Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Monthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Monthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published monthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> en-US <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Dr. Umapati C. Baragi) (Dr. Jyoti Baragi) Tue, 07 May 2024 10:40:37 +0530 OJS 60 Evaluation of efficacy of topical herbal analgesic Arthrella Ointment in Osteoarthritic Patients <p>Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition involving degradation of cartilage within the joints mostly found in Elderly population causing immense pain and disability in Patients, NSAIDs are the first line of drug in conventional medicine to manage pain. But it leads to Gastrointestinal, Cardiovascular, Renal and other systemic AEs. Arthrella Ointment being a Topical-Herbal ointment has no reported side effects and AEs. Thus, a safe treatment option to alleviate pain in OA Patients. In this Clinical study 87 Subjects with OA were divided in two groups, one was treated with Arthrella Ointment for 4 weeks and results were compared with Placebo Control Group. The result showed better WOMAC and VAS scores after 4 weeks along with statistically significant difference in the relief of pain in the two groups. This effect increased regularly over the whole study period. There were no adverse reactions attributed to the Arthrella ointment. Thus, it was concluded that Arthrella Ointment is effective in pain management Associated with OA without any AEs and Side Effects.</p> Dnyaneshwar Mote Copyright (c) 2024 Dnyaneshwar Mote Mon, 06 May 2024 00:00:00 +0530 Efficacy of Yashtimadhu Ghritha Tarpana in Computer Vision Syndrome <p>Computer Vision Syndrome is the name given to&nbsp;eye problems caused by prolonged computer use&nbsp;including: Eye irritation (Dry eyes, itchy eyes, red eyes) Blurred vision, Headache. As we enter the 21st century, the growing use of Video Display Terminal (VDT) like Computer, Tablet, Smart phones etc. in the home and office brings with it an increase in health risks, especially for the eyes. One eye problem, called Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS), is afflicting more and more people who find themselves constantly in front of Video Display Terminal. Symptoms of Computer Vision Syndrome include Headache, Blurred vision, Burning sensation, Fatigue, Dry eyes, Irritated eyes, Double vision, and Difficulty re-focusing the eyes. These symptoms can be further aggravated by improper lighting conditions and air moving fast the eyes. Dry eye is a major symptom that is targeted in the therapy of computer vision syndrome. <em>Acharya Susrutha</em> mentioned <em>Tarpanam, Putapakam, Sekam, Acshyothanam, Anjana</em> the <em>Kriya Kalpas</em> for <em>Netra Rogas</em>. <em>Tarpana</em> is indicated when the eyes are fatigue inactive, <em>Sushka </em>(dry), <em>Ruksha </em>(rough), injured, patients of <em>Vata</em> and <em>Pitta</em> vitiation, when there is squint, loss of lashes, clouded vision, difficulty in opening the eyes etc. conditions, <em>Tarpana</em> should be done to the patients.</p> Chaitra TM, Varun TV, Akshitha P Copyright (c) 2024 Chaitra TM, Varun TV, Akshitha P Mon, 06 May 2024 00:00:00 +0530 Evaluation of the effect of Bala Tailam Nasya and Baladi Kwatha Pana in the management of Avabahuka - A Pilot Study <p><em>Avabahuka</em> is a disease mainly affects the <em>Amsa</em> <em>Sandhi</em> (shoulder joint) which is painful, affecting the normal routine life style of an individual. The sedentary and restless lifestyles of people, and lack of priority to physical exercise, have an effect on the body that can cause disease. The main <em>Dosha</em> involved <em>Avabahuka</em> is <em>Vatadosha</em> and the treatment adopted for this are like <em>Snayu-Sandhi-Asthi-Gata-Vata</em> treatment. In Frozen Shoulder synovial inflammation occurs followed by capsular fibrosis. The shoulder joint becomes gradually painful and stiff with a reduction in range of motion. The current pilot study aim is to investigate the impact of <em>Nasya</em> with <em>Baladi</em> <em>Taila</em> and <em>Baladi</em> <em>Kwath</em> in <em>Avabahuka</em>. There are references for <em>Nasya</em> <em>Karma</em> in <em>Avabahuka</em>. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> and others have considered it as <em>Vataja</em> <em>Vikara</em>. <em>Amsa</em> <em>Shosha</em> can be considered a pre-disease stage in which loss or dryness of the <em>Shleshaka</em> <em>Kapha</em> is found, as well as other symptoms like <em>Shula</em> during movement of shoulder joint.</p> Tarendra Singh Songara, Babita Dash Copyright (c) 2024 Tarendra Singh Songara, Babita Dash Mon, 06 May 2024 00:00:00 +0530 A pilot study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ‘Canna Relief’ Stress Management Oil after oral consumption in patients with Stress and Mild to Moderate Anxiety Disorder <p><strong>Background:</strong> Clinical manifestation of Anxiety is included in as a <em>Mansik vyadhi</em> in Ayurveda. Anxiety disorders are the world’s most common mental disorder affecting 4.05% of global population, translating to 301 million people. The prevalence of anxiety disorders has been rising over the last three decades. Due to the wide spectrum of diseases, much prevalence in society, and lack of effective medicines, the disease has been chosen for the trial.<strong> Aim:</strong> The aim of this study was to study the efficacy of CannaRelief stress management oil in the management of Anxiety. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> 40 clinically diagnosed patients were selected and administered CannaRelief stress management oil – 4 drops sublingual in night after food for 60 days. Study Design: It was a single‑center, single arm, open‑label, phase 4, pilot study. <strong>Results:</strong> The drug showed statistically significant results in terms of subjective parameters. It was found that after taking medicine sleep quality was increased in maximum no. of patients. 50% patient showed reduced level of salivary cortisol level and 60% patient showed reduced level of salivary amylase. salivary amylase showed significant result after treatment. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>CannaRelief stress management oil is effective in the management of Anxiety disorder.</p> Tabassum Parveen, Reetu Sharma, Pawankumar Godatwar, Harshad Jain, Neeraj Patel, Jahan Peston Jamas Copyright (c) 2024 Tabassum Parveen, Reetu Sharma, Pawankumar Godatwar, Harshad Jain, Neeraj Patel, Jahan Peston Jamas Mon, 06 May 2024 18:34:27 +0530 Assessment of efficacy of Amlapittagna Arka in Amlapitta - A Clinical Observational Study <p><em>Amlapitta</em> indicates a disease characterized by pathological changes in <em>Pitta</em>, one of the predominant <em>Doshas</em>, including <em>Samana Vayu, Pachaka Pitta</em>, and <em>Kledaka Kapha.</em> These changes lead to the aggravation of <em>Tridosha</em> and manifest symptoms such as <em>Avipaka, Klama, Utklesha, Gaurava, Hritkantha Daha, Tiktamlodgara,</em> and <em>Aruchi</em>, among others. Numerous <em>Pittakara</em> and <em>Amapradoshaja</em> <em>Nidanas</em> contribute to its onset, exacerbated by sedentary lifestyles and a lack of adherence to <em>Dinacharya Rutucharya</em> and proper <em>Rasayana</em> practices, ultimately reducing human lifespan. In this clinical research project, subjective parameters were selected to assess the efficacy of <em>Amla Pittagna Arka</em>, sourced from <em>Ravana Samhita Arka Prakashana</em>. Fifteen patients participated in the study, undergoing <em>Kosta Shodhana</em> by <em>Haritakyadi Yoga</em> for three days followed by 21 days of <em>Amla Pittagna Arka</em> administration. Subjective parameters were evaluated every seventh day, with data collected before and after treatment. Statistical analysis by experts revealed significant improvements, with <em>Tikta/Amlodgara</em> reduced by 89.74%, <em>Hritkanta Daha</em> by 90%, <em>Utklesh</em> by 90.48%, <em>Aruchi</em> by 61.54%, <em>Avipaka</em> by 80.00%, <em>Klama</em> by 48.28%, and <em>Gaurava</em> by 48.15%. The trial drug, <em>Amla Pittagna Arka</em>, demonstrated effectiveness particularly in <em>Vata Pittanubandi</em> type of <em>Amla</em> <em>Pitta</em>. Further large-scale research is necessary to validate its efficacy.