Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Bimonthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Bimonthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published bimonthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization en-US Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences 2456-3110 <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Randomized comparative study on Ekangavir Rasa, Vaitarana Basti, Shirobasti in combination on Barthel Index and NIH Stroke Scale in Pakshavadh with special reference to Cerebral Infarction <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Stroke also called CVA (cerebrovascular accident) is a medical emergency. It is defined as rapid onset of focal neurological deficit, resulting from diseases of the cerebral vasculature and its contents. This disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. It occurs when blood vessels that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or burst. Symptoms of stroke include trouble walking, speaking and understanding as well as paralysis or numbness of the face. <strong>Methodology: </strong>In this study, patients were treated with combination of <em>Ekangavir Rasa, Vaitarana Basti </em>and <em>Shirobasti</em> in trial group and <em>Ekangavir Rasa</em> with <em>Vaitarana Basti </em>in control group on Barthel Index and NIH Stroke Scale of <em>Pakshavadh, </em>after that after treatment assessment was done. <strong>Result</strong>: 60 cases were recorded and treated. Observation &amp; results showed significant improvement in patients. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: The results obtained from this study were encouraging. details are explained in full paper.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Gundo JV Thatere AA Deolekar SP Dorage P Kabra PR Copyright (c) 2022 Gundo JV, Thatere AA, Deolekar SP, Dorage P, Kabra PR 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 01 11 Randomized open label comparative clinical study on the efficacy of combination of Chandana Churna and Shatapushpa Taila Nasya with Tranexamic Acid in Rakta Pradara (DUB) <p>Incidence of <em>Rakta</em> <em>Pradara</em> (DUB) is on rise due to life style changes. Rough estimate suggests that 10 to 13% of all gynaecological outpatients are for <em>Rakta</em> <em>Pradara</em>(DUB).<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a state of abnormal uterine bleeding without any clinically detectable organic, systemic and iatrogenic cause.<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> As per <em>Nidhana</em> of <em>Rakta</em> <em>Pradara</em> the aggravated <em>Vata</em> withholds <em>Rakta</em> vitiated due to various reasons mentioned in <em>Nidana</em> of <em>Rakta</em> <em>Pradara</em> increases its amount reaching <em>Rajovaha</em> <em>Srotas</em> which further increases the rajas, the <em>Srotas</em> involved is <em>Artavavaha</em> <em>Srotas</em>, here <em>Artava</em> <em>Vaha</em> <em>Srotas</em> taken as whole female genital organs along with functional axis i.e., H-P-O axis. Altered H-P-O axis and GNRH regulation causes <em>Rakta</em> <em>Pradara</em> (DUB). So, in this study to treat <em>Rakta</em> <em>Pradara</em> through nearest route <em>Nasya</em> <em>Karma</em> with <em>Shatapushpa</em> <em>Taila</em> is selected along with oral <em>Chandana</em> <em>Choorna</em> along with <em>Madhu</em> and <em>Sharkara</em>.</p> Shilpa BS Sridevi M Copyright (c) 2022 Shilpa BS, Sridevi M 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 12 17 A randomized controlled clinical trial to study the efficacy of Yavakshara Madhu Pratisarana in Garbhashayagrivagata Vrana (Cervical Erosion) <p>Woman has to go through many functions like conception, childbirth resulting in different physiological changes, some pathological conditions also. Not all life threatening but some are troublesome. Cervical erosion is one among them, condition where squamous epithelium of ectocervix is replaced by columnar epithelium, which is continuous with endocervix.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> It needs special concern if left untreated may leads to infertility and predisposes to malignancy. The treatment in modern medicine cauterization, cryosurgery and laser vaporization are having side effects like secondary infertility, bleeding per vagina, stenosis, accidental burns, infections, etc. So, there is need of safe and effective treatment keeping this in mind, A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted to study the efficacy of <em>Yavakshara Madhu Pratisarana</em> in <em>Garbhashayagrivagata Vrana </em>(Cervical Erosion) on 60 patients selected from <em>Streeroga</em>-<em>Prasutitantra</em> OPD of Government Ayurvedic Hospital, Osmanabad in two groups.&nbsp; Trial Group A - <em>Yava Kshara Madhu Pratisarana</em> &amp; Control Group B - <em>Triphala Kashaya Yonidhavana </em>for 7 days starting from 7<sup>th</sup> day of menstrual cycle for 2 consecutive menstrual cycle. The effect of treatment has showed statistically highly significant results in both the groups Trial group has shown better effect in reducing the symptoms than control group.</p> Smita Mallikarjun Patil Veena Ajay Patil Copyright (c) 2022 Smita Mallikarjun Patil, Veena Ajay Patil 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 18 24 Randomized controlled clinical study of Rajpravartini Vati along with Koshn Jala in Udavartini Yonivyapada <p><em>Udavartini Yonivyapada</em> can be compared with the primary dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea itself is not life threatening, but is found to have a profound impact on the daily activities and it may emphasize the emotional distress brought on by the pain. The treatment of this disorder is still unsatisfactory in modern medicine as usual of Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-spasmodic, steroid contraceptive pills etc. That causes so many side effects. The present study is aimed to observe efficacy of <em>Rajahpravartini Vati</em> in <em>Udavartini Yonivyapada</em> mentioned in <em>Bhaishjya Ratnavali</em>. Study was conducted on 80 patients, 40 patients each in trial group and control group respectively. Clinical assessment was done on basis of grading criteria with specific symptomology of <em>Udavartini Yonivyapada</em>. The results were statistically and clinically significant to relieve symptoms of <em>Udavartini Vyapada.</em></p> Vaishali G. Tamkhane Umesh K. Agawane Veena A. Patil Copyright (c) 2022 Vaishali G. Tamkhane, Umesh K. Agawane, Veena A. Patil 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 25 28 Observational anatomical study of Mamsdhara Twacha with special reference to Vidradhi <p>Ayurveda means science of life; it’s not only curative but also preventive. Detail knowledge of human body is necessary for the wellbeing of the body, after getting knowledge about the entities of the body; one is able to know about the factors which are useful of the body.<em> Sharir Rachana</em> includes structural and numeric <em>Asthi, Sandhi, Peshi, Sira, Snayu, Dhamani, Stotasa, Koshtanga, Twacha, Kala, Marma, Kurcha, Jalaka, Kandara,</em> and <em>Indriya</em> etc. Amongst all these, <em>Twacha</em> is very important <em>Dnyanendriya</em> which occupies all other <em>Indriyas</em> and whole body. Today whole world is familiar about most of the modern concept of skin, but still many concepts about <em>Twacha </em>(skin) mentioned in various <em>Ayurvedic </em>text is yet to disclose. In this study an attempt is made to explore the hidden concept about <em>Twacha Sharir</em> such as formation and development of skin (<em>Twacha Uttapti</em>) skin layers and its associated disorder.</p> Mohini D. Deshpande Vinod M. Choudhari Copyright (c) 2022 Mohini D. Deshpande, Vinod M. Choudhari 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 29 36 A cross sectional study to develop a scale on health related QOL for assessing the effect of Unhealthy Food Habits in apparently Healthy Subjects <p><strong>Background: </strong>Non communicable diseases continue to be an important public health problem and are responsible for the major proportion of mortality and morbidity in India and about 60% of deaths in India are due to these diseases. This is due to drastic change in the life style and food habits which are affecting the quality of life of the person. Early identification of these indicators can result in early remedy to prevent the forthcoming diseases. With this aim a cross sectional study was planned to develop a scale for the assessment of HRQOL in the persons consuming unhealthy food habits. <strong>Objectives of the Study: </strong>To develop a validated scale to assess the HRQOL in healthy individuals who have unhealthy food habits.<strong> Methods: </strong>All the data regarding the components which are taken as an indicator of HRQOL were compiled and critically analyzed for construction of the domains and item generation. The content validity was carried out by giving to 5 experts as a process of pretesting of the questionnaire and for checking the face value. Questionnaire administration was done on 77 healthy subjects as a first set of analysis and later on 111 healthy subjects development and validation. For internal consistency Cronbach’s alpha was run, &amp; for item reduction Principal component analysis (PCA) was done and components were extracted and accordingly domains were reframed. Reframed questionnaire was administered to the 270 healthy subjects and to check reliability Cronbach’s alpha was done. Scoring was done based on the mean of all domains to create the scale. <strong>Results: </strong>Initially 104 items were framed based on the intense literature search, after content validity no items were deleted. So, 104 questions were administered for 1<sup>st</sup> assessment after checking the internal consistency 28 items were deleted and 76 items remained. After the 2<sup>nd</sup> set of assessment with deletion of 7 items 69 items remained. After data extraction 43 items remained which were used for the generation of the scale scoring. The scoring was done based on the mean of all the domains. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>This developed self-assessment scale will help in the assessment of effect of unhealthy food habits over the HRQOL in apparently healthy subjects. This will give the scoring for the HRQOL which was calculated based on the mean of all the domains.</p> Rashmi Bhatt Raja Rajeshwari N M Vibhu Powar Madhuvratha P Copyright (c) 2022 Rashmi Bhatt, Raja Rajeshwari N M, Vibhu Powar, Madhuvratha P 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 37 45 An observational study to evaluate the relation between Prakruti and Menopausal Symptoms <p><strong>Background</strong> <strong>- </strong>Menopause is permanent cessation of menstruation at the end of reproductive life. India has large population of menopausal woman about 43 million. Current studies identified 46.2 +\- 4.9years as the age of natural menopause in India. Mean natural menopausal age in South India is 46.1 +\- 5.63. Menopause affects 1\3<sup>rd</sup> population &amp; in 1\3<sup>rd</sup> of life span of women. In <em>Vataprakruti</em> individuals, symptoms like sensory motor problems, arthropathies &amp; psychological disturbance like anxiety, irritability, depression, mood swing will be more. In <em>Pitta Prakruti </em>individuals hot flushes will be more predominant, excessive perspiration &amp; thirst, anger, short temper, will be more frequent &amp; in <em>Kapha Prakruti</em> weight gain, slow digestion, sleepiness will be more. Hence, <em>Rajonivrutti</em> may also be affected by <em>Prakruti</em>, So, the study is intended to know the relation between<em> Prakruti </em>&amp; Menopausal symptoms. <strong>Objectives - </strong>To evaluate the relation between <em>Prakruti </em>&amp; menopausal symptoms<strong>.</strong> <strong>Method and Result - </strong>First the questionnaire was given to assess the <em>Deha Prakruti </em>then 60 <em>Vata</em>, 60 <em>Pitta</em> and 60 <em>Kapha Pradhana Prakruti </em>was selected. There after their menopausal symptoms were assessed with the help of Menopausal rating scale. <strong>Conclusion - </strong>There was a significant difference in the menopausal symptoms, among three different <em>Deha Prakruti</em>, which can be correlated according to the predominance of the <em>Dosha Gunas</em> in <em>Deha Prakruti</em>.</p> Ashwini I. Honagannavar Mahanthswami Hiremath Pratibha Kulkarni Copyright (c) 2022 Ashwini I. Honagannavar, Mahanthswami Hiremath, Pratibha Kulkarni 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 46 53 Assessment of Chittodwega in BAMS 1st year students w.s.r to Anxiety by Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale <p><em>Chittodvega </em>is a term denoting the anxious state of mind. It is individualistic and occurs without knowledge of person. Exam anxiety can be considered as one kind of <em>Chittodvega </em>we are seeing in students. <em>Chittodvega</em> is having adverse effect over the mind as well as body and it also affects the quality of life<em>. </em>Therefore, study has been conducted to assess the level of <em>Chittodvega </em>with special reference to Exam anxiety in students.</p> Channabasavva D. Totad Santoshkumar B. Utlaskar Manohar S. Sarangi Copyright (c) 2022 Channabasavva D. Totad, Santoshkumar B. Utlaskar, Manohar S. Sarangi 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 54 61 A cross sectional study of the effect of certain Ayurvedic formulations on Post Covid Syndrome <p>In the first wave of the covid-19, crores of the people in India were badly affected by the corona virus and contracted the disease. It is widely reported that even after the recovery from the disease and after becoming negative for the RT PCR test various types of signs and symptoms remained unresolved for a long period in many patients. Persistence of the sign and symptoms in the covid patient is regarded as post covid syndrome, which badly affected the routine life of the population. Viewing in the emerging of the patients of post covid syndrome and with the aim of to relieve in the severity of the post covid syndrome, a unit of post covid care was established in the hospital premises of the MMM Government Ayurvedic College, Udaipur, (Rajasthan) named as Sanjeevani Post Covid Care Unit<em>,</em> where the patients of post covid syndrome were registered and treated with some Ayurvedic formulations (Sanjeevani Kit) according to the category of sign and symptoms of the patients. A team of the doctors and PG Scholars of the Collage were deployed in the unit.