Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Monthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Monthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published monthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization en-US Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences 2456-3110 <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Comparative study between Patrangasava and Pradararipu Rasa in the treatment of Leucorrhoea <p>Leucorrhoea is a common and significant issue that affects women, particularly during their reproductive years, often experiencing it at least once. It manifests as a discharge of white fluid from the vagina. In this study, we evaluated the comparative efficacy of <em>Patrangasava</em> and <em>Pradararipu</em> <em>Rasa</em> in treating Leucorrhoea. Sixty patients with clinical symptoms including white vaginal discharge, vulva itching, vaginal burning pain, low back pain, and general weakness were selected and divided into two equal groups: Group A and Group B. Group A received treatment with <em>Patrangasava</em> for 3 months, while Group B received treatment with <em>Pradararipu Rasa</em> for the same duration. This prospective, comparative, observational study aimed to assess the effectiveness of these treatments in both groups. The study observed a significant reduction in mean scores of clinical symptoms, particularly white vaginal discharge, in both groups. Overall compliance with the treatment was good in both groups, with a highly significant p-value of &lt; 0.001.</p> Animesh Maiti Copyright (c) 2024 Animesh Maiti 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 9 2 01 04 10.21760/jaims.9.2.1 A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Aaditya Pak Guduchi Tail Shiroabhyanga in management of Khalitya (Baldness) <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: In today’s corporate life, prime importance is given to our appearance, personality and beauty. Hair plays an important role in making body externally beautiful, healthy and good looking. Long hair makes a person mentally enthusiastic and healthy. Who are mostly suffering from this problem is the total population. Susceptibility of hair fall is more in male than in females. <strong>Methodology: </strong>Present study is carried out to know the traditional <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment for <em>Khalitya</em>. For <em>Khalitya</em> <em>Shiroabhyanga</em> is one of the best choices of management for its prime role in maintaining hair growth and preventing <em>Khalitya</em>. Massage (<em>Abhyanga</em>) greatly improves the blood circulation, thus increasing the health of hair and also scalp. <strong>Result: </strong>The present study showed significant reduction in hair fall, dryness. <em>Aaditya Pak Guduchi Tail</em> was found effective in <em>Khalitya</em> along with significant effect on associated complaints. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> It also proves that Aaditya Pak <em>Guduchi</em> <em>Tail</em> is effective for use as <em>Shiroabhyanga</em> along with local application for scalp and hairs.</p> Ghayan Kanwar Pramod Kumar Mishra Brahmanand Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Ghayan Kanwar, Pramod Kumar Mishra, Brahmanand Sharma 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 9 2 05 09 10.21760/jaims.9.2.2 A clinical study of Sidharthakadi Lepa in management of Yuvanpidika (Acne Vulgaris) <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Acne is a distressing condition that affects the majority of adolescents and harms beauty of the face so person may suffer with inferiority complex, anxiety, isolation etc. Due to wide spectrum of disease, much prevalence in the society and lack of effective medicine, this is the main cause of the global shift toward <em>Ayurveda</em> and <em>Herbal</em> skin care. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of <em>Sidharthakadi</em> <em>Lepa</em> in management of <em>Yuvanpidika.</em> <strong>Methodology: </strong>Single arm open randomized clinical study was conducted on 40 clinically diagnosed patients with Acne Vulgaris for <em>Sidharthakadi Lepa</em> in the Postgraduate Institute of Ayurveda, DSRRAU, Jodhpur. Study evaluates their role in management of <em>Pidika</em> (Prescence of Acne), <em>Kandu</em> (Itching), <em>Vedana</em> (Pain), <em>Daha</em> (Burning sensation) and <em>Srava</em> (Discharge) <strong>Results</strong>: Result of the study depicts that <em>Lepa </em>has significantly helps in reducing the Acne vulgaris. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Out of 40 patients selected for the study, a greater number of young adults &amp; 11 patients were male and 29 were female. It showed the high rate of occurrence and consciousness of this condition in females. <em>Sidharthakadi Lepa </em>is more effective in <em>Vata </em>and <em>Kapha Prakrithi </em>individuals.</p> Maneesh Kumar Pramod Kumar Mishra Brahmanand Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Maneesh Kumar, Pramod Kumar Mishra, Brahmanand Sharma 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 9 2 10 14 10.21760/jaims.9.2.3 Role of Pradhmana (Churna) Nasya and Shirolepa in Ardhavabhedaka w.s.r to Migraine - A Clinical Pilot Study <p><em>Ardhavabhedak</em> is one of the <em>Shiroroga</em> which can be correlated with migraine in modern health care system. It is a type of Headache characterized by moderate to severe throbbing pain, generally associated with nausea, photophobia and phonophobia. Its cardinal feature is 'half sided headache' which is also explained by commentator <em>Chakrapani</em> as <em>Ardha</em> <em>Mastaka</em> <em>Vedana</em>. According to International headache society, Migraine constitutes 16% of the primary headache and affects about 10-20% of the general population. As per <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> <em>Ardhavabhedaka</em> occur due to vitiation of <em>Tridosha</em>. While <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> had mentioned that vitiated <em>Vata</em>/<em>Vata</em> - <em>Kapha</em> are involved in manifestation of the disease, while <em>Acharya Vagbhatta</em> believed it occurs due to vitiated <em>Vata</em>. Till now there is no effective management present in modern science as they provides the symptomatic treatment. But Ayurveda acts on roots of the disease, it does <em>Samprapti</em> <em>Vighatan</em> and cures the disease. <em>Nasya</em> <em>Karma</em> (Errhine Therapy) is considered as the best therapeutic intervention in <em>Shirogata</em> <em>Roga</em> by Acharya Charaka. In present pilot study, an attempt is made to treat the patient of <em>Ardhavabhedaka</em> with <em>Pradhmana</em> <em>Nasya</em> along with <em>Shirolepa</em>.</p> Nupur Namdeo Babita Dash Copyright (c) 2024 Nupur Namdeo, Babita Dash 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 9 2 15 21 10.21760/jaims.9.2.4 Clinical evaluation of Erand Tail Nabhi Puran in the management of Dysmenorrhea : Pilot Study <p>Dysmenorrhea is defined as painful menstrual cramps of uterine origin which can be correlated with <em>Udavartini</em> <em>Yonivyapad</em>. It is very common gynecological disorder in females specially in reproductive age. Sometimes it also hampers women’s daily routine. <em>Udavarta</em> <em>Yonivyapad</em> is explained in <em>Ayurveda</em> as a <em>Nanatmaja Vata Vyadhi</em> by <em>Charaka</em> where there is abnormal movement of <em>Vayu</em> in <em>Pakwashay</em> with painful menses. There are different types of NSAIDS, OC pills, painkillers, etc. to give temporary relief from pain but it also has side effects on body if taken in excess amount. In <em>Ayurveda</em> lot of formulations are used for treatment of same. An attempt has been made through <em>Ayurveda </em>classics in regards to dysmenorrhea with <em>Nabhi Puran</em> using <em>Eranda Taila. </em></p> Trupti Shrirang Sawarde Varsha Suresh Deshmukh Copyright (c) 2024 Trupti Shrirang Sawarde, Varsha Suresh Deshmukh 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 9 2 22 28 10.21760/jaims.9.2.5 Exploring the efficacy of Ayurvedic interventions in managing Chronic Kidney Disease: A Pilot Study <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Chronic Renal Failure (CKD) refers to a continual, irreversible reduction in nephron count. Identifying risk factors for CKD, even in those with normal GFR, is crucial factors include hypertension, diabetes, autoimmune issues, older age, African ancestry, family history of renal disease, previous acute renal failure, and indications like proteinuria or structural urinary tract irregularities. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Study was conducted at the O.P.D. of Dept. of Kayachikitsa, State Ayurveda College &amp; Hospital Lucknow. A total 34 patients were screened out of which 30 Patients meeting inclusion criteria were registered. The patient was given <em>Gokshuradi Guggulu, Mutraghata Har Yoga (MGH Yoga)</em> &amp; <em>Trina Panchmula Kwatha</em>. <strong>Results: </strong>Out of 26 participants, 57.7% reported relief, 15.4% noted moderate improvement, and 7.7% reported mild improvement. Additionally, 19.2% stated no change, and none reported worsened health. These percentages indicate the intervention's potential effectiveness, with the majority experiencing relief. <strong>Discussion: </strong>Ayurvedic formulations, such as <em>Trinpanchmool Kwath, Gokshuradi Guggulu, And MGH Yoga</em>, exhibit promise in CKD management by addressing oxidative stress, diuretic action, and nephroprotective qualities.</p> Abhishek Semwal Sharad Johri Amit Rajpoot Copyright (c) 2024 Abhishek Semwal, Sharad Johri, Amit Rajpoot 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 9 2 29 38 10.21760/jaims.9.2.6 Ergonomics in work situations of Ayurvedic therapists working in Vaidyaratnam Ayurveda College, Ollur, Trissur <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Ergonomics is defined as the process of designing or arranging workplaces, products and systems so that they fit the people who use them. Physical, organizational and cognitive are the three types of ergonomics. <strong>Aims and Objectives: </strong>To assess the prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) in <em>Ayurvedic</em> therapists working in, Vaidyaratnam <em>Ayurveda</em> College, Ollur, Trissur.<strong> Materials and Methods:</strong> A Descriptive cross sectional study was done. 17 therapists in VACH Ollur were surveyed consecutively regarding symptoms of Musculoskeletal disorders mainly LBA, neck pain, shoulder pain, knee pain and heel pain. Data were collected by using questionnaires and were analysed using appropriate statistical methods.<strong> Results:</strong> Out of 17 therapists, 52.9 % were females. Highest frequency of MSD was seen in the age group of 46-55 years. 80 % of the therapists were working more than 20 years. 