</p> Shubham Rajesh Giram, Ashwini Kudarimath Copyright (c) 2024 Shubham Rajesh Giram, Ashwini Kudarimath Mon, 06 May 2024 18:49:22 +0530 Effect of Neutral Pulmonary Douche on Pulmonary Functions among Bronchial Asthma Patients <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Bronchial Asthma is the second-most significant contributing factor to mortality rates for chronic respiratory diseases. It is characterized by hyperreactivity of the airways and reversible episodes of bronchoconstriction. Douche is a general application in hydrotherapy, which is a stream of water directed against the body generally or locally. The neutral pulmonary douche (NPD) is employed to improve pulmonary functions, but there is no scientific report validating its effect. <strong>Materials and Method:</strong> A randomized control trial study of a total of 60 subjects belonging to the age group of 18–44 years participated in the study. The study participants were randomized into intervention and control groups (1:1). The intervention group (30) underwent NPD for 30 minutes. No intervention was given to the control group (30) and was followed up. The assessments were taken at baseline and after 10 days of the study. <strong>Result:</strong> The collected data was subjected to statistical analysis, employing interferential statistical tests. These analyses showed a significant difference in all parameters (FEV1, FVC, the FEV1FVC ratio, and PEFR) within (t-tests, the Wilcoxon rank test) and between (ANCOVA) groups. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The implementation of hydrotherapy-facilitated NPD has demonstrated notable enhancement of pulmonary functionality in Bronchial asthma (BA) sufferers, in conjunction with conventional medical interventions. This discovery contributes to the progressively accumulating substantiation endorsing the efficacy of hydrotherapy within the domain of naturopathy.</p> Prajwal HM, Swathi BS, Nitesh MK, Vineetha A N, Lakshmeesha DR, Shravya CN, Amshuman R. Yadav Copyright (c) 2024 Prajwal HM, Swathi BS, Nitesh MK, Vineetha A N, Lakshmeesha DR, Shravya CN, Amshuman R. Yadav Mon, 06 May 2024 19:02:45 +0530 Assessment of efficacy of Kankshi Bhasma Dhantadhavana in extrinsic dental stain an observational study <p>Chewing tobacco and use of SLT (smokeless tobacco) products cause considerable staining of teeth among users. Discolouration of the teeth is a common complication of tobacco chewing. The stains bind and penetrate the enamel, dentin, root surfaces causing a brown to black discolouration. Tobacco stains cause the enamel to wear away over time. This exposes the dentin (a softer layer of teeth underneath the enamel), which starts to show through, teeth will look increasingly more yellow. These stains can also lead to gum diseases. Artificial dentures, prosthesis is also discoloured by prolonged tobacco chewing. The coarse abrasives in tobacco products when constantly chewed cause abrasion or tooth wear. Chewing tobacco also increases the incidence of dental caries and thereby causes tooth loss<sup>.</sup> Epidemiology suggests tobacco users have 67 per cent tooth loss compared to non-users. The high content of sweetening and flavouring agents in tobacco products is responsible for tooth decay. To overcome this <em>Kankshi Bhasma Dantadhavan</em> can be an efficient way <em>Kankshi</em> (Potash alum [K<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>, Al<sub>2</sub>(SO<sub>4</sub>)3.24H<sub>2</sub>O] having antiseptic and antibacterial properties along with that <em>Vruna Ropana</em>, <em>Lekhana, Mukha Rogahara, Dantadadryakara. Danta Paichilyahara</em>, <em>Dantasharkarahara Karma</em>. It is the high time to intervene Ayurveda as remedy in dental stains specific to tobacco chewing.</p> Manjula Turamari, Kshitija Tigale Copyright (c) 2024 Manjula Turamari, Kshitija Tigale Mon, 06 May 2024 19:20:54 +0530 Study the effect of Darun Lepa in Darunaka <p><em>Darunaka</em> is a <em>Kapha</em> <em>Vataja</em> (due to <em>Kapha</em> and <em>Vata</em>) condition featured with itching, dryness, and scaling of skin over the scalp with an itching sensation is considered a cardinal feature. It has become the most common cause of hair fall.&nbsp; Dandruff is a common scalp disorder, the cause may vary among individuals like fungal, bacterial, dry scalp, oil or irritated skin. In this study a cost effective and simple topical application of <em>Lepa</em> using <em>Haritaki</em> <em>Churna</em>, <em>Amra</em> <em>Beeja</em> <em>Churna</em> and <em>Godugdha</em> as a combination has been evaluated in <em>Darunaka</em>.