth have quality to becoming a medicine. In other words, there is no plant material on the planet that cannot be used as potential therapeutic agent. There are two kinds of plants, poisonous and non-poisonous. <em>Vatsanabha </em>is the most poisonous plant found in Himalayas. It is used in the therapeutics of <em>Ayurveda</em> since time immemorial. Any substance can be incorporated into the potent medicine, only if it is used in the proper dose. But in case of poisonous plants, there are certain methods explained in <em>Ayurveda</em> classics, which are used to reduce or destroy the poisonous effects of it. <em>Visha </em>or poison is known for its quick action in the body. Keeping this principle in mind, some formulations, containing <em>Visha </em>drugs, are designed for fast action on the body. This article explores the literary review of <em>Vatsanabha</em>, purification methods, poisonous as well as therapeutic effects as described in various <strong>Materia Medica</strong> of <em>Ayurveda</em>. Understanding of any drug, especially clinical principles and limitations of poisonous drug plays an important role in its effective use.</p> Sushma Rita Kumari Darpan Gangil Copyright (c) 2023 Sushma, Rita Kumari, Darpan Gangil https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 180 185 Traditional herbal drugs - Commonly used in Snake bite Management - An Update https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2182 <p>Due to the advent of modern technologies and methodologies, the lineage of practitioners has been discontinued for the present and upcoming generations, as a result of which the ancient knowledge is at the verge of extinct. Thereby, resulting in loss of sacred ancient knowledge of <em>Visha Chikitsa,</em> which was formulated and passed on to several generations by our ancient researchers. As the folklore practitioners failed in documenting the theories due to illiteracy, modern era has failed in gaining the precious sacred knowledge. Need for documentation and setting a medical standard to these practices is high, to give a dignified touch to the practices. Herbal drugs are to be made available in the modernized capsule, tablets or powder form with more palatability, easy availability, and long shelf life. So that victims at any corner of the world can make the best use of it and attain the profit to the maximum extent. Resources for the preparation of medicaments are at the verge of extinct due to deforestation, natural calamities and modernized polluted environment. Government should take up the responsibility to nurture, promote and propagate the ideas and medications in order to make the best use of naturally available healing techniques.</p> Shreevanitha Copyright (c) 2023 Shreevanitha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 186 190 A Case Report on Ayurvedic management in Adenomyosis https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2097 <p>Adenomyosis is a medical complication involving into the myometrium of the uterus. It is a condition where endometrial tissue proliferates in the myometrium and these ectopic endometrial tissue in the myometrium starts proliferating as a result thickening of the uterus occurs. Treating adenomyosis is a challenge and hysterectomy has been the only way to treat the condition. But by using <em>Ayurvedic</em> formulation with properties like <em>Raktastambhan, Raktavardhak,</em> <em>Vatashamak</em>, <em>Balya</em>, <em>Lekhana</em> etc. properties patient got significant relief from pain and excessive bleeding along with the improved quality of life.</p> Rashmi Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Rashmi Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 191 194 A single case study on Madhumeha w.s.r. to Diabetes Mellitus (Type II) https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2183 <p>Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease of multifaceted etiology prevalent all over the world. However, in the recent years the prevalence of Diabetes is on rise, more upsetting in developed countries. It is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. The global prevalence of Diabetes among adults over 18 years of age has risen from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014. In India cases of Diabetes Mellitus has shown surprisingly higher susceptibility which is a matter of great concern. The prevalence of Diabetes in India is currently reported to be around 13-15% and by the year 2025 it is estimated that approximately 55 million Indians will be diabetic. In modern era due to total sedentary life, having a lot of junk foods and weight gaining these are the main factors which are responsible for causing Diabetes mellitus. It can be correlated with <em>Madhumeha </em>which is one of twenty types of <em>Prameha</em> in <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatises. A 37 years old male patient presented in OPD of <em>Kayachikitsa</em> at Government Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Patiala on 22 December 2021 with complaint of burning sensation in feet, numbness around feet &amp; hands along with generalized weakness since 1 month. Examination, investigations and history leads to <em>Madhumeha</em>. Single drug of plant origin along with <em>Nidana Parivarjana</em> is given to the patient. <em>Bhumyamalaki</em> is mentioned in <em>Yogratnakar</em> in <em>Prameha Chikitsa</em> and also <em>Raja Nighantu</em> has described it in <em>Parpartadi Varga</em>. So patient was treated with <em>Bhumyamalaki</em> <em>Churana</em> along with life style modification.