Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Bimonthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Bimonthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published bimonthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal.</p> <p>All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors. The JAIMS will publish accepted peer reviewed manuscript within 4 weeks of time.</p> en-US <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Dr. Umapati C. Baragi) (Dr. Jyoti M. Ganer) Wed, 15 Sep 2021 20:27:39 +0530 OJS 60 A clinical study on Infantile Colic with Kuberaksha <p>Crying is one of the essential behaviors to communicate the demands of the baby so that it can be fulfilled by the parents. Prolonged crying is a source of anxiety and distress for the parents &amp; challenge for the doctor. Infantile colic is a diagnosis of exclusion for prolonged cry in early infancy. It is described as paroxysmal crying. In the present clinical study total 100 patients were treated with 2 groups viz. treated group with <em>Kuberaksha</em> <em>Vati</em> (n=60) and Control group (n=40). By triturating <em>Beejamajja</em> (seed pulp powder) of <em>Kuberaksha</em> with honey, pills were prepared by an approximate weight of 125mg for treated group and for the purpose of controlled group study, placebo were prepared in similar way as that of <em>Kuberaksha</em> <em>Vati</em>. The disease infantile colic has compared with <em>Udarashoola</em> described in Ayurvedic classics. The history was noted by interviewing the parent/ guardian. All Parents were advised to administer the drug 125mg twice daily for a period of 3 days. Follow up of study was done after 7 days for any reoccurrence of symptoms. Significant result was obtained after treatment and follow up in treated group; whereas the percentage of improvement was very low in control group. This randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial on infantile colic is found effective by administration of specially prepared <em>Kuberaksha Vati</em>. It has a positive short-term effect on infantile colic.</p> Prof. Durga Prasad Dash, Prof. Chandan Mal Jain Copyright (c) 2021 Prof. Durga Prasad Dash , Prof. Chandan Mal Jain Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:10:17 +0530 Retrospective evaluation of the efficacy, safety and satisfaction of AyurCoro3 : A patient-reported outcomes study <p><strong>Background:</strong> At the backdrop of absence of any approved treatment for COVID-19 infections, Ayurvedic treatment can be explored for its potential. AyurCoro-3 is a combination of <em>Gomutra</em> (bos indicus urine), hot water, turmeric, <em>Turati churna</em> (potassium Alum), candy sugar (<em>khadisakhar</em>), <em>Bos indicus</em> milk with two teaspoons of <em>Go Ghrut</em> (Ghee) with antimicrobial and immunomodulatory properties. The present study evaluated the responses from individuals who consumed Ayurcoro-3.<strong> Methods:</strong> A retrospective observational study was carried out based on the participants who consumed Ayurcoro-3. Participants were asked about their reasons for taking the drug, whether as prophylaxis/treatment, duration of symptoms following the drug intake compared to baseline, their satisfaction with Ayurcoro-3, and adverse events. <strong>Results: </strong>Two thousand participants were recruited, and majority consumed Ayurcoro-3 as a prophylactic drug (1285, 64.25 %). Amongst those who were symptomatic, 317 had cough and 328 had fever, and 299 had positive RT-PCR test. The mean (SD) duration of symptoms were significantly shorter following the intake of Aurcoro-3 as follows: cough [before: 4.64 (3.26), after: 2.26 (1.34) days; p &lt; 0.05], fever [before: 4.16(2.40), after: 2.15(1.34) days; p &lt; 0.05], breathlessness [before: 5.56 (2.66), after: 2.30 (1.19) days; p &lt; 0.05], and weakness [before: 5.69 (3.08), after: 2.36 (1.13) days; p &lt; 0.05]. Majority of the participants stated that they were very satisfied with Ayurcoro-3. None of the participants reported any serious adverse reaction and only few adverse events were reported.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>We found that Ayurcoro-3 to be highly effective and safe in preventing/treating COVID-19 related symptoms and the patients are highly satisfied with the response.</p> Ajay Prabhakar Sankhe, Nanasaheb Somnath Memane, Vijaykumar P. Gawali, Sonal Nanasaheb Memane, Mayur Nimba Bagul, Ganesh Ramakrishnan Copyright (c) 2021 Ajay Prabhakar Sankhe , Nanasaheb Somnath Memane, Vijaykumar P. Gawali, Sonal Nanasaheb Memane, Mayur Nimba Bagul, Ganesh Ramakrishnan Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:12:00 +0530 Effect of Chandana Bala Lakshadi Taila Abhyanga with Poshaka Laddu & Nutri Recharge Powder in Bala Shosha (Kuposhana Janya Vyadhi) <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>In <em>Ayurveda</em> <em>Bala</em> <em>Shosha</em> is known as <em>Kuposhan</em> <em>Janya</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> and it is viewed under Malnutritional or PEM disorder. Malnutrition is a common health problem in preschool children of developing countries including in India. As per WHO poor feeding of infant and young children resulting in under nutrition is the single and most important factor for diseases. The malnourished child needs proper <em>Ahara</em> and <em>Aaushadh</em> for normal growth and protecting disease. So, we have made suitable plan to a child.&nbsp; &nbsp;<strong>Aim:</strong> To evaluate the effect of <em>Candana Bala Lakshadi Taila Abhyanga</em>, <em>Poshaka Laddu</em>, Nurticharge Powder internally in <em>Bala Shosha (Kuposhana Janya Vyadhi)</em>. <strong>Material &amp; Method: </strong>The clinical study was conducted in 30 Malnourished Children pre and post evaluation without control. The Study setting Department of <em>Koumarbhritya (Bal-Roga)</em>, <em>Shubhdeep</em> <em>Ayurved</em> Medical College, Indore M.P. This study is come under the project of Govt. of M.P. in supervision of Indore collector and funded by Govt. of M.P. <strong>Result: </strong>The effect of Nuticharge powder, <em>Poshak</em> <em>Laddu</em> &amp; <em>Abhyanga</em> on child weight and M.U.A.C is statistically significant (P= 0.01). It showed that the treatment significantly increases the weight and mid under arm circumference of malnourished children. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Here in this study a small group was taken for the study which is equated with the PEM &amp; <em>Kuposhana</em> <em>Janya</em> <em>Vyadhi</em>.</p> Antim Vyas, AK Singh, Shivaji Pawar, Pankaj Masodkar, Rajesh Uikey Copyright (c) 2021 Antim Vyas, AK Singh, Shivaji Pawar, Pankaj Masodkar, Rajesh Uikey Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:10:55 +0530 Clinical study of Snuhi Ksharasutra and its role in management of Bhagandara (Fistula in Ano) <p><em>Kshar</em> <em>Sootra</em> treatment heals the fistulous tract with maintaining integrity of sphincters of anal canal. In Ayurveda <em>Chhedana</em> <em>Karma</em>, <em>Kshara</em> <em>Karma</em>, <em>Ksharasootra</em> therapy and <em>Agnikarma</em> are described for the management of <em>Bhagandara</em> Out of these; <em>Ksharasootra</em> became more popular and proven therapy as a radical cure of <em>Bhagandara</em> with negligible rate of recurrence and complication in comparison to the contemporary methods like fistulectomy and fistulotomy. In this clinical study total 20 patients of <em>Bhagandara</em> were registered from OPD and IPD of Shalya Tantra department, Major S.D. Singh P.G. Ayurvedic Medical College, Farrukhabad, and randomly divided in two groups. In this comparative clinical study all the subjective parameters like pain, itching and objective parameter like swelling, discharge and unit cutting time showed statistically significant results in all groups. It was found that <em>Snuhi</em> <em>Ksharasutrawas</em> more effective than <em>Apamarg</em> <em>Kshar</em> <em>Sutra</em>.</p> Kumari Nidhi Shree Bibhuti, Mrutyunjay Panda, Siddaram Arawatti Copyright (c) 2021 Kumari Nidhi Shree Bibhuti, Mrutyunjay Panda, Siddaram Arawatti Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:09:00 +0530 Study of efficacy of Narikel Magaja Lepa in management of Mukhadushika <p>In Ayurvedic texts skin is one of the five <em>Gyanindriyas</em>. <em>Mukhadushika</em> is one of the skin disorders. It is the disease that almost takes place in young age and affects the beauty as well as personality and it has a cosmetic importance. In Today’s era due to the lifestyle of people, eating habits and late-night sleep <em>Mukhadushika</em> (acne) is the common disorder. In <em>Mukhadushika</em> there will be swelling, pain, redness, itching and there will be vitiation of Kapha, <em>Vata</em> and <em>Pitta</em> <em>Dosha</em> whereas according to modern science it is due to infection of certain organ. The features of <em>Mukhadushika</em> are similar to those of acne. It has been considered as one of the common skin disorders as well as the disease of adolescent. According to <em>Acharya</em> <em>Vagbhat</em> <em>Narikel</em> <em>Magaja</em> <em>Lepa</em> is useful.</p> Vishal Jagannath Anwale, Sachinkumar Vishwanath Tale, Om Virbhadra Chitte, Yogeshwar Namdev Surnar Copyright (c) 2021 Vishal Jagannath Anwale, Sachinkumar Vishwanath Tale, Om Virbhadra Chitte, Yogeshwar Namdev Surnar Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:07:50 +0530 A prospective, multi center, single blind, randomized controlled study evaluating “AyurCoro3” as an adjuvant in the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 patients <p><strong>Background: </strong>There is so far no proven treatment for the unprecedented COVID-19 infections. Ayurveda holds promise in the treatment of this viral infection. We carried out a randomized controlled trial of ‘AyurCoro-3’, a combination of <em>Gomutra</em> (<em>Bos indicus</em> urine), hot water, turmeric, <em>Turati Churna</em> (potassium Alum), candy sugar (<em>Khadisakhar</em>), <em>Bos indicus</em> milk with two teaspoons of <em>Go Ghrut</em> (Ghee) as an adjuvant to standard care, in comparison to standard care alone in patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 infections. <strong>Methods: </strong>A randomized, blinded, controlled trial was carried out in adult patients diagnosed with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 infections confirmed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test. Interventional group was administered single dose of ‘AyurCoro-3’ as an adjuvant with standard care, and the control group received only standard of care. Validated clinical improvement scale was used for evaluating the clinical improvement, time of resolution of presenting symptoms, duration of hospitalization, proportion of patients requiring mechanical ventilation, and functional status scale were the key outcomes. <strong>Results: </strong>One-hundred and seventy-four patients were recruited. Significantly more proportions of patients had resolution of all symptoms (cough, fever, breathlessness, weakness, and tastelessness) in the interventional group compared to control. Similarly, the interventional group also had shorter time for clinical improvement as well as shorter time of resolution for cough, breathlessness, and weakness. No significant differences were observed in the duration of hospitalization, proportion of patients requiring mechanical ventilation, functional status scale, and adverse events between the groups.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>The Ayurvedic medicine ‘AyurCoro-3’ was observed to significantly shorten the duration of COVID-19 infections and was well tolerated.