64.5 % were suffering from LBA, 29.4% were suffering from neck pain, 23.8% were suffering from shoulder pain, 41.2% were suffering from knee pain and 17.6 % were suffering from heel pain.<strong> Discussion: </strong>Present study shows that MSD are common among therapists.&nbsp; Improper posture for different procedure can be the reason. Adhering to the principles of physical and cognitive ergonomics can prevent risk factors of developing MSD.</p> Betsy Varghese P.V. Giri Copyright (c) 2024 Betsy Varghese, P.V. Giri 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 9 2 39 42 10.21760/jaims.9.2.7 A Survey for - Awareness about Dinacharya in General Public <p><em>Dinacharya</em> is a concept from <em>Ayurveda</em>, the traditional system of medicine in India. In <em>Sanskrit</em> term, <em>Dinacharya</em>, translates into daily routine or "daily regimen." It refers to daily routines and practices that are believed to promote overall health and well-being. These routines are designed to align with natural circadian rhythms and include activities such awaking up early, oral care, bowel movement, hygiene practices, exercise, dietary habits, meditation and mindfulness, work and rest and seasonal adaptation. <em>Ayurveda</em> places a strong emphasis on preventive healthcare and maintaining a balance of the body, mind and spirit to promote overall well-being. The main aim of this work is to know how aware is the public? This survey assesses public awareness, revealing that urban populations are more informed about <em>Dinacharya</em> than rural ones. It is important to note that individual variations exist and <em>Ayurveda</em> recognizes the uniqueness of each person's constitution, known as <em>Prakriti, Doshas</em> etc.</p> Sunita Pandey Sanjiv Kumar Rajiv Kumar Prabhat Kumar Dwivedi Copyright (c) 2024 Sunita Pandey, Sanjiv Kumar, Rajiv Kumar, Prabhat Kumar Dwivedi 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 43 47 10.21760/jaims.9.2.8 Phytochemical investigation and experimental evaluation of Panchavalkala for Lekhana Karma w.s.r. to Antihyperlipedemic Activity <p><em>Panchavalkala</em> the barks of five trees i.e., <em>Nyagrodha (Ficus benghalensis L.), Udumbara (Ficus racemosa L.), Ashwatha (Ficus religiosa L.), Plaksha (Ficus virens Aiton) </em>and<em> Parisha (Thespesia populnea (L.)Sol.ex Correa) </em>are also known as <em>Pancha Ksheeri Vrikshas</em> in use since Vedic period<em>.</em> The plant samples were collected in <em>Sharad Rutu </em>(late autumn) from their natural habitat, extracted using ethanol and water and subjected for the phytochemical analysis. The study was aimed to evaluate Antihyperlipidemic effect (<em>Lekhana Karma</em>) of <em>Panchavalkala</em> Bark extracts individually and in combination (1:1:1:1:1) both in ethanolic and aqueous extracts on serum lipid profile in Cafeteria died (HFD) induced hyperlipidemia in SD rats. The animals were divided into fifteen groups of six animals each. The normal control group continued to be fed laboratory pellet chow ad libitum. The cafeteria diet-control group received the cafeteria diet in addition to the normal pellet diet (NPD). The remaining 13 groups were fed with the cafeteria diet and NPD along with standard control Atorvastatin 10mg/kg and the test drug p.o for 30 days. Treatment with the test substance PVK AE and PVK EE at doses of 200mg/kg body weight p.o. controlled and regulated the HFD induced weight gain, glucose and lipids in the blood when compared against high fat diet control (P&lt; 0.05). PVK bark extracts are capable of exhibiting significant antihyperlipidemic activity in HFD induced SD rats. Taken together, this study strongly suggests that PVK bark extracts might be an efficient way for treatment of hyperlipidemia.</p> Raghunath G.V M.S Veena Suresh Janadri Copyright (c) 2024 Raghunath G.V, M.S Veena, Suresh Janadri 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 48 61 10.21760/jaims.9.2.9 Pharmaceutico-Analytical Study of Kaidaryadi Ghanavati - A Poly Herbal Formulation <p><em>Kaidaryadi Kashayam</em> is an herbal preparation which is commonly used in <em>Udaragata Vikaras</em> like <em>Pravahika, Agnimandhya</em> and<em> Grahani</em> etc. Even though this <em>Yoga</em> is used most frequently used and having only four easily available ingredients very less companies are preparing the <em>Kashaya</em>. The excellent results are seen in the <em>Grahani, Pravahika </em>etc diseases conditions. The palatability is a challenge for taking the <em>Kashya</em> and also transportation is a challenge. In the present study here attempt has been made to prepare <em>Ghanavati </em>of <em>Kaidaryadi Kashaya</em> of <em>Chikitsa Manjari</em> text book by<em> Rasakriya</em> method. The prepared <em>Vati</em> was subjected for physciochemical and phytochemical analysis, HPTLC, microbial load as per the WHO guidelines. Efforts were made to set the analytical standards for the <em>Kaidaryadi Ghanavati</em> which were not reported till date. Loss on drying - 10.084%, Ash value -13.366%, Acid insoluble ash - 1.287%, Water soluble extractive - 79.793%, Alcohol soluble extractive -4.064%, Hardness - 10kg/cm, Friability - 0.004%, Disintegration - 20min, pH - 5.23, in HPTLC of <em>Kaidaryadi Ghanavati</em> maximum four spots at short UV and maximum seven spots long UV. Microorganisms in the formulation were found to be 24CFU/ml.</p> Rohini HD Prashanth AS Copyright (c) 2024 Rohini HD, Prashanth AS 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 62 67 10.21760/jaims.9.2.10 Nephroprotective activity of Bilwadi Agada in Cypermethrin Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>One of the most potent and widely used formulations of <em>Agadatantra</em> is <em>Bilwadi Agada</em> mentioned in the context of management of envenomation from snake in <em>Ayurveda</em>. The same formulation is also indicated in multiple ailments like poisoning from other animals or insects and even is general conditions of fever. Nephroprotective activity has been demonstrated by <em>Bilwadi Agada</em> and the same was evaluated in this experiment in Wistar rats induced by cypermethrin <strong>Aim: </strong>To evaluate the nephroprotective activity of <em>Bilwadi Agada </em>in toxicity induced by cypermethrin in wistar albino rats. <strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>According to OECD guidelines 407, the induction of sub‑acute toxicity was done and effect of <em>Bilwadi Agada</em> was evaluated in wistar albino rats. <strong>Results:</strong> Degenerative changes in kidneys were found to be increased in lower dose level but moderate reversal was observed in higher dose. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The thorough analysis of the results shows that the test drug at double the therapeutic dose causes moderate reversal of toxicant induced changes, thereby providing evidence for presence of nephroprotective activity against cypermethrin toxicity. Thus, therapeutic effects of <em>Bilwadi Agada</em> along with suitable cytoprotectant will be beneficial in the management of Cypermethrin toxicity.</p> Neeraj A.K U. N. Prasad Swapna Swayamprabha Sudhakar Bhat Copyright (c) 2024 Neeraj A.K, U. N. Prasad, Swapna Swayamprabha, Sudhakar Bhat 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 68 73 10.21760/jaims.9.2.11 Pharmaceutical-Analytical Study and Therapeutic uses of Ashtashatarishta : A Scientific View <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Ashtashatarishta</em> comes under the <em>Sandhan Kalpanas</em> quoted by <em>Charak Samhita</em>, <em>Chikitsa Sthan</em> for therapeutic use in <em>Shotha</em>.<strong> Aim and Objectives: </strong>Pharmaceutico-Analytical and clinical indications of <em>Ashtashatrishta</em> from a scientific view.<strong> Material and Methods: </strong><em>Ashtashatarishta</em> was prepared in the Department of <em>Rasashasra </em>and <em>Bhaishajya Kalpana</em> of Pt. K. L. S. Govt. Ayurveda College &amp; Institute Bhopal. As per the classical reference of <em>Charak Samhita</em>. <strong>Pharmaceutical study: </strong>A detailed description of the preparation of <em>Ashtashatarishta</em> by using yeast as a fermentation agent is discussed in this part. The sample was prepared in a Pharmacy of Dept. of <em>Rasa Shastra &amp; Bhaishajya</em> <em>Kalpana</em>.<strong> Analytical study: </strong>In this phase of the study, all organoleptic parameters (appearance, color, odor, taste, and touch), and physicochemical parameters were analysed. <strong>Result:</strong> The above analysis showed the pH of the tested formulation range 3.47, total solid content 29.93%W/v, specific gravity 1.0595, refractive index 1.391, viscosity 2.20cP, total acidity 1.26%W/v, alcohol content 4.27%v/v, presence of methanol absent, reducing sugar 17.37%W/v, non-reducing sugar 8.675W/v. Organoleptic tests confirmed a characteristic odor of self-generated alcohol with an astringent test.<strong> Discussion: </strong>All the observations and results of the pharmaceutical and analytical study have been elaborated and discussed scientifically with the support of suitable references.</p> Raju Ninama Archana Verma Anil Nagle R K Pati Copyright (c) 2024 Raju Ninama, Archana Verma, Anil Nagle, R K Pati 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 74 87 10.21760/jaims.9.2.12 Dincharya and Sodhana for Cancer Prevention <p>As we all are noticing that cancer now a day become a major disease worldwide. Ancient Surgical Science <em>Shalyatantra</em> contains both preventive &amp; curative aspect of <em>Arbuda</em> &amp; <em>Asadhya Vrana</em>. To prevent cancer &amp; its recurrence follow <em>Dincharya, Rutucharya</em>, <em>Rasayan, Sodhana</em> therapies which are mentioned in our classical text. Though vitiated <em>Tridosha </em>are responsible for the development of <em>Arbuda,</em> but mainly <em>Kapha Dosha</em> &amp; <em>Meda Dhatu</em> involved. <em>Rutu Anusar Sodhana</em> <em>(Panchkarma</em>) useful for removing <em>Strotavarodha</em> &amp; <em>Doshas. Snehana</em> and <em>Basti</em> have major importance in Post chemotherapeutic <em>Ojavardhana.</em> <em>Triphala, Guduchi</em>, and <em>Punarnava </em>such drugs have shown very impressive effects on protecting body from the side effects of chemo and radio therapies. <em>Ayurvedic Dincharya </em>includes <em>Dantadhavan, Gandusha, Kavala, Nasya, Dhumpana, Tambulasevana, Vyayam</em>, <em>Udvartana, Anjana, Abhyanga,</em> Contraindication of <em>Vegadharana, Devapoojana, Achara Rasayan</em> etc. helpful for prevention of cancer as well as many diseases. Drugs which are <em>Katu, Tikta, Kashaya Rasa</em> &amp; <em>Ushna Virya</em> can be used for reduce pathogenesis due to <em>Kapha &amp; Meda.