</p> Monika Sharma Pankaj Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 Monika Sharma, Pankaj Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 195 200 Etiology based management of Loota Visha - A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2184 <p>Spiders are the Anthropoids and there are more than 40000 species. In India 600 different spiders are found. Spider bites are common in some parts of the world. In India it is uncommon and fatalities are rare. They are invariably poisonous but majority of species do not pose risk of death. Spider venom is of two types neurotoxic and cytotoxic. Black widow or hour glass spider (cytotoxic) and violin spider or brown recluse (cytotoxic) produces severe toxicity, and act on the myoneural junction or peripheral nerve endings causing ascending motor paralysis or damage to peripheral nerve endings. Death may occur because of infection rather than venom. In <em>Ayurveda Visha</em> mainly classified as <em>Sthavar</em> and <em>Jangam. Sthavar</em> includes plant origin whereas <em>Jangam</em> includes animal origin like snake, spider, scorpion and insects etc. The detailed explanation of <em>Loota Visha</em> origin, symptoms, mode of poisoning and treatment is available in our classical texts. A female patient approached our OPD with complaints of Vesicular lesions on the forehead extending to the right side of temporal region and right eye with oozing since 3 days and she was treated with principles of <em>Agadatantra </em>which includes <em>Vishagna, Kusthagna, Rakshogna</em> etc. The symptoms were reduced completely within short period of time.</p> Mahesh P. Savalagimath Komal M. Jadhav Neha M. Saunshimath Copyright (c) 2023 Mahesh P. Savalagimath, Komal M. Jadhav, Neha M. Saunshimath https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 201 205 Effect of Balamula Ghritam Uttarabhaktika Sneha and Masha Saindhava Tailam Pichu in the Management of Cervical Spondylosis - A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2105 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Cervical spondylosis is a degenerative condition of the cervical spine commonly called as “Osteoarthritis of the neck “. As the disc dehydrate and shrink it causes protrusion and bony projections along the edges of the bone (bone spurs) of adjacent ventral bodies leading to narrowing of vertebral canal and intervertebral foramina. This causes chronic neck pain and symptoms of root compression are usually associated with pain radiating to the arms, numbness in fingers and motor weakness. <strong>Rationale of the case report:</strong> A case of 42 years old female patient with complaints of neck pain, neck stiffness, radiating pain to right upper limb weakness in right upper limb, restricted cervical range of movement and which was treated with <em>Balāmula Ghritam</em> given as <em>Uttarabhaktika Sneha</em> and <em>Ma</em><em>̄</em><em>shasaindhava Tailam </em>as <em>Greva Pichu</em>. <strong>Intervention:</strong> <em>Trikatu Churnam </em>was given initially for 3 days then <em>Bala</em><em>̄</em><em>mu</em><em>̄</em><em>la Ghritam</em> was prescribed 10ml morning and 10ml night as <em>Uttarabhaktika Sneha</em> (after food) and <em>Ma</em><em>̄</em><em>shasaindhava Tailam </em>80ml was used as <em>Greva Pichu</em> in empty stomach morning for a period of 21 days. <strong>Results and Outcome</strong>: There was a marked improvement in all the symptoms which shows the efficacy of the medicines in the management of cervical spondylosis.