</p> Sneha Batakurki, Prashant Bhandi Copyright (c) 2024 Sneha Batakurki, Prashant Bhandi Mon, 06 May 2024 19:27:50 +0530 Experimental study on Swachhandbhairva Rasa w.s.r. to its Anti-Pyretic Effect <p>The ancient Ayurvedic text <em>Bhaisajya Ratnavali</em> of <em>Govind Das Sen</em> during eighteen century A.D., prescribes a specific formulation comprising five herbs named as <em>Swachhanda Bhairava Rasa</em> <em>Swachhandabhairava</em> <em>Rasa</em> is Abundant of herbal, mineral and herbomineral preparations have been found in <em>Ayurveda</em> which have been continuously used for infectious disease by Ayurvedic practitioner there are many herbomineral preparations have been found in Ayurveda. <em>Swachhandabhairava Rasa</em> contains pure mercury, pure <em>Gandgaka, Vatsanabh</em>, <em>Jaiyphala</em> and <em>Pippali</em> in equal part. Most of the ingredient are having <em>Tikta, Katu</em> <em>Rasa, Ushna Virya</em> and <em>Yogvahi</em> in property which is helpful to inhibit the<em> Jwara</em> by reducing the <em>Kleda</em> (wetness) and sweat out in body. So <em>Swachhand- Bhairaw Rasa</em> used in <em>Nava-Jwara.</em></p> Udayveer Sungh Rathor, Rajkumari Rathor, Dinesh Vijay Wargiya, Rajkishore Pati Copyright (c) 2024 Udayveer Sungh Rathor, Rajkumari Rathor, Dinesh Vijay Wargiya, Rajkishore Pati Mon, 06 May 2024 19:31:36 +0530 A Pharmaceutical and Analytical Study on Palasha Kshara <p><em>Kshara</em> is an important dose type stated in Ayurveda that is made from plant ash. <em>Kshara</em> has some similar qualities, such as an alkaline nature, water solubility, and a pale colour. <em>Kshara </em>has an advantage over all surgical and parasurgical measures since it can be used on skinny, frail individuals who are afraid of surgery. In classical writings, many herbs like as <em>Apamarga,</em> <em>Snuhi</em>, and <em>Kadali Palasha </em>are utilised to create <em>Kshara</em>, either individually or combined. The therapeutic usage of <em>Kshara</em> of different plants differs from one another, hence analytical research of each <em>Kshara</em> is required. <strong>Aims &amp; Objectives</strong> The current study involves the preparation and analysis of <em>Palasha</em> (<em>Butea</em> <em>monosperma</em>) <em>Kshara</em> in order to better understand its properties. <strong>Material and Methods:</strong> <em>Kshara </em>preparation consists of several steps. In this study, <em>Palasha Kshara</em> is prepared using the general process described in the <em>Sharangadhara</em> <em>Samhita</em>. The prepared <em>Kshara</em> is submitted to several physicochemical evaluations, and the results are concluded. <strong>Results</strong>: The <em>Palasha Kshara</em> has physical features such as pale colour, strong odour, and softness to the touch. Chemically, it contains potassium, phosphorus, and sulphur, as well as trace amounts of other elements. The current study describes the methods and findings of <em>Palasha Kshara's</em> medicinal and analytical studies.</p> Manju Pilania, Aslam Khan, Mahesh Dixit, Hari Mohan Meena Copyright (c) 2024 Manju Pilania, Aslam Khan, Mahesh Dixit, Hari Mohan Meena Mon, 06 May 2024 19:38:21 +0530 Preparation of Malkangni Apamarga Kshara Taila <p>Generally, <em>Tailas</em> and <em>Ghritas</em> have been prepared by using <em>Kalka</em> (paste) and <em>Drava</em> <em>Dravya</em> (<em>Swarasa</em> or <em>Kwatha</em>). However, <em>Malkangni</em> <em>Apamarga Kshara Tailam</em> was prepared by using<em> Apamarga</em> <em>Ksharodak</em> (which is obtained after burning, dissolving in water and filtration of the <em>Apamarga Panchang</em>) and <em>Malkangni</em> seeds oil (oil extraction is done by crushing the <em>Malkangni</em> seeds in an electric fitted crusher).</p> Soniya Kumari, Sakshi Awasthi Copyright (c) 2024 Soniya Kumari, Sakshi Awasthi Mon, 06 May 2024 00:00:00 +0530 Critical review of Swetha Chandana (Santalum album l.) in Nighantus and Caraka Samhita <p><em>Chandana </em>also known as Indian sandalwood, scientifically known as <em>Santalum album </em>Linn, is a medium sized tree belongs to the family Santalaceae. It is one of the oldest and most valuable sources of natural smell and has significant medical and commercial value.<em> Chandana </em>is used as a single drug and ingredient of numerous formulations for the betterment of lifestyle and treatment. Although, numerous studies regarding<em> Chandana </em>there still lies scope for evaluation and analysis on this topic.