</em> Drugs like <em>Amalaki, Guduchi, Gokshura</em> use as <em>Rasayana Chikitsa</em> can help to boost attempts to remove immune suppression in tumors. This all can be use in prevention &amp; management of cancer. The review shows that as mentioned in <em>Ayurveda </em>dietary and lifestyle are played an important role in the prevention and minimize the risk of cancer and boost our ability to fight cancer.</p> Hema Tejavani Rajeshkumar Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Hema Tejavani, Rajeshkumar Sharma 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 88 92 10.21760/jaims.9.2.13 Neutraceutical and Pharmaceutical Potential of Fagopyrum esculentum (Linn.) Moench. <p>Buckwheat is a gluten-free pseudocereal grown annually in hilly regions of India. It belongs to family Polygonaceae and genus <em>Fagopyrum</em>. Buckwheat is adaptable to extreme cold temperature, stress conditions of water making it a sustainable crop. In India, twenty species of buckwheat are cultivated across various hilly regions. Out of these only nine species have desirable nutritional value and two are commonly grown. They are <em>Fagopyrum</em> <em>esculentum</em> (Common buckwheat) and <em>Fagopyrum tartaricum</em> (Tartary buckwheat). Buckwheat has good amount of nutrients and many health benefits. Buckwheat has been used in the gluten free diet for those suffering from celiac disease. It can be used for the prevention of obesity and diabetes as they have high total dietary fibre and soluble dietary fibre. It is commonly used grain in the name of <em>Kuttu</em> in Indian society during fasting. The present study aims at establishing the Neutraceutical and Pharmaceutical utility of potential alternative to conventional food grains as mentioned in the contemporary texts.</p> Kaur Taranjeet Mishra H.S. Agarwal A.K. Bedar S.S. Copyright (c) 2024 Kaur Taranjeet, Mishra H.S., Agarwal A.K., Bedar S.S. 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 93 99 10.21760/jaims.9.2.14 Role of Sthanik Chikitsa in Stri Roga <p>Women play crucial roles in various aspects of life, contributing significantly to society, economy, and culture. She keeps herself so busy in fulfilling the duties, she ignores her health. She neglects her health condition, which leads to major health illness. Various diseases can impact women's Reproductive health. Ayurveda is one of the broad spectrum’s human ancient sciences. In Ayurveda, there is a brief description of various types of <em>Yonivyapada</em>. Nowadays most females are suffering from stress, anxiety, emotional behaviour. Also, many females are workers so they can’t maintain proper hygiene, due to unhygienic conditions they are suffering from various <em>Yonirogas. </em>To treat the ailment of women’s reproductive health <em>Sthanik</em> <em>Chikitsa</em> can be the better option <em>Sthanik Chikitsa </em>in<em> Striroga</em> includes <em>Uttar Basti, Yoni Pichu, Yoni Dhavana, Yoni Dhoopan</em> etc. <em>Sthanik Chikitsa</em> means some treatment to be applied locally in or on reproductive organ to combat any diseased condition. Local treatments possess <em>Shamana </em>and <em>Shodhana </em>properties according to their <em>Prayojana. Sthanik Chikitsa </em>(Local therapies) are available which were described in our Classics. In this review, a conceptual study is being elaborated regarding the <em>Sthanika Chikitsa.</em></p> Yashi Joshi Sucheta Ray Ekta Singh Parihar Priyanka Hajare Copyright (c) 2024 Yashi Joshi, Sucheta Ray, Ekta Singh Parihar, Priyanka Hajare 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 100 108 10.21760/jaims.9.2.15 Management of Garbhini Mukhpaka with Kavala Dharana <p>It is well known that in pregnancy various physiological and pathological changes occurs. Most of which are reversible after delivery. Due to hormonal changes during pregnancy the changes in oral mucosa are also seen. The reasons for these changes are not well known established. Of all the changes the one most well-known is stomatitis. In Pregnancy hormone fluctuation causes changes in saliva making mouth more susceptible to ulcer. Physical and emotional stress of pregnancy aggravates the factor for mouth ulcer. In Ayurveda this condition is known as <em>Mukhpaka</em>, <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> has described under <em>Mukhroga</em>. Among 65 <em>Mukhroga</em> it comes in <em>Sarvasara</em> <em>Roga</em> and these are of three types. In modern science it is treated by maintaining oral hygiene and by using tropical anaesthetics, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs. Many of these drugs are of unknown adverse effect that cannot be frequently used in pregnant women. In Ayurveda it is treated by various methods like <em>Kwatha, Gandusha</em>, etc. In <em>Kashyapa Samhita</em> this <em>Garbhini Vikara</em> is treated with the administration of <em>Kavala</em> of <em>Haridra</em> and <em>Daruharidra.</em> Then <em>Kavala</em> of <em>Sneha/Sugar</em> added water and of <em>Lodhra Kwath Kawal </em>and at the end dusting of <em>Lodhra Choorna</em> is done, and with intake of powder of <em>Manjistha, Ghrashi, Sariva, Mochras,</em> with honey.</p> Arti Yadav Sucheta Ray Aswathy K Ekta Singh Parihar Priyanka Hajare Copyright (c) 2024 Arti Yadav, Sucheta Ray, Aswathy K, Ekta Singh Parihar, Priyanka Hajare 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 109 112 10.21760/jaims.9.2.16 A conceptual review on the efficacy of Agnitundi Vati in the management of Gridhrasi w.s.r. to Sciatica <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Gridhrasi</em> is <em>Shoolapradhan</em> <em>Nanatmaj</em> <em>Vata</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> mainly caused due to vitiation of <em>Vata</em> <em>Dosha</em>. The cardinal signs and symptoms of <em>Gridhrasi</em> are <em>Ruk</em>, <em>Toda</em>, <em>Muhuspandan</em>, <em>Stambha</em>. <em>Gridhrasi</em> can be correlated with sciatica due to resemblance of symptoms. The prevalence of sciatica varies considerably ranging from 1.6% in the general population to 43% in selected working population. Sciatica is characterised by constant aching pain in the lumbar region radiating to the buttock, calf and foot caused by irritation to the sciatic nerve. Being a nervine disorder, it can be treated by a drug having <em>Vatashamak</em> &amp; <em>Shoolaghna</em> properties. <em>Agnitundi</em> <em>Vati</em> is a unique formulation having <em>Shoolaghna</em> &amp; <em>Vatahara</em> properties. <em>Kuchala</em> is the major content of <em>Agnitundi</em> <em>Vati</em> which is more effective in nervine disorder. <em>Kuchala being a</em> potent spinal poison contains two major alkaloids named strychnine and brucine and it is subjected to be used after proper <em>Shodhan</em> process of <em>Kuchala</em>. Present study aimed to compile all the available literature regarding the pharmacological action of <em>Agnitundi</em> <em>Vati</em>. <strong>Aim &amp; Objectives:</strong> To study the literary review of <em>Agnitundi</em> <em>Vati</em> &amp; it’s mode of action in <em>Gridhrasi</em>. <strong>Materials &amp; Methods:</strong> Various <em>Samhita</em> <em>Granthas</em>, textbooks and articles related to <em>Agnitundi</em> <em>Vati</em> &amp; sciatica were studied. <strong>Result &amp; Discussion:</strong> <em>Agnitundi</em> <em>Vati</em> is the formulation having <em>Vatashamak</em> &amp; <em>Shoolahar</em> properties due to its <em>Ushna</em> <em>Virya</em>. Hence it proved to be a potent formulation for management of pain in <em>Gridhrasi</em>.</p> Diksha P. Nandurkar Kalpana R. Chavhan Copyright (c) 2024 Diksha P. Nandurkar, Kalpana R. Chavhan 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 113 116 10.21760/jaims.9.2.17 Role of Dinacharya in Eye Care - A Preventive Approach <p><em>Ayurveda</em>, the traditional system of medicine indeed emphasizes a holistic approach to health that includes both prevention and cure. In ophthalmology, the preventive measures play a crucial role in maintaining eye health and reducing the risk of developing various eye diseases that can lead to vision impairment. The ability to see clearly and perceive the world around us is crucial for various activities, from navigating our environment to appreciating the beauty of the world. The term <em>Swasthavritta</em> refers to a lifestyle or regimen followed to maintain health and prevent the occurrence of diseases. It encompasses a set of practices and principles that are aimed at promoting overall well-being and preventing imbalances in the body and mind. All the <em>Acharyas </em>have mentioned the mandatory practice of <em>Dinacharya </em>for health maintenance. Hence here an attempt has been made to compile the procedures to improve the health of the eye through which the various diseases of eye can be prevented. The daily regimens like <em>Anjana, Nasya, Dhumapana, Kavala, Gandusha, Abyanga, Padatra dharana, Snana</em> etc are included for maintaining eye health. The eyes should be always protected from the external factors like dust, heat, radiations, excessive screen time, over straining the eyes like in dim light reading , gadget use in dim light etc. Most of the <em>Netraroga</em> in the current scenario can be prevented by healthy <em>Dinacharya</em> and by avoiding negligence.</p> Neethu Kesavan Thrijil Krishnan EM Saniya CK G.V Ramana Copyright (c) 2024 Neethu Kesavan, Thrijil Krishnan EM, Saniya CK , G.V Ramana 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 117 121 10.21760/jaims.9.2.18 An analytical study on Sharad Ritucharya <p>The newly emerging diseases and diminishing immunity have made humans to seriously think about their health. Lifestyle modulation and adaptation according to climate is the need of hour. The glorious <em>Ayurveda</em> has its principal focus of conserving health and prevention of disease before their occurrence.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> <em>Aacharya’s</em> have described <em>Dincharya</em> (daily regimen) and <em>Ritucharya</em> (seasonal regimen). One can cherish good health by following proper <em>Ritucharya</em>, described in classical texts of <em>Ayurveda</em>. The living beings especially humans are hugely affected by the change in climate. The features of all the <em>Ritus</em>, dietary and habitual modulation according to changing <em>Ritu</em> has been widely explained in the foremost texts of <em>Ayurveda</em>. Here, the <em>Sharad Ritu</em> which is one of the <em>Ritu’s</em> of <em>Dakshinayan</em> is overviewed so as to present the dietary and behavioural regimen in this season. The <em>Sharad Ritu</em> marks the transition from summers to winters. The hot sun rays in <em>Sharad Ritu</em> exaggerate the <em>Pitta</em> <em>Dosha</em> which is already accumulated in body in the <em>Varsha</em> <em>Ritu</em>. So dietary and habitual modifications which are <em>Pitta Shamak</em> in nature should be followed in <em>Sharad Ritu</em> along with the <em>Shodhan</em> procedures like <em>Virechan </em>and<em> Raktamokshan</em>.