</p> Ajay Prabhakar Sankhe, Nanasaheb Somnath Memane, Vijaykumar P. Gawali, Sonal Nanasaheb Memane, Ganesh Ramakrishnan, Mayur Nimba Bagul, Rashmi Tiwari, Vikram Bansal Copyright (c) 2021 Ajay Prabhakar Sankhe, Nanasaheb Somnath Memane, Vijaykumar P. Gawali, Sonal Nanasaheb Memane, Ganesh Ramakrishnan, Mayur Nimba Bagul, Rashmi Tiwari, Vikram Bansal Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:12:35 +0530 To develop and validate an Integrated Yoga Module for Tennis Players <p>Tennis athletes need a combination of low-intensity and high-intensity aerobic and anaerobic capabilities. Sports related fatigue, injury, stress and anxiety reduce the sports performance of a player. The main objective of any sports training should be to refrain from the onset of fatigue, stress and anxiety during competition and training. Integrated Yoga has been researched extensively. It shows that yoga helps improve psychophysiological components such as aerobic and anaerobic capacities, cardiovascular fitness, while reducing fatigue, competitive stress and anxiety. Yoga also improves relaxation and mindfulness, hence, improving performance. However, a valid yoga module is unavailable for tennis sports athletes. IYM for tennis players is developed based on ancient yogic text and previous research evidence. The yoga module was presented to 30 SMEs to evaluate and validate a total number of 82 practices included in the proposed module based on a three-point scale. The content validity has been calculated by applying Lawshe’s formula of content validity ratio (CVR). According to Lawshe’s formula, 0.33 is the critical value of CVR required for validation with 30 SMEs. Data analysis shows that out of 82 yogic practices, 41 yogic practices showed significant content validity (p&lt;0.05). Results show that, among the 82 practices, 41 were found to be essential (CVR ≥0.33) and 41 were found to be not essential (CVR &lt;0.33). However, the feasibility and efficacy of the Integrated Yoga Module for tennis players need to be determined by future studies.</p> Tresha Rathod, Vijay Kumar PS, Sahana AU, Kritika Rathod Copyright (c) 2021 Tresha Rathod, Vijay Kumar PS, Sahana AU Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:08:25 +0530 Development and sensory evaluation of ‘Hemakirana Panak’ (an excellent cooling drink) : Research Article <p>The recipe <em>Hemakirana</em> <em>Panak </em>is chosen from <em>Kshemkutuhalam</em> a work on dietetics and well being published by IIAM as an excellent cooling drink. The product was prepared by taking into account the ingredients and quantity as mentioned in the book, the therapeutic and nutritive benefits were studied of the ingredients mentioned in the recipe. Further sensory analysis was carried out according to the taste, appearance and palatability. The research was undertaken on a pilot study for development of community. The product was exhibited overall acceptability with respect to cooling drink sweet taste and white in color. We can conclude that product has been accepted widely by the community and further analysis can be carried out.</p> Yachana Dinesh Oswal, Prof. Priya Darshane Copyright (c) 2021 Yachana Dinesh Oswal, Prof. Priya Darshane Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 To develop and validate an Integrated Yoga Module for Basketball Players <p>Basketball sport required high-level of fitness-related components, heart rate, blood lactate, aerobic capacity, anaerobic power and psychological demands from an athlete. From scientific evidence it has been observed that yoga helps in develop the entire psycho physiological component without giving physical stress to the body if it is practiced in proper manner. However, a validated Yoga module for basketball player is unavailable. The IYM for basketball players is prepared after doing detailed and systematic review of classical and contemporary yogic texts and earlier research evidence. The content validity of IYM for basketball players was presented to SMEs and evaluated by an experienced panel comprised of 30 yoga experts who satisfied the inclusion criteria. Data analysis exhibited that out of 85 yogic practices, 45 yogic practices showed substantial content validity. According to lawshe’s method, 0.33 is the critical value of CVR (minimum CVR value) required for validation with 30 SMEs. The current study proposes that the IYM for Basketball players is valid with good content validity. However, future research studies must determine the efficacy and feasibility of the developed module.</p> Kritika Rathod, Vijay Kumar PS, Sahana AU, Tresha Rathod Copyright (c) 2021 Kritika Rathod, Vijay Kumar PS, Sahana AU, Tresha Rathod Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:09:39 +0530 Development and sensory evaluation of Dhanyak Panak (Therapeutic Appetizer) <p>The Recipe ‘<em>Dhanyak</em> <em>Panak’</em> was selected from the Ayurvedic text as <em>Bhojankutuhal</em> with respect to its known benefits, as good Appetizer taken before a meal or during meal to stimulate one’s appetite. The research was undertaken to carry out a pilot study for developing this product for the community. The product was prepared by taking in consideration the amount of ingredients given in <em>Bhojankutuhal</em>, and then the product was further carried forward to sensory analysis. Finally, it is concluded that the product has been accepted by the community.</p> Jayshree Deepak Bhagat, Prof. Priya Darshane Copyright (c) 2021 Jayshree Deepak Bhagat, Prof. Priya Darshane Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:37:57 +0530 Study the Frequency of Colorectal Carcinoma in Anorectal OPD of Department of Shalya Tantra S. S. Hospital, BHU : An Overview <p>Colorectal cancer starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on the site of its origin. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many common features. Most common malignancy in the gastrointestinal tract is the colorectal cancer. Usually in early stage colorectal cancer is asymptomatic. Clinical symptoms are limited and develop slowly over time. There are, however, a few symptoms or signs that most frequently lead to diagnostic evaluation. These symptoms include lower gastrointestinal bleeding or occult bleeding with resultant microcytic / iron deficiency anemia, changes in bowel habits and abdominal pain, painful defecation, stool mix with blood and mucous, increase frequency of defecation, morning spurious diarrhea, mass present at anal verge, anal canal or rectum which may or may not bleed on touch. Sometimes most of patients having Complains of bleeding per rectum, painful defecation, something coming out during defecation are treated as simple anorectal diseases without digital rectal examination by general practitioner and surgeon inspite being the cases of Colorectal Carcinoma. Colorectal cancer may also progress and present as large bowel obstruction or even as perforation, either at the site of the tumors or proximally. Up to 20 – 25% of colon cancer cases present as emergencies; in contrast to this only a small number of rectal cancer cases present as emergencies.</p> Manoj Kumar Chaurasiya, Neerja Jain, Ashish Maurya, Prof. Shiv Ji Gupta Copyright (c) 2021 Manoj Kumar Chaurasiya, Neerja Jain, Ashish Maurya, Prof. Shiv Ji Gupta Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:37:11 +0530 Analysis of structural changes observed in the region of Kukundara Marma in patients suffering from Low back ache <p><em>Kukundara Marma</em> is a <em>Prushtagata Sandhi Marma</em>. Injury to it leads to sensory and motor deficit in the lower limb. It is located in <em>Jaghanabahirbhaga </em>on both sides of <em>Prashtavamsha </em>indicates the low lumbar region. Joints in between the lower lumbar vertebras and lumbosacral joint are the structures present in the <em>Kukundara Marma</em> region. Lumbosacral trunk is related in this area which gives contribution to sacral plexus. Back pain is symptom where there will be involvement of muscle, ligaments, bones, joints, and nerves. The most common causes include Mechanical, Destructive, Inflammatory, other causes. With the help of Xray and MRI it was noted that out of 100 patients suffering from low back ache and sensory and motor deficit of lower limb 32 patients had Lumbar canal stenosis and 19 patients had Disc herniation.</p> Shreyas Nayak, Krishnamurthy N Copyright (c) 2021 Shreyas Nayak, Krishnamurthy N Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:35:52 +0530 A survey report on status of Bala (Physical strength) and Agni (Digestive Strength) during Greeshma Ritu (summer season) <p><em>Ayurveda </em>advocates the maintenance of health by using regimen like <em>Dincharya</em> (daily regimen), <em>Ritucharya </em>(seasonal regimen), <em>Sadvritta </em>(social code of conduct)<em>, Aachara Rasayana </em>(personal code of conduct)<em>, Vega Vidharna </em>(not to hold natural urges) etc.<em> Ritucharya </em>means ‘the <em>Aahara </em>(diet)<em> and Vihara </em>(life style) and other behavioural activities according to specific <em>Ritu </em>(season)<em>,</em> in accordance with <em>Shastra </em>(scriptures)<em>.</em> A lot of physiological variations occur in the body during <em>Greeshma Ritu </em>(summer season) like exhaustion, general weakness, drowsiness, increased thirst, reduced appetite etc. <em>Charaka Samhita</em> has also described that the status of <em>Bala </em>(physical strength) and <em>Agni </em>(digestive strength) is very weak in<em> Greeshma Ritu </em>(summer season)<em>.</em> To observe the status of <em>Bala </em>(physical strength) and <em>Agni </em>(digestive strength) during<em> Greeshma Ritu </em>(Summer season) i.e., during April to June 2018<em>,</em> a survey was conducted on 500 apparently healthy volunteers in Paprola and surrounding areas. Paprola is a small town of Himachal Pradesh, situated in foot hills of Dhauladhar Ranges of Himalaya. Data was collected by a questionnaire framed on the basis of <em>Ayurvedic </em>texts. Many volunteers showed reduced <em>Bala</em> (physical strength) but their <em>Agni </em>(digestive strength) status was good.</p> Sushma Kumari Copyright (c) 2021 Sushma Kumari Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Panchakarma in Lifestyle Disorders <p><em>Panchakarma</em> has immense potential in the context of tackling the lifestyle disorders. Lifestyle disorders are the diseases which occurs due to change in the environment, lifestyle including diet some of them are <em>Hridaya Roga, Madhumeha, Sthoulya, Sandhivata, Pakshaghata</em> etc. <em>Panchakarma</em> of Ayurveda are purificatory measures which cleanses the toxins from the cellular level and also prevents the production as well as the deposition of toxin in the body. It also rejuvenates the body cells. It plays a major role in prevention and cure of lifestyle disorders. <em>Panchakarma</em> or <em>Shodhana</em> therapy can be conducted as the initial line of treatment before starting the <em>Shamana Oushadhi.</em> It prevents or cures the diseases by correcting <em>Dosha, Dushya, Agni, Srotas</em> and by doing <em>Samprapti Vighatana.</em></p> Suhasini Ashok Mote, Ramesh N. Gennur, Vishwanath S. Patil, Mrutunjay Hooli, Supriya Katkar, Amulya TS Copyright (c) 2021 Suhasini Ashok Mote, Ramesh N. Gennur, Vishwanath S. Patil, Mrutunjay Hooli, Supriya Katkar, Amulya TS Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Chlorophytum borivilianum (Safed Musli) : Nature’s Wonder Gift <p><em>Chlorophytum Borivilianum</em> is also known as <em>Safed</em> <em>Musli</em> that belongs to the <em>Liliaceae</em> family. In recent years, this plant has gained much popularity due to its economic value. <em>Safed</em> <em>Musli</em> is known for its roots and saponins components that are associated with various medicinal properties. This plant is used in Indian medicinal system since the 11th century AD. In Ayurveda, <em>Safed</em> <em>Musli</em> is categorized as a <em>'Vajikaran</em> <em>Rasayan'</em> and used to treat various diseases such as leucorrhea, gonorrhoea, impotence, infertility, diarrhoea and dysentery. It is considered a "<em>Divya</em> <em>Aushad</em>" or white gold and used as a health-promoting drug or tonic in the ayurvedic medicinal system.