</p> S. Ranjani Pradeep Kumar Moharana S. Swaminathan Copyright (c) 2023 S. Ranjani, Pradeep Kumar Moharana, S. Swaminathan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 206 214 A clinical evaluation of Churna Pinda Sweda, Churna Vasti and Shamana Aushadhi in the management of Amavata (Rheumatoid Arthritis) - Two Case Reports https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2185 <p><em>Amavata</em> is a disease in which vitiation of <em>Vayu Dosha</em> and accumulation of <em>Ama</em> (undigested food) takes place in multiple joints (<em>Sandhi</em>). Vitiated <em>Vayu</em> <em>Dosha</em> circulates the <em>Ama</em> all over the body through <em>Dhamanies</em>, take accumulated in the <em>Shleshma Sthana (Amashaya, Trika, Sandhi</em> etc), producing many symptoms like body ache, indigestion, stiffness, swelling and tenderness in small and big joints with deformities making a person horrible life style. The symptoms of <em>Amavata</em> are more or less mimics with Rheumatoid Arthritis which is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder, guarded prognosis due to reduced life span with increase mortality rate mainly due to cardiovascular and other systemic complications. Various treatment modalities are advised in <em>Ayurveda</em> which are said to be root eliminating therapies or sometime <em>Rasayana</em> therapy. Whereas anti-inflammatory, analgesics, steroids and disease modifying antirheumatic drugs are required for its management as per modern medicine which are not free from side effects. <em>Churna Pinda Sweda, Churna Vasti </em>and<em> Shamana Aushadhi</em> are a complete treatment package which may correct the underlying pathology of the disease. Hence, in the present clinical study 2 patients were selected and kept on the advice treatment regimen <em>Churna Pinda Sweda, Churna Vasti </em>along with<em> Shamana Aushadhi (Agnitundi Vati, Ajamodadi Churna </em>and<em> Ashtavarga Kashayam)</em>.</p> Rajeswary Majhi Babita Dash Copyright (c) 2023 Rajeswary Majhi, Babita Dash https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 215 220 Effect of multimodality Ayurveda treatment in Avabahuk w.s.r. to Frozen Shoulder - A Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2115 <p><em>Avabahuk</em> is a disease of <em>Ansa Pradesh</em> explained under <em>Vata Vyadhi</em> in <em>Samhitas</em>. It affects <em>Sira</em> of <em>Ansa Pradesh</em> and causes symptoms like <em>Stambhata</em> (stiffness), <em>Alpakriyata</em> (restricted movements), <em>Shotha </em>(inflammation), and <em>Shoola</em> (pain) in the shoulder region. In today’s world where a person became habitual to a sedentary lifestyle. It leads to <em>Kupita Vata Dosha</em> or <em>a Kupita Vata Kapha Dosha</em> which causes <em>Avabahuk</em>. It is correlated with Adhesive capsulitis commonly known as frozen shoulder. Frozen shoulder is a clinical syndrome with painful restrictions of both passive and active shoulder movements. For the present case study, a patient with the above complaints is diagnosed with <em>Avabahuk </em>and managed with <em>Jambir Pinda Sweda</em> along with <em>Nasya</em>. <em>Nasya Karma</em> is one of the primary treatments of <em>Avabahuk</em>. It is especially indicated for diseases of the part in and above the shoulder. Consequently, <em>Jambir Pinda Sweda</em> is predominantly used in the <em>Vata-Kaphaj</em> condition. The constituent of <em>Jambir Pinda Sweda</em> has properties like <em>Ruksha</em>, <em>Tikshna</em>, and <em>Shothahara</em>. Thus, the aim of case study is to study the effect of multimodality treatment like <em>Jambir Pinda Sweda</em> and <em>Nasya</em> with <em>Karpasasthyadi</em> <em>Taila</em> in <em>Avabahuk</em>.</p> Vaishali Atri Archana Suhas Wadkar Copyright (c) 2023 Vaishali Atri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 221 227 Ayurvedic management of Haemorrhagic Ovarian Cyst (Andashayagata Raktaja Granthi) - A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2064 <p>Ovarian cyst is closed sac like structure on or within the ovary that is filled with liquid or semi-solid substance. Hemorrhagic cyst is a type of functional cyst usually these are called as Corpus luteal cyst. A 43 year old female patient with hemorrhagic cyst came for <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment, she has severe lower abdominal and lower back pain. USG finding was right ovarian cystic lesion with thick content and multiple septae of size 3.3×3.2cms. Though hormonal or surgical treatments are the line of treatment but it can be effectively treated on the basic concepts of ayurvedic classics. Acharyas explained about <em>Granthi</em> but <em>Raktaja</em> <em>Granthi</em> is specially explained by <em>Acharya Vagbhata</em> which develops due to vitiation of <em>Rakta </em>caused by <em>Vatadhi Dosha</em> characterized with features of<em> Pittaja Granthi</em>. Patient was treated with only <em>Ayurvedic</em> Oral Medicines. After completion of 2 months of treatment the USG report revealed completely resolved cysts.