</p> Man Mohan Sharma Prof. Mahesh Dixit Pradeep Soni Copyright (c) 2022 Man Mohan Sharma, Prof. Mahesh Dixit, Pradeep Soni 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 62 66 Study of Anguli Pramana in individuals with different nutritional status with respect to its validity in the present era <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Anguli Pramana </em>is an ancient form of Anthropometry put forth by sages. It mainly deals with the measurements of the human body. Literature search revealed that, not a single study was being carried out for assessing the validity of <em>Anguli Pramana </em>in the present era. Therefore, the present study was planned. <strong>Method: </strong>After ethical clearance, 770 participants between 18-50 years were selected from Ahmednagar and Nashik region. Measurements were taken for selected parameters and converted into <em>Swa-Anguli Pramana. </em>Body Mass Index of each participant was calculated and categorized according to the nutritional status. The data analyzed with Student’s t-test using Systat 13.0 version software. <strong>Result: </strong>Comparative data of standard and measured value was found statistically different in all nutritional status groups. <strong>Discussion: </strong><em>Anguli Pramana </em>may not be considered valid in the present era may be due to evolutionary changes and lifestyle changes in the human being.</p> Pratibha Visave Deepnarayan Shukla Deepali Choudhari Copyright (c) 2022 Pratibha Visave, Deepnarayan Shukla, Deepali Choudhari 2022-03-19 2022-03-19 7 1 67 75 An in vivo study to evaluate the antipyretic activity of Suryaprabha Gulika in brewer’s yeast induced pyrexia in wistar albino rats <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> <em>S</em><em>uryaprabha Gulika</em> is one of the<em> Rasayoga, </em>mentioned in <em>Sahasrayogam</em> <em>Gulika</em> <em>Prakarana, </em>prepared by <em>Khalviya</em> method of preparation. The formulation is widely practiced clinically and prescribed in conditions of fever associated with <em>Svasa</em> and <em>Kasa. </em>In the present scenario, validation of any classical concept has emerged to be essential for acceptance by the scientific community. Since antipyretic activity could be elicited in animal models, the present study aims at eliciting the antipyretic activity of <em>Suryaprabha Gulika</em> in wistar albino rats using brewer’s yeast induced pyrexia method. <strong>Materials and methods: </strong><em>Suryaprabha Gulika</em> was prepared as per the classical reference text, <em>Sahasrayogam</em>. Qualitative and quantitative assessment of the prepared drug was carried out. The experimental study to evaluate the antipyretic activity of the formulation was screened using brewer’s yeast induced pyrexia method. Statistical test used for evaluation was one way ANOVA followed by Dunett’s multiple comparison ‘t’ test as post- Hoc test, if p&lt;0.05 was considered significant, using graphpad instat software. <strong>Results: </strong>When compared to the control group, <em>Suryaprabha Gulika</em> was found to be effective in bringing about antipyretic action. It also had almost similar efficacy as that of standard drug in bringing about antipyretic action in experimental models. <strong>Discussion:</strong> The antipyretic study of <em>Suryaprabha Gulika</em> in wistar albino rats brought out that the drug possesses highly significant antipyretic action.</p> Veena G Arun Mohanan Sudhakar Bhat Ramesh NV Copyright (c) 2022 Veena G, Arun Mohanan, Sudhakar Bhat, Ramesh NV 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 76 88 Experimental evaluation of antihyperglycemic activity of Vangasindhoora against streptozotocin (stz) induced diabetes in wistar albino rats <p><em>Rasasastra </em>refers to the science of making metals and minerals assimilable for the body so they can be used as medicines and give effective result even in smaller dose. <em>Kupipakva Rasayana</em> bears a unique place in <em>Rasasastra </em>as it has quicker action and synergistic effect in body at very low dose. <em>Vangasindhoora</em> is a <em>Kupipakva Rasayana</em> preparation mentioned in <em>Rasendra Sambhava</em> and is indicated in all <em>Prameha</em>. <em>Vangasindhoora </em>contains <em>Vanga, Parada, Gandhaka</em> and <em>Navasara </em>as ingredients. Diabetes is caused due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin. Today’s lifestyle has been changed and sharp increase in the incidence and prevalance of diabetes mellitus has been perceived. In the present study experimental evaluation of antihyperglycemic effect of <em>Vangasindhoora</em> has been dealt and the result were assessed using one-way Anova followed by Dunnet’s multiple comparison t-test using graph pad instant software. Result shows that <em>vangasindhoora</em> has antihyperglycemic effect.</p> Sruthi. P.V AK Muraleedharan Copyright (c) 2022 Sruthi. P.V, AK Muraleedharan 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 89 93 Pharmaceutico - Analytical Study of Swarnprashan Yoga <p><em>Swarnaprashan</em> is one of the oldest traditions of India. <em>Suvarnprashan</em> is described since Vedic era. Now a days as an immunization program <em>Suvarnprashan</em> is promoted to leak on the occasion of <em>Pushya</em> <em>Nakshatra</em>.&nbsp; <em>Swarnaprashan</em> is an immune modulator and this is a treatment concept of new era. It is a cost-effective remedy for immune modulation. <em>Swarnprashan</em> when regularly administered it increases baby’s immunity, strength, appetite, complexion, and health. Administration of processed gold in children is a unique practice mentioned in Ayurveda as <em>Swarnaprashana</em> by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Kashypa</em> thousands of years back. There are various formulations of gold and even along with herbal drugs explained by different Acharya for prolonged usage in children. Ayurveda recommends only purified and processed gold for internal administration.&nbsp;<em>Swarnaprashana</em> <em>Yoga</em> contain <em>Vachadi</em> <em>Ghruta</em>, Honey and <em>Swarnbhasma</em>. <em>Swarnprashan</em> <em>Yoga</em> ingredients are proved to possess nootropic, anticonvulsants, antidepressant, antiepileptic, antipsychotic, antioxidant, immunomodulatory properties.</p> Shivani J Mishra Shivani J Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Shivani J Mishra, Shivani J Mishra 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 94 100 Pharmaceutico analytical study of Taala Garbha Pottali <p><em>Rasashastra </em>is a pharmaceutical branch of Indian system of medicine which mainly deals with the metals, minerals and poisonous drugs. These drugs are pharmaceutically processed and rendered fit for internal administration. There are four type of <em>Rasakalpa </em>viz:<em> Khalwiya, Parpti, Kupipakwa and Pottalirasayana.</em> <em>Pottalikalpana</em> is an unexplored, innovative drug form of <em>Rasashastra</em>, even though it has many advantages like least product wastage, minimal drug requirement when compared to other <em>Rasayogas</em>. Its manufacturing and applied research became gradually less in current era. It is a type of <em>Parada Murchana</em> which was invented with a vision for achieving convenience in transporting, preserving, minimum dosage form and some cases in emergency conditions. <em>Taalagarbhapottali </em>is a unique formulation explained in <em>Rasayogasagara</em>. Preparation of <em>Taalagarbhapottali</em> is done by <em>Gandhakapaka</em> method using <em>Sodhita Haratala</em>, <em>Ashtasamskaritaparada, Gandhaka</em> and <em>Swarna Varka</em>.</p> Siji.K.T Gauthaman M Kiran S Copyright (c) 2022 Siji.K.T, Gauthaman M, Kiran S 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 101 108 Conceptual study of Kamala and understanding the concept of Kamale Tu Virechane w.s.r. to Jaundice <p>The concept of <em>Varna</em> (colour) has been explained in our classics with great details. It has been classified broadly in two categories 1. <em>Prakruta Varna</em> 2. <em>Vaikruta Varna</em>, in the present disease <em>Kamala</em>, the important finding in clinical examination is the <em>Vikruta Varna</em> i.e., <em>Haridra Netra, Twak, Mutra</em> etc. <em>Kamala </em>is <em>Pittaja Nanatmaja</em> and <em>Raktapradoshaja Vikara. Charakacharya</em> considered <em>Kamala</em> as advanced stage of <em>Pandu Roga. Sushrutacharya</em> considered <em>Kamala </em>as separate disease and also may be due to further complication of <em>Panduroga</em>, whereas <em>Vagbhatacharya </em>described <em>Kamala</em> as a separate disease. Ayurveda is traditionally skilful in treating liver diseases since centuries. Although named Jaundice as liver disorder was not mentioned in <em>Ayurveda</em> literature but on the basis of similarity of symptoms like yellowish discolouration of skin (<em>Twak Pitata</em>), Sclera (<em>Netra</em>), Urine (<em>Mutra</em>), Stool (<em>Purisha</em>) it can be correlated with jaundice. In <em>Kamala Vyadhi</em> all <em>Acharyas</em> in Ayurveda texts have explained about <em>Virechana Karma</em>. Modern science has its own limitation in treating <em>Kamala Vyadhi</em> (jaundice) but <em>Ayurveda </em>literature clearly explained pathology and treatment of <em>Kamala Vyadhi</em> which shows the specificity of <em>Ayurveda.</em> The line of management i.e., <em>Virechana Karma</em> and <em>Shamana Chikitsa</em> are successful in management of <em>Kamala</em> by removing toxic waste from the body and by correction of <em>Agni </em>(digestive fire).</p> Raheena B Sanganor Smita Priyadarshini Copyright (c) 2022 Raheena B, Sanganor Smita, Priyadarshini 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 109 115 Clinical indications of Ashwagandharishta an experiential and scientific view <p><em>Asavarishtas</em> are <em>Sandhaniya</em> formulations which contain self generated alcohol in it. They are easy to prepare and preserve also. <em>Asavarishtas</em> like <em>Amritarishta, Abhayarishta, Arjunarishta,&nbsp; Aravindasava,&nbsp; Ashokarishta,&nbsp; Balarishta,&nbsp; Chandanasava,&nbsp; Chavikasava&nbsp;&nbsp; Dashamoolarishta&nbsp;&nbsp; Drakshasava&nbsp;&nbsp; Eladyarishta,&nbsp; Gomootrasava,&nbsp; Jeerakarishta,&nbsp; Kutajarishta,&nbsp; Kumaryasava,&nbsp; kanakasava&nbsp;&nbsp; Mustakarishta,&nbsp; Punarnavasava</em> and <em>Pushkaramoolasava</em>&nbsp; are few fermented formulations which are commonly used by Ayurveda physicians.&nbsp; <em>Ashwagandharishta</em> is one such preparation which is given in mental disorders, neurological disorders, and chronic debilitating diseases. It is having actions like <em>Dipana, Pachana,&nbsp; Rasayana,&nbsp; Balya, Brimhana, Nadi Balya,</em> sedative,&nbsp; hypnotic,&nbsp; antistress, adaptogenic and nerve tonic etc. The present paper highlights about the clinical indications of <em>Ashwagandharishta</em> in experiential and scientific view.</p> Prof. Shripathi Acharya G Rajeshwari S Acharya Copyright (c) 2022 Prof. Shripathi Acharya G, Rajeshwari S Acharya 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 116 118 Ayurvedic interpretation and management of Covid-19 and Post Covid Symptoms <p>World community is facing an unprecedented pandemic of novel corona virus disease (Covid-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-COV-2). Despite worldwide efforts to contain it, the pandemic is continuing to spread because of nonspecific drugs trial and still the exact medicine is yet to discovered. Ayurveda an ancient science has already described the pandemic with reference to <em>Janapadodhwamsa</em> along with its prevention and cure with reference to <em>Aupsargika</em>-<em>Rogas</em>. All kinds of <em>Jwara</em> are mentioned in our Ayurvedic classics with details of patho-physiology and management. Thus, Covid-19 whose main manifestation is <em>Jwara</em> can be managed and prevented by following the Ayurvedic daily regimen and treatment protocols which lessens the bad prognosis of Covid-19 thereby preventing the Post Covid Symptoms. Covid-19 can be managed by the treatment protocol mentioned in <em>Jwara-Chikitsa</em>, <em>Janapadodhwamsa</em>, <em>Aupsargika Rogas</em> while the Post Covid Symptoms can be managed by <em>Jirna Jwara Chikitsa </em>along with different forms <em>Rasayana</em> based on feasibility. <em>Rasayana Chikitsa</em> works well in the preventive as well as curative in both Covid-19 and Post Covid Symptoms. Role of <em>Panchakarma</em> in Covid-19 and Post Covid Symptoms has a special place in treating the <em>Strotodushti</em> of various level mainly the <em>Pranavaha</em>&nbsp; <em>Strotas</em>. <em>Vyadhikshamatva</em> and <em>Agni</em> play an important role in developing Covid-19 and Post Covid Symptoms therefore, attention should be given to increase the <em>Vyadhikshamatva</em> and maintain the optimum power of <em>Agni</em> of the public health. In this way Covid-19 infection is prevented thereby minimizing the further health hazards. Therefore, Ayurvedic principles should be adopted to prevent and manage the Covid-19 infection by interpreting the elements of patho-physiology in Ayurvedic perspective so as to plan an effective management protocol and to recover the <em>Swasthya</em>.</p> Shweta Deolekar Ashish Thatere Prakash Kabra Copyright (c) 2022 Shweta Deolekar, Ashish Thatere, Prakash Kabra 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 119 129 A study on Trividha Upasthamba w.s.r to Nidra in Bruhatrayi <p>Health is the supreme foundation for the achievement of happy life. Objective of Ayurveda is to accomplish the physical, mental, social and spiritual well-being, by adopting the preventive and promotive approach as well as treating the diseases with various remissive approaches. <em>Ahara</em>, <em>Nidra</em> and <em>Brahmacharya</em> are three sub-pillars, which support the main pillar, the body itself. When these are observed or maintained properly then only the main pillars will be endowed with strength, complexion and development (<em>Bala</em>, <em>Varna</em> and <em>Upachaya</em>). None of the existing system of medicine is the complete answer for all the health problems as all these aim at symptomatic relief rather than a total cure. So this present study was carried out to collect the matter related to <em>Nidra</em>, to show the importance of <em>Nidra</em> and importance of <em>Nidra</em> in <em>Swastha</em> and <em>Athur</em>.