&nbsp; <em>Safed</em> <em>Musli</em> is used as an alternative to "Viagra". Some reported therapeutic and pharmacological properties of <em>Safed</em> <em>Musli</em> include aphrodisiac, immunomodulatory, antimutagenic, antidiabetic, antioxidant, antiulcer, adaptogenic, and antimicrobial. In folklore culture, this plant is used in the form of 'Laddoos' as a diet for mothers after delivery. Due to its high economic value, the Indian Medicinal Board has started promoting this plant's cultivation and production as the demand for this plant has been increased in the national and international markets globally. However, the plant needs to be conserved as this plant has been listed as a critically endangered species as per the Red data book of Indian plants. The factors responsible for the species deterioration are irrational cutting, overharvesting, insufficient knowledge and others. In this review article, the pharmacological properties, phytochemistry, ayurvedic and folk uses of <em>Safed</em> <em>Musli</em> are briefly summarized.</p> Manish Grover Copyright (c) 2021 Manish Grover Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:58:40 +0530 Questionnaire designing and validation on Dadhi Sevana in Kaphaja Kasa <p>Consumption of <em>Dadhi</em> (curd) has a role in the formation of <em>Kaphaja Kasa</em>. It acts as a <em>Viprakrista Nidana</em> (distant cause) and as a <em>Vyabhichari Nidana </em>(weak cause) for the causation of disease.&nbsp; <em>Dadhi </em>being <em>Madhura, Amla Rasa, Guru, Snigdha, Abhishyandi Guna, Ushna Veerya </em>and<em> Amla Vipaka</em> and having <em>Kaphakara </em>property. <em>Samanya Nidana</em> of <em>Kaphaja Kasa</em> is intake of <em>Guru, Abhishyandi, Madura, Snigdha Guna Aharas</em>. And also, <em>Dadhi</em> is one among the <em>Kapha Prakopa Karana Ahara</em> explained by <em>Madhavakara</em>. To make <em>Ayurveda </em>easily acceptable, as per the current trends in research, a review of previously proved fundamentals of <em>Ayurveda </em>in line with currently followed method of research is essential to achieve easy application in field of clinical research. Five step processes of designing and validation of questionnaire ensure a researc h tool for clinical research. Thus, validations of Questionnaire are based on <em>Dadhi</em> <em>Sevana</em>. Due to <em>Samanya Vishesha Siddhanta, Samana Guna</em> acts as a <em>Vruddhi Karana</em>, also one who doesn’t follow <em>Dadhi Sevana Niyamas</em>, hence it shows risk factor in the formation of <em>Kaphaja Kasa.</em></p> Anjali Sanjeev, Gopikrishna S Copyright (c) 2021 Anjali Sanjeev, Gopikrishna S Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:04:06 +0530 A critical understanding of Hridroga Nidanas and its present relevance <p>The global burden of diseases is changing from infectious diseases to non-communicable diseases these days. Among them cardiovascular disease is one which is tremendously increasing in this era. Accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year worldwide. Life style modifications like high caloric intake, alcohol consumption, smoking and stress are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease.&nbsp; In <em>Ayurveda </em>all those disease come under the heading of <em>“Hridroga”</em>. <em>Acharya Bhela </em>has mentioned&nbsp; <em>&nbsp;Hridaya as Shirohridaya </em>and <em>Urohridaya. Urohridaya </em>has been accepted in correspondence to circulation of <em>Rasa </em>and <em>Rakta .</em>As for any disease to manifest <em>Nidanas </em>are needed hence understanding&nbsp;&nbsp; them is important because <em>Nidanaparivarjana </em>is the first line of treatment for any disease. <em>Nidanas </em>such as <em>Vega Dharana, Ushnatikshna Ahara, Chinta </em>and <em>Abhighata </em>leads to manifestation of <em>Hridroga. </em>Along with that <em>Hridaya </em>being mula of <em>Rasavaha </em>and <em>Pranavaha Srotas Mula, Dusthi </em>of those also lead to <em>Hridroga. </em>As there are different sets of <em>Nidanas </em>being explained in classics there is a need for critical understanding hence the present write up is aimed to provide an insight into the concept of <em>Nidanas</em> based on classical references and allied modern literature.</p> Laxmi Anant Rao Koppar, Nandesh Mohan P Copyright (c) 2021 Laxmi Anant Rao Koppar, Nandesh Mohan P Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:05:46 +0530 The purification method of water from treasures of Vedas and Upavedas <p>Water is a vital source of life and quality of water is major concern now-a-days. Water is limited resource and demand for it is increasing at an alarming rate. Safe clean and adequate drinking water is vital for existence of all living organism. Ayurveda being the science of life gives us great scope as a researcher. There are various techniques mentioned in Ayurvedic classics for purification of “<em>Dushita Jala” </em>from the times of<em> Veda’s. Acharya’s </em>focused on water purification they described that a sunray passing through the water purifies it. In <em>Samhita Kala</em>, the number of technique increased. <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> and <em>Vagbhatta</em> have mentioned to use various plants and method to purify water. Various <em>Nighantu</em> also mentioned different techniques.</p> Pooja Singh, Vasu Singh, RC Tiwari, Rakesh Bhutiani Copyright (c) 2021 Pooja Singh, Vasu Singh, RC Tiwari, Rakesh Bhutiani Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:30:01 +0530 An eyeshot on Kshudra Dhanya in Ayurveda <p><em>Kshudra</em> <em>Danya</em> is a group of small seeded cereals used as human food since ages. They are popular by the name millets. As Millets are packed with nutrients, they have numerous health benefits. Ayurveda has a distinguished explanation of <em>Kshudra</em> <em>Danya</em> (millets) with their specific qualities and effects, based on which their indications and contraindications can be elicited. This analysis may help in understanding the right usage of <em>Kshudra</em> <em>Danya</em> (millets) to avail their complete health benefits.</p> Pooja Hassan G, Unnikrishnan PM, Sankanagoud Patil Copyright (c) 2021 Pooja Hassan G, Unnikrishnan PM, Sankanagoud Patil Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:53:01 +0530 A bird view on Ayurvedic management of Hyperacidity <p>Acidity and heartburn are increasingly becoming common lifestyle disorder. Busy lives, hectic schedules, mental stress, rat-race anxiety and not enough time to eat are some of reasons causing acidity and hyperacidity problems. Hyperacidity refers to a set of symptoms caused by an imbalance between the acid secreting mechanism of the stomach and proximal intestine and the protective mechanisms that ensure their safety. It is one of the most common symptoms affecting 70% of population. Etiology includes lifestyle or dietary habits, a medical condition, or the use of some medications, stress etc. It is characterized by acid regurgitation, heartburn, nausea, acidic taste in mouth, sour or bitter belching indicating <em>Vikruti </em>of <em>Pachaka Pitta, Samanavayu, Apana Vayu, Kledaka Kapha, Agni </em>and<em> Ahara.</em> In Ayurveda Hyperacidity can be explained under broad umbrella of <em>Urdwaga Amlapitta, Vidagdhajeerna, Saamapitta Laxana, Pittaja Grahani Laxana</em>. With time hyperacidity gets complicated, thus arresting the progress of disease is one of the important steps which are achieved through<em> Pathyapathya</em> and <em>Nidana parivarjana</em>. <em>Satvavajaya chikitsa</em> empowers the patient to deal with stress which is one among the common triggers. <em>Vamana</em> and <em>Virechana,</em> facilitates the expulsion of vitiated <em>Dosha</em> from the body, there by cures the disease from root. Hence Probable <em>Chikitsa</em> of Hyperacidity in Ayurveda includes <em>Nidana Parivarjana, Shodana, Shamana, Rasayana, Yoga </em>and<em> Pranayama</em>.</p> Soubhagya R. Japal, Shivaleela S. Kalyani, Sunilkumar M. Chabnur Copyright (c) 2021 Soubhagya R. Japal, Shivaleela S. Kalyani, Sunilkumar M. Chabnur Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:46:19 +0530 Kantaka Panchamoola : A Brief Review <p>Ayurveda has two main objectives to conserve health of a healthy individual and to treat a diseased person. To conserve health of a healthy individual, Ayurveda has described <em>Ahara, Vihara, Dincharya, Ratricharya, Ritucharya</em> etc. To accomplish objectives of Ayurveda many medicinal plants are also described. Ayurveda has mainly described about two types of medicines based on its origin, plant medicines and medicines prepared from metals and minerals. Plant based medicine uses plant stem, flower, seed, fruit, leaf, root etc. as source for medicinal preparations. Ayurveda explains about 5 types of <em>Panchmoola</em>. This article is an attempt to described identification, morphology and medicinal properties of contents of <em>Kantaka Panchmool</em>.</p> Neha Soni Copyright (c) 2021 Neha Soni Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:31:00 +0530 Vettumaran Gulika - An Ayurvedic Review <p>Ayurveda is oldest science, this system of medicine started since Vedic period or even earlier. It emphasizes on maintenance of health and cure diseases. For achievement of these goals, medicines especially <em>Rasaushadhies</em> have an important role. <em>Vettumaran</em> <em>Gulika</em> is a most widely used herbo mineral formulation in Kerala used in fever, Gas trouble, emesis, dysuria with different vehicles. The study aimed to review literature of Kerala most used <em>Vettumaran</em> <em>Gulika</em> an ayurvedic formulation. It is mentioned in <em>Sahasrayogam</em>, an important hand book on Ayurveda.</p> Hemant Pundlikrao Charde, Mukeshkumar Arjunrao Rathod, Pranam Suresh Kharche Copyright (c) 2021 Hemant Pundlikrao Charde, Mukeshkumar Arjunrao Rathod, Pranam Suresh Kharche Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:52:22 +0530 Exploring the Potential Role of Herbal Ayurveda Formulation Vasadi Kashaya in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - A Review <p>Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease of respiratory system having chronic nature which is characterised by airway inflammation and airflow obstruction that is not fully reversible. It includes two clinical conditions, chronic bronchitis and emphysema which generally overlap in patients. It is a preventable and treatable disease that is caused by significant exposure to harmful gases or organic matter. The common clinical symptoms include dyspnoea, cough, sputum production, chest tightness. According to the global burden of disease study reports published in 2018, COPD is the second leading cause of death due to non-communicable diseases in India. COPD in Ayurveda is can be dealt in Ayurvedic clinical practice using treatment principles of <em>Shwasa </em>and<em> Kasa. Vasadi Kashaya,</em> a herbal Ayurveda medicine is commonly used in the treatment of respiratory disorders by Ayurveda practitioners. <strong>Aim: </strong>In this article, possible mode of action of <em>Vasadi Kashaya</em> in the treatment of COPD have been explored based on available Ayurvedic and scientific literature. <strong>Methodology:</strong> Information from Ayurveda text books and available full text articles on different medical online sources was collected using relevant keywords and are summarised in this article. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Available scientific evidence supports the anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator, anti-allergic, anti-oxidant and immune-modulator properties of <em>Vasadi Kashaya</em> making it a potential herbal formulation for Ayurvedic management of COPD.</p> Vikash Kumar Vikrant, Abhishek Upadhyay, Rashmi Mutha, Harshitha KS Copyright (c) 2021 Vikash Kumar Vikrant, Abhishek Upadhyay, Rashmi Mutha, Harshitha KS Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:40:23 +0530 Effects of Food Pollution on Human Health and Its management through Panchakarma <p>Air, water and food are the basic necessities of life. If one pillar is disturbed then we can’t expect the other two works positively for our health. In <em>Ayurveda</em> there is description of <em>Triya Upstambh</em> where food <em>(aahar)</em> placed in first place, which shows the importance of food.&nbsp; We can define food pollution as, the presence of toxic chemical and biological contaminants which are not naturally part of our food. Examples are preservatives, taste enhancer, coloring agents. In present time our food is also contaminated by fertilizers, pesticides and heavy metals. This put very deleterious effect upon our body.&nbsp; It is a silent killer, because these harmful effects come after a long time of consuming this polluted food. Adulteration in edible products is also a common cause of food pollution. Food pollution is causing so many diseases related to different system of our body, like digestive system related, nervous system related etc. some serious health problems are developing day by day such as hormonal problems and various types of cancer. Water pollution and soil pollution are trigger factor or we could say enhancer for food pollution. Growing crops in polluted soil with polluted water is also responsible for polluting the food. Not only polluted soil or water, there are so many sources of food pollution.&nbsp; <em>Panchakarma</em> is the <em>ayurvedic</em> approach to get rid of these toxins and restores good health through detoxification of the human body. This article is related to polluted food, food adulteration, their adverse effects upon human body and its management through <em>Panchakarma</em> therapy.</p> Deepti Negi, Rashmi Joshi, Kanchan Thakur, Anupama Kumari Copyright (c) 2021 Deepti Negi, Rashmi Joshi, Kanchan Thakur, Anupama Kumari Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:02:21 +0530 Role of Panchakarma in Visha Chiktisa <p>Disease and death due to poisoning is a burning issue in worldwide. The term Poisoning not only limited upto animal and vegetable poisons, it can include <em>Dooshivisha</em><em>, Garavisha</em> and various radiations. Ayurveda has described different methods of treatment in poisoning. <em>Panchakarma</em> therapy has great importance because it can remove toxins from deeper tissue level. <em>Panchakarma</em> procedures are used depending upon the route of entry of poison and absorption. This article concludes how <em>Panchakarma</em> procedures are useful in <em>Visha Chikitsa</em> as a detoxification therapy.</p> Indramani, Amita Jhunjhunwala, RC Tiwari, Manisha Dikshit, Ved Bhusan Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 Indramani, Amita Jhunjhunwala, RC Tiwari, Manisha Dikshit, Ved Bhusan Sharma Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 A review on Hepato-Protective Ayurveda Panchakarma Therapy and herbs used in Ayurveda <p>Liver is the largest gland and considered to be one of the vital organs which work multidimensional work for our body like digestion, growth and maintaining the health of body. In the Veda <em>Yakrit</em> (liver) is being described right from the Vedic period. Modern working culture and lifestyles can cause overstress and make it malfunctioning. There are no specific and safe hepato-protective drugs are available in contemporary medical science. While in Ayurveda, <em>Panchakarma</em> and defines herbs has the property to prevent, treat and cure hepatic disturbances with interception of fewer side effects. The purpose of this review is to elucidate the vital role of liver and aimed at compiling data based on reported works on Ayurveda <em>Panchakarma</em> procedure and Ayurveda herbs that have been tested in hepato-toxicity models and proved as hepato-protective. Also, the probable mode of action of <em>Virechan (Panckarma</em> procedure) and few herbs has been discussed in Ayurvedic and modern aspect.</p> Rakesh Mishra, Ankita Mishra, IB Kotturshetti Copyright (c) 2021 Rakesh Mishra, Ankita Mishra, IB Kotturshetti Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:50:00 +0530 Presumptive role of Bhagottar Gutika in the management of Tamaka Shwasa (Bronchial Asthma): A Hypothetical Study <p>Bronchial asthma is one of the commonest repiratory disorders prevalent all over thr world. It is more common in industrialised countries and effects 5% of the population. It affects all age groups and mortality rate is increasing rapidly in past few years. The word <em>asthma </em>derived from a Greek word meaning ‘gasp for breath<em>’. </em>Since 20<sup>th</sup>centuary it was seen as a unique illness characterized by ‘spasmodic afflictions of the bronchial tubes’. Its heterogenous pathophysiology shows transient increase in resistance of airways, reduction in forced expiratory capacities, Hyperinflation of lungs and increased load of breathing. In <em>Ayurveda </em>bronchial asthma shows resemblance with <em>Tamaka Shwasa </em>a type of <em>Shwasaroga. </em>Today asthma is introducing as a chronic inflammatory disease of airways and pathophysiology of this disease is unclarified yet. Inspite of unmatched growth and developments in contemporary world, there is still no such ideal drug which can control asthma and its complications completely. Hence to develop safer and more effective drug, a hypothetical study has been planned using a herbomineral formulation prepared in the form of <em>Gutika </em>i.e <em>Bhagottar Gutika. </em>The article reviews each ingredient of the formulation parallely with symptomology of asthma and also assesses the effects of this formulation in encountering basic pathology of the disease.</p> Mishra Meenu, Kushwaha Atal, Shivhare Shwetal Copyright (c) 2021 Mishra Meenu, Kushwaha Atal, Shivhare Shwetal Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:54:49 +0530 Majja Prayoga - a novel perspective in management of Neurodegenerative Disorders w.s.r. to Parkinson’s Diseases - A Review <p>Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder characterised by a profound and selective loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Incidence and prevalence of PD increases with advancing age, being present in 1% of people over the age of 65 years. Early-onset PD is defined as the onset of parkinsonian features before the age of 40 years. It accounts for 3-5% of all PD cases. PD is more common in men than in women. Ayurveda perceives it as a <em>Vyadhi</em> (disease) characterised by the <em>Gati Kshaya</em> – hypokinesia later progressing into <em>Prakopa</em> of <em>Vata</em> to uncontrolled involuntary movement. The disease characterised by the symptom triad – Bradykinesia, Resting tremor, Cogwheel rigidity and also with postural instability in some texts. A major hurdle in development of neuroprotective therapies are due to limited understanding of disease process leading to the death of dopaminergic neurons, where the aetiology remains to be elusive, even though the studies are on. The principles of Ayurveda regarding the understanding of a disease as <em>Vatavyadhi</em> in terms of Neurodegenerative Disorder is multidimensional and is enriched with rational principles that can be implemented in clinical practice. A new perspective and focus are given on <em>Majja Prayoga </em>(Bone marrow use)<em>. </em>Application of animal marrow for reforming the deranged <em>Vayu</em> and degenerated <em>Dhatu</em> (neurons) is been emphasized. The rationality behind the <em>Majja Prayoga</em> in the <em>Samprapti Vighatana</em> of Parkinsonism is introduced. This study highlights the insight of Ayurveda about Parkinsonism right from the <em>Nidana</em> running down to the <em>Chikitsa</em> aspect.</p> Nithin Krishnan R, Ravikant Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 Nithin Krishnan R, Ravikant Sharma Wed, 15 Sep 2021 18:08:12 +0530 A review article on Kaphaja Shotha vis-à-vis Diabetic Nephropathy and its management <p>Modern medical science has eliminated the threat of death and disability from most infectious diseases through improved sanitation, vaccination and antibiotics. But death from lifestyle diseases is now a primary concern. Modern life advancement and dietary food habits result into number of pathologies which are hard to treat and sometimes become irreversible. One amongst them is <em>Shotha</em> (oedema). <em>Shotha</em> is a <em>Tridoshajavyadhi</em>. In <em>Kaphajashotha</em>, there is <em>Pradhanata</em> of <em>Kapha Dosha</em> and has peculiar symptoms like Pitting Oedema, oedema is more in the night time, and with Loss of taste etc. Considering the symptoms, we can study <em>Kaphaja Shotha</em> vis-a-vis Diabetic Nephropathy and its management through Ayurveda.&nbsp; Ayurveda is known as “Science of longevity” because it offers a complete system to live a long healthy life.</p> Nishat Parveen Barchiwale, Manjula K, SG Chavan Copyright (c) 2021 Nishat Parveen Barchiwale, Manjula K, SG Chavan Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:54:11 +0530 Pashanavajra Rasa: A drug for Urinary Calculi <p><em>Rasashastra,</em> the Iatrochemistry of <em>Ayurveda</em> deals with therapeutic processing and use of various minerals and metals. Different types of <em>Ashmarighna </em>formulations ranging from herbal to mineral have been described in <em>Ayurvedic</em> classical texts<em>.</em> The formulations containing herbal drugs only have shown limited success that too requiring prolonged medication. Most of the times, patients seek surgical intervention as the final resort. So, there is a need to evaluate and validate the mineral and herbo-mineral preparations indicated for <em>Mutrashmari (</em>urinary calculi<em>)</em> in Ayurveda. <em>Pashanavajra Rasa</em>, a herbo-mineral preparation prescribed for <em>Mutrashmari</em> is mentioned in Ayurveda. It contains <em>Kajjali</em> which acts like catalyst, <em>Punarnava</em> and <em>Pashanabheda </em>as <em>Ashmarihara</em>, seems to be a product with high potential but less evaluated.</p> Amit Kumar Karna, Astha Ray Copyright (c) 2021 Amit Kumar Karna, Astha Ray Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:04:55 +0530 Importance of Vata in Garbha Utpatti <p><em>Vata </em>is described as a beholder of <em>Yantra</em> and<em> Tantra. Yantra</em> is whole body and <em>Tantra</em> is controlling of whole body organization<em>. Vata </em>has major role to play right from the time of conception to till one’s last breath<em>. Vata</em> also programs the fetal growth (<em>Kruta Garbhakruthinam</em>). So <em>Vata </em>along with many other components plays a major role in <em>Garbha Angavayava Utpatti</em>. The aggravation of<em> Vata</em> during pregnancy causes abnormalities in the fetus. By proper management of <em>Vata</em> during pregnancy results in healthy progeny, so there is a need to know the role of <em>Vata</em> in <em>Garbha Utpatti</em>.</p> K. Sneha, Prathima Copyright (c) 2021 K. Sneha, Prathima Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:01:27 +0530 A critical study on Urdhwashakhagata Vaikalyakara Marma <p><em>Marma</em> is considered as the vital point present in the human body which has life in it and the injury to these spots leads to death or death like miseries. In our classics, 107 <em>Marmas</em> are explained. They are grouped separately on the basis of structural classification, based on injury consequences, based on the <em>Pramana</em>, &amp; based on the location in the body. Total 44 <em>Vaikalyakara Marmas</em> are present in our body among which 6 are present in each <em>Urdhwashakha</em> namely <em>Kakshadhara, Lohitaksha, Urvi, Aani, Koorpara and Kurcha</em>. The location, anatomical structures in specific region and effect on injury to each <em>Marma</em> differs from one another.