</p> Anita R. Halagatti Copyright (c) 2023 Anita R. Halagatti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 228 231 Effect of Bhunimbadi Churna in management of Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - A Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/1978 <p><strong>Background:</strong> A global epidemic with serious public health repercussions is diabetes mellitus (DM). A well-known, multifactorial metabolic disorder known as hyperglycemia is characterized by exceptionally high blood glucose levels brought on by an absolute or relative insulin deficiency. Ninety percent of all diabetics have type-2 diabetes, which is the most prevalent kind of the disease. The disease DM is mentioned in classical <em>Ayurvedic</em> texts as <em>Madhumeha</em>. The <em>Prabhoota Mutrata </em>(Polyuria) is a cardinal symptom of disease. <strong>Presentation of the case:</strong> A 58-year-old Indian man with burning sensation in both eyes along with increased frequency of micturation was presented to O.P.D. of Kayachikitsa, based on a high HbA1c and fasting blood sugar, as well as polyuria, the Patient was diagnosed with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. The patient was advised an <em>Ayurvedic</em> oral medication, dietary modification, and <em>Yoga</em>. After a month of<em> Ayurvedic</em> treatment, the Patient was able to get rid of his symptoms along with reduced HbA1C and Blood glucose levels. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Diseases that pose a threat to one's life can be treated holistically, safely, and effectively with ayurveda. Diet and yoga advice acts as part of the diabetes therapy strategy.</p> Akshay Kumar Kundan Wasnik Raja Ram Mahto Copyright (c) 2023 Akshay Kumar, Kundan Wasnik, Raja Ram Mahto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 232 237 An anatomical approach to Grahani on the basis of Cadaveric Dissection - A Cadaveric Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2186 <p>Ayurveda is the ancient medical science of the world. It is first focuses on maintain health of human beings. Maintaining of health by proper using of <em>Ahara</em> (diet), <em>Vihara</em> (daily routine). <em>Ahara</em> or <em>Anna</em> are maintain health by proper metabolism, <em>Ahara</em> known as <em>Prana</em>. In <em>Ahara</em> <em>Paka</em> (digestion) take place in different stage at different parts of body. In this process <em>Grahani</em> is the special part of digestion system part and it is the specialized part of the <em>Mahasrotas</em>. <em>Pittadara Kala</em> is situated at the site of the site of the<em> Grahani,</em> and also site of the <em>Pachaka</em> <em>Pitta</em> which help in the the <em>Ahara Pachana</em>. According to <em>Ayueveda </em>the 6<sup>th</sup> <em>Pittadhara</em> <em>Kala</em> is situated in between the <em>Amashaya</em> and <em>Pakwashaya</em> and situated above the <em>Nabhi</em>. <em>Grahani</em> is the site of <em>Agni</em> and does <em>Grahana</em> of <em>Anna</em> and it is supported and nourished by the strength of <em>Agni</em>. This study is an attempt to elaborate and compare both ancient and modern concept of <em>Grahani</em> and its clinical significance with the help of cadaveric study.</p> Arvind Kumar Yadav Rita Marwaha Pankaj Gupta Niraj Gole Ravindra Singh Baghel Copyright (c) 2023 Arvind Kumar Yadav, Rita Marwaha, Pankaj Gupta, Niraj Gole, Ravindra Singh Baghel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 238 244 Management of Nummular Eczema through Ayurveda: A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2104 <p>Nummular Eczema is a type of Eczema characterized by round coin like lesions distributed on the extensor surface of the extremities, posterior aspect of the trunk, buttocks, and lower legs. It shows crusting and weeping. Etiology and pathogenesis is not definitely established; psychogenic stress, focal sepsis, food allergies, alcohol, debility and drugs are usually held responsible. In <em>Ayurveda</em> it is correlated as <em>Vicharchika</em>, as it is having similar feature like <em>Kandu, Srava, Pidaka</em>. The unique treatments in <em>Ayurveda</em> can give a very good result with a very little chance of reoccurrence. In the present case study, A 26 year old male patient diagnosed with Nummular Eczema got admitted in the Agada Tantra inpatient department with chief complaints of reddish circular lesions over the left leg with yellowish discharge, pain and burning sensation. This patient was treated with <em>Snehapana</em>, <em>Virechana</em> and <em>Samana</em> <em>Aushadhis</em> for 10 days and marked changes were observed.</p> Maneesha K Chaitra H Y. Rajeswari Copyright (c) 2023 Maneesha k, Chaitra H, Y. Rajeswari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 245 249 Case of Alcoholic Liver Disease treated with classical Ayurveda medicines - A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2111 <p>Alcoholic Hepatitis is a disease affecting millions of people across the globe. It is one of the common causes of live</p> <p>Alcoholic Hepatitis is a disease affecting millions of people across the globe. It is one of the common causes of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and there is no specific treatment available. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, such conditions can be managed in line of <em>Kamala</em> (~jaundice). A 27-year-old male patient with jaundice and abnormal liver functions (high transaminases and hyper bilirubinaemia) USG s/o medical liver disease/liver cirrhosis and fatty liver. The patient was elsewhere diagnosed to be suffering from liver cirrhosis and visited to the clinic with reports suggesting Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD). He was administered <em>Ayurvedic</em> medications along with dietary advices for 6 months. There was a significant improvement in clinical findings, reduction in liver transaminases, and fatty infiltration during the treatment. The patient had clinical improvements and reduction in bilirubin levels and transaminase and fatty liver indicate a possible role of <em>Ayurvedic</em> therapy in hepatic injury in ALD. This case report also warrants further study of <em>Ayurvedic</em> therapy in other liver conditions.</p> <p>r cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and there is no specific treatment available. In Ayurveda, such conditions can be managed in line of Kamala (~jaundice). A 27-year-old male patient with jaundice and abnormal liver functions (high transaminases and hyper bilirubinaemia) USG s/o medical liver disease/liver cirrhosis and fatty liver. The patient was elsewhere diagnosed to be suffering from liver cirrhosis and visited to the clinic with reports suggesting Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD). He was administered Ayurvedic medications along with dietary advices for 6 months. There was a significant improvement in clinical findings, reduction in liver transaminases, and fatty infiltration during the treatment. The patient had clinical improvements and reduction in bilirubin levels and transaminase and fatty liver indicate a possible role of Ayurvedic therapy in hepatic injury in ALD. This case report also warrants further study of Ayurvedic therapy in other liver conditions.</p> Vivek Singh Supriya Singh Copyright (c) 2023 Vivek Singh, Supriya Singh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 250 254 Effective management of newly diagnosed case of Prameha with Vasanthika Vamana - A single case study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2106 <p>Diabetes mellitus is the group of metabolic conditions with constant hyperglycaemia results from defects in insulin production or uptake. Type 2 Diabetes is the most common reason for hyperglycaemia mainly affecting people around age of 40 with lack of exercises and sedentary lifestyle. The increase in incidence of disease and its easy growing complications have become threat to healthcare sector even after the discovery of various hypoglycaemic agents and synthetic insulin. These medicines with long term use are reported to have hazardous side effects. In <em>Ayurveda</em> similar condition has been mentioned under the disease spectrum of <em>Prameha.</em> The line of management of <em>Prameha </em>is to aim at the control of hyperglycaemia along with removing the root cause of the disease. <em>Samshodhana</em> is the line of treatment mentioned for the treatment of <em>Prameha</em> and proper <em>Rutu Shodhana</em> will help to get rid of many <em>Santharpanotha Vyadhis</em> as they do timely elimination of vitiated <em>Dosha.</em> The purpose of this study to evaluate the efficacy of <em>Vasanthika Vamana</em> in Diabetes mellitus in preventing and curative way. In present study, <em>Vasanthika Vamana Karma</em> proved as best treatment in controlling subjective symptoms and blood sugar levels.</p> Bhagyashree Shaila Borannavar Copyright (c) 2023 Bhagyashree, Shaila Borannavar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 255 260 Management of Adenomyosis and improvement in fertility through Ayurveda - A Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2187 <p>Adenomyosis is an important clinical challenge in gynaecology and healthcare economics. Moreover, Adenomyosis and leiomyomas commonly coexist in the same uterus and differentiating the symptoms for each pathological process can be problematic. Most of these leads to gynaecological symptoms like, AUB, dysmenorrhoea, infertility etc. The treatment explained in the modern science like endometrial ablation/resection, uterine artery ligation, have many complications. In <em>Ayurveda</em> this can be managed based on <em>Dosha, Dhatu</em> involvement in the <em>Roga </em>and<em> Rogi</em>. In this case patient came to OPD with complaints of anxious to conceive since 2 years and also complaints of severe abdominal pain and increased amount of bleeding during menstruation. We managed the case with <em>Ayurvedic</em> line of management by <em>Panchakarma</em> and oral <em>Ayurvedic </em>medicines successfully. After that she conceived and delivered to a healthy baby by LSCS without any complications during pregnancy and delivery.</p> Pooja Shindhe Rachana H.V. Copyright (c) 2023 Pooja, Rachana H.V. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 7 11 261 265