</p> Santoshkumar B. Utlaskar Channabasavva D. Totad Copyright (c) 2022 Santoshkumar B. Utlaskar, Channabasavva D. Totad 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 130 134 Conceptual study on Sthoulya with its Chikitsa Sutra <p><em>Ayurveda </em>is one of the most ancient medical science among the world. It describes the conceptual study of different disease with reference to its own principles and approaches. In <em>Ayurveda </em>‘<em>Sthoulya</em>’ is described by different <em>Acharya</em>’s in their own way with its <em>Nidana</em>, <em>Samprapti, Rupa, Upadrava, Chikitsa </em>and <em>Pathya Apathya </em>as <em>Sthoulya Roga, Medoroga, Santarpana Janya Vyadhi, Dhatvagni Mandhyajan</em>ya <em>Vyadhi </em>etc. and <em>Acharya Charaka </em>has described <em>Sthoulya </em>among the ‘<em>Ashtaninditiya Purusha</em>’. The sedentary lifestyles, stress and dietary habits etc., which are the gift of modern world, are primary predisposing factors for <em>Sthoulya</em>. Many theories have been put forward with many new hypothesis describing this disorder in <em>Ayurveda </em>as well as modern science, still there is an enough scope to work out on its aetiopathological and management aspect of <em>Sthualya</em>. So, looking upon the importance of this disorder an attempt is made to understand <em>Nidana</em>, <em>Samprapti </em>as well as <em>Chikista Sutra </em>of <em>Sthoulya</em>.</p> Prathana H M Sandeep Desai Copyright (c) 2022 Prathana H M, Sandeep Desai 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 135 141 Role of Kshoudra in Agnikarma <p><em>Sushruta</em> known as father of surgery has described various procedures along with some parasurgical measures. <em>Agnikarma</em> is one amongst these parasurgical procedures. <em>Agnikarma</em> has been given special place in surgery by <em>Sushruta</em> and it is believed that disease treated by <em>Agnikarma</em> never reoccurs. Based on the specific heat retention and transmission capacity <em>Acharya</em> prescribed different materials like <em>Pippali </em>(<em>Piper</em> <em>longum</em>), <em>Ajasakruth </em>(goat’s excreta), <em>Godantha </em>(cow’s teeth), <em>Shara </em>(arrow),<em> Shalaka </em>(metal rods)<em>, Kshoudra </em>(honey) etc. For <em>Agnikarma</em> on specific body parts. <em>Kshoudra</em> is one among them used to treat diseases situated in <em>Sira, Snayu, Sandhi, Asthi.</em><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> The mechanism of action of <em>Agnikarma</em> is still obscure. <em>Agnikarma</em> act on a multi-factorial level in the body. Mainly it is indicated in the diseases caused by <em>Vata</em> and <em>Kapha</em> because of its <em>Tikshna </em>(quick action), <em>Ushna </em>(hotness), <em>Sookshma </em>(subtle), <em>Vyavayi </em>(quick spreading), <em>Vikashi </em>(works without being metabolised) properties to remove <em>Srotorodha </em>(obstruction in channels of body). <em>Agnikarma </em>with <em>Kshoudra </em>was not widely practiced. This paper deals with details of <em>Agnikarma</em> with <em>Kshoudra</em> and its utility.</p> Anji Maria Joseph Anand Katti Copyright (c) 2022 Anji Maria Joseph , Anand Katti 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 142 145 Conceptual study of Aragwadhadi Kashaya on skin disorder w.r.t Virudha Ahar Vihar <p>Ayurveda describes varieties of herbo- mineral drugs. The use of herbo-mineral drugs is increasing day by day. Present generation is much more likely to consume junk foods, milk shakes, fruit salad etc. included in <em>Virrudha Ahara</em>. Behavioral pattern like cold water bath immediately after steam bath included in <em>Virrudha Vihara.</em> Due to <em>Virrudha Ahara Vihara, Tridosha</em> vitiates then there is vitiation of seven dhatus gradually. Skin gets affected as it is part of <em>Rasadhatu</em> leads to skin disorder. <em>Aragwadadhi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> is one of the Ayurvedic formulation which is useful in mostly skin disorder and is prepared out of herbal ingredients which consists of water-soluble active principles. This Ayurvedic formulation was explained in <em>Astang Hrdaya Sodhanadhigana Samgrahaniya Adhayaya</em>. It is having detoxifier medical properties in it. It is mainly indicated in <em>Kapha</em> predominant diseases. This <em>Yoga</em> have properties of <em>Kapha-Vata Hara, Ushna Virya, Katu Vipaka.</em> It is indicated in skin diseases mostly, <em>Visha, Prameha</em> etc. disorders as this drug consists of antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic etc. properties in it.</p> Amrita Baidya Chaitanya Baraskar Copyright (c) 2022 Amrita Baidya, Chaitanya Baraskar 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 146 149 Concept of Ojas : A Scientific Analysis <p><strong>Background:</strong> The resistance power and immunity together are manifested by the <em>Ojas</em> component which is present throughout the body i.e., <em>Sarbasharirvyapi</em>. <em>Oja</em> is the essence of all the <em>Dhatus</em> and is responsible to protect the body. In different classical Ayurvedic texts <em>Oja</em> has been described elaborately with its type, site, quantity, function, and derangement etiology. Various researchers based on their ideas have given its modern parlance with immunity and stem cells etc. <strong>Aims and Objects:</strong><em>&nbsp; </em>Despite being invisible, <em>Oja</em> is playing a very important role in the living body by its functions. The present review explains some important information about the fundamental concept of <em>Oja</em> &amp; interprets it with amino acids along with their function. <strong>Materials &amp; Methods:</strong> Original textbook of <em>Charaka Samhita</em> along with commentary, <em>Susruta Samhita</em> along with <em>Nibandha Samgraha</em> commentary, <em>Astanga Hridayam</em> along with <em>Sarbanga Sundari</em> and <em>Ayurveda Rasayana</em> Commentary, other available published articles in peer-reviewed journals, published books and subjects related material available online have been thoroughly screened, compiled, organized and described a systemic manner. <strong>Observation:</strong> Amino acids are important constituents of food. They supply the required building block for protein synthesis. It is also called basic building units. All twenty amino acids did not appear simultaneously in nature. Instead, some of them appeared rarely, while others were added to the genetic code later. It is necessary to take them in the diet because their deficiency results in decreasing the formation of a protein that ultimately leads to the disease condition<em>. Oja, Saptadhatusara</em> also formed from the <em>Prasadbhaga</em> of food. It is also considered a vital defense mechanism of the body. <em>Dusti</em> of <em>Oja</em> is responsible for various diseases such as <em>Madhumeha, Yakshma, Jwar, Pandu, </em>etc. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The qualitative <em>Ojas</em> initiate the contentment, nourishment of the body and increase strength in terms of physical, mental, immunological of the body. Various authors have mentioned the concept of <em>Ojas</em> in their way but it is a bit difficult to define O<em>jas</em> as per modern. Therefore, this review article attempts to create a novel concept of <em>Ojas </em>&amp; their relation with amino acids, which is understandable in a scientific way and its overall effects on the human body which will be helpful for scholars in the treatment of diseases and advising precautions.</p> Afroja Yeasmin Akhtar Roji Murlidhar Paliwal Copyright (c) 2022 Afroja Yeasmin Akhtar Roji, Murlidhar Paliwal 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 150 157 Comprehensive review on Arishtaka (Sapindus trifoliatus L. and S. mukorossi Gaertn) <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> <em>Arishtaka</em> is a small to medium sized deciduous tree, mentioned in Ayurveda classics which is botanically identified as <em>Sapindus trifoliatus </em>L. and <em>Sapindus mukorossi</em> Gaertn. belonging to family Sapindaceae. <em>Sapindus mukorossi </em>Gaertn is mainly used in North India while <em>Sapindus trifoliatus</em> in Southern India. Fruit, root, leaf and seed are the useful parts. The plant has been mentioned with different synonyms in our classics. <strong>Objective</strong>: To obtain a comprehensive review on <em>Arishtaka</em> from Ayurvedic scriptures and ethnomedicinal practices. <strong>Method: </strong>Information regarding the drug <em>Arishtaka</em> has been compiled from <em>Brhattrayi</em> - <em>Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Hrudaya</em> and <em>Samgraha</em>, printed and online sources of <em>Nighantu</em>, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Database on Medicinal Plants used in Ayurveda, Quality Standards of Indian Medicinal Plants, Indian Medicinal Plants, Indian Materia Medica, Wealth of India, Dravyaguna Vijnana Volume 2 by Priyavrat Sharma, Dravyakosha by Karnataka Knowledge Commission, Dravyaguna Hastamalaka and Online articles related to experimental study on <em>Sapindus </em>species. <strong>Result: </strong>The drug shows wide therapeutic and folklore use. It was found the drug was known with 22 synonyms which was compiled from 6 Nighantus. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Since the drug is available in the most parts of Indian subcontinent, further experimental, pre-clinical and clinical research on the drug is required to establish the therapeutic efficiency and mechanism of action on the above-mentioned disorders.</p> Aditi Gandhi Anoosha Adiga Prakash L. Hegde Pradeep Copyright (c) 2022 Aditi Gandhi, Anoosha Adiga, Prakash L. Hegde, Pradeep 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 158 164 Cardioprotective activity of various Herb’s - Research Update <p>Cardiovascular diseases are the one of the most leading cause for death in the all countries, which include diseases of heart and vascular system supplying to the vital organs, caused due to various factors like age, gender, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, tobacco smoking, obesity, psychological factors, various dietary and life style modification, with prevalence of 17.9 million every year. Ayurveda<em>, </em>the life science, has holistic approach in maintaining health and in treating disease condition. <em>Hrudaya</em> is the one among the<em> Tri-marma</em> (S<em>adhyopranahara</em>). <em>H</em><em>rudy</em><em>a</em><em> Karma </em>mentioned in Ayurveda used in various cardiac conditions. <em>Dravyas </em>which are good for heart <em>(Hrudayaya Hitam)</em> are termed as <em>Hrudya</em>. The <em>Dravyas</em> which possess the <em>Hrudroga Hara</em> property are used in various cardiac conditions both in preventive as well as curative aspects.&nbsp; 58 <em>Hrudya</em> <em>D</em><em>ravyas,</em> 19 <em>Hrudroga</em> <em>H</em><em>ara </em><em>D</em><em>r</em><em>avyas</em> were mentioned in <em>B</em><em>ru</em><em>hatrayi</em> &amp; among those, 7 are <em>Dhatu </em>(metal) origin, 70 are plant origin. Hence the present study done to review various<em> Hrudya</em> and <em>Hrudroga Hara Dravyas </em>mentioned in <em>Bruhatrayi </em>(compilation done from <em>C</em><em>h</em><em>ar</em><em>aka, Su</em><em>s</em><em>rutha</em><em>, </em><em>Astanga </em><em>H</em><em>rudaya Samhita</em><em>s</em>), along with experimentally proven cardioprotective drugs (compilation was done through PubMed, Dhara, Ayurveda research portal, Google scholar and Google).</p> Bharati S. Muddannavar Anand Katti Copyright (c) 2022 Bharati S. Muddannavar, Anand Katti 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 165 177 Pharmacotherapeutic activity of Ancient Indian Medicinal Plant with special reference to Mishraka Gana (Panchtikta) in relation to Vasa (Adhatoda vasica Nees.) <p><em>Panchtikta</em> are the synergistic blend of five ayurvedic <em>Dravyas</em>. <em>Pancha </em>refers to five and <em>Tikta</em> refer bitter. In Ayurved classic <em>Panchatikta</em> i.e., Five <em>Dravyas</em> with <em>Tikta </em>(bitter) <em>Rasa</em> viz. Azadirachta <em>indica</em> (<em>Neem</em>), <em>Trichosanthes dioica </em>(gourd<em>), Solanum</em> <em>xanthocarpum </em>(branched shrub), <em>Tinofpora cordifolia (Guduchi) </em>and <em>Adhatoda vasica (Adulsa). Panchatikta</em> is one of the ideal combinations for a vast range of therapeutics focused in Ayurveda. In present study an attempt has been made to compile the therapeutic application of <em>Panchatikta Dravyas</em>.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Balaji Sawant Ashok Prajapati Darshana Mishra Jahanvi Alwe Copyright (c) 2022 Balaji Sawant, Ashok Prajapati, Darshana Mishra, Jahanvi Alwe 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 178 183 Ayurvedic perspective of early deaths in young celebrities <p>Death is one of the scariest things in everyone’s life. Especially the death of the fitness freak person or celebrities in their young age is most frightening thing in common man’s life. Here an attempt is made to analyze the reason of the celebrities’ deaths occurred recently in an ayurvedic perspective. i.e., why they got sudden massive heart attack in-spite of having their daily workout and routine diet following. <em>Oja Kshaya</em> can be related to the Death / <em>Mrityu</em> in Ayurveda. <em>Oja</em> is residing in the <em>Hridaya Pradesha</em>. It means that the <em>Oja Kshaya</em> can be the Heart Attack.</p> Girish Ashok Kulkarni Deepanjali Rajaram Jadhav Copyright (c) 2022 Girish Ashok Kulkarni, Deepanjali Rajaram Jadhav 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 184 186 Critical review on Haritaki w.s.r. to Sthaulya (obesity) <p>Obesity is a major risk factor for a number of chronic diseases, including Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease &amp; Cancer etc. In 2013, the American Medical Association (AMA) declared Obesity a disease that requires a range of interventions to advance treatment &amp; prevention. &nbsp;So, it is the need of the hour to develop better treatment protocol to treat &amp; prevent the condition. <em>Ayurveda</em> has the potential in the prevention, management &amp; improvement of the quality of life in obese patient. <em>Haritaki </em>having properties like <em>Kaphaghna, Medoghna, Deepana, Pachana, Ruksha</em>, <em>Laghu Guna, Katu, Tikta Rasa </em>and <em>Ushna Veerya, </em>it does the <em>Sthaulya Samprapti Vighatana.