</p> Mahesh KS, Krishnamurthy N Copyright (c) 2021 Mahesh KS, Krishnamurthy N Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Development and sensory evaluation of a ‘Pachak Takra’ (digestive buttermilk) <p>The study was undertaken to develop and standardize an innovative, wholesome and traditional Indian appetizer which was prepared with Cow’s curd and other appetizing material to develop digestive buttermilk. The recipe <em>Pachak Takra</em> was selected from ancient Ayurvedic literature <em>Kshemkutuhal </em>with respect to its known benefits. Various trials were conducted and <em>Pachak Takra</em> was prepared from the most acceptable trail. The product was further carried forward for sensory analysis. Finally, it is concluded that the product has been accepted by community.</p> Manisha Sandeep Medane, Priya Darshane Copyright (c) 2021 Manisha Sandeep Medane, Priya Darshane Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:56:33 +0530 Physio-Anatomical consideration of Upsneha & Upsweda with special reference to Garbh Poshan in Ayurveda - A Review <p>The science of <em>Garbha</em> <em>Vyakaran</em> has been always a subject of great interest for the persons devoted to it<strong><em>. </em></strong>The matter related to the concept of <em>Garbha</em> <em>Vyakaran</em> is systematically described in Ayurvedic literature<strong><em>. </em></strong>Nutrition of embryo mainly concerned with the mechanism involved in both the parts of mother and foetus to meet the requirements for growth and development during intra<strong><em>-</em></strong>uterine life<strong><em>. </em></strong>According to Ayurveda, it is the cessation of menses during pregnancy which affects the mammary glands of the breast and causes lactation for the post<strong><em>-</em></strong>natal feeding of the baby<strong><em>. </em></strong>Apart from the concept of nutritional supply through placenta which is well established in modern science, the relationship in between the changes occurring in the mother and in their body organs, have been tried to explain in the light of present knowledge<strong><em>. </em></strong></p> Tina Singhal, Nidhi Srivastava, Ravi Srivastava, Ajay Kumar Copyright (c) 2021 Tina Singhal, Nidhi Srivastava, Ravi Srivastava, Ajay Kumar Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:42:32 +0530 Utility of Rasa Aushadhi in Nasa Roga <p><em>Shalakya Tantra</em> deals with the vital sense organs located above the <em>Jatru</em>, also considered as the <em>Uttamanga</em> in Ayurveda. Detailed description of diseases of nose and paranasal sinuses are explained in the Ayurvedic classics, titled as ‘<em>Nasa</em> <em>Rogas’</em>. Diseases of nose are among the commonest problems in the otorhinolaryngology. Depending upon the cause and severity nasal diseases can be temporary or persistent, unilateral or bilateral, of recent origin or long termed. The commonly seen causes include common cold, allergy, infections of nose and PNS, defects of nasal septum and other structures, inflammatory conditions of nose and PNS, foreign body, benign and malignant tumours, polypi, enlarged adenoid, trauma etc. And the commonly seen diseases of nose are allergic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, rhino sinusitis, rhinitis sicca etc. For the management of <em>Nasa</em> <em>Roga</em>s, <em>Shamana</em> or <em>Shodhana</em> methods of treatments can be adopted. As <em>Shodhana</em> line of treatment requires the consideration of <em>Rithu</em> (season), <em>Pathya</em> (diet), and other restrictions <em>Shamana</em> line of treatment can be adopted so, it can be used irrespective of all seasons, with minimal diet and other restrictions. <em>Rasa</em> <em>Aushadis</em> are said to be best among <em>Shamana Aushadhi.</em> Because <em>Rasa</em> <em>Aushadhi</em> offers potent immunization, has rejuvenating effect and is used in the treatment of the diseases as they have low dose, swift action, long shelf life, palatability and high efficacy. &nbsp;</p> Varnni SPK, Sujathamma K Copyright (c) 2021 Varnni SPK, Sujathamma K Wed, 15 Sep 2021 19:41:42 +0530 A conceptual study on mode of action of Abhyanga <p>Ayurveda literally means ‘science of life’. According to Ayurveda the term health does not stand only for the freedom from diseases but it is called as healthy only when a person’s mind, sense organs and the soul are in a perfect state of equilibrium to endow happiness and the body is free from diseases. So it is clear that maintaining a good health was for the longevity of life. Maharshi Charaka has used the term ‘<em>Samhanana’</em> to denote the compactness of body.&nbsp; A compact body is characterized by the symmetrical and well divided bones, well-knit joints and well bound muscles and blood. An individual having a compact body is very strong, otherwise he is weak. Thus a patient should be examined with reference to his <em>Samhanana</em> or compactness of the body. This is the main reason for why Ayurveda has given paramount importance on maintaining a positive health, either by following strict routine daily life and doing particular things or by getting some therapeutic measures, like <em>Rasayana</em>, <em>Panchakarma</em> etc. <em>Abhyanga</em> is the therapeutic intervention of <em>Panchakarma</em> in which the body is treated with simple or medicated oil on particular body part according to&nbsp;&nbsp; need. Whenever there is a discomfort or uneasiness over the body we unknowingly try to soothe it through massage.</p> Samata, Shaila Borannavar, Ananta S. Desai Copyright (c) 2021 Samata, Shaila Borannavar, Ananta S. Desai Wed, 15 Sep 2021 18:06:10 +0530 Covid-19 : Scope of Ayurveda to make Swastha Bharatha <p>Ayurveda, being the science of life, propagates the gifts of nature in maintaining healthy and happy living. Ayurveda's extensive knowledge base on preventive care, derives from the concepts of <em>Dinacharya</em>- daily regimes and <em>Ritucharya</em> - seasonal regimes to maintain healthy life. It is a totally plant based science. The simplicity of awareness about oneself and the harmony each individual can achieve by uplifting and maintaining his or her immunity is emphasized across Ayurveda's classical scriptures. In present situation of Covid-19, one has to take care of himself and his family by following simple precautionary measures explained in Ayurveda. Before that one has to understand what is covid-19, its causative organism, its incubation period, it's signs and symptoms etc, and it's precautions in general. In the wake of the Covid-19 outbreak, entire mankind across the globe is suffering. Enhancing the body's natural defense system (Immunity) plays an important role in maintaining optimum health. We all know that 'Prevention Is Better Than Cure', while there is no medicine for Covid-19 as of now, it will be good to take preventive measures which boost our immunity in these times.</p> Suhasini Ashok Mote, Ramesh N. Gennur, Vishwanath S. Patil, Mrutunjay Hooli, Supriya Katkar, Amulya TS Copyright (c) 2021 Suhasini Ashok Mote, Ramesh N. Gennur, Vishwanath S. Patil, Mrutunjay Hooli, Supriya Katkar, Amulya TS Wed, 15 Sep 2021 19:57:25 +0530 A Comparative Study of Masanumasik Garbha Vikas Krama according to Ayurveda with Its Clinical Importance <p>In universe human is the best creation of Nature. It is a miracle and wonder of the nature which have proper shape, size and weight of human body. Procuring a baby is a lifetime dream of every female in the society. A malformed alive fetus is one of the worst aspects of pregnancy. Ayurveda gives precise description of <em>Garbha</em> <em>Vriddhi</em> and <em>Vikas Kram, </em>though there were no modern imaging techniques like sonography, MRI etc. Different Texts of <em>Ayurveda</em> gives various views regarding <em>Garbha Utpattiand Garbha Vriddhi.</em> Ayurveda has&nbsp;&nbsp; also mentioned <em>Garbhini</em> <em>Lakshana</em> which are helpful in diagnosis of early pregnancy and prevents the fetal anamolies. This study is an attempt to elaborate and compare both ancient and modern concept of embryogenesis and its clinical significance.&nbsp;</p> Arvind Kumar Yadav, Basanti Guru, Shiba Datta Panda, Ravindra Singh Baghel Copyright (c) 2021 Arvind Kumar Yadav, Basanti Guru, Shiba Datta Panda, Ravindra Singh Baghel Wed, 15 Sep 2021 01:03:13 +0530 Literary Review on Apara (Placenta) <p><em>Garbha </em>will produce when the man with<em> Suddha Sukra </em>with a women having <em>Suddha Arthava, Yoni, Garbhshaya, Rutukala </em>then the union of <em>Sukra </em>and <em>Shonita</em> takes place along with the&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Manas </em>and <em>Atma</em>. But its normal development and growth in the intrauterine life till birth is carried out by the <em>Apara. </em>palcenta is fetomaternal organ which is the primary site of nutrition, gas exchange and excretory function. Improper formation and function of placenta may end up with abortion, IUGR, fetal abnormalities and preterm births. So, in this study an effort has been put forth to make conceptual study covering almost all the aspects of <em>Apara</em> per Ayurveda and modern.</p> Kambar Pratiksha M., Sharada Hotti Copyright (c) 2021 Kambar Pratiksha M., Sharada Hotti Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 An Ayurvedic approach to Post Covid Symptoms <p>COVID- 19, the recent virus outbreak declared as Pandemic by WHO threatened the world by its fast-spreading nature and is yet creating an alarmed situation throughout the world by Post Covid Symptoms. A recent study on post-COVID manifestation of symptoms showed that about 72 percent of participants had major complaints only 10.8 percent of survivors assessed in the study had no symptoms or manifestations Post Covid. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pain. However, the worlds had suffered a lot with this pandemic, further the Post Covid symptoms, may add burden to the population in handling their daily works and needs. The incidence is higher in older age group, obesity, diabetic, hypertensive and other respiratory illness. Due to persistent viremia, lack of immunity, Mental factors and other immune responses. <strong>Aim:</strong> To Understand the Post COVID Symptoms and Their Management Through Ayurvedic Treatment Modalities. <strong>Data source: </strong>Ayurvedic literature, Different Ayurvedic and Medical journal, Review articles, Evidence-based articles published online, various National health websites are considered. <strong>Result:</strong> Ayurveda has enormous potential and treatment options which are available for enhancing the immunity and systemic illness and positively influence mental health, thus helpful in combating Post Covid symptoms. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Ayurveda should be used as main treatment modality for Heath restoration and Prevention of Post Covid symptoms and recurrence, rather than an adjuvant therapy in treating Post COVID symptoms.