</p> Vinod Bajiya Pramod Kumar Mishra Brahmanand Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Vinod Bajiya, Pramod Kumar Mishra, Brahmanand Sharma 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 122 128 10.21760/jaims.9.2.19 Systematic review on published studies on Matrabasti as an Ayurvedic intervention in Udavartini Yonivyapad (Primary Dysmenorrhea) <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> <em>Udavartini Yonivyapad</em> (Primary Dysmenorrhea) a prevalent condition characterized by severe menstrual pain, has been addressed through various treatment modalities. This review aims to provide an updated perspective on the use of <em>Matrabasti </em>as an <em>Ayurvedic</em> intervention for Primary Dysmenorrhea. <strong>Methods:</strong> This study systematically reviewed thirteen published research studies on <em>Matrabasti</em> as an intervention for <em>Udavartini Yonivyapad</em> (Primary Dysmenorrhea), following PRISMA<strong><sup>[3]</sup></strong> guidelines. Searches were conducted on databases including Pubmed, Google Scholar, Cochrane library, DHARA, AYUSH Portal &amp; Scopus, encompassing literature published in English language. A detailed analysis and exploration was made of the strengths, limitations, implications, and future research directions of the summarized studies. <strong>Results: </strong>These studies include 3 RCTs, 3 single group studies, and 7 single case studies with sample sizes varying from 50 to 10 participants. Treatment duration ranges from 7 to 9 days, starting mid-cycle or post-menstruation cessation, spanning 2 to 5 consecutive cycles. Some studies involve oral medication in conjunction with <em>Matrabasti</em> or alternative-day <em>Ksheerabasti</em> and <em>Anuvasana</em>/<em>Sneha Basti</em>. Assessment methods predominantly employ the visual analogue scale and multidimensional scoring. The review covered diverse formulations including <em>Dashamoola Taila, Tila Taila, Phala Taila, Hingwadi Taila, Trivrutta Taila, Shatapushpa Taila, Sahacharadi Taila, Dhanwantaram Taila, Dashamoola Ksheerapaka and Mahanarayana Taila</em>.&nbsp; <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Ayurvedic interventions, particularly <em>Matrabasti</em> formulations, present a diverse and promising avenue for managing <em>Udavartini Yonivyapad</em> (Primary Dysmenorrhea). The formulations, derived from classical Ayurvedic texts, showcase efficacy in balancing <em>Vata Dosha</em>, reducing pain severity and all associated symptoms, and improving overall well-being.</p> Srushti Susarla Anupama V Copyright (c) 2024 Srushti Susarla, Anupama V 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 129 133 10.21760/jaims.9.2.20 Conceptual study of Vata Dosha w.s.r. to Nervous System <p>The depth of <em>Ayurvedic </em>principles must be understood and emphasized in a clear, simple manner in light of the growing awareness of <em>Ayurveda</em> and its importance in today's society. Despite the rapid advancement of modern science and the plethora of new medical research projects, it would not be hyperbole to argue that <em>Ayurveda</em> has already established its distinct identity and has been steadily advancing with new insights. <em>Doshas</em> stand for the presence of <em>Pancha Maha Bhuta </em>in our bodies, <em>Panchamahabhuta </em>is the foundation upon which all <em>Ayurvedic</em> concepts are based, and <em>Panchabhutika</em> refers to everything in the universe. The management of <em>Panchamahabhutas</em>, for which the <em>Ayurvedic</em> approach is essential, determines the course of treatment, regardless of advancements in modern science. One of the three basic humors, <em>Vata</em>, has a significant impact on both health and disease. The majority of <em>Vata</em> disorders that are discussed in <em>Ayurveda</em> are classified as neurological disorders in contemporary medicine. As a result, an effort has been made to comprehend <em>Vata</em> physiological activity, paying particular attention to neurophysiology.</p> Tarkeshwar Sharma Chetan Ram Meghwal Monika Prajapat Ashok Kumar Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Tarkeshwar Sharma, Chetan Ram Meghwal, Monika Prajapat, Ashok Kumar Sharma 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 134 140 10.21760/jaims.9.2.21 A scientific evaluation of Mental Health through Ayurveda <p>Mental health is an important aspect of overall wellbeing, as it allows individuals to recognize their own capabilities, manage everyday stress, be productive, and contribute to their community. According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, life consists of four interconnected elements: the body (<em>Sarira</em>), the sensory and motor faculties (<em>Indriya</em>), and the mind (<em>Sattva</em>), and the soul (<em>Atma</em>). Achieving a healthy life requires a harmonious balance of these components, encompassing physical, mental, sensory and spiritual aspects. <em>Ayurveda</em> also emphasizes the significance of mental health, including qualities such as a balanced and pleasant state of mind, cheerfulness, satisfactory sleep, stable mental faculties, active senses, and control over negative emotions, resilience in the face of adversity, and the ability to adapt. <em>Ayurveda</em> has various methods to evaluate mental health, including the assessment through <em>Manasika Prakriti</em> (<em>Sattvika</em>, <em>Rajasika</em> and <em>Tamasika</em>), <em>Nadi Pariksha</em>, <em>Prajnaparadha</em>, <em>Ashta Vibhrama</em> as mentioned in <em>Unmada Nidana</em> of <em>Charaka Samhitha</em>, and <em>Sattva Pariksha</em> as described in <em>Dasavidha Pariksha</em>. The main purpose of this evaluation is for establishing a proper diagnosis as well as prognosis of a disease. This review articles elaborates the scientific tools mentioned in Ayurveda to evaluate mental health.</p> Soniya Seshan Man Mohan Sharma Nidhi Soni Suman Meena Copyright (c) 2024 Soniya Seshan, Man Mohan Sharma, Nidhi Soni, Suman Meena 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 141 148 10.21760/jaims.9.2.22 Importance of Achara Rasayana in Present Era <p>There is a crisis of character in all fields or professions. Some persons in almost all professions are corrupt, making failure of the system. Many efforts have been done by the government in many countries to improve the system but complete removal of corruption could not be done because ethical or moral values cannot be forced. Public should be self-conscious about morality. <em>Achara Rasayana</em> (Ethical Alchemy) is a special contribution of <em>Acharya Charak</em> for achieving the physical, mental and social health and a high moral sense. The individuals acquire rejuvenation effects, who are truthful and free from annoy, devoid of alcohol and sex indulgence, do not involve in fighting or exhaustion, nonviolent and pleasant on their language, carry out <em>Japa</em> and hygiene, <em>Dhira</em> individual, frequently carry out charity and <em>Tapas</em>, frequently offer prayer to the God, cows, <em>Brahmanas</em>, teachers, preceptors and old persons, completely free from barbarous acts, sympathetic, time of awakening and sleep are regular, routinely receive milk and <em>ghee</em>, aware with the nation and the time, experts in the knowledge of rationality, free from self-image, have good behavior not narrow minded, have love for religious information, have brilliant sense organs, have respect for seniors<em>, Astikas</em> the existence of God and validity of the <em>Vedas</em>, having self-control and commonly study scriptures. Thus, <em>Ayurvedic</em> literature shows many matchless information of primary importance in context of <em>Rasayana. </em></p> Rajeev Kumar Ujjwal Sanjiv Kumar Guru Sharan Pal Vijay Shankar Pandey Copyright (c) 2024 Rajeev Kumar, Ujjwal, Sanjiv Kumar, Guru Sharan Pal, Vijay Shankar Pandey 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 149 155 10.21760/jaims.9.2.23 Intervention of IT in Rog Nidan Evum Vikriti Vigyan - An Explorative Review <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Going by the trend, the Indian traditional medicine system Ayurveda is observing a paradigm shift in its growth, and in the era of technology AI (Artificial Intelligence) is one of the main factors behind it. Be it the discovery of new medicines, implementation of a new drug discovery model, getting its global acceptance through patents, or the delivery of the final product through AI equipped supply chain model system, the intervention of technology cannot be ruled out. <strong>Methodology:</strong> The literature survey was done through Google Scholar database, PubMed, and Web of Science. The dig out information about the use of IT in Medical fields and, use of technology in Ayurveda were screened for relevant studies synthesis. <strong>Result:</strong> At last, we have sorted out the areas of <em>Rog-Nidan</em> that need to be taken care of from a research point of view with the help of information technology. <strong>Discussion:</strong>&nbsp; In this research paper, an effort has been made to review the areas where technology can play its role, especially in <em>Rog-Nidan</em>. Additionally, the approaches that are being used in <em>Ayurveda</em> where it is being presented as wellness therapy and preventive care have been studied along with identifying the gaps that can be addressed with efficient use of IT-based technologies.</p> Nimisha Mishra Prof. Satya Deo Pandey Copyright (c) 2024 Nimisha Mishra, Prof. Satya Deo Pandey 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 156 160 10.21760/jaims.9.2.24 A literary review on Nabhi as Jyotisthana <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Nabhi</em> (umbilicus) is considerd as one among <em>Matrujadi Bhava </em>(maternal factor)<em>.</em> It is <em>Kosthanga </em>(organ located within the <em>Kostha</em>)<em>.</em> It is the place where<em> Prana</em> (life) resides, is situated below the <em>Amashaya </em>(stomach) and above the<em> Pakwashaya</em> (intestine)<em>.</em> It is also termed as<em> Pachakashaya.</em> And it is one among <em>Sadhyopranahara Marma,</em> and <em>Dashapranayatana. Nabhi</em> is also considered as <em>Sthana </em>of <em>Pitta. </em><strong>Need for the study: </strong>Literary review to know that the concept of <em>Agni </em>(digestive fire) w.s.r. to<em> Nabhi </em>with the help of contemporary science. <strong>Observation:</strong> By considering the references given in the classic i.e., <em>Nabhi </em>as <em>Jyoti Sthana.</em> And by anatomical landmark and physiologically it can be able to correlate that the diseases which involves indigestion, malnutrition, metabolism. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Discussion on literary review is carried out to conclude the concept of <em>Nabhi</em> as <em>Jyoti Sthana</em>.