</em> Various studies also suggested that <em>Haritaki </em>possesses an antiobesity and hypolipidemic effects based on <em>Kaphanashak </em>and <em>Medoghna</em> properties and presence of its biologically active components like saponins, phytosterols, chebulinic acid and corilagin. Therefore, <em>Haritaki</em> can be useful as an adjuvant therapy for Obesity.</p> Shilky Patel Nitin Marwaha Charu Bansal Trupti Jain Copyright (c) 2022 Shilky Patel, Nitin Marwaha, Charu Bansal, Trupti Jain 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 187 190 Chardi Nigrahana Mahakashaya of Charaka Samhita - A Critical Review <p><em>Chardi</em> <em>Nigrahana</em> <em>Mahakashaya</em> denotes group of ten drugs which acts on <em>Chardi</em> <em>Roga</em>. The term <em>Chardi</em> can be correlated with vomiting or emesis in modern medicine. It is a pathological condition which is different from therapeutic procedure of vomiting called <em>Vamana</em> <em>Karma</em>. Vomiting is described as forceful expulsion of contents of stomach through mouth and sometimes nose. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> has described <em>Chardi</em> <em>Nigrahana</em> <em>Mahakashaya</em> in <em>Sutrasthana</em> as 28<sup>th</sup> <em>Gana</em> of the 50 <em>Mahakashaya</em> <em>Gana</em>. On close observation it is known that plants of this group have specific <em>Rasa</em>, <em>Guna</em>, <em>Veerya</em>, <em>Vipaka</em> and <em>Prabhava</em> by which they act. This article is an attempt to describe the mode of action of <em>Chardi</em> <em>Nigrahana</em> <em>Mahakashaya</em>.</p> Priyanka Sanagala Anuradha K N Akshata Ashwini Benjarwad Copyright (c) 2022 Priyanka Sanagala, Anuradha K N, Akshata, Ashwini Benjarwad 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 191 194 Review on Ayurvedic concept of Garbhini Paricharya <p>In every women’s life pregnancy is the most important and critical part. <em>Garbhini</em> <em>Paricharya</em> is nothing but the care given to women during her pregnancy mostly through <em>Ahara</em>, <em>Vihara</em> and <em>Vichara</em>. In Ayurveda food is considered to be the best source of nourishments as well as medication for pregnant woman. Ayurveda described month wise <em>Paricharya</em> that helps in the development of foetus, healthy growth and gives health and care to mother. In Ayurveda food is considered to be the best source of nourishments as well as medication for pregnant woman. The main intension of advising <em>Garbhini</em> <em>Paricharya</em> is <em>Paripurnatya</em> (providing growth of mother and fetus), <em>Anupaghata</em> (pregnancy without complications), <em>Sukhaprasava</em> (for healthy delivery and healthy child).</p> Prashant Rajaram Shirke Copyright (c) 2022 Prashant Rajaram Shirke 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 195 198 Ayurvedic and modern approach to Diabetic Neuropathy : A Review <p>In Ayurveda, Diabetes mellitus closely resembles a disorder called <em>Madhumeha</em>, which is a subtype of <em>Vataja Prameha</em>. In <em>Avarnjanya Madhumeha </em>vitiated <em>Kapha</em>, <em>Pitta </em>and <em>Meda </em>causes <em>Avarana </em>to <em>Vata </em>that leads its aggravation causing diminution of vital <em>Dhatus</em>. This may lead to the complication of <em>Madhumeha </em>such as Diabetic Neuropathy. Neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes affecting approximately 30% of diabetic patients. Diabetic neuropathies are thought to result from diabetic micro vascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves in addition to macro vascular conditions that can culminate in diabetic neuropathy. Although the invention of insulin and hypoglycemics have done a great service for diabetics, yet these patients do not get a proper solution for their neuropathic complications.&nbsp; The most common signs found in diabetic sensory polyneuropathy are diminished perception of vibration sensation and impairment of all other modalities of sensations. As per Ayurvedic principles there is involvement of&nbsp;<em>Vata</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Pitta Dosa</em>&nbsp;in diabetic neuropathy. In Ayurvedic classics symptoms like&nbsp;<em>Suptata</em>&nbsp;(numbness) and&nbsp;<em>Daha</em>&nbsp;(burning sensation) in body parts especially in hands and feet are described as&nbsp;<em>Purvarupa</em>&nbsp;of&nbsp;<em>Prameha</em>. <em>Daha</em>&nbsp;is also described among the&nbsp;<em>Upadravas </em>(complications) of&nbsp;<em>Prameha</em>. These are very common features of diabetic neuropathy. As we know that diabetic neuropathy is common complication amongst diabetics. In conventional medicine tricyclic antidepressants, anticonvulsants, opiates, membrane stabilizers and antioxidants are used in diabetic peripheral polyneuropathy for symptomatic relief. All these drugs have their side effects. Hence there is need to find out safer and effective treatment from the sources other than conventional medicine.</p> Pratima Prafulla Mohite PN Deshmukhe Copyright (c) 2022 Pratima Prafulla Mohite, PN Deshmukhe 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 199 204 Concept of Swabhavparamvada in Ayurveda and its practical applicability <p>Ayurveda is based on many basic principles. It is also a philosophical science, having a scientific view. Though Ayurveda is ancient science, it’s principles are still applicable in today’s world. <em>Swabhavparamvada</em> is one of the most important concepts mentioned in Charak Samhita. There is need of deep study of this concept owing to its practical aspect and co-rrelate its importance as well as use in modern era with special reference to treatment.</p> Pradnya Wankhade Brijesh Mishra Harish Purohit Copyright (c) 2022 Pradnya Wankhade, Brijesh Mishra, Harish Purohit 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 205 207 Approach towards understanding Pros and Cons of Dadhisevan - A Review <p><em>Ayurveda</em> explains helpful dietary practices as well as good life style practices that should be incorporated in life for healthy living. <em>Ayurveda</em> had explained <em>Ahara Varga </em>including <em>Dadhi Varga</em> for explaining <em>Dadhi </em>equivalent to yoghurt or curd according to modern era. <em>Dadhi</em> is <em>Ksheera Vikruti </em>prepared by curdling of milk. <em>Dadhi</em> acts as good appetiser, it helps in digestion, it is of hot potency, it provides good nutrition. Useful in <em>Mutrakruccha</em>, <em>Pratishyaya</em>, <em>Shita Vishama Jwara, Atisara, Aruchi Krushata. </em>Also, <em>Dadhi</em> has many adverse effects if consumed in wrong way or by incompatible individual. Here in this article, there is detailed description of <em>Dadhi</em>, its types and rules of consuming <em>Dadhi </em>so that one can easily understand about <em>Guna</em> and <em>Karma</em> of <em>Dadhi</em> and eventually its pros and cons.</p> Shradha Venkatrao Joshi Shital O. Chavan Copyright (c) 2022 Shradha Venkatrao Joshi, Shital O. Chavan 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 208 211 Critical analysis of Goghrita (cow ghee) and its action on Rasa Dhatu <p><em>Ahara </em>(food) plays an important role in our daily life. Food provides various health benefits.&nbsp; Ghee is one such <em>Snigdha Ahara Dravya</em> which is considered to be an integral part of the human diet in India since ages. Amount of consumption of ghee varies according to region, and individuals. The nutritious and therapeutic value in ghee is good. Every food item we consume encounters with <em>Agni</em> and results in the formation of <em>Ahara Rasa</em> and thus <em>Rasa Dhatu</em>. Even the ghee consumed will be making an entry in to the <em>Rasa Dhatu</em> thus circulating all over the body. <em>Rasa</em> which is considered as the <em>Aadya Dhatu</em> continuously circulates and forms the <em>Aadhara</em> for nourishment of consecutive <em>Shad Dhatus</em>.</p> Varuni SJ Kalpana Sathe Copyright (c) 2022 Varuni SJ, Kalpana Sathe 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 212 216 Physiological study of Kedari Kulya Nyaya in reference to transport of Particles through Cell Membrane <p><em>Dhatus</em> are the <em>Shaktiyukta</em> <em>Drayas</em>. They perform the function like <em>Dharan</em> and <em>Poshana</em> in the body. <em>Nyayas</em> are the laws that substantiate the process of theory of <em>Dhatu Nirmana</em>. <em>Acharyas</em> have propounded <em>Dhatu Poshana Nyaya</em> to substantiate the successive formation of <em>Dhatus</em> from <em>Ahara Rasa</em>. These <em>Nyayas</em> help to understand the concept of <em>Dhatu Nirmana</em> in a different and better way. The main <em>Nyayas</em> about <em>Dhatu Poshan</em> are <em>Ksira Dadhi Nyaya, Khale Kapota Nyaya</em> and <em>Kedari Kulya Nyaya</em>. In the theory of <em>Kedari Kulya</em> describes different tissues as different fields, which receive water through different channels, which in turn, are connected to a big reservoir of water. This theory can explain the passive diffusion of particles across the cell membrane, along the concentration gradient as occurs in case of CO<sub>2, </sub>O<sub>2</sub> etc., because; the water passes into different fields passively, along the direction of concentration gradient.</p> Padminee Copyright (c) 2022 Padminee 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 217 220 Role of Ayurveda in the management of Non-Communicable Disease <p>A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) also known as chronic diseases are defined as diseases of long duration, generally having slow progression. A combination of genetic, physiological, lifestyle and environmental factors can cause these diseases. According to WHO, four main types of NCDs are cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes. NCDs are the leading cause of death globally. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally. Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancer (9.3 million), respiratory disease (4.1 million) and diabetes (1.5 million). Ayurveda is known as leading life science and describe way to prevent the risk factors of NCDs and manage lifestyle disorders in the forms of proper dietary management, the advice of daily and seasonal regimen, some detoxification and bio-purification procedures, medication and rejuvenation therapies. Ayurveda describes three pillars for healthy life i.e., <em>Aahar </em>(proper diet), <em>Nidra </em>(proper sleep) and <em>Brahmcharya </em>(celibacy). <em>Aahar</em>, <em>Nidra</em> and <em>Brahmacharya</em> affect the physical, mental, ethical, social and spiritual well-being.</p> Mohini Gupta Vivek Sharma Harendra Bansal Copyright (c) 2022 Mohini Gupta, Vivek Sharma, Harendra Bansal 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 221 224 Samayogavahitvam - The concept of equilibrium and homeostasis in Ayurveda <p>Ayurveda is a science that gives immense importance to homeostasis among <em>Doshas</em>, <em>Dushyas, Agni</em> and all other entities in body. Health is attained through this equilibrium and disease by its disruption. The Western counterpart of homeostasis is also comparable to that of <em>Ayurveda</em>. This article endeavors to identify the variables influencing homeostasis in <em>Ayurveda</em> and their role in health and disease, and also addresses the <em>Ayurvedic</em> methods to maintain this equilibrium.</p> Karthik KP Rajagopala S Mahapatra Arun Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Karthik KP, Rajagopala S, Mahapatra Arun Kumar 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 225 228 Study of anatomical effects of Yogasana in Frozen Shoulder <p>Frozen shoulder is mainly faulty lifestyle disease which is greatly affecting to people of this era. Beside medicines <em>Yogasana</em> is prevention and therapeutic measure on the problem caused by wrong faulty routine life. <em>Yogasana</em> are our ancient master processes needful for healthy life which also maintain sound state of body and mind. In Frozen shoulder there is an occurrence of inflammation and adhesion of shoulder capsule which leads to restrict the movements and atrophy of the muscles. It is seen that regular use of <em>Yogasana</em> such as <em>Garudasana</em>, <em>Dhanurasana</em> helps in improvement of motions, initiate healing process, achieve alignment and stability, strengthen the muscle So that frozen shoulder will be avoided and treated.</p> Pooja Jadhav Thakur Vajrapratap Singh Copyright (c) 2022 Pooja Jadhav, Thakur Vajrapratap Singh 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 229 232 A review article on causative factors of Madatyaya (Alcohol Used Disorders) in Ayurveda <p>Alcohol used disorders are one among the leading epidemiological health issues in India. In Ayurveda it can be correlated to <em>Madatyaya</em> where Alcohol consumption, its benefits, bad effects and diseases caused due to rule-less use of alcohol, its types, symptoms and management is explained in detail. Understanding the <em>Nidana</em> (causative factors) will give the hint to the patho-physiology, severity and prognosis of the disease. Thus, planning the treatment considering all these factors would surely provide a better result. Around forty Causative factors can be seen according to different <em>Acharyas</em> (Authors of text books of Ayurveda) and it can be divided into six categories. Among the causative factors, <em>Madyapana</em> (consumption of Alcohol) is the prime reason behind the manifestation of <em>Madatyaya</em>. Compiling and analysis on the causative factors explained in various text books of Ayurveda is done in this article.</p> Unnikrishnan PM Pooja Hassan G Sankanagoud Patil Copyright (c) 2022 Unnikrishnan PM, Pooja Hassan G, Sankanagoud Patil 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 233 239 Conceptual study on Vajikaran in Ayurveda <p>The need for sexual activity is as purposive as eating and drinking. Individual enjoying regular sex life remains young and enjoys a long life. It increases muscular strength, stability and give lustre to the skin. According to Ayurveda health is achieved by the use of two types of medicines i.e., <em>Swasthasya Urjaskar </em>(preventive medicines) and <em>Artasya Roganut</em> (curative medicine). <em>Swasthasya Urjaskar </em>is again of two types i.e., <em>Rasayana </em>(Rejuvenation therapy) and <em>Vajikarana </em>(aphrodisiac treatment). <em>Vajikaran </em>includes use of medicines causing virility as well as diet. <em>Vajikaran </em>medicines directly exert the effect on <em>Shukra Dhatu </em>and causes increase in quantity of semen or ejaculation or both.