</p> Soumya P., Shivaleela S. Kalyani, Sunilkumar M. Chabnur Copyright (c) 2021 Soumya P., Shivaleela S. Kalyani, Sunilkumar M. Chabnur Wed, 15 Sep 2021 19:51:48 +0530 Role of Abhyanga (oil massage) in daily practice <p>Ayurveda literally means ‘science of life’. According to Ayurveda the term health does not stand only for the freedom from diseases but it is called as healthy only when a person’s mind, sense organs and the soul are in a perfect state of equilibrium to endow happiness and the body is free from diseases. To promote health certain procedure and methods are followed on daily basis (<em>Dinacharya</em>). <em>Abhyanga </em>(oil massage) is one among the ancient procedure explained in <em>Dinacharya</em>. It is an approach to adopt healing, relaxation and treating various diseases. In Ayurveda it is clearly mentioned that <em>Abhyanga</em> alleviates <em>Vata</em> <em>Dosha</em> and person develops strength both physically and mentally. Here an attempt is made to compile the importance, use and benefits of <em>Abhyanga</em> in daily life.</p> Priya Jarimalli, Pratibha Kulkarni, Manjunatha B. Sunagar Copyright (c) 2021 Priya Jarimalli, Pratibha Kulkarni, Manjunatha B. Sunagar Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:50:58 +0530 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) : Disease Review and Ayurvedic Management <p>Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common disease and frequently found in childhood. JIA is the collective term to denote large group of conditions with variable manifestations. Acute and chronic inflammation of multiple target organs especially musculoskeletal system. During the course of a disease the number of involvement of joints, type of joints involved will decide the type of JIA according to ILAR classification. As the etiology of the disease is complex, it has involvement of genetic factor as well as auto immune pathology. Management of the disease requires a team work including medical therapy with anti-inflammatory drugs, psychological counseling, physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Ayurvedic management can improve quality of life of a patient. <em>Shodhana</em> therapy with <em>Snehan</em> with medicated oil, <em>Nadi Swedan,</em> <em>Valuka Pottali Swedan</em> and <em>Mridu Virechan</em> shows great improvement in the symptoms. It will also decrease the progression of disease. Immunomodulator drugs has great role in the treatment. <em>Rasayan</em> is indicated in <em>Samhitas</em> that helps in preventing deformities and support physical and mental strength of a child.</p> Sumit Shewale, Patole LN Copyright (c) 2021 Sumit Shewale, Patole LN Wed, 15 Sep 2021 19:55:16 +0530 Dietary intervention in Sthoulya (obesity) <p><em>Sthoulya</em> (Obesity) is the most prevalent form of malnutrition. As a chronic disease, prevalent in both developed and developing countries and affecting children as well as adults, it is one of the most significant contributors to ill health.&nbsp; Ayurveda which is not only a science of medicine but a way of life. It advocating prevention of disease as its primary aim and following holistic approach in dealing with diseases. Acharya Charaka has described <em>Sthoulya</em> under <em>Asta</em> <em>Ninditha</em> <em>Purusha</em> (Eight undesirable constitution) based on their ugly appearance, victims to public abuse and unmanageable health condition. In <em>Sthoulya</em> there is excessive increase in <em>Mamsa</em> (flesh) and <em>Meda</em> (fat) <em>Dhatu</em> with pendulous movement of buttock, abdomen and breast, strength is rendered disproportionate with physical growth. <em>Sthoulya</em> is one among <em>Kapha</em> <em>Pradhana</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> (predominant disease) involving <em>Kapha</em> and <em>Medas</em> as main <em>Dosa</em> and <em>Dusya</em> in the <em>Samprapthi</em> (pathogenesis). <em>Sthoulya</em> is root cause for many killer diseases like Diabetes, Hypertension and heart diseases. To manage <em>Sthoulya</em> there is a need for proper dietary planning. Dietary foods having the property of <em>Guru</em> (heavy) and <em>Atarpana</em> (non-nourishing) must be followed like <em>Yava</em> (Barley), <em>Mudga</em> (Green gram), <em>Kulatta</em> (Horse gram), <em>Adhaki</em> (pigeon pea). Hence here an effort is made to manage <em>Sthoulya</em> through <em>Ayurvedic</em> diet.</p> Sowmya MN, Sankangoud Patil, Nanjammanni N Copyright (c) 2021 Sowmya MN, Sankangoud Patil, Nanjammanni N Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:44:20 +0530 Yoni Roga Nidana - A Review <p>Female counts half of the total population. Health care for females vary widely according their age. The need to care the people who take care of others becomes the responsibility of every individual. Maintaining the health of female is equal to maintaining the health of the family. Most of the gynaecological disorders are covered under the heading of <em>Yoni Vyapadh</em>. <em>Yoni</em> is a broad term which considers uterus, cervix and vagina as it. When the needed care is not given to maintain female's physical and mental health, they result in various conditions of <em>Yoni Vyapadh</em>. This raises the issue to analyse the various reasons results in the <em>Yoni Vyapadh</em>.</p> Vasupradha R., Prathima Copyright (c) 2021 Vasupradha R., Prathima Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:41:15 +0530 An Ayurvedic approach to Low Back Pain <p>Low back pain is the leading cause of activity limitation and work absence throughout much of the world, imposing a high economic burden on individuals, families, communities, industry and governments. It is a prevalent condition that afflicts about 70% of people in developing countries at some point in their lifetime. Ayurvedic classical terms such as <em>Katishoola, Kati Graha, Trika Shoola</em> and <em>Gridhrasi </em>are used for describing the low back pain. The pain localized to low back can be considered under <em>Katishoola</em> and pain along with stiffness are included under <em>Katigraha</em> and Pain radiating to lower limb are considered under <em>Gridhrasi</em>. Treatment modalities which are beneficial for pacifying <em>Vata </em>such as <em>Vatasaya Upakrama</em> and <em>Vatavyadhi Chikitsa</em> are used in treating conditions of low back pain. Specific <em>Chikitsa Sutras</em> mentioned for the <em>Katishoola, Katigraha, Trikashoola</em> and <em>Gridhrasi</em> are to be followed in low back pain. To prevent the reoccurrence, lifestyle modification and low back strengthening exercise are to be advised.</p> Soniya M. Vetal, S. S. Kalyani, Sunilkumar M. Chabnur Copyright (c) 2021 Soniya M. Vetal , S. S. Kalyani, Sunilkumar M. Chabnur Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:47:13 +0530 Dietary intervention in Prameha (Diabetes mellitus) <p><em>Prameha</em> (Diabetes mellitus) is a disease known to the medical world since time immemorial. Its incidence is, however, much higher at present than ever in the past. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder reflecting abnormality of urine such person passes urine in large quantities, many times during day and night. <em>Nidanas</em> (causative factors) for <em>Prameha</em> are excessive use of curd, meat soup of domestic, aquatic, marshy animals, milk, new cereals and drinks, jaggery products, <em>Kaphakara Aahara</em> and sedentary lifestyle. Due to these <em>Nidanas,</em> <em>Tri Doshas</em> get aggravated specially <em>Kledaka Kapha</em> in liquid form affects <em>Meda, Mamsa Dhatus</em> and <em>Kledatva</em>. Excess of <em>Kleda</em> formed in the body which leads to <em>Jaataragni Mandya</em> (digestive fire) and <em>Dhatvaagni Mandya </em>(tissue fire). Naturally tissues lose their tone, later on <em>Ojus, Basti</em> also get vitiated and produces <em>Prameha</em>. To prevent and to control <em>Prameha</em> proper dietary plan is necessary. In <em>Ayurveda</em> gives utmost importance for diet especially in <em>Prameha </em>such as <em>Kangu, Yava, Shyamaka, Godhuma, Purana Shali, Kulatta, Mudga, Chanaka, Adhaki, Vaatyamanda, Shobhanjana</em> etc.</p> Sankangoud Patil, Sowmya MN, Nanjammanni N Copyright (c) 2021 Sankangoud Patil , Sowmya MN, Nanjammanni N Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:48:49 +0530 An Aerial view on Garbhajanya Vishamayata w.s.r. to Pregnancy Induced Hypertension <p>The journey of pregnancy is most exciting and filled with joyous in a women’s life. It’s a gift to a women’s life of creation and nurturing power. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is one of the common complication observed during pregnancy, plays a significant role in maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. . <em>Garbhajanya</em> <em>Vishamayata</em> (Pregnancy induced hypertension) is the development of new hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20 weeks of gestation they are preventable by early detection and with appropriate treatment and possibly by prevention of disease itself. With an Ayurvedic approach, on looking to the symptoms and understanding etiopathogenesis, <em>Vata</em> <em>Dusti</em> is main causative factor in the manifestation of the disease. During progressive stage of disease involvement of other <em>Dosha</em> is seen.&nbsp; <em>Dushya</em> are <em>Hridaya</em>, Dash <em>Dhamanya</em>, <em>Sira</em>, <em>Ras</em> <em>Raktvaha</em> <em>Strotasa</em>, <em>Manovaha</em> <em>Strotasa</em>, <em>Ras</em> <em>Dhatu</em>, <em>Rakt</em> <em>Dhatu</em> and <em>Manna</em>, treatment should always be <em>Vaatashaman</em>, <em>Pittashamana</em>, <em>Hridya</em>, <em>Shothahara</em>, <em>Garbhasthapaka</em>, <em>Medhya</em>, <em>Brahman</em> <em>Raktashaman</em>, <em>Balya</em>, <em>Anulomana</em>. As a preventive care, <em>Pathyapathya</em> during Antenatal period is described under the heading of <em>Masanumasika</em> <em>Paricharya</em> &amp; what should be avoided is mentioned under the heading of <em>Garbhopaghatakara</em> <em>Bhava’s</em>. All these regimens were sincerely followed during pregnancy. This paper reviews about understanding gestational hypertension in terms of Ayurveda in order to prevent and treat <em>Garbha Vishamayata</em> (PIH) &amp; ultimately help reduce maternal mortality &amp; improve fetal outcome, Ayurveda can definitely contribute in this regard and ensure safe motherhood and healthy child.</p> Kshama Kulkarni, Shreyas Swamidas, Rakesh Mishra Copyright (c) 2021 Kshama Kulkarni, Shreyas Swamidas, Rakesh Mishra Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 Systematic approach to Nayanabhighata w.s.r. to ocular trauma <p>It is said that if vision is lost the whole world becomes blind for that person. Hence for every individual protecting his sense of vision is very important for his existence. <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> has contributed more with regards to <em>Nayanabhighata</em>. Many <em>Acharyas</em> explains the treatment methodology which is useful for <em>Nayanabhighta</em> since <em>Vedic</em> periods as we have reference of replacement of injured eye with artificial eye in <em>Rigveda</em>. For treating the <em>Nayanabhighata</em>, many <em>Kriyakalpas</em> are used extensively which are mentioned in <em>Shalakyatantra</em> which are basic treatment modalities. Ocular trauma is a term given to an eye injury that occurs because of direct blow to the eye. The magnitude varies from a normal black eye to sport injury to a serious case of blood collection between the cornea and iris. The classification,site of injuries of ocular trauma are discussed in this.