</p> Priya Krishnamurthy Kochutresia Jose Copyright (c) 2024 Priya, Krishnamurthy, Kochutresia Jose 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 161 165 10.21760/jaims.9.2.25 A comprehensive drug review of Mushikavishari Agada on Mushika Visha as Vishagna <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> <em>Mushika Visha</em> is categorized under <em>Jangama Visha,</em> which is also known as <em>Akhu Visha</em>. Teeth bites, scratches caused by sharp nails, urine and semen all have toxic effects on the body and can cause symptoms. There are two types of symptoms, Curable and Incurable. There are many ways to treat <em>Mushika Visha</em>, with numerous combinations and single drugs.<strong> Materials and Method: </strong>A literary review to know the action of <em>Mushikavishari Agada</em> in <em>Mushika Visha</em> from contemporary texts. <strong>Observation:</strong>&nbsp; Considering twenty six drugs with its <em>Rasa</em>, <em>Guna</em>, <em>Veerya</em>, <em>Vipaka</em>, <em>Karma</em> and <em>Doshagnata</em> literature proves that individual drugs mentioned in this <em>Mushikavishari Agada</em><strong><sup>[4]</sup></strong> formulation can be used in condition such as <em>Pandu</em> (Anaemia), <em>Jwara</em> (Fever), <em>Daha</em> (Burning sensation), <em>Aruchi</em> (Anorexia) and acts as <em>Vishagna</em> (Anti-poisonous). <strong>Result: </strong>By literary review it can be inferred that formulation <em>Mushikavishari Agada</em> consisting twenty-six drugs can counter the spread the toxin thus negating symptoms of <em>Mushika</em> <em>Visha</em> mentioned by <em>Acharya Caraka</em>. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> A literary review conclude that the formulation <em>Mushikavishari Agada</em> mentioned in <em>Sushrutha Samhitha Kalpa Sthana</em> can subside <em>Mushika Visha </em>and acts as<em> Vishagna</em>.</p> Poojitha Rangoli R. Shrinidhi R. Ranjana K. Chaithra S. Hebbar Copyright (c) 2024 Poojitha Rangoli R., Shrinidhi R., Ranjana K., Chaithra S. Hebbar 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 166 172 10.21760/jaims.9.2.26 Role of Ayurveda in Graceful Ageing w.s.r. to Dincharya, Ratricharya & Ritucharya <p><strong>Background: </strong>In present time, looking young is something which is needed by everyone. The beauty standards have been definitely increased which certainly only amount to external beauty. The market of the cosmetic industry has grown a lot in the past year because of the increased consumer which is definitely not gender oriented. <strong>Aim:</strong> To demonstrate the role of ayurveda with special reference to ageing. <strong>Objective:</strong> To study the importance of<em> Dincharya, Ritucharya &amp; Ratricharya. </em><strong>Material &amp; methods:</strong> The material will be collected from the <em>Bruhatrayee &amp; Laghutrayeesamhita</em>. And any scientific studies related with above will be obtained from the google scholar, pubmed or any other online source. <strong>Discussion: </strong><em>Acharya </em>has mentioned the importance of <em>Dincharya, Ritucharya</em> in the <em>Samhitas</em>. There is a specific criterion which is to be followed in accordance to <em>Dincharya, Ritucharya &amp; Ratricharya</em> because of the distribution of <em>Tridoshas</em> accordingly. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Looking young with great skin even at old age doesn’t define being young. People need to change their perspective on how they look at ageing. And that’s where the regime of ayurveda can help in ageing gracefully the one where everyone is disease free physically, mentally &amp; emotionally and cover all the aspect of being ‘<em>Swastha’</em>. Only healthy eating doesn’t define our health. There are other factors described well in the ayurveda to create a balance in <em>Dosha</em>. <em>Dincharya</em>, <em>Ratricharya</em> &amp; <em>Ritucharya</em> play an important role in maintaining <em>Swasthya</em> by controlling the external factors which are equally important for internal dosha balance &amp; thus longevity in long run.</p> Varun Maithani Tanvi Gusain Copyright (c) 2024 Varun Maithani, Tanvi Gusain 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 173 181 10.21760/jaims.9.2.27 Prevention of Maternal Complication with Ayurveda Regime <p>Maternal health revolves around the health and wellness of pregnant women at the time they give birth and during child rising. <em>Ayurveda </em>considers food to be the best source of nourishment as well as medication for the pregnant woman. The nine monthly diets are singularly unique to <em>Ayurveda</em>. The food taken by a pregnant woman (<em>Aahar Ras</em>) nourishes and helps the growth of the foetus <em>(Garbha Vriddhi</em>), nourishes the mother's own body (<em>Swa-Sharir Pushti</em>) and nourishes the breasts by which the breast milk formed (<em>Stanyaya</em>). Postpartum period is an important phase of transition in women’s life following childbirth. This period is also known as puerperium, starts following the expulsion of the placenta. Mortality and morbidity of mother are most challenging problems of our country. In our day-to-day life we see many mothers complaining of increase in their physical problems like back-ache, anaemia and many other infections after puerperium. Lady after delivery of placenta is called as <em>Sutika </em>(puerperal woman), <em>Sutikakala </em>(duration of puerperium) is the period following childbirth during which all body tissues revert back approximately to a pre-pregnant state. For better health attainment after delivery every postnatal woman should be encouraged to follow <em>Sutika Paricharya</em> as per <em>Ayurveda</em> classics.</p> Sonu Raghuwanshi Sucheta Ray Varsha Jadhav Ekta Singh Parihar Priyanka Hajare Copyright (c) 2024 Sonu Raghuwanshi, Sucheta Ray, Varsha Jadhav, Ekta Singh Parihar, Priyanka Hajare 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 182 186 10.21760/jaims.9.2.28 Concept of Kleda in accordance to Kriya Sharir - A Review Article <p>Concept of <em>Kleda</em> may not yet have any recognized clinical value as it is not specifically addressed in any Ayurvedic texts. Our Classical text doesn’t particularly mention it in any of its quotations. However, we are all aware that the term "<em>Kleda</em>" appears throughout <em>Bruhatrayi</em>. <em>Kleda</em> is an integral <em>bhava</em> in human body with physiological, pathological and therapeutic importance. It has different meaning in different context. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> identified this as one among the Six <em>Ahara</em> <em>Pari</em><em>ṇ</em><em>amakara</em> <em>Bhava</em>, factors essential for biotransformation of diet, thus helping in the digestion and metabolism process. It also helps in other vital functions of the body i.e., circulation, respiration, excretion, and protection of the skin through sweating as well. It is a factor responsible for moisture, thus it may be considered as water in the body, present in various forms. Generally, water (<em>Udaka</em>) is moisturizing agent. <em>Kleda</em> and <em>Udaka</em> may be synonymous but <em>Udaka</em> when performs a specific function of <em>Kledana</em> (moistening, wetting or liquifying) then it is known as <em>Kleda</em>. The amount of <em>Kleda</em> is balanced by removal of excess <em>Kleda</em> in the form of <em>Sweda</em> and <em>Mutra</em>.</p> Kiran Lalwani D.T. Kodape Sunil Topare Kiran Pawar Copyright (c) 2024 Kiran Lalwani, D.T. Kodape, Sunil Topare, Kiran Pawar 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 187 190 10.21760/jaims.9.2.29 A review on Sarvasara Mukharoga in Ayurveda w.s.r. Oral Submucous Fibrosis <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> An inflammatory response juxta epithelial, fibroelastic changes in the lamina propria, epithelial atrophy, trismus, and recurrent glossitis attacks are the hallmarks of the subtle chronic disease known as oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). It is one of the most common premalignant disorders in India is. OSMF is gaining popularity these days. A study on OSMF and its management according to Ayurveda values is more in the scientific field because <em>Ayurveda’s</em> main focus is on maintaining and promoting health care. In this conceptual paper, OSMF will be highlighted, evaluated, elaborated on, and discussed. <strong>Aim and Objectives: </strong>The aim of the study is to gain a better understanding of OSMF and its relationship to <em>Sarvasara Mukharoga</em> in <em>Ayurveda.</em> <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The contents of this article are based on modern medicine textbooks as well as <em>Ayurvedic Samhitas</em>. Clinical research published in both indexed and non-indexed journals was also consulted to obtain relevant content. <strong>Results: </strong>According to the <em>Lakshanas</em> described by <em>Brihatrayi</em>, OSMF can be equated symptomatically with the <em>Sarvasara Mukharoga</em>. In the event of OSMF, the management of <em>Sarvasara Mukharoga</em> should be applied. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> On the basis of signs and symptoms, OSMF can be correlated with <em>Sarvasara Mukharoga</em>. Early treatment of OSMF using Ayurvedic medications and the cessation of habits helps in the easy cure of the disease.</p> Savita Pushkar Gulab Chand Pamnani Rajendra Kumar Soni Sharad Bhatnagar Dinesh Kumar Jat Ashok Kumar Pushkar Copyright (c) 2024 Savita Pushkar, Gulab Chand Pamnani, Rajendra Kumar Soni, Sharad Bhatnagar, Dinesh Kumar Jat, Ashok Kumar Pushkar 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 191 196 10.21760/jaims.9.2.30 Concept of Deshaviparyaya w.s.r. to Migration - A Literary Review <p><em>Desha </em>(geographical distribution) is one of the important principles linked with health of individual. The characteristics of the <em>Desha </em>impart certain physical, physiological, psychological attributes in inhabitants. There is another term <em>Deshaviparyaya</em> which is not much understood. This factor is one main cause for many diseases prevailing nowadays. A comprehensive exploration can be done between <em>Deshaviparyaya</em> and migration. Through a multidisciplinary lens, this work aims to provide insights into complex interplay between geographical disorientation and health effects on people’s health. <strong>Aims&nbsp; &amp; Objectives: </strong>Literary review on basic concepts of <em>Desha </em>&amp; <em>Satmya</em> (Habituation) &amp; understanding concepts of <em>Deshaviparyaya</em> in view of migration. <strong>Materials &amp; Methods: </strong><em>Ayurvedic</em> literatures containing all details about <em>Desha, Satmya &amp; Deshaviparyaya</em> were studied and literary material was critically reviewed. <strong>Discussion: </strong>Effect of migration and on sleep, integumentary system and generation of stress has been discussed with its Ayurvedic treatment. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Migration has impact on different systems of human body. This article can be hypothesized that <em>Desha</em> &amp; <em>Satmya </em>should be considered for successful administration of therapeutics.</p> Gouri M. Wariyar Arhanth Kumar K Vidyalakshmi K Copyright (c) 2024 Gouri M. Wariyar, Arhanth Kumar K, Vidyalakshmi K 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 197 203 10.21760/jaims.9.2.31 Validation of classical pharmacology of Sida cordifolia Linn. (Bala) through reverse pharmacology <p><em>Bala</em> (<em>Sida cordifolia</em> Linn.) belonging to the Malvaceae family is one of the most frequently used herbs in <em>Ayurveda</em> therapeutics. It has been included in <em>Agraya Prakarana </em>(best among their class drugs) which signifies its role in various diseases. In <em>Charaka Samhita</em>, <em>Bala</em> has also been categorized under <em>Balya, Brimhaniya </em>and<em> Prajasthapana Mahakashaya</em>. It is used in several diseases like <em>Vatavyadhi, Vatarakta</em> and acts as a <em>Rasayana. </em>Ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, sterculic acid, malvalic acid are its main bioactive chemical constituents. It has been demonstrated to possess various pharmacological activities like CNS depressant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hypotensive, antidiabetic activities and the plant is reported to be used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease also. In classical texts, five varieties of <em>Bala</em> have been mentioned and all are said to possess similar properties and actions. All the varieties are abundantly available across the country. Thus, <em>Bala </em>becomes one of the most potent medicinal plants of present era. Present paper is an attempt towards exploration of therapeutic potential of the drug through reverse pharmacology.</p> Maurya Bhavna Mishra H.S. Agarwal Ajay Kumar Copyright (c) 2024 Maurya Bhavna, Mishra H.S., Agarwal Ajay Kumar 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 204 212 10.21760/jaims.9.2.32 Clinical understanding of Garbhini Paricharya : Routine care for pregnant women through Ayurveda <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Ayurveda classics give importance to caring of mother before, during and after pregnancy. Care during nine months of pregnancy is termed as Antenatal care or <em>Garbhini Paricharya</em>. <em>Garbini Paricharya</em> is one of its concepts explaining the importance of establishment of health of a woman before delivery; directing physicians and <em>Gharbhini</em> to adopt certain recommendation of <em>Aahara</em>, <em>Vihara</em> &amp; <em>Yoga</em> and <em>Pranayama</em>. <strong>Material &amp; Method:</strong> Literature is collected by <em>Brihatrayi</em> and <em>Laghutrayi</em>, all available Ayurvedic classic, modern available texts, magazines, journals, and research papers. <strong>Result:</strong> <em>Garbhini Paricharya</em> as described in <em>Ayurveda</em> classics is unique and specific. So by following proper <em>Ayurvedic</em> <em>Gharbhini Paricharya</em> would result in proper development of foetus and prepare pregnant women for <em>Sukhprasava</em> physically, psychologically and spiritually. <strong>Discussion: </strong>Now present modern and busy working life women are facing many complications and other health related issue after conceiving and during the pregnancy period. Thousand year of ago our classical texts Ayurveda described most important <em>Gharbhini</em> <em>Paricharya</em> for <em>Gharbhini</em>. It is totally scientific and too much beneficial for foetus and mother both. The concept of prenatal care is now highlighted in modern science, which is mentioned in Ayurveda thousands of years ago.</p> Renu Swami Bajrang Ramawat Copyright (c) 2024 Renu Swami, Bajrang Ramawat 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 213 220 10.21760/jaims.9.2.33 A comprehensive review on Lepidagathias crisata Wild. <p>The herb <em>Lepidagathis cristata </em>Willd. (Acanthaceae) is abundant in desert wastelands. The leaves, roots, flowers, seeds, and entire plant are all medicinally beneficial. The plant possesses a large number of phytochemicals that contributes to its different pharmacological activities. Fever, eczema, psoriasis, epilepsy, skin abscess, burns, mouth ulcer, snake bites, wounds, skin itching, and other skin problems are treated with this plant. As a result, the current study aims to shed light on the ethnomedicinal applications, phytoconstituents, pharmacological activity, and pharmaceutical preparations of the medicinal herb <em>Lepidagathis cristata </em>Willd<em>,</em> which belongs to the Acanthaceae family.</p> Aditya V. Ubhale Pankaj H. Chaudhary Dipti B. Ruikar Copyright (c) 2024 Aditya V. Ubhale, Pankaj H. Chaudhary, Dipti B. Ruikar 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 221 231 10.21760/jaims.9.2.34 Review on Chandrakala Rasa - A Kharaliya Rasayana <p><em>Rasashastra</em> is a branch of <em>Ayurveda</em>, which deals with formulations prepared with varied origin of drugs like metals, minerals, marine drugs, silicate drugs, etc. The formulations are grouped into four categories namely <em>Kharaliya Yogas, Parpati Yogas, Kupipakwa Yogas</em> and <em>Pottali Yogas</em>. <em>Chandrakala Rasa</em> comes under <em>Kharaliya Rasa</em> category of <em>Rasaushadhis</em>. <em>Chandrakala Rasa</em> is one of the <em>Ayurvedic</em> formulations mentioned under <em>Mutrakricchra </em>(Dysuria), <em>Raktapitta </em>(Bleeding disorders)<em>, Daha </em>(Burning sensations)<em>, Jwara </em>(Fever)<em>,</em> as per different classical textbooks. It is a herbo- mineral formulation indicated in <em>Pitta Vikara</em> (disease caused by vitiation of <em>Pitta dosha</em>) such as <em>Raktapitta</em> (Bleeding disorders), <em>Raktapradara</em> (Menorrhagia), <em>Jwara</em> (Fever), <em>Prameha</em> (Diabetes), <em>Mutrakriccha</em> (Dysuria), etc. Various references of it are mentioned in different classical text books.</p> Fattepur Kamatar S Hussain G Copyright (c) 2024 Fattepur, Kamatar S, Hussain G 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 232 237 10.21760/jaims.9.2.35 A comparative analysis of Parimana (measurements) mentioned in Hastyayurveda with Charak Samhita and Sharangdhar Samhita <p>The <em>Hastyayurveda, </em>authored by sage Palkapya is one of the most important ancient text available having description of wellbeing, diseases and their management in elephants. The text has been composed in the form of conversation between king of <em>Anga Desha</em>, <em>Romapada</em> and sage Palkapya. The text <em>Hastyayurveda</em> is the unexplored part of <em>Ayurvedic</em> literature. There is a need to explore the text and understand the fundamental principles, theories and traditional healing system by comparing it with the well-established available <em>Ayurvedic</em> literature. This endeavour will not only enrich our understanding but also serve as a crucial step in preserving ancient wisdom. It is an established and well accepted fact that <em>Parimana </em>(Measurements) have crucial importance in therapeutics, in both human beings as well as in animals. Like <em>Charak Samhita</em> and <em>Sharangdhar</em> <em>Samhita</em>, <em>Hastyayurveda</em> also contains description of <em>Parimana</em>. As we know, <em>Charak Samhita</em> is most widely accepted <em>Samhita</em> text in <em>Ayurveda</em> and <em>Sharangdhar Samhita</em> is considered as the basic text dealing with <em>Bhaishajya</em> <em>Kalpana.</em> Present paper is an effort towards a comparative analysis of different types of <em>Parimana</em> described in <em>Hastyayurveda</em> with those described in <em>Charak Samhita</em> and <em>Sharangdhar Samhita</em>.</p> Sase Ankita Vishnu Mishra H.S. Sharma Uma Shankar Pandey Yogeshwar Kumar Copyright (c) 2024 Sase Ankita Vishnu, Mishra H.S., Sharma Uma Shankar, Pandey Yogeshwar Kumar 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 238 244 10.21760/jaims.9.2.36 Conceptual study on efficacy of Lajjalu Moola Taila in Sadhyovrana <p>A surgeons' initial challenge is management of <em>Vrana </em>(wound). <em>Vrana</em> is the one which does the <em>Gatravichurnana </em>(disruption of tissues) and produces <em>Vivarnata </em>(discolouration) of the defected body part. <em>Sadhyovranas </em>are those which are caused by trauma and exogenous factors.<em> Sadhyovrana</em> encompasses various types of fresh wounds, including traumatic wounds, burn wounds, animal bites, and post-operative wounds. The aim of wound care is to promote wound healing in the shortest time possible, with minimal pain and scarring. While promotion of wound healing still remains a topic of discussion in modern science<em>, </em>the ancient system of <em>Ayurveda</em> has described concept of <em>Vrana Ropana</em> and is elaborated in the treatise <em>Sushruta Samhita</em> under <em>Shashti Upakrama.</em><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> There is a need to explore this unique concept of<em> Vrana Ropana</em> under which many formulations have been mentioned in various classics which aids in early healing of the wounds. In the context of <em>Sadhyovrana</em>, <em>Acharya Shodala,</em> as cited in the <em>Gadanigraha,</em> refers the use of <em>Lajjalumoolataila </em>especially in<em> shastraghata Vrana.</em><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> He particularly emphasises on its<em> Ropanakarma</em> function, which accelerates wound healing by preventing <em>Paka </em>thus, ensuring a quick recovery. Hence, an effort has been undertaken to explore the effectiveness of <em>Lajjalumoola Taila</em> in promoting wound healing, with a particular focus on its application in <em>Sadhyovrana.</em></p> Sneha K J Srinivas Masalekar Chandrakala D Copyright (c) 2024 Sneha K J, Srinivas Masalekar , Chandrakala D 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 245 249 10.21760/jaims.9.2.37 A critical review on Snana: An Ayurvedic way of bathing <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> <em>Snana</em> is a technique that emphasizes the connection between the body, mind, and spirit. It has its roots in <em>Ayurvedic</em> medicine. According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, the choice of water, temperature, and the manner in which one bathes can have profound effects on the <em>Doshas</em> that direct an individual's composition. <strong>Aim:</strong> This study aims to present a comprehensive and critical review of "<em>Snana</em>," the <em>Ayurvedic</em> practice of bathing, along with its therapeutic, ritualistic, and holistic aspects. <strong>Methodology:</strong> A comprehensive review of the literature on the topic of <em>Snana</em> (bathing) was done in major <em>Ayurvedic</em> textbooks and their available commentaries. <strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Snana</em> is important for preserving health and preventing lifestyle diseases. Therefore, to take full advantage of its benefits and preserve health, it needs to be performed as a daily regimen following its proper rules as mentioned in <em>Ayurvedic</em> textbooks.