</p> Prashant Rajaram Shirke Jadhav Pradeep Uttam Copyright (c) 2022 Prashant Rajaram Shirke, Jadhav Pradeep Uttam 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 240 243 A review article on Ardhavbhedaka and its management in Ayurveda <p>“Your brain is the organ of your personality, character, and intelligence and is heavily involved in making you who you are” by Daniel G. Amen which is a true saying. It is the brain, which controls all the voluntary and involuntary functions of the body. Thus, brain is the supreme, important and major organ of the body. Headache is one of the most common reasons patients visit the emergency department, with migraines accounting for over one million annual US emergency department visits. Migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe, usually affecting one half of the head, pulsating in nature and last from two to 72 hours. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound. Our <em>Acharyas</em> also give the prime importance to <em>Shirah </em>(head) among the <em>‘Trimarmas’. </em>It is considered as <em>Uttamanga </em>i.e., where vital breath of living beings and also all the sense organs are located and which is best of all organs. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Kumarshira Bharadwaja</em> and <em>Shounaka</em> emphasized that head of the foetus develops first, it is the site of all important <em>Indriyas</em>. Injury to <em>Shirah</em> may lead to death or <em>Asadhya Vyadhi</em>. In <em>Ayurvedic </em>literatures, almost all the <em>Acharyas </em>have explained <em>Ardhavbhedaka</em> under <em>Shirorogas</em>. According to <em>Acharya Charaka</em>, it is <em>Vatakaphaja</em> and according to <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em>, it is <em>Tridoshaja Vyadhi</em>.</p> Neetika Nirmal Copyright (c) 2022 Neetika Nirmal 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 244 249 Manasatattva and its therapeutic principles <p><em>Manasa</em> means belonging to the mind or spirit, mental, spiritual.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong><em> Tattva</em> means true or real state, truth, reality.<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> So <em>Manasatattva</em> is real state of mind. Sometimes one understands a thing and sometimes one does not. This proves the existence of the mind as a separate sense organ. That is why, when there is no contact of the mind with sense organs and their objects, no understanding of things can occur. It is only when the required mental contact is there that one can understand things. Atomicity and oneness are considered to be the two characteristic features of the mind.<strong><sup>[3]</sup></strong> Mental health is as important as physical health. <em>Acharya Susruta</em> clearly mentioned that, man is said to be<em> Svastha</em>(healthy) whose <em>Dosas, Agnis, Dhathus </em>and<em> Malās</em> are in the state of equilibrium along with mental, sensory and spiritual pleasentness and happiness.<strong><sup>[4]</sup></strong></p> Kavita G. Ambe Brijesh R. Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Kavita G. Ambe, Brijesh R. Mishra 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 250 255 Review on conceptual study of Jara Laxanas mentioned in Brihatrayee <p>The present study reveals that the process of ageing was elaborately described in Ayurveda. Ayurveda, the science of life covers a wide range of subjects and issues of living beings in relation to total approaches of individual development and health care. Different <em>Samhita</em> in Ayurveda gives detail knowledge about signs and symptoms which appears in old age including primitive, preventive and curative aspect of health sciences. <em>Jara </em>management in present time is a challenging task for present health providing system. Our <em>Aptas</em> knowledge helps to overcome from these through <em>Rasayana</em> <em>Chikitsa</em>.</p> Manjula V Kurahatti Copyright (c) 2022 Manjula V Kurahatti 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 256 259 Clinical understanding of Shoola Vyadhi <p><em>Shoola Vyadhi</em> is a condition which occurs as an <em>Upadrava</em> (complication) of <em>Gulma Roga</em> or it occurs alone as a single disease.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> <em>Shoola</em> can be considered as colicky type of pain in the abdomen. Its <em>Nidana</em> (cause), types, <em>Lakshana</em> (clinical features) and <em>Chikitsa</em> (treatment) has been dealt in detail in <em>Sushruta</em> <em>Samhita.</em><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> Here an attempt is made to understand the <em>Shoola Vyadhi</em> and its treatment explained in the <em>Samhita </em>and its clinical aspects.</p> Jambavathi S Shailaja S V Copyright (c) 2022 Jambavathi S, Shailaja S V 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 260 266 A conceptual study on effect of Manjishtadi Kshara Basti in the management of Thromboangitis Oblitarens <p>Thromboangitis Obliterans (TAO) is a non atherosclerotic inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology that affect small and medium-sized vessels of the extremities and has a strong association with smoking. The incidence is more in population who are under 45 years of age, current or recent history of tobacco use. It is noticed by presence of distal-extremity ischemia indicated by claudication, pain at rest, ischemic ulcers or gangrene. In the management of TAO various drugs like Analgesics, Vasodilators, Anticoagulants have been tried with questionable value which have drawbacks like bleeding tendencies, systemic adverse effects and most of the times the disease ends up with major or minor amputations. Hence in TAO, a holistic, natural mode of management under the <em>Vatarakta</em> line of treatment is to be adopted. Even though <em>Vatarakta</em> management encompasses wide range of treatment modalities; <em>Basti</em> is exemplarily useful.</p> Nagaraja K Anand Katti Copyright (c) 2022 Nagaraja K, Anand Katti 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 267 270 A role of Ahara - An emphasizing view on Katigraha <p><em>Ahara </em>is one of the <em>Traya Upasthamba</em> has been a prime importance since from Vedic Period. It is quoted as <em>Brahma</em> in <em>Upanishad</em> and <em>Acharya</em> <em>Kashyapa</em> mentions it as “<em>Mahabhaishajya”.</em> Any <em>Vyadhi</em> which originates from this <em>Panchabhutatmaka</em> <em>Sharira</em> which in turn can be cured by <em>Oushada</em> along with proper <em>Pathya-Apathya</em> which play a vital role in re-establishing the Physiological health. According to Laulimbaraja “<em>Pathya</em> is the secret of healthiness likewise <em>Apathya</em> is the root cause of all disease. Looking into the classics, <em>Annapana Vidhi, Asthaaharavidhi Visheshayatanani, Pathyaapathya </em>concept, <em>Viruddhahara </em>etc. infers that importance of <em>Ahara</em> by our <em>Acharyas</em>. The disease <em>Katigraha </em>is <em>Vata-Kaphaja Vyadhi</em>. <em>Vata</em> is the main functioning system of body along with other two <em>Doshas</em>. Any vitiation in this functional system directly/ indirectly troubles the individual affecting one’s personal and social life.</p> Smitha C. Kanavi Copyright (c) 2022 Smitha C. Kanavi 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 271 274 Conceptual study on Janapadodhvansa Roga and its treatment <p>Health is never an issue until someone gets sick; it is the reality in current situation. Because of improper diet, lack of exercise, stress, low quality of food grains &amp; global warming overall health status of individuals is poor &amp; they are getting easily prone to communicable diseases. H1N1 influenza, Ebola is the recent examples. They are big challenges &amp; creating a burden over health care system. Ayurveda though an ancient medical science has clearly described such communicable diseases &amp; their cause, mode of transmission, prevention as well as cure. <em>Charak</em> has quoted <em>Janapadodhwansa</em>, (mass destruction) &amp; its 4 reasons as <em>Dushitavayu </em>(Air), <em>Jala </em>(Water), <em>Kala </em>(time), <em>Desh </em>(region). <em>Sushrut</em> has already mentioned <em>Aupsargikarogas</em> (communicable diseases) i.e., <em>Kushtha</em> (Skin diseases), <em>Jwara</em> (Fever) etc. &amp; their mode of transmission. Prevention as well as cure of disease is goal of Ayurveda. Through maintenance of <em>Dincharaya</em>, <em>Rutucharya</em>, <em>Sadvritta</em>, person’s physical and mental health is secured.</p> Anuradha G. Patil Hemlata Krishnarao Belorkar Copyright (c) 2022 Anuradha G. Patil, Hemlata Krishnarao Belorkar 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 275 278 A conceptual understanding on the Sannikrushta Nidana of Ardhavabhedaka with special reference to Migraine <p>Ardhavabhedaka is one of the Shirorogas characterized by severe pain in one half of the head. It is periodic in occurrence. If poorly treated or when not treated properly it can damage eyes and ears. As the etiology and symptoms of both Ardhavabedhaka and Migraine are similar, Ardhavabedhaka can be correlated to Migraine. Migraine makes an individual socially handicapped. It is a common medical condition of the adult population having a significant loss in job productivity and causes significant socio-economic impact. There is a need to prevent this condition at the earliest. It is important to understand the etiological factors, triggers and course of Doshas in Ardhavabhedaka. Nidana Parivarjana (getting rid of the causative factors) is the first line of treatment in all diseases. Hence this article is an attempt to thoroughly understand the Sannikrushta Nidanas of Ardhavabhedaka with special reference to Migraine.</p> Deeksha R Abhijith H N Anuja K Simon S. Vidyasagar Badisa Copyright (c) 2022 Deeksha R, Abhijith H N, Anuja K Simon, S. Vidyasagar Badisa 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 279 281 Trimarma Ka Rachnatmak Adhyan and their clinical aspect - A Literary Review <p>The one and only purpose of Ayurveda is maintaining the health of healthy person while treating the diseased individual by maintaining the state of health (mentally, physically and spiritually). In <em>Ayurveda</em>, concept of <em>Marma</em> is of utmost important concept of applied or surgical anatomy. <em>Marma</em> is defined as the anatomical area where the five principle anatomical structure <em>Mamsa, Sira, Snayu, Asthi </em>and <em>Sandhi </em>are present; thereby are critical points in body with different organs, structure and nerves lying underneath.&nbsp; In <em>Charak Samhita, Chikitsasthan </em>chapter 26, <em>Trimarma </em>i.e., <em>Shir, Hridayam </em>and <em>Basti </em>described by <em>Acharya Charak </em>possesses significant clinical importance. This review will provide a complete summary of <em>Trimarma</em> regarding its location, structural entity and clinical importance.</p> Gupta Kanika Kumar Hitesh Copyright (c) 2022 Gupta Kanika, Kumar Hitesh 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 282 285 Importance of Kalabhojanam to maintain health <p><em>Ahara</em> is an important factor for survival and is one of the <em>Trayo</em>-<em>Upasthamba</em> mentioned in Ayurveda. Where food is an essential part of everyone’s lives. It gives us the energy and nutrients to grow and develop, be healthy and active, to move, work, play, think and learn. So, for an individual who wants to be healthy, food is so important but in present era most of us skip their daily food on time because of busy work schedule and their day-to-day routines. As the people when they skip their food and consume at improper time it results in metabolic disorder due to this, at young age people are prone to many lifestyle disorders, and they are not concerned about their proper time of food consumption, they consume improper way, where their bodies’ mechanism is forfeited. So, we should know about our own body whether we supply our body the proper food at the proper time. Metabolic risks are a global challenge. These risks are although modifiable by lifestyle and physical activity to some extent, they are primarily related to dietary consumption. Considering a clear relationship of diet and metabolic risk factors. In <em>Ayurveda</em> classics, <em>Kalabhojanam </em>- intake of food at a scheduled time and not <em>ad</em> <em>libitum </em>- is suggested to be the best strategy to confer good health.</p> Sanjay Kumar Bhatnagar Prof. Rajesh Kumar Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 Sanjay Kumar Bhatnagar, Prof. Rajesh Kumar Sharma 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 286 290 Role of Gandhakadi Yoga in the management of Mutrashmari - A conceptual study <p><em>Ashmari </em>is one of the <em>Mutravahasrotho Vikara</em>. <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> has mentioned it as one among <em>Astamahagada</em> due to its complications to urinary system and also it is difficult to treat and also <em>Sushruta</em> calls it as “<em>Antakapratima</em>” which means<em> Swaroopa</em> of <em>Yama</em>, because of its severe pain. In <em>Ayurvedic</em> literature <em>Bheda</em> of <em>Mootrashmari</em> is based on <em>Lakshana’s</em> of <em>Dosha</em> &amp; <em>Ashma</em>. Due to its features like dysuria, pain abdomen, haematuria and malaise in contemporary science it has been correlated to urolithiasis. Urolithiasis is 3<sup>rd</sup> most common affliction of urinary tract. The recurrence rate of urolithiasis is approximately 50% within 5 yrs. Renal calculi affects one in 20 at some time or other in their lives to a negligible or noticeable extent. Conservative management of contemporary sciences are not that much helpful in preventing recurrences and surgical management is quite expensive and invasive. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, many <em>Kalpas</em> have been explained for the same and one among is <em>Gandhakadi yoga</em>. So this study has been taken up to explore the effect of <em>Gandhakadi Yoga</em> in <em>Mutrashmari.