</p> Vinayak Sirsat, Nilakshi Pradhan Copyright (c) 2021 Vinayak Sirsat, Nilakshi Pradhan Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:39:39 +0530 The role of Swarna Bhasma in the treatment of Autoimmune disease <p>According to Ayurveda point of view <em>Swarna Bhasma</em> is considered as the best medicine for various disease. <em>Swarna Bhasma</em> is frequently used in the treatment of autoimmune disorder. It is considered as best remedy in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing Spondolosis, SLE (Systemic lupus erythematosus), Multiple sclerosis, GBS (Guillen Barry Syndrome), Myasthenia gravis etc. The <em>Karma</em> of <em>Swarna Bhasma </em>is <em>Vrishya, Brimhana, Medhya, Hridya, Balya, Rasayan, Vajikarana, Smritiprada, Tridoshaghana, Yogwahi, Chkshusya, Ojovridhhikara </em>etc. The indication of <em>Swarna Bhasma </em>is in <em>Prameha, Rajayakshama, Unmada, Jwara, Pandu, Swasa, Kasa, Aruchi, Agnimandya, </em>phthisis<em>, </em>loss of vitality, burning sensation, acidity, microbial infection, toxicity, infertility etc. It can be used in all diseases along with different adjuvants or other medium or herb to speed up the recovery process and to increase the body resistance diseases. <em>Swarna Bhasma </em>is potent antitoxin, immunomodulatory, nootropic, antirheumatic, antimicrobial and antiviral in addition. It is also a nervine tonic. <em>Swarna Bhasma </em>overall acts on all organs in the body, especially it acts on nerves, brain, lungs.</p> Shraddha Sharma, Swatantra Kumar Chorasia, Arvind Kumar Yadav Copyright (c) 2021 Shraddha Sharma, Swatantra Kumar Chorasia, Arvind Kumar Yadav Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:48:05 +0530 An Overview on the Ornamental Coniferous Tree Cedrus deodara (Roxburgh) G. Don (Himalayan Cedar) <p><em>Cedrus Deodara</em> (Roxburgh) G. Don is an essential aromatic coniferous tree that belongs to the family <em>Pinaceae. </em>It is commonly called as Himalayan Cedar in English and Devdaar in Hindi and <em>Devdaru</em> in Sanskrit. The leaves of the plant (pine needles) give it an ornamental appearance. It is abundantly found in the Western Himalayan range. The plant has its description in almost each Ayurvedic compendium including <em>Charak Samhita</em>, <em>Sushrut</em> <em>Samhita </em>and <em>Ashthang Hrudya</em> and used against diseases like, respiratory problems, dysentery, diarrhoea, inflammation, eyes and nasal problems, goitre and graves diseases, fever, diarrhoea and urinary disorders etc. In addition, the plant is well used in folkloric practices of disease treatment. The secondary metabolite system of the plant is comprised of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, glycosides, resins and tannins still the characteristic feature of the plant is its high essential oil content which is comprised of many important phytoconstituents such as deodarone, alpha pinene, cisocimene, limonene and alpha longipinene etc. Each phytoconstituent is associated with many therapeutic and pharmacological activities such as anti-bacterial, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant etc. Apart from the medicinal value of plant, it provides excellent quality timber and building manufacturing material. The present review is the overall summary of the traditional utilization, phytochemistry and therapeutic significance of <em>Cedrus Deodara.</em></p> Manish Grover Copyright (c) 2021 Manish Grover Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:57:55 +0530 Diagnosis and management of Karnini Yonivyapad w.s.r. to Cervical Erosion and its significance in Modern Era <p>Ayurveda has two-fold objectives. One is to maintain the positive Health and second is to eradicate the disease. Obstetrics is the branch of medicine that has to do with the care of the pregnant women during pregnancy, parturition and the puerperium. Pregnancy is one of the most unique, exciting and joyous time in a woman’s life. After completing entire nine months of gestation period baby is delivered. Due to straining during labour in the absence of labour pains, the <em>Vayu</em> obstructed by fetus, withholding <em>Kapha</em> and getting mixed with <em>Rakta </em>produces <em>Karnika</em> in <em>Yoni</em>, which obstructs the passage of <em>Raja</em>. Due to presence of <em>Karnika </em>(a small muscular ball), this condition is termed as <em>Karnini Yonivyapad</em> by Acharya Charaka (Cha. Chikitsa 30/7-8). Common symptoms are vaginal discharge with other symptoms like weakness, pain in back and calves, loss of vital fluids, the pruritus on and around the vulva, thighs and pelvic joints. It can be treated by the combined effect of oral medication and local therapy. Use of <em>Shodhan Varti</em>, tampons, and <em>Uttarabasti</em> is the main treatment. Depending on the signs and symptoms it can be correlated with Cervical Erosion.</p> Sushma Copyright (c) 2021 Sushma Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:43:45 +0530 Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) : a mental illness drug <p>Ayurveda is the life science and practice that involve the care of the human being's physical, mental, and spiritual health. The term "<em>Ayu” is</em> defined as- "<em>Sharir Indriya Satva Atma Sanyogo Dhari Jeevtam (Charak)</em>. According to <em>Acharaya Charaka</em> the individuality of <em>Manas </em>and <em>Sarira</em> is inseparable and interdependent. The paragon of the beauty of Ayurveda is that it always emphasizes prevention over cure. <em>Yendri (Bacopa monnieri </em>Linn). Mentioned as <em>Medhya</em> by Priyavrat Sharma in his book <em>Dravyagun Vigyana</em>. Nowadays, the use of herbal drugs for the treatment of various diseases is developing worldwide. Psychiatric and neurological disorders are generally associated with memory loss, cognitive deficits, impaired mental function, etc. Due to the multi-factorial nature of these diseases, psychoactive drugs of modern medicine have achieved restricted success. Therefore, there is an extended stipulation for novel products that could target multiple pathways and improve mental capabilities. According to "Ayurveda," the Indian traditional medicine system, "<em>Medhya Rasayana</em>" presents herbal therapeutics that restores cognitive deficits, boost memory, and improve mental functions. The current review emphasizes the components and application of such type of herbal medication.</p> Pooja Singh, Vasu Singh, R.C Tiwari Copyright (c) 2021 Pooja Singh, Vasu Singh, R.C Tiwari Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 A study on Adharaneeya Vegas w.s.r. to Charaka Samhita <p>To cope with the preventive measures of the modern science many Ayurvedic concepts are to be reviewed also, must be updated and presented so as to fulfill the lacunae in preventive aspects of health. In this background the study of <em>Adharaneeya Vegas</em> with special reference to <em>Charaka Samhita</em> in relation to its commentators in preventive aspects have framed the objectives. After analyzing all the relevant sources, it was revealed that the <em>Adharaneeya Vegas</em> definitely play important role in maintaining the health as well as manifestation of diseases. The explanation regarding the <em>Adharaneeya Vegas</em> is given in the context of <em>Swasthavritta</em> or <em>Sadvritta</em>. Hence the <em>Swasthya</em> is maintained by following the <em>Swasthavritta</em> which is also in the form of <em>Adharana</em> of <em>Adharaneeya</em> <em>Vegas</em>. If a person honestly follows such principles of <em>Swasthavritta</em> the person definitely achieves hundred years healthy life span.</p> Usharani LR, BH Katti, Venkatesh Goudar, MR Sajjanshetty Copyright (c) 2021 Usharani LR, BH Katti, Venkatesh Goudar, MR Sajjanshetty Wed, 15 Sep 2021 20:12:55 +0530 Concept of Autoimmune Disease as per Ayurveda w.s.r. to Indralupta <p>Alopecia areata, is an autoimmune disease which is characterised by hair fall in small patches. It can be correlated to <em>Indralupta</em> through its <em>Nidana</em> <em>Panchaka</em>. Alopecia areata is the commonest cause of patchy hair loss. It may be regarded as an immune-mediated type of hair loss. The condition affects 0.1% to 0.2% of the population and occurs in both males and females. A single round or oval patch of complete baldness develops rapidly usually over the vertex or in the occipital region. There are no subjective symptoms and the denuded area of scalp is of normal color and texture. Patches in the beard may occur alone or in association. In an auto immune disease, there is a wrong reaction of our body immune system against the body's own tissue. Ayurveda suggests this in a slightly different way that the immune system do not accidentally attack own tissues but it does defence against a form of harmful metabolites called <em>Ama</em>.</p> Anusha Kadiyala, Srinivas, Shaylaja Kumari, Srinivasa DH, Ramya R Copyright (c) 2021 Anusha Kadiyala, Srinivas, Shaylaja Kumari, Srinivasa DH, Ramya R Wed, 15 Sep 2021 20:17:20 +0530 A Leech Application in Post Covid Thrombosed Hemorrhoids with Increased D'dimer Level - Case Study <p>One of the main risks associated with infection by the novel&nbsp;corona virus&nbsp;(COVID-19) are&nbsp;thrombotic&nbsp;or circulatory complications. The coagulopathy with&nbsp;COVID-19 is a result of the Systemic inflammatory response to SARS-CoV-2 infection,&nbsp;this systemic inflammatory response to the Covid 19 Virus, there is injury to the vascular endothelial lining. Vertical veins e.g., hemorrhoidal veins&nbsp;&nbsp; are more prone for this type of injury resulting in thrombosis in hemorrhoidal veins. Leech saliva acts at both the site anti-inflammatory enzymes in the saliva of leech prevents further vascular injuries on the other hand it also thrombolyse blood clots within the vessels and thus helps to reduce the D’Dimer levels also. Series of few patients of post covid thrombosis (thrombosed hemorrhoids) were subjected to leech application which gave encouraging results. It showed remarkable decrease in D’dimer and thrombosis also.</p> Rahul Baviskar, K Rajeshwar Reddy Copyright (c) 2021 Rahul Baviskar , K Rajeshwar Reddy Wed, 15 Sep 2021 18:28:33 +0530 An Ayurvedic approach in the management of Unexplained Infertility - A Case Study <p>Infertility is an emerging health problem that has profound socioeconomic and health implication on both the individual and society. Unexplained Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive even after one year with routine investigations of infertility showing no abnormality; with overall incidence of 10-30%. <em>Ayurveda</em> explained female infertility as <em>Vandhyatva</em> and mentioned <em>Garbha Sambhava Samagri </em>(proper union of four factors like fertile period, healthy reproductive system, nutrition and healthy ovum and sperm) and <em>Manasika Abhitapa </em>(psychological and emotional factors) as chief&nbsp; factors responsible for conception. In this case study patient aged 32 years who was anxious to conceive since four years of regular and satisfactory marital relationship seeking <em>Ayurvedic</em> management in Ahalia Ayurveda Medical College Hospital was taken. On detailed evaluation, vitiation of <em>Vatadosha</em>, loss of appetite, and loss of sleep was noticed. The line of treatment followed in this case was <em>Sadhyo Virechana</em> (Purgation) followed <em>Vatanulomana </em>(pacifies <em>Vata</em> <em>Dosha</em>)<em>, Deepana </em>(appetizers<em>), Pachana </em>(digestives)<em>, Garbhasthapana </em>(maintaining pregnancy),<em> Rasayana Chikitsa</em> (rejuvinative) with psychological assurance that favours conception in this couple.