</p> Kamakshi Ravi Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Kamakshi, Ravi Sharma 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 250 257 10.21760/jaims.9.2.38 A review on Janusandhigata Vata <p><em>Janusandhigata Vata</em> is explained in concise form in our <em>Samhitha</em>. The symptoms includes <em>Vatapoorna-Dritisparsha, Sandhi Shotha, Prasarana Acuchanayo Vedana, Atopa, Sandhi Hanti. </em>Various treatment modalities have been employed such as<em> Bahya and Abhyantara Snehana, Basti Prayoga, Upanaha, Agnikarma, Bandhana, Unmardana. </em>Aetiology and symptomology of S<em>andhigata Vata </em>mentioned in <em>Samhitha</em>, mimics with the symptoms of osteoarthritis of contemporary science. Osteoarthritis is defined as a non-inflammatory degenerative joint disease marked by degeneration of articular cartilage, accompanied by pain and stiffness of joints. When left untreated this disease makes the person crippled and dependent on others for attending normal daily activities.</p> Swetha BM Madhusudhan Kulkarni Yaseen Hullur Copyright (c) 2024 Swetha BM, Madhusudhan Kulkarni, Yaseen Hullur 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 258 262 10.21760/jaims.9.2.39 Utility of Parinama Vada in Ayurveda <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is a science of life which is greatly influenced by all <em>Bharatiya Darshana</em>. <em>Sankhya Darshana</em> is one of <em>Aastik Darshana</em> knowledge for permanent and sure relief from miseries is obtained through <em>Darshanas</em>. In <em>Ayurveda</em> <em>Roga</em> is considered as unhappiness Different theories were postulated by different <em>Darshanas</em>. <em>Parinama Vada</em> and <em>Satkarya Vada</em> have been explained by <em>Sankhya Darshana</em>. As per <em>Satkaryavada</em> every <em>Karya</em> (effect) is originated by specific <em>Karana</em> (cause) <em>Parinama</em> <em>Vada</em> tells that due to <em>Parinama Karya</em> and <em>Karana</em> are seems different. <em>Parinama</em> means change or transformation. As per <em>Sanskhya Darshana</em> universe is originated from <em>Avyakta</em> to <em>Ekadash</em> <em>Indriya</em> and <em>Panchamahbhuta</em> is due to <em>Parinama</em> only. <em>Parinamavada</em> is applied in <em>Ayurveda</em> to understand basic concepts of <em>Ayurveda</em> like <em>Ahara Parinama</em>, <em>Dhatu Nirmana</em>, <em>Dhatu Poshana</em>, <em>Vyadhi</em> <em>Sama Nirama Avastha, Aoushadhi</em> <em>Nirmana</em> etc.</p> Archana Dhanpal Jugale Copyright (c) 2024 Archana Dhanpal Jugale 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 263 265 10.21760/jaims.9.2.40 Unlocking Fertility - with administration of Lekhaniya Mahakashaya in Pushpaghani Jataharini w.s.r. to PCOD <p>Children are a gift from the Lord; the fruit of the womb is a divine reward. Average Reproductive Age is 14-49 yrs. This age group have number of conditions related to menstrual cycle, such as Menorrhagia, Dysmenorrhea, Irregular menses, PCOD, endometriosis, etc. According to WHO - PCOD is a lifestyle disorder which is a common hormonal condition that affects women of reproductive age. It usually starts during adolescence, but symptoms may fluctuate over time. PCOD can cause hormonal imbalances, irregular periods, excess androgen levels and cysts in the ovaries, absence of menstruation, excessive hair growth (face, body, including back, belly and chest), acne, weight gain, hair loss, skin darkening (in neck and groin). Irregular periods, usually with a lack of ovulation, can lead infertility. PCOD is a leading cause of infertility. PCOD can lead to anovulation where ovaries stop releasing eggs. PCOD is a common condition that causes 70% of anovulation cases. PCOD causes the excessive production of androgens, which cause the follicles in your ovaries to remain small instead of maturing and growing as they have to prepare for ovulation. In Ayurveda on the basis of symptoms <em>Pushpaghani Jataharini</em> can be correlated with PCOD. PCOD is a chronic condition and cannot be cured. However, some symptoms can be improved through lifestyle changes and medications. In order to treat PCOD the changes in the life style and the administrations of <em>Ausadhies</em> like <em>Lekhaniya</em> <em>Mahakashaya</em> <em>(Musta, Kustha, Haridra, Daruharidra, Vacha, Ativisha, Katurohini, Chitrak, Chirbilva).</em></p> Arti Yadav Sucheta Ray Aswathy K Ekta Singh Parihar Priyanka Hajare Copyright (c) 2024 Arti Yadav, Sucheta Ray, Aswathy K, Ekta Singh Parihar, Priyanka Hajare 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 266 269 10.21760/jaims.9.2.41 Critical appraisal of Millets - A Conceptual Study <p>Recently the millets have been recognised with their enormous potential and they are renovate as Nutri-cereals (<em>shree anna</em>). Millets are good source of protein, vitamins, and minerals like phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, iron etc. As millets are loaded with phytochemicals, they help in management of various life style disorders like cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes mellitus, cancer. Millets are one of the oldest staples for various civilisation across the continents. In Ayurveda literature they are explained under the <em>Dhanya Varga</em> as <em>Trindhanya,</em> <em>Kudhanya</em> and <em>Kshudradhanya.</em> General properties of millets are <em>Ushna Veerya, Kashaya </em>and<em> Madhura Rasa, Katu Vipaka, Laghu </em>and <em>Ruksha Guna</em>. But beyond these, some specific properties have also been mentioned in detail in Ayurveda Classics. In Ayurveda literature millets have been described as <em>Pathya-Apathya</em> in various diseases. Present paper encompasses various aspect of Millets described in Ayurveda and contemporary science so that the importance of millets is known to each and every person.</p> Deeksha Dubey Trupti Jain Nitin Marwaha Copyright (c) 2024 Deeksha Dubey, Trupti Jain, Nitin Marwaha 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 270 279 10.21760/jaims.9.2.42 Effect of Shirodhara in Ardhavbhedak w.s.r. to Migraine during Pregnancy: A Review Study <p>The demands of today's stressful lifestyles can pose challenges during pregnancy. Elevated stress levels may lead to issues such as preterm birth, low birth weight, or developmental concerns for the baby. It's crucial for pregnant individuals to prioritize self-care, manage stress through relaxation techniques, and seek support to promote a healthier pregnancy despite the demands of contemporary life. Migraine attacks may be triggered by&nbsp;Stress and anxiety depression Changes in sleep patterns, such as not getting enough sleep. The reported prevalence of headache in pregnancy is as high as 35%. Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine, emphasizes the balance of mind, body, and spirit. Through holistic approaches, Ayurveda promotes calmness by incorporating practices like <em>Shirodhara. Shirodhara</em>&nbsp;is a classical and a well-established ayurvedic procedure of slowly and steadily dripping medicated oil or other liquids on the forehead. It's believed to have a soothing effect, promoting relaxation and relieving stress by calming the nervous system. <em>Shirodhara</em> is a simple yet profound technique specifically designed to balance and stabilize the nervous system and the activities of the mind. <em>Shirodhara</em> is widely acclaimed for its many health benefits which better the mind and body, the most popular being its deeply relaxing properties and its ability to promote better sleep and enhance sleep quality.&nbsp;In this review, a conceptual study is being elaborated regarding the <em>Shirodhara.</em></p> Yashi Joshi Sucheta Ray Ekta Singh Parihar Priyanka Hajare Copyright (c) 2024 Yashi Joshi, Sucheta Ray, Ekta Singh Parihar, Priyanka Hajare 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 280 283 10.21760/jaims.9.2.43 Role of Kshara Tail Uttarbasti in the management of Urethral Stricture - A Case Study <p>Stricture urethra, though a rare condition, still is a rational and troublesome problem in the international society. The symptoms like obstructed urine flow, straining, dribbling and prolongation of micturition. Major complications caused by this disease are obstructed urine flow, urine stasis leading to urinary tract infection, calculi formation, etc. This condition can be correlated with <em>Mutramarga Sankocha</em> in Ayurveda. Modern medical science suggests urethral dilatation, which may cause bleeding, false passage and fistula formation in few cases. Surgical procedures have their own complications and limitations. <em>Uttarabasti</em>, a para-surgical procedure is the most effective available treatment in <em>Ayurveda</em> for the diseases of <em>Mutravaha Strotas</em>.</p> Bhagirath Mal Garhwal Hari Mohan Meena Hari Shankar Copyright (c) 2024 Bhagirath Mal Garhwal, Hari Mohan Meena, Hari Shankar 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 284 286 10.21760/jaims.9.2.44 Ayurvedic management of Nasa Arsha w.s.r. to Nasal Polyp - A Single Case Study <p><em>Arshas </em>is described as one of the <em>Asta Mahagada Roga</em> by <em>Acharyas</em> and is also explained as a fourfold treatment such as <em>Bheshaja, Shastra, Kshara</em> and <em>Agni Karma</em>. The <em>Nasa Arshas</em> means<em> Arshas</em> located in the nasal cavity causing nasal obstruction. The predominant <em>Dosha</em> is <em>Kapha</em> and <em>Dushya</em> is <em>Twak, Mamsa</em> and <em>Medho Dhatus</em>. <em>Nasa Arshas </em>can be correlated with nasal polyps. Nasal polyps are non-neoplastic masses of oedematous, prolapsed, pendenculated nasal or sinus mucosa. It can be treated by medical and surgical methods. Prolonged usage of anti-histaminics, steroids, antibiotics, nasal decongestants cause drug resistance, decreases the immunity, rebound congestion and there is a lot of chance for reoccurrence, even after the surgery especially in ethmoidal polyp. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, several treatment modalities have been planned for the treatment of <em>Arsha</em> as <em>Shastra Karma</em> (operative procedure), <em>Kshara Karma</em> (applying some alkaline drugs), <em>Agni Karma</em> (cauterization) and <em>Bhaishaja</em> (conservative/medical treatment). Here the present case study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of <em>Anu Taila Nasya</em> with <em>Shamanaoushadhas</em>.