</em></p> Girish NG Shridhar Rao Copyright (c) 2022 Girish NG, Shridhar Rao 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 291 294 Review on Ikshu and its Vikaras <p>After Brazil, India is the world's second-largest producer of sugarcane, which is widely available at a low price throughout the country. In <em>Usna Pradesha</em> (hot places), like Maharashtra, Nepal, South India, and Gujarat, <em>Ikshu</em> (sugarcane) is abundantly farmed. Ayurvedic science has explained <em>Ahara Varga</em> <em>Dravyas </em>and <em>Aoushadha Varga Dravyas</em> to get a better understanding of nutritional and medicinal values. Dietary regimens are mentioned in Ayurveda for leading a happy life and healing ailments. <em>Brihatrayees</em> explained <em>Ikshu Varga</em> as part of the <em>Ahara Varga</em>, and it has a very specialised role in therapeutics and pharmaceutical preparations. <em>Madhura Rasa, Brimhana</em>, and <em>Vrushya</em> characteristics exist in <em>Ikshu</em>. This provides a strong basis for <em>Ikshu Vikaras</em> to be used as an ingredient, binding agent, and <em>Anupana</em> in different formulations. <em>Ikshu</em> is also known as the king of grasses (<em>Truna Raja</em>), as it is sweet (<em>Madhu Trina</em>), and also a plant filled with juice (<em>Maharasa, Bhoori Rasa</em>). In daily routine these could be included under diet regimen because of their nutritional values and even they could prove to be beneficial in cases of diabetics, malnutrition, burning maturation etc. Sugarcane (<em>Saccharum</em> <em>officinarum</em>) has been widely known as raw material for white sugar production. Sugarcane juice is nourishing, it is a natural diuretic and cold in nature, so sugarcane juice is one of the best natural coolant drink.</p> Ashwini Seema MB Surekha S Medikeri Copyright (c) 2022 Ashwini, Seema MB, Surekha S Medikeri 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 295 303 A review on role of Rasayana in Akalaja Jara <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is a science of life, which aims at prevention as well as curing of the diseases. The ultimate aim of human is to attain health and longevity of life. In present era due to the change in lifestyle, a busy life schedule, there is an increase in stress, anxiety and depression among the people. According to WHO, 60% of related factors to individual health and quality of life are related to lifestyle. In this busy life people either take proper food or at proper time, having disturbed sleep, lack of exercise, sedentary life style all these things ultimately lead to the physical and mental disturbances, anxiety and nutritional deficiency which in turn leads to numerous health issues. Unhealthy lifestyle leads to metabolic diseases, joint and skeletal problems, cardio-vascular diseases, hypertension, overweight, violence and so on. Along with this smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse also has a major harmful impact on health. All of these contribute to the aging. Aging is an unavoidable and natural phenomenon of life. But one's aging process is accelerated than the expected nature of the chronological age. <em>Akalaja Jara</em> or premature aging is strongly influenced by the effects of environmental, lifestyle, and disease states that, in turn, are related to or change with aging but are not due to aging itself. Our <em>Acharyas</em> have explained the concept of <em>Rasyana</em>, which is also one among the eight branches of <em>Ayurveda</em>, has a major role to play in the <em>Akalajajara</em> due to modernization and will be explained in detail.</p> Nikhila P Nimisha KV Copyright (c) 2022 Nikhila P, Nimisha KV 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 304 308 Tenets on Khaalitya and its causes in classical Indian medicine <p>The <em>Vedas</em> and other ideas transcend ancient Indian medicine. Hairfall, also known as <em>Khaalitya</em> in <em>Ayurveda</em>, is a prevalent disease that has now evolved into a cosmetic issue. The importance of hair, as well as its cosmetic value, has been acknowledged by <em>Ayurvedic</em> science scholars. According to recent figures, the prevalence of hairfall in India is around 60%, indicating that it is already a triggering factor for other disorders. A comprehensive review of the conventional resources accessible can aid in the identification of some short causes of hairfall. A literary analysis of all known <em>Ayurvedic</em> Classics sources was conducted, with the goal of addressing the causes mentioned. All the facts which are acquired during the evaluation are reviewed, with likely categorization of reasons, depending on food, regimen and several other elements. Excessive use of salt, alkaline substances, stress, excessive exposure to wind, and other causes listed in Indian classical medicine have contributed to the enumeration of the following reasons.</p> Gopika C Sri Nagesh KA Copyright (c) 2022 Gopika C, Sri Nagesh KA 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 309 313 Corneal Pathologies in Stevens Johnson Syndrome - An Ayurvedic Purview <p>Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare life-threatening hypersensitive mucocutaneous disease triggered mostly by medication and other diseases. Even after recovering from skin related issues, most of them are suffer from serious ocular complications leading to blindness. There is no definite effective treatment for SJS. Early detection and aggressive treatment are important for the improvement of the eye. Eyelid margin, palpebral conjunctiva and fornix should be checked properly to detect the cicatricial changes that make chronic ocular surface problems such as limbal cell deficiency and complete ocular surface keratinization. Hence, there is a need for identifying corneal pathologies as early as possible, to manage the later stages of disease and to reduce the risk of complication. In this presentation an effort has been made to review corneal pathologies in Stevens -Johnson Syndrome and made to correlate ayurvedic and modern corneal disorders in compliment aspect.</p> Anuja K Simon Gururaj Anil Bhat Amarnath H K Copyright (c) 2022 Anuja K Simon, Gururaj Anil Bhat, Amarnath H K 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 314 318 Utility of Ahara Matra w.r.t. Ashta Ahara Vidhi Vishesha Ayatanani <p><em>Ahara Matra</em> is the quantity of food to be taken and <em>Matravat Ahara</em> is the proper quantity of food to be taken<em>. Ashta Ahara Vidhi Vishesha Ayatanani</em> are the factors considered before taking the food for maintaining health. Utility of <em>Ahara Matra</em> and its relation with these factors have much importance in current scenario. By understanding <em>Ahara Matra</em> in relation with these factors, we can easily maintain health <strong>Objective:</strong> This paper aims to understand the concept of <em>Ahara Matra</em>, establish the relationship of <em>Ahara Matra</em> with <em>Ashta Ahara Vidhi Vishesha Ayatanani </em>and its application of <em>Matravat Ahara</em>. <strong>Data Source:</strong> Literature review was carried in classical texts and various databases. Total 38 articles were found and are reviewed. <strong>Result:</strong> This paper clarifies relationship between <em>Ahara Matra</em> and <em>Ashta Ahara Vidhi Vishesha Ayatanani </em>and various utilities of <em>Ahara Matra</em>. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> By understanding these factors related, one can calculate the amount of food to be taken and can maintain health.</p> Arya Parvathy R Haritha Chandran Haroon Irshad C Ushakumari Leena P Nair Copyright (c) 2022 Arya Parvathy R, Haritha Chandran, Haroon Irshad, C Ushakumari, Leena P Nair 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 319 324 Preservation techniques for dead bodies in Ayurveda <p>According to <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> to became a best physician and surgeon the dissection of the dead body is very necessary. For dissection of the dead body preservation with a good method is necessary. According to Ayurveda, <em>Sushruta</em> is the Father of the surgery. <em>Sushruta</em> describes about the preservation and dissection in details. <em>Sushruta Samhita</em> emphasized surgical matters, including the use of specific instrument and types of operation. There are also convincing evidences suggesting that the knowledge of human anatomy was revealed by both inspection of the surface of the human body and through human dissection. The preservation methods are still authentic after thousands of years.</p> Minakshi S. Patil Copyright (c) 2022 Minakshi S. Patil 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 325 328 The relevance of Vrukshayurveda for organic cultivation of medicinal plants <p>Ayurveda was theorized few thousand years back and is practised upto this day. So as like the medical science for humans (Ayurveda) similar science <em>Vrikshayurveda</em> was also developed for plants. <em>Vrikshayurveda</em> mainly deals with various aspects of trees regarding procuring, preserving, treatment of seeds and planting materials, method of irrigation, selection of soil, bio fertilizers and techniques for healthy growth and productivity of plant and plant disease etc. Today, we are facing lot of health hazards due to chemical fertilizers and pesticides in human beings like Digestive ailments, Cancer, Physical and Mental ailments, Reproductive abnormalities, Immune suppression, Hormone disruption etc. It does because of our traditional practices of farming have been more or less replaced by modern techniques, which are mainly dependent on chemicals for disease free and vigorous plants.&nbsp; Not only human health, these are causing destructive effects on environment like contamination of air, soil, ground water and declining of beneficial soil micro-organisms. It is necessary to validate effectivity of several ancient practices in the organic production and managing medicinal plant diseases. An effort is made here to review <em>Vrikshayurveda</em> literature related to agro techniques which can be used in the development of effective medicinal plants. It also highlights the current status of research and recent trends in the field of <em>Vrikshayurveda</em> related to organic production.</p> Ashwini Jeerankalagi Shivanand T Biradar Shashidhar P Naik D N Dhari Vidyalaxmi S Pujari Copyright (c) 2022 Ashwini Jeerankalagi, Shivanand T Biradar, Shashidhar P Naik, D N Dhari, Vidyalaxmi S Pujari 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 329 333 A case study on Varicose Ulcer with Maggots by Jatyadi Taila - A Case Report <p>Venous ulceration occurs in the gaiter area in 95% of cases especially, around the malleolar region. The tiny veins on the medial aspect of the ankle dilate due to the increase in pressure. This is known as ankle flare and also causes atrophy of the veins, which are prone to damage, especially around the lower ankle area.&nbsp; Lipodermato sclerosis is a term used to describe the combination of changes in the lower leg from Venous hypertension. As a result of venous congestion and the loss of intercellular fluid balance, the skin can become very dry and flaky. The build-up of hyperkeratotic skin is also an indicator of high venous pressure. In venous disease, ulcers are usually located in the gaiter area between the ankle and the calf, often on the medial aspect of the leg. A diagnosed case of Varicose Ulcer on Right leg with maggots was admitted for mild pain, edema, serous discharge, blackish discoloration of the skin with foul smell. <strong>Aims and objective: </strong>To evaluate the efficacy of <em>Jatyadi Taila</em> in the management of <em>Dushta Vrana.</em>&nbsp; <strong>Methodology:&nbsp; </strong>Wound debridement was done by removing maggots. <em>Vrana Prakshalana</em> with <em>Panchavalkala Kwatha</em>, <em>Vrana Basti</em> was done using <em>Jatyadi Taila</em> followed by dressing with <em>Jatyadi Taila.</em> Along with this the patient was given <em>Shodhana (Virechana)</em>. After <em>Shodhana, Vrana Prakshalana</em> with <em>Panchavalkala Kwatha, Vrana Basti</em> was done followed with dressing with <em>Jatyadi Taila</em> in the morning and only dressing with <em>Jatyadi Taila</em> in the evening. Patient was also given with oral medications. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> <em>Virechana</em> improves potency of individual cell of the body, increases sensitivity of the cells in the ulcer site towards <em>Shodhana</em> and local application i.e., <em>Jatyadi Taila</em> and hence accelerates the wound healing.</p> Pavan Kumar PH Gopikrishna BJ Prasanna N Rao Copyright (c) 2022 Pavan Kumar PH, Gopikrishna BJ, Prasanna N Rao 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 334 338 Management of Parikartika w.s.r. to Acute Fissur-In-Ano with Guduchi Taila Pichu - A Case Study <p>Fissure in ano is very common yet troublesome condition.&nbsp; Due to life style, intake of low fibre diet, junk food and constipation. Recurrence nature of this disease makes the treatment challenging. The symptoms can be correlated to <em>Parikarthika</em> according to Ayurveda. Many treatment modalities have been mentioned and practiced in management of <em>Parikarthika</em> such as <em>Deepana</em>, <em>Pachana</em>, <em>Vaatanulomana</em>, <em>Avagaaha</em>, <em>Basti Karma</em> and local application of <em>Madhura, Sheetha, Snigdha Dravyas, Taila Poorana</em>, <em>Lepa</em> and <em>Pichu-Dharana</em>. <em>Pichudhaarana</em> works on the basis of cellular absorption and is easier method for adoption.&nbsp; <strong>Conclusion: </strong>A case having features of <em>Parikarthika</em> was selected from OPD, SJIIM Hospital for case study and <em>Guduchi Taila Pichudharana</em> was done for 7 days. Assessment was done based on features like pain, burning sensation and sphincter tone. Significant improvement was observed after treatment.</p> Renuka T Shreedhar Rao Copyright (c) 2022 Renuka T, Shreedhar Rao 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 339 342 Effective management of Vishwachi by Uttarabhaktika Nasya w.s.r. to Cervical Spondylosis - A Single Case Study <p><em>Nasya</em> is one among the <em>Panchakarma</em> which is mainly indicated in the <em>Urdhvajatrugata</em> <em>Vyadhi</em>. <em>Vishwachi</em> is a condition explained under the <em>Vatavyadhi</em>. The prevalence of cervical spondylosis was 13.76%. In this case the efficacy of <em>Dashamoola</em> <em>Bala</em> <em>Masha</em> <em>Yamaka</em> <em>Uttarabhaktika Nasya</em> in the dose of 8 <em>Bindu</em> in each nostril for 7 days has shown significant result. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> A 49yr old female patient with N/K/H/O DM &amp; HTN, C/O loss of strength and radiating pain in Rt. upper limb and with restricted movements of neck since 6 months has been treated with <em>Nasya</em> <em>Karma</em>. <strong>Results:</strong> After the treatment patient had marked relief from pain and improvement was seen in range of movements. <strong>Discussion: </strong>In contemporary science it can be correlated to cervical spondylosis, a degenerative condition of the cervical spine. In treatment, administration of muscle relaxants, NSAID and corticosteroids etc. gives temporary relief from pain but at the end last option left is surgery, which has several complications and may even cause permanent disability. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Yogaratnakara</em> and <em>Chakradatta</em> specially mentioned <em>Uttarabhaktika Nasya</em> given after evening food in <em>Vishwachi</em> is very beneficial. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> <em>Dashamula Bala Masha Yamaka</em> is the drug of choice in <em>Vishwachi</em> which has been explained by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Chakradatta</em> and <em>Yogaratanakara</em>, in the form of <em>Uttarabhaktika Nasya</em>, which is not widely followed. Hence, an attempt is made to understand the clinical efficacy of the same. Hence, <em>Dashamoola Bala</em> <em>Masha Yamaka Uttabhaktika</em> <em>Nasya</em> is effective in <em>Vishwachi.</em></p> Samata Shaila Borannavar Ananta S Desai Copyright (c) 2022 Samata, Shaila Borannavar, Ananta S Desai 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 343 348 Ayurvedic management of Urolithiasis (Mutrashmari) by Kulatha Kwatha - A Case Study <p><strong>Background:</strong> Urolithiasis is a most common clinical condition observed in clinical practice, affecting more than 10% of population in industrialized countries. Renal calculi cause symptoms severe pain in the renal angle, pain that radiates to lower abdomen, pain on urination, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, nausea etc. Many treatment modalities have been introduced in medical sciences, but it is very costly and even the recurrence of production of stone cannot be prevented.<strong> Aim:</strong> To evaluate the effect of <em>Kulatha</em> <em>Kwatha</em> in the management of Urolithiasis (<em>Mutrashmari</em>). <strong>Objectives: </strong>To find out cheap, easily available and cost effective <em>Ahariya Dravya</em> to treat <em>Mutrashmari</em>. <strong>Result &amp; Discussion</strong>: <em>Kulatha</em> has property of <em>Dipana, Mutrala, Bhedan, Lekhan, Shothahar.</em> Renal calculi possess <em>Tridoshaja</em> mainly <em>Kaphavataj</em> <em>Samprapti</em> and the <em>Kulatha</em> has the property of <em>Vatakaphahara</em>, which breaks down the <em>Samprapti</em> of <em>Mutrashmari</em>. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Our present findings suggest that <em>Kulatha Kwatha</em> markedly reduces pain, dysuria, and increased frequency of micturition, reduction of size and expulsion of calculus.</p> Sanyukta P. Nimje Vidya Wasnik Sumeeta Jain Copyright (c) 2022 Sanyukta P. Nimje, Vidya Wasnik, Sumeeta Jain 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 349 352 Ayurvedic management of Infertility - A Case Study <p>Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means. <em>Acharya</em> have explained four important factors as <em>Garbha Sambhava Samagri</em> that is <em>Ritu, Kshetra, Ambu</em> and <em>Beeja</em>. These are important for conception. Infertility occurs if there is any abnormality in <em>Garbha Sambhava Samagri.</em> In this case study patient aged 23 years who was anxious to conceive since three years of regular and satisfactory marital relationship seeking Ayurved line of treatment.&nbsp; From detailed history involvement of vitiated <em>Vata</em> and <em>Pitta</em>, <em>Agnimandhya</em> and stressful mind was noticed.&nbsp; She was treated with classical <em>Virechana</em> followed by <em>Shamana</em> treatment and <em>Satwavajaya Chikitsa.</em> Classical <em>Virechana</em> procedure was followed then advised <em>Shaman</em> treatment to the patient. With above mentioned medications patient approached with history of secondary amenorrhea and when advised for Urine Pregnancy test and was found to be positive. <em>Garbhasthapana</em> medicines were administered to the patient and discharged.</p> Jaya H. Malagoudar R. I. Jambagi Copyright (c) 2022 Jaya H. Malagoudar, R. I. Jambagi 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 353 358 Lekhan Karma of Haridra w.s.r. to Obesity - Pilot Study <p>A clinical study was conducted on patients of <em>Sthaulya</em> resembling conditions with obesity to evaluate the <em>Lekhana</em> <em>Karma</em> efficacy of <em>Haridra</em> mentioned in <em>Charaka</em> <em>Samhita</em> <em>Lekhaniya</em> <em>Varga</em>. The aim and objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of <em>Haridraghanvati Lekhana</em> <em>Karma</em> on <em>Sthaulya</em>. The preliminary study was done on 5 cases of <em>Sthaulya</em> w.s.r. to Obesity. Result obtained from study revealed that it shows good effect in relieving subjective criteria’s like <em>Kshudrashwasa</em>, <em>Atiswedapravruti, Aniyamit Mala Pravrutti.</em> Also shown result on objective criteria like lipid profile. The result of pilot trial provide preliminary support to continue work on larger sample size at OPD level.</p> Balaji Sawant Darshana Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Balaji Sawant, Darshana Mishra 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 359 366 Role of Arrow Root Gruel in the management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Grahani) - A Case Report <p><strong>Background:</strong> Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) commonly describes two conditions namely Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis. <em>Grahani, </em>which is affecting <em>Annavaha Srotas</em> and <em>Purishavaha Srotas</em>, is a disease of great clinical relevance in modern era because of its direct link with improper food habits and stressful lifestyle. Based on the symptoms and investigation reports of the patient, the condition can be considered as Crohn’s disease which can be correlated to <em>Grahani</em>. Crohn’s disease is an idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease involving inflammation of any part of the digestive tract. Signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weight loss and fever. A case of 27 years old female, presented with loose stools associated with mucous discharge and bleeding per rectum since 1 year, vomiting and urgency to pass stools immediately after taking food since 2 months has been taken for study. <strong>Methods:</strong> Arrow root gruel was given internally 4 times a day. <strong>Results:</strong> Result of the current case study is based on the frequency of stool evacuation. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Arrow root gruel helped in increasing the stool consistency, size and in reducing the frequency of stool evacuation.</p> Anisha S Ashraf Prasanna N Rao Mahesh Kumar E S Fassi ur Rahman Copyright (c) 2022 Anisha S Ashraf, Prasanna N Rao, Mahesh Kumar E S, Fassi ur Rahman 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 367 370 Eranda Kshara an effective alternative for Apamarga Ksharasutra - A Case Study <p><em>Bhagandara</em> which is correlated to Fistula in Ano, is considered as one of the <em>Ashta Maharoga</em><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> (8 major diseases) by <em>Acharya Susrutha</em>, that is diseases which are difficult to cure. In modern science treatment of <em>Bhagandara</em> includes fistulotomy, fistulectomy, LIFT, VAAFT etc., but till date none of these methods have proven to give complete cure in fistula in ano. <em>Kshara Sutra</em> therapy is a parasurgical procedure which is used in fistula in ano and is mentioned by <em>Acharya Susrutha</em> in the context of <em>Nadi Vrana Chikitsa Adhyaya.</em><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> The <em>Kshara Sutra</em> therapy is found to be effective in treating <em>Bhaganadara</em> as it is minimal invasive procedure with least recurrence nature. Among 28 <em>Kshara Gana</em> mentioned in classics all drugs have been researched to assess the effectiveness by using it as <em>Kshara Sootra</em> and <em>Apamarga Kshara</em> <em>Sutra</em> has been standardized. Though <em>Apamarga</em> is proven to be effective <em>Ksharasutra</em>, as it is a seasonal plant its collection is found to be very difficult and makes it costly. <em>Eranda </em>is a drug, which is easily available throughout the year, grown abundantly everywhere in India, cost effective, from which <em>Ksharasutra</em> can be made easily. The present study was undertaken to assess the role of <em>Eranda Ksharasutra</em> in treatment of <em>Bhagandara</em> in a patient who approached OPD of SJIIM Hospital, Bengaluru.</p> Amala J Tharesa Srinivas Masalekar Copyright (c) 2022 Amala J Tharesa, Srinivas Masalekar 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 371 374 A case study on Sophayuktha Charmakeela Arshas <p><em>Charmakeela Arshas</em> (sentinel pile) is a skin tag, also associated with chronic fissure in ano, at the lower part of the chronic fissure in ano skin enlarges and appears like guarding the fissure. It causes discomfort, itching and low grade infection.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> Here the <em>Sophayukta</em> <em>Charmakeela</em> <em>Arshas</em> (inflamed sentinel piles) are treated with <em>Jalouka</em> and after the pain reduction <em>Kshara Sutra</em> is applied for <em>Chedana</em> of <em>Charmakeela</em>. Inflammation occurs due to <em>Pitta</em>-<em>Raktadoshavardhana</em>, for reducing inflammation <em>Jaloukavacharana</em> is the best. <em>Jaloukas</em> have <em>Sheetha</em> and <em>Madhuraguna</em><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> because of that it helps to remove excess <em>Dosas</em> from inflamed sentinel pile and helps to reduce pain and swelling. <em>Kshara</em> <em>Sutra</em> is the medicated thread, prepared from <em>Snuhi</em>, <em>Apamarga</em> <em>Kshara</em> and <em>Haridra</em>.<strong><sup>[3]</sup></strong> In this case <em>Jaloukavachara</em> helps to reduce inflammation and <em>Kshara</em> <em>Sutra</em> ligation helps to remove the <em>Charmakeela</em> from it base and relieves the symptoms. <em>Jalouka</em> kept over inflamed pile mass for 5 days and <em>Kshara</em> <em>Sutra</em> was administered on the base of sentinel tag for three consecutive sittings with an interval of one week along with other oral medications, <em>Avagaha</em> <em>Sweda</em> (sitzbath) and local application. Signs, symptoms and size of sentinel tag are assessed after each week till the sentinel tag cut through takes place. This paper elaborates upon the effect of <em>Jaloukavacharana</em> and <em>Kshara</em> <em>Sutra</em> application in the management of inflamed sentinel pile. <em>Ksharasutra</em> and <em>Jaloukavacharanas</em> are good <em>Anusastras</em> to surgery as it is less risky and can be performed easily and is devoid of major complications. <em>Jaloukavacharana</em> done in IPD basis and <em>Ksharasutra</em> on an OPD basis as there is no chance of bleeding during procedure and on follow up.</p> Jisi V S Maheshkumar E S Copyright (c) 2022 Jisi V S, Maheshkumar E S 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 375 378 Efficacy of Yogic Practices in Patient with Conductive Deafness and Secretory Otitis Media : A Case Study <p>Otitis Media characterized by a non-purulent effusion in the middle ear, commonly follows Eustachian tube obstruction, where majority of cases associated with upper respiratory tract infection or allergic rhinitis. Having sense of fullness or numbness in head and deafness as primary symptoms. As in this case, patient had gradual hearing loss, sense of fullness and pressure feeling in his both ears, which started after a rhinitis infection in early days of January 2019. After having a few courses of medications and bilateral Myringotomy done, patient opted Individual <em>Yoga</em> therapy session at Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga (MDNIY) for a possible healing. The <em>Yoga</em> protocol designed for the patient has given a great emphasis on improving the functioning of ears and nose. Indian traditional practices of <em>Yogic Sukshama Vyayama</em>, <em>Yogasana</em> and <em>Pranayama</em> on hearing loss is found to be effective, as patient recovered from hearing loss and sense of fullness. There are <em>Yogic Sukshama Vyayama</em>, <em>Yogasana</em> and <em>Pranayam</em>a which enhance the functioning of upper respiratory tract and ear significantly. The effects of these practices can be studied scientifically.</p> Dinesh Kumar Sharma Guru Deo Satyendra Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2022 Dinesh Kumar Sharma, Guru Deo, Satyendra Kumar Singh 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 379 384 Efficacy of Kshara Sutra in the management of Charmakeela : A Case Report <p>Sentinel pile/<em>Charmakeela</em> is a skin tag in the lower margin of the anal fissure which is oedematous and commonly associated with chronic Fissure-in-ano. It causes discomfort, itching, low grade infection, perianal hematoma and abscess formation. A case report of 34 years old lady who presented with complaints like anal discomfort, swelling, mild pain and itching in the anal region which has been treated with <em>Ksharasutra</em> application without any surgical intervention has been discussed here.</p> Anisha S Ashraf Mahesh Kumar ES Prasanna N Rao Copyright (c) 2022 Anisha S Ashraf, Mahesh Kumar ES, Prasanna N Rao 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 385 389 Ayurvedic management of Kitibha Kushta - A Case Study <p>Skin is a barrier protecting the underlying tissue from physical, chemical and biological toxic agents. Skin diseases are mainly affecting the external beauty of the patients that hampers the daily routine of one’s life. Skin disorders constitute one of the largest groups of health problems in general clinical practice. <em>Kushta </em>is a broad term which covers almost all the skin disease in Ayurveda. In general <em>Twak Vikaras </em>are mainly affecting due to altered lifestyle, lack of physical exercise, poor hygiene, mental stress and improper food habits. <em>Kushta</em> is further divided into <em>Maha Kushta </em>and <em>Kshudra Kushta</em>. <em>Kitibha Kushta</em> is one of the <em>Kshudra Kushta</em>. Here <em>Tridosha, Rasa</em>,<em> Rakta</em>, <em>Mamsa, Ambu</em> are affected. <em>Rakta Dusti</em> is the main cause of <em>Twak Vikaras</em>. <em>Virechana </em>is the <em>Shodhana Karma </em>for <em>Raktaja Vikaras</em>. After <em>Shodhana,</em> <em>Shamana Chikitsa </em>plays major role for <em>Alpadosha Nirharana</em>. This paper highlights a case study of <em>Kitibha Kushta</em> as a <em>Raktavahasrotodusti Vikara</em> treated with the Ayurvedic principles in particular <em>Shodhana Chikitsa.