</p> R. Jayalekshmi, R. Magesh Copyright (c) 2021 R. Jayalekshmi , R. Magesh Wed, 15 Sep 2021 18:29:40 +0530 Effect of Vasaguduchyadi Kashaya in improving oxygen saturation in Covid patient - A Case Report <p>A pandemic of covid-19 caused by a mutant strain of corona virus i.e., SARS-coV-2 that has a capability to trigger respiratory tract infection has threatened the life of people all over the world. There is no proven medicine which can kill the virus and cure the disease. The Covid-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The most common symptoms of Covid-19 are Fever, cough, fatigue, loss of taste, sore throat and smell sensation. Other symptoms which are less common are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, chills and dizziness. In Ayurveda, <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> has explained the concept of epidemic diseases in the chapter <em>Janapadodhwamsa</em> of <em>Vimana</em> <em>Sthana</em>. There he has explained about the factors like <em>Dooshita</em> <em>Vayu</em>, <em>Jala</em>, <em>Desha</em> and <em>Kaala</em> in causing illness. If we see the <em>Laxanas</em> of covid19, they resemble like the <em>Lakshanas</em> of <em>Pratishyaya</em> where <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> has mentioned the <em>Laxanas</em> of <em>Pratishyaya</em> as <em>Shirogurutva</em>, <em>Kshavatu</em>, <em>Angamarda</em> and in <em>Upadrava</em> he mentioned <em>Jwara</em> and <em>Arochaka</em> <em>Amrutarista</em> which is mentioned in <em>Jwara</em> <em>Rogadhikara</em> in <em>Bhaishajya</em> <em>Ratnavali</em> is used in this case along with <em>Vasaguduchyadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> which contains <em>Vasa, Guduchi, Triphala, Vibhitaki, Katvi, Bhunimba, Nimba</em> are helpful in reducing viral load and acts as <em>Kaasa</em> <em>Shwasa</em> <em>Hara</em>.</p> Kumari Shruti Joshi, Venkatesh BA, Sujathamma K Copyright (c) 2021 Kumari Shruti Joshi, Venkatesh BA, Sujathamma K Wed, 15 Sep 2021 20:15:54 +0530 Ayurvedic management of Ksheena Shukra w.r.t. Asthenoazoospermia : A Case Study <p>A couple is considered as infertile, when they failed to have baby in one year of their marriage life, without using any of the birth control methods.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> To conceive a child, women’s egg must be combined by men’s sperm, thus it will be get fertilized. A hormonal imbalance, varicocele, blockage of sperm movement, environmental factors, diet, age, bad habits etc will affect the fertility in men. Studies suggest that after 1 year of having unprotected sex, 15% of couples are unable to conceive. Asthenoazoospermia is a condition, where it compromises the men’s fertility by preventing the sperm from reaching and fertilizing the egg. In Ayurveda, diseases of <em>Shukra</em> are considered under <em>Shukra</em> Doshas. Ayurveda is best choice of treatment in the treatment of men’s infertility. A 35 year old, men visited OPD of Panchakarma with complaint of unable to conceive with marriage history of 5 years. Semen analysis revealed that, he has reduced motility of sperms. This patient was managed with <em>Virechana</em> <em>Karma</em> and <em>Shamana</em> treatment for 3 months. Later after 3 months, motility in the sperms got improved.&nbsp; This case study reveals the importance <em>Shodhana</em> and <em>Shamana</em> in the management of <em>Ksheenashukra</em> w.r.t Asthenozoospermia.</p> Sangamesh G Iddalagimath, Jayashree P Girisagar Copyright (c) 2021 Sangamesh G Iddalagimath, Jayashree P Girisagar Wed, 15 Sep 2021 18:27:25 +0530 Management of Krimigranthi (Ulcerative blepharitis) through Ayurveda : A Case Study <p><em>Ayurveda</em>, science of life which signifies the maintenance of heath of a healthy person and to cure the diseased person who enables them to lead joyful life. <em>Shalakya</em> <em>Tantra</em>, a branch of <em>Ayurveda</em> which deals with disease of <em>Urdwajatrugata</em> <em>Rogas</em> in which the importance to healthy eye comes first as <em>Acharya</em> <em>Vagbhata</em> says <em>Chakshu Rakshaya Sarvakaalam Yavadiccha</em> means a person who want to live for a long life also should give importance to health of eye because for blind person even if he have enough wealth he is considered as insect, for him day and night remains the same. <em>Krimi Granthi </em>(ulcerative blepharitis), disease classified under <em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Roga</em> where there will be a cyst like swelling produced by <em>Krimis</em> (bacteria) in eye lids and eye lashes, a case of ulcerative blepharitis having symptoms of swelling over eye lid with mild pain which was reoccurring in nature was treated with <em>Daru Haridra Seka</em> and <em>Triphala Rasakriya Netra Pratisarana</em> along with internal medications.</p> Chitrashree HM, Sujathamma K Copyright (c) 2021 Chitrashree HM, Sujathamma K Wed, 15 Sep 2021 20:19:39 +0530 A case report of Trivrut Leha Virechana and Rasottamadi Lepa in Indralupta <p><em>Acharya</em> <em>Vagbhata</em> has explained about <em>Indralupta</em> regarding its <em>Nidana</em>, <em>Lakshanas</em> and <em>Chikitsa</em> in <em>Uttaratantra</em>. <em>Indralupta</em> is a <em>Shiroroga</em> characterized by patchy hair loss on scalp, itching and anxiety. This condition can be correlated with Alopecia areata due to similarities. Though there are many modalities described in modern science, still it is not possible to cease the permanent impairment. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, many modalities are being described for <em>Urdhwajatrugata</em> <em>Rogas</em> and for <em>Shirogata</em> <em>Vikaras</em>. Among them <em>Virechana</em> is best in <em>Indralupta</em> as it is a <em>Pittapradhana</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> and <em>Virechana</em> is <em>Shreshtha</em> for <em>Pittaharana</em>. The <em>Virechana</em> <em>Karma</em> is explained by <em>Brihatrayis</em>. The complete procedure of <em>Virechana</em> <em>Karma</em> includes <em>Poorvakarma</em> (<em>Deepana</em>, <em>Pachana</em>, <em>Snehapana</em>, <em>Abhyanga</em> and <em>Swedana</em>) which helps in mobilization of the <em>Doshas</em> to the site of elimination and causes vasodilatation in order to expel out the <em>Doshas</em> from the body, and provides better channel for absorption of the <em>Oushadhi</em>. <em>Pradhanakarma</em> (<em>Virechana</em>) eliminates the <em>Doshas</em> from the body. <em>Paschatkarma</em> (<em>Sansarjana</em> <em>Krama</em> and <em>Rasottamadi</em> <em>Lepa</em>) eliminates the remaining <em>Doshas</em> and causes better absorption of <em>Oushadhi</em> which ultimately eliminates the symptoms of the disease. A clinical observation has shown effective result in the treatment of <em>Indralupta</em> with <em>Trivrut</em> <em>Leha</em> <em>Virechana</em> and <em>Rasottamadi</em> <em>Lepa</em> and here we are revalidating the statement of our <em>Acharyas</em>. A case report of a female, aged 28 years with complains of patchy hair loss on scalp in crown and right temporal region, itching on scalp and anxiety has been presented here.</p> Suhasini Ashok Mote, Vishwanath S Patil, Ramesh N Gennur, Kamalakshi M Angadi Copyright (c) 2021 Suhasini Ashok Mote, Vishwanath S Patil, Ramesh N Gennur, Kamalakshi M Angadi Wed, 15 Sep 2021 18:21:35 +0530 Tamaka Swasa : A Case Study <p><em>Tamaka Swasa</em> is one among the <em>Pranavaha Srotho Vikara</em>. It is a <em>Swatantra Vyadhi</em> (independent disease) which is having its own etiological factors, pathophysiology and management. According to <em>Charaka</em> it is considered as <em>Yapya Vyadhi</em> (palliative disease), while <em>Sushruta</em> considered it as <em>Krichchra Sadhya Vyadhi</em> (difficult to cure), therefore proper line of treatment and implementation of excellent lifestyle is necessary for better quality of life. Currently an attempt has been made to explore the efficacy of such formulations in reducing the signs and symptoms of <em>Tamaka Swasa</em>. A case of 49-year-old male patient who presented with the symptoms of difficulty in breathing, chest pain, cough with whitish color sputum and generalized weakness of <em>Tamaka Swasa</em> was treated by internal Ayurvedic medicines and marked improvement was seen. After 4 weeks of follow up no episodes of above complaints have been reported.&nbsp;</p> Vani Nayak, Gopikrishna S Copyright (c) 2021 Vani Nayak, Gopikrishna S Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0530 An Ayurvedic treatment protocol in the management of Vataja Prathishyaya w.s.r. to Allergic Rhinitis - A Case Report <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Prathishyaya</em> is one among <em>31 Nasagatha Roga</em> explained by <em>Sushrutha Acharya</em>. <em>Vata</em> and <em>Kapha</em> are said to be the predominant <em>Doshas</em> involved in the manifestation of this condition. <em>Vataja prathishyaya</em> is one among 5 types of <em>Prathishyaya</em>. It is a common disorder characterized by <em>Anaddha</em> <em>Pihita Nasa</em>, <em>Tanusrava,</em> <em>Shosha in Gala Taalu</em> and <em>Oshta</em>, pain in <em>Shankapradesha</em> and <em>Swaropaghatha</em>. It is correlated to allergic rhinitis. This is a disorder in which there are episodes of nasal congestion, watery nasal discharge sneezing and redness and itching in eyes and nose. Allergic Rhinitis is due to an immediate hypersensitivity reaction to nasal mucosa. According to ayurvedic perspective allergy is scientifically explained under <em>Asatmyaja Vyadhi</em> and is mainly caused due hereditary factor, <em>Viruddhahara, Dushivisha &amp; Ritu Sandhi</em>. This is the case report of 20 years old male patient complaints of continuous episodes of sneezing, running nose, itching in eyes and nose since 3 years. <strong>Materials and Methods</strong>: The subject who approached <em>Shalakya</em> <em>Tantra</em> OPD of Government Ayurveda Medical College, Bengaluru with symptoms of episodes of sneezing, running nose, itching in eyes and nose since 3 years was systematically reviewed and treatment modalities like <em>Nirgundi Taila Nasya</em> and internally <em>Guda Maricha</em> yoga is advised. <strong>Results: </strong>The subject showed marked improvement symptomatically and marked changes are seen in haematological investigations.<strong> Discussion: </strong><em>Vataja Prathishyaya</em> is affecting the <em>Urdhwajatru</em> especially <em>Nasa</em> and hampering the lifestyle of the patient. It is mainly <em>vata</em> and <em>kaphaja vyadhi.&nbsp; Nasya</em> and <em>Abhyantara yoga</em> advised are <em>Vata - Kaphara</em> in nature, having anti-inflammatory and antiallergic property hence it has shown marked improvement.</p> Swathi, SM Pasha Copyright (c) 2021 Swathi, SM Pasha Wed, 15 Sep 2021 18:10:01 +0530 Ayurvedic management of Stress Induced Migraine - A Single Case Report <p>In general medical practice, migraine can be considered as the most common and misinterpreted disease. It was observed that, around 40% of individuals worldwide are currently suffering from migraine headache which results in disturbance in daily routine of individuals. The life style of the people of modern era has changed due to rapid urbanization. Due to changed work expectations for better life style, stress is causing increased incidence of acute and chronic disorders. Migraine is an episodic headache disorder peculiarized by pain involving either half of the head associated with nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. Symptoms of Migraine are having resemblance with <em>Ardhavabhedaka, </em>which is mentioned under<em> Shiroroga.</em> All the three <em>Doshas</em> are engaged in the pathogenesis with the predominance of <em>Vata</em> or <em>Vatakapha.&nbsp; </em>Routinely the management of migraine is aimed at stopping the symptoms and preventing the future attacks. Use of modern medicines can result in gastric irritation and drug dependency which can trigger the attacks again. In Ayurveda, we have a wide array of natural remedies which can be used in <em>Ardhavabhedaka</em>. In present case study the patient of <em>Ardhavabhedaka wa</em>s treated with <em>Nasya Karma </em>and <em>Shaman Chikitsa. Nasya Karma </em>(Errhine Therapy) is considered as the best therapeutic intervention in <em>Shiro Roga </em>by <em>Acharya Charaka</em>. This patient has been treated with <em>Lodhra Ghrita Nasya, Drakshadi Kashaya, Avipathi Churna</em>, <em>Kamaduga Rasa </em>and <em>Manasamitra Vataka</em> assessment was done. Follow up was done after 3 months and the relief was considerable.</p> Anu PV, Rathi S Copyright (c) 2021 Anu PV, Rathi S Wed, 15 Sep 2021 20:24:36 +0530