</p> Poonam Devi Ashu Manoj Kumar Copyright (c) 2024 Poonam Devi, Ashu, Manoj Kumar 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 287 290 10.21760/jaims.9.2.45 Ayurvedic management in case of Vishwachi (Cervical Radiculopathy): A Case Report <p>Cervical problems are very similar to <em>Vata Vyadhi</em> disorders. Thus, in the current investigation, in <em>Vata Dosha</em> <em>Janya Vyadhi</em> management by <em>Brimhana Chikitsa</em> is very effective. A disease known as <em>Vishwachi</em> has been described in <em>Ayurvedic</em> <em>Samhitas</em> as one of these illnesses. The symptoms of Cervical Radiculopathy, such as pain in neck region which is radiating to the upper limbs and sometimes restricted neck movements, have been explained in Internal Medicine books (Davidsons, Harrison). <em>Vishwachi</em> is a <em>Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhi</em>. According to several <em>Acharyas Ruja, Stambhata, Todan, Karmakshaya, and Chestapaharana </em>of<em> Bahus</em> are symptoms that affects the cervical region and upper extremities. According <em>to Acharya Dalhana</em>, the treatment of <em>Vishwachi</em> is similar to <em>Gridhrasi</em>, a disorder that affects the unilateral or bilateral lower extremities and divided into two types<em>: Vataja </em>and<em> Vatakaphaja</em>. <em>Vishwachi</em> has symptoms which are comparable to Cervical Radiculopathy, a degenerative disorder of the cervical spinal part. <em>Nasya</em> <em>Karma</em> has been described as the treatment <em>of Shirogata Vyadhis. Dhatukshaya</em> is a main contributor of disease to the development of <em>Vishwachi</em>. Present study is an effort made to better understanding of disease and its management.</p> Ratnesh Kumar Shukla Shraddha Sharma Shrikant Lodhi Copyright (c) 2024 Ratnesh Kumar Shukla, Shraddha Sharma, Shrikant Lodhi 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 291 295 10.21760/jaims.9.2.46 An Ayurvedic perspective of Female Infertility - A Case Study <p>Infertility is an emerging health problem that has profound socioeconomic and health implication on both the individual and society. Unexplained Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive even after one year with routine investigations of infertility showing no abnormality; with overall incidence of 10-30%. Ayurveda assures normal pregnancy by proper maintenance of <em>Garbha</em> <em>Samgraha</em> <em>Samagris</em> and normalcy of mind. All the causes of female infertility come under the imbalance of <em>Garbha</em> <em>Samgraha</em> <em>Samagri</em> and <em>Manasika</em> factors. In this case report patient suffered from primary infertility since years, after allopathic consultation came for Ayurvedic treatment. From detailed history involvement of vitiated <em>Vata</em>, <em>Agnimandhya</em> and stressful mind was noticed. The line of treatment followed in this case was <em>Virechana</em>, <em>Basti</em>, <em>Nasya</em>, <em>Vatanulomana</em>, <em>Garbhastapana</em> <em>Aushadhis</em> and psychological assurance that favours conception in this couple.</p> Sheela Verma Anjana Saxena Deepika Gupta Copyright (c) 2024 Sheela Verma, Anjana Saxena, Deepika Gupta 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 296 299 10.21760/jaims.9.2.47 A Case Study on Ayurvedic management of Mutrashmari (Urolithiasis) <p><strong>Background:</strong> <em>Mutrashmari</em> is disease classified as <em>Asthamahagada</em> which means "difficult to cure." It is <em>Kapha</em> <em>Pradhana Tridoshaja Vyadhi</em>. Due to resemblance in clinical manifestations, <em>Mutrashmari</em> is compared to urolithiasis. Urolithiasis, a pathological condition of the urinary system where aggregation of urinary crystalloids takes place anywhere in the urinary tract, i.e., from the kidney to urinary bladder showing male predominance (Male: female = 3:1) and currently becoming a medico‑surgical and economical challenge for entire health‑care systems. <strong>Objectives:</strong> The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of <em>Viddhakarma</em> and <em>Shamana Chikitsa</em> in <em>Mutrashmari</em> (Urolithiasis). <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> It is a single case study. A&nbsp;52 years old male patient who was clinically diagnosed case of Urolithiasis before 3 years visited to OPD with complaints of <em>Vrikka Parshava Shoola</em> (Pain in bilateral kidney and b/l flanks region) which was radiating from loin to groin region in late night usually, <em>Mutrakriccha</em> (difficulty in maturation) and <em>Mutradaha</em> (Burning micturition) from last 2 months. The patient was treated with total 4 sittings of <em>Viddhakarma</em> were given at the lateral border of the thumb of the bilateral legs on same day of every week along with <em>Shamana Chikitsa</em>. <strong>Results:</strong> The patient was showed highly significant results before and after the completion of treatment. All sign and symptoms of patient resolved and there was no trace of calculi in the both kidneys, according to the USG report after 1 month. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Highly significant relief in symptoms was seen in patient after 1 month of <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment.</p> Hardik Apala Sengupta Chinky Copyright (c) 2024 Hardik, Apala Sengupta, Chinky 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 300 304 10.21760/jaims.9.2.48 Effect of Nimbadi Taila Vrana Basti in the management of Dusta Vrana (Chronic Ulcer) - A Case Study <p><em>Dusta Vrana</em> (chronic ulcer) is a frequently encountered problem in present era produced commonly as a complication of trauma or pathologic affront and it causes long term agony to the patient. The issue of chronic ulcers management with <em>Ayurvedic</em> panacea is one of the major areas of research and has come under increased scrutiny. In the present study <em>Nimbadi Taila</em> is selected which is cited by <em>Acharya Bhela</em> in the context of <em>Vrana</em>. It contains <em>Nimba Pallava, Aamra Pallava, Amalaki Pallava, Bala, Yashtimadhu</em> and <em>Gomaya Rasa</em>. These drugs possess<em> Vrana Shodhana and Ropana </em>properties. It was used in <em>Vrana Basti</em> in the management of chronic ulcer for 7 days followed by dressing with <em>Nimbadi Taila</em>. It reduces pain, burning sensation, itching, reduces discharge, oedema, and helps in gradual improvement in floor and granulation tissues. Hence it can be speculated that <em>Nimbadi Taila</em> possess sufficient efficacy in <em>Vrana Shodhana and Ropana</em> without producing any adverse effects.</p> Nikhil Sood Jeetendra A. Javali B.S. Savadi Copyright (c) 2024 Nikhil Sood, Jeetendra A. Javali, B.S. Savadi 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 305 309 10.21760/jaims.9.2.49 Ayurvedic Management of Crohn’s Disease - A Single Case Study <p>Crohn’s disease is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease condition characterized by skip lesions and transmural inflammation that can affect the entire gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. It is having variable presenting symptoms and may include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, weight loss, nausea, vomiting etc. The diagnosis is typically made with endoscopic and/or radiologic findings. A 16-year-old female patient diagnosed with Crohn’s disease having complaints of frequent loose stools, bleeding per rectum after evacuation of bowel, generalised weakness, reduced appetite and weight loss since more than 6 years approached the outpatient department of Kayachikitsa, SDM Ayurveda hospital, Kuthpady, Udupi, Karnataka, India. Patient was intervened with <em>Vilwadi Gulika</em>, <em>Dadimashtaka Churna, Kutajarishta, Takra Kalpana, Parpati Kalpana, Picha Basti</em> etc. strictly following <em>Laja </em>diet with <em>Takra</em> in 4 courses of admissions with a time gap of 2-3 months. There was marked improvement in the frequency of loose stools and rectal bleeding. Improvement in weight was noted by a gain of 12 kg and generalised weakness was completely relieved. The therapy gained confidence in the patient to stop all the steroid and immunosuppressant medications completely and continue with Ayurvedic medication. Thus, it can be concluded that Ayurvedic interventions are effective in the improvement of symptoms in Crohn’s disease.</p> Soumyasree V.R Aniruddha Copyright (c) 2024 Soumyasree V.R, Aniruddha 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 310 315 10.21760/jaims.9.2.50 Integrated approach in multiple opening Pilonidal Sinus by Chedana Karma, Ksharakarma and Jathyadi Ghrita: A Case Report <p>Pilonidal sinus is one among diseases of rectum and anal canal where usually a hair gets caught inside the skin near the sacral region between the buttocks. It is associated with foul smelling pus discharge and pain. Usually seen in jeep drivers and hair dressers.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> Normal treatment followed is z plasty. But the healing of the wound is a challenging task. Here is a case of multiple opening pilonidal sinus of a 28 year old male where an integrative approach has been done successfully and the wound is applied with <em>Kshara</em> and finally daily dressing done with <em>Jathyadi</em> <em>Ghrita</em> is administered.</p> Sreenath PS Rakhy M Copyright (c) 2024 Sreenath PS, Rakhy M 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 316 320 10.21760/jaims.9.2.51 Ayurvedic understanding and management of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy : A Case Study <p>Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), is one of the most frequent and dramatic urgency found in neurological brain diseases of adults. This is a neuro-vascular and neuro-metabolic syndrome, caused by a shortage of supply of oxygen and glucose or their metabolism in the brain. HIE results from a global hypoperfusion or oxygenation deficiency rather than from infarction in a specific vascular cerebral territory. In adults, common etiologies include hypotension, cardiac arrest followed by successful resuscitation. Here is a case study of 66year old female patient presenting with complaints of <em>Balakshaya</em> and <em>Karmakshaya </em>in <em>Ubhaya Urdhwa</em> and <em>Adhoshaka</em> associated with <em>Vak Krichrata</em> since 2 weeks. Current case was diagnosed as Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy in conventional medicine and emergency management was done. Based on the presetting complaints of the patient, in <em>Ayurveda</em> it can be understood in lines with <em>Sarvangaroga / Vepathu Vata / Kapha Avrutha Vyana</em> and treatment was planned accordingly. <em>Panchakarma </em>therapies along with oral medications for 21 days has given the best result to the patient in terms of reduction of clinical features and also quality of life.</p> Veena G. Rao Apoorva M.S. Copyright (c) 2024 Veena G. Rao, Apoorva M.S. 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 9 2 321 327 10.21760/jaims.9.2.52