</em></p> Berbi PS Sourabha S Kokatnur Copyright (c) 2022 Berbi PS, Sourabha S Kokatnur 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 390 398 Role of Viddhakarma in management of Gandhanasha w.s.r. to Hyposmia - A Clinical Study <p><em>Ghranendriya</em> is the tools for obtaining the knowledge of <em>Gandha</em>. According to <em>Ayurveda</em> <em>Indriyas</em> are the apparatus to attain knowledge for <em>Atma</em>. Knowledge, which is perceived, Analyzed, given, or received by <em>Atma</em>. <em>Indriya </em>composed of five elements still specific <em>Mahabhuta</em> dominates precise <em>Indriya</em>. This is the specific reason behind reception of specific sensation by its respective <em>Indriya</em>. Nose is the prime sense organ among all the sense organ, which is the <em>Adhishthan</em> of <em>Ghranendriya</em>, <em>Prithvi Mahabhuta</em> dominates <em>Ghranendriya</em> and receive knowledge of <em>Gandha</em>. <em>Ayurveda</em> usually defines hyposmia as <em>Gandhanasha</em>. Which is cause due to many etiologies, including trauma, chronic sinusitis, neoplasms, and respiratory viral infections. <em>Sushruta</em> has described <em>Viddhakarma</em> as a treatment modality for <em>Gandhanasha</em>. Olfactory dysfunction has been associated with alteration in appetite and mood. The sense of smell has an enormous impact on patient’s quality of life.</p> Nilakshi Pradhan Shradha Pandagale Copyright (c) 2022 Shradha Pandagale, Shradha Pandagale 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 397 400 Ayurvedic management of Katishool with special reference to Non Specific Low Back Pain : A Case Study <p>Now a day’s human are suffering from many lifestyles related disorders due to adaptation of modern lifestyle. <em>Katishool </em>or low back pain is one among them. <em>Kati </em>refers to low back region and <em>Shool </em>refers to pain, so called as Low back pain. It is not only clinical but also social, economic, and public health problem affecting general population indiscriminately. In this modern era it is most challenging problem. Majority of people are suffering from this palliative disease which has no complete remedy in any system till this advancement of time. <em>Ayurvedic </em>system of medicine is a time tested therapy and has good hold on this particular disease. <em>Katishool </em>is the most frequent work related musculoskeletal complaint and major health related cause in developing world. It is a price humans has to pay for their upright postures. It is not life threatening condition, but it causes great discomfort and restriction in social and other activities. According to one study, almost 80% of persons in modern industrial society will experience back pain at some time during their life. Specific etiology of most back pain is not clear. This is called as Non specific low back pain. Though <em>Katishool</em> or low back pain is the commonest diagnosis given to the subjects attending the clinics, the current management includes NSAIDs, local anesthesia, steroids, sedatives, etc. gives temporary relief from pain but has got severe adverse effects. In spite of recent advances, the treatment is mere symptomatic. So, need arises to search for a safer, better, cheaper treatment. Practically in <em>Chandrashoor </em>is<em> Ahariya Dravya</em>, so it is safe. Easily available in market. So, the adulteration is minimum and it is cost effective also, so fulfills every criterion. Panchakarma procedures like <em>Katibasti</em> and <em>Matrabasti</em> with <em>Til</em> <em>Tail</em> are also easy to do and found to be effective.</p> Renuka S. Kulkarni Vijay G. Patrikar Sumeeta S. Jain Copyright (c) 2022 Renuka S. Kulkarni, Vijay G. Patrikar, Sumeeta S. Jain 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 401 405 Ayurvedic management of Ksheena Shukra - A Case Study <p>Low sperm count (oligospermia) and reduced motility of sperms (asthenospermia) is the main causes of male infertility and it can be correlated with <em>Shukravaha Srotas Dushti</em> and is a problem of global proportions. Worldwide infertility is affecting on an average 8-12% of couples. Acharya Sushrut has explained 10 types of <em>Shukra</em> <em>Dushti</em> which are incapable of producing a progeny. <em>Shukravaha</em> <em>Srotas</em> <em>Dushti</em> leads to <em>Aharsha, Klaibya</em> etc. there is no direct correlation of oligospermia but we can correlate it with <em>Shukra</em> <em>Kshaya</em> or <em>Ksheena Shukra</em>. A 38-year-old male who had been diagnosed as Oligoasthenospermia with low sperm count and non-motile spermatozoa with 10 years of married life and his wife with regular menstrual cycle, were treated successfully with Ayurvedic management. After <em>Aamapachana</em>, patient was administered with <em>Yapana</em>Basti along with <em>Apatyakar</em> <em>Ghrita</em> as <em>Sneha</em> for 30 days. There was marked improvement in the seminal parameters.</p> Shrinidhi Sanjay Sabnis Vinaykumar Hiremath Copyright (c) 2022 Shrinidhi Sanjay Sabnis, Vinaykumar Hiremath 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 406 410 Effect of Jalukavacharana in Nail Bed Infection - A Single Case Study <p>In Ayurveda all type of nail infections is referred to as <em>Kunakha</em>. Word ‘<em>Ku’</em> means ‘Bad’ and ‘<em>Nakha’</em> means nail. A&nbsp;single case study showing <em>Kunakha</em> condition, which had resistant to therapy in contemporary science, induces encouraging results after the administration of external and palliative treatment (<em>Shaman Chikitsa</em>). Administration of Ayurveda treatment (external and internal) consecutively for 45&nbsp;days had yielded good results in clinical symptoms as well as significant improvement in cosmetic view. The <em>Shothahara</em>, <em>Rakta Prasadaka</em>, and <em>Strotoshodhaka</em> properties of this remedy successfully subside the pathological features and improve the normal appearance of nail.</p> Thulasi TV Copyright (c) 2022 Thulasi TV 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 411 415 A case study on effect of Vasakadhi Kvatha and Katakadhi Anjana in the management of Diabetic Retinopathy <p>Background: A known case of diabetic male subject aged 61 years for the past 15 years presented with complaints of blurness of both distant and near vision of both eyes. Methodology: Patient was administered with 50 ml of Vasakadi Kvatha given internally and Katakadhi Anjana drops was administered in each eye twice daily Conclusion: Treatment is done based upon medicines which have Madhumehahara properties, Shothagana properties, Shonita Sthapana, Ropana, Kaphanisaraka, Rakta Prasadana, Sroto Dushti Nirharana, Chaukshya and Balya properties.</p> S Vidyasagar Badisa Ashwini M J Deeksha R Sneha P K Copyright (c) 2022 S Vidyasagar Badisa, Ashwini M J, Deeksha R, Sneha P K 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 416 419 An approach towards Complex Long Tract with Multiple Opening Fistula-In-Ano through Kshara Sutra - A Case Report <p>Generally, fistulectomy is an acceptable surgical approach for treating a simple or low trans-sphincteric fistula. But in case of long fistulous tract with multiple external opening fistulectomy is not an adequate surgical procedure because of multiple and large size wounds. We present a case of a complicated fistula-in-ano with a low and a trans-sphinteric element that opens radially from the external opening to the anal canal. A 45-years-old man with a chronic discharging fistula, on clinical examination opening externally at 9 o’ clock position at gluteal region approximately 15 cm away from anal verge and internal opening also at 9 o’ clock position. Another external opening at 5 o’ clock position and internal opening found at 6 o’ clock position. He experienced discharge and pruritus for the previous 6 months and had been on antibiotics. The low fistulous tract from 5 to 6 o’ clock position was curettaged and <em>Kshara</em> was applied. The long fistulas were treated by the <em>Kshara Sutra</em> and multiple simple threads (linen no. 20) application method was adopted. The wound healed fully in 45 days and currently the patient is asymptomatic and has full continence at 6 months of follow-up.</p> Priyadeep Raj Rohitash Gurjar B. Swapna Prof P. Hemantha Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Priyadeep Raj, Rohitash Gurjar, B. Swapna, Prof P. Hemantha Kumar 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 420 423 Ayurvedic management of Hypothyroidism - A Case Study <p><strong>Background: </strong>Hypothyroidism can be difficult to diagnose, as its signs and symptoms are non-specific, and no global consensus exists on screening. It can be difficult to determine when to test for hypothyroidism, as patients may present with symptoms that are subtle or that overlap with other common conditions, and guidelines can be vague regarding who and when to test. However, identification of hypothyroidism is important in clinical practice. The symptoms of hypothyroidism include tiredness, weight gain, hair loss, cold intolerance, mood disturbances, indigestion, dry rough skin. <strong>Case report:</strong> In this present study a female patient aged 38 years known case of hypothyroidism since 10 years was treated with <em>Rasayana, Shamanoushadhi</em> and specific <em>Pathya</em> followed as per <em>Sthoulya Chikitsa</em>. <strong>Results:</strong> After 2 months of treatment&nbsp;there was a significant reduction in the signs and symptoms of the disease with a 60% improvement in the condition.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Monisha P G Shrinivasa Acharya Nishanth Pai K Shrilatha Kamath T Copyright (c) 2022 Monisha P, G Shrinivasa Acharya, Nishanth Pai K, Shrilatha Kamath T 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 424 426 A complete and successful management of ALD Induced Ascites fully by Ayurvedic line of management <p>Ascites is pathological collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. When the causes, pathology, clinical symptomatology &amp; the examination are taken under consideration, we can correlate Ascites to <em>Dakodara</em> or <em>Jalodara</em> mentioned by Acharya Sushruta. The procedure of paracentesis as followed in modern science is only a modified method of Acharya Sushruta mentioned under the treatment of <em>Dakodara</em>. We can proudly say that Ascites can be completely managed fully, only by the principles of ayurveda. Here we report a case of ALD induced Ascites in a 32-year-old male patient, got admitted for 30 days and underwent tapping for three episodes along with meticulous use of <em>Nitya</em>-<em>Virechana</em>, <em>Deepaneeya</em>-<em>Pachaneeya</em> &amp; Hepato-protective drugs continued for 6 months. He was successfully managed only by treatment principles of Ayurveda. Detailed case history is presented as below.</p> Komala A Siddesh Aradhyamath Mallinath IT Copyright (c) 2022 Siddesh Aradhyamath, Komala A, Mallinath IT 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 427 433 Ayurveda Management of Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head - A Case Study <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Avascular necrosis (AVN) of femoral head is the collapse of femoral head subsequent top transient or permanent loss of blood supply to femoral head. It can be correlated with <em>Asthi-Majjagata Vata</em>. A 24 yrs old male, with complaints of severe pain in the left side hip joint along with right hip joint associated with restricted movements of bilateral hip joints aggravated since 7 months was treated with <em>Krimighna Vasti</em> followed by <em>Manjisthadi Ksheera</em> <em>Vasti.</em> <strong>Aim and Objective: </strong>To evaluate the efficacy of <em>Krimighna Vasti</em> and <em>Manjisthadi Ksheera Vasti</em> in the management of avascular necrosis of femoral head. <strong>Methodology:</strong> <em>Krimighna Vasti</em> for a period of 3 days followed by <em>Manjisthadi Ksheera Vasti</em> was given as <em>Niruha Vasti</em> and a combination of <em>Gugulu Tiktaka Ghrita</em> (60ml) and <em>Pinda Taila</em> (60ml) was given as <em>Anuvasan Vasti</em> in <em>Yoga Vasti</em> pattern for a period of 8 days. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> Patient was not able to walk without support with restricted movement and limping was able to walk with mild pain. And the patient also had acute bronchitis feature having symptoms of recurrent non productive cough, mild fever, headache on auscultation there was crepitation in bilateral lungs field and x-ray finding suggestive of prominent broncho vascular margin that is also diminished. <em>Ksheera Vasti</em> possibly aided in strengthening of subchondral bone of the femoral head. As it is a <em>Brimhana Vasti</em> the patient also get relieve in symptoms of bronchitis.</p> Satyajit Behera Kajaria Divya Copyright (c) 2022 Satyajit Behera, Kajaria Divya 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 434 439 Effect of Gunja Lepa in Nasarshas (Nasal Polyp) - A Case Series <p>Background - Nasarshas is a mass in nasal cavity which creates breathing difficulty, sneezing and snoring and can be correlated to Nasal polyps. Materials &amp; Methods - A case series was done in 5 patients using Gunja Lepa as nasal application in patients of Nasarshas. Size of the polyp and Symptoms like Nasavarodha and Kshavatu were assessed. Result - In more than 50 % of the polyps, there were reduction in size. Rather than statistical significant, subjective relief of the patient was more significant in nasal obstruction.</p> Sneha P K Deeraj B C Deeksha R Anuja K Simon Copyright (c) 2022 Sneha P K, Deeraj B C, Deeksha R, Anuja K Simon 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 7 1 440 443