</p> Vyshnavi Macharla, Jagan lal Eslavath, Swarupa Rani G, Narasimha V, Vijayalakshmi A Copyright (c) 2024 Vyshnavi Macharla, Jagan lal Eslavath, Swarupa Rani G, Narasimha V, Vijayalakshmi A Mon, 06 May 2024 20:15:59 +0530 A conceptual study on clinical application of Pratisaraniya Kshara Karma <p>Ayurveda indeed delves deep into various therapeutic procedures, including <em>Shastrakarma </em>and <em>Anushstra Karma. Kshara</em>, considered one of the prime therapies, is classified into <em>Paneeya</em> and <em>Pratisarneeya,</em> with the latter further divided into <em>Mridu, Madhyama</em> and <em>Teekshana</em>.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> <em>Pratisaraniya Kshara</em> involves diverse applications like <em>Kshara</em> application, <em>Kshara Sutra, Kshara Varti, Kshara Plota, Kshara Taila</em> infiltration and intralesional injection of <em>Ksharodaka.</em> Its primary applications encompass treating conditions such as <em>Arsha </em>(hemorrhoids), <em>Bhagandara</em> (fistula-in-ano), <em>Nadivrana</em> (sinus), <em>Vidradhi</em> (abscess), <em>Dustavrana</em> (non healing ulcer) and <em>Charmakeela</em> (warts). In the <em>Sushruta</em> <em>Samhita</em>, <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> elaborates on <em>Kshara</em>'s multifaceted actions, attributing qualities like <em>Chedana</em> (cutting), <em>Bhedana</em> (penetrating), <em>Lekhana </em>(scraping), <em>Dahana</em> (caustic action), <em>Pachana</em> (digestive), <em>Darana</em> (breaking down), <em>Vilayana</em> (dissolving), <em>Sodhana</em> (purifying), <em>Ropana</em> (healing) and <em>Stambhana</em> (arresting).<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> <em>Kshara'</em>s caustic nature plays a pivotal role in eliminating necrosed and infected tissues by inducing controlled tissue destruction.</p> Patel Vishva R, Duragappa H Copyright (c) 2024 Patel Vishva R, Duragappa H Mon, 06 May 2024 21:24:22 +0530 Concept of Ahara Parinaman in view of Agni - A Physiological and Anatomical Review <p><em>Dosha, Dhatu</em> and <em>Mala </em>are the basic elements of the body whose Source is <em>Ahar</em> <em>Dravya</em> i.e., Food is the basic source of energy for humans. <em>Ayurveda</em> states that our body gets it’s nutrition by <em>Aahar</em> <em>Rasa</em>. All the thirteen types of <em>Agnis</em> works on the four types of A<em>har</em> (<em>Ashit</em>, <em>Peet</em>, <em>Leedh</em>, <em>Khadit</em>) we take and are responsible in the formation of this <em>Aahar</em> <em>Rasa</em>. The process of <em>Ahar</em> <em>Parinaman</em> is continuing from birth until death at very minute level by <em>Jatharagni</em>, <em>Bhutagni</em> and <em>Dhatwagni</em>. The role of <em>Agni</em> is of immense importance for a healthy living because when the <em>Agni</em> is in normal state and if the individual consumes <em>Matravat</em> <em>Ahar</em> there will be proper digestion of food which forms <em>Dhatusamyawastha</em> ultimately leading to longevity. Impaired <em>Agni</em> is the root cause of all disease.</p> Swati Gajanan Vedpathak, Sayali Ramdas Walunj Copyright (c) 2024 Swati Gajanan Vedpathak, Sayali Ramdas Walunj Mon, 06 May 2024 21:29:54 +0530 Significance of Swarnaprashana in Boosting Immunity <p>Administration of gold in children is a unique practice mentioned in <em>Ayurveda</em> as <em>“Swarnaprashana”</em> by <em>Acharya Kashyapa</em> thousands of years back. He explained evidently the administration of <em>Swarna </em>(gold) in children for the benefits of improving <em>Medha</em> (intellect), <em>Agni</em> (digestion and metabolism),<em> Bala</em> (physical strength),<em> Ayusha</em> (longevity), <em>Mangalkarka</em> (Increase auspicious circumstances), <em>Punyam </em>(Virtue), <em>Vrushya</em> (Fertility) <em>Grahabadhanashaka</em> or<em> Grahapaham </em>(Protection from piritis &amp; microorganisms) and act as a immuno-modulator. There are various formulations of gold along with herbal drugs explained by different Acharya for prolonged usage in children. The primary sources of <em>Swarnaprashana </em>in children are found in two classical Ayurvedic texts: <em>Jatakarma Samskara</em> (newborn care) and <em>Lehana </em>(supplementary feeding). The age and method of administration, benefits and dosage as per various classical textbooks of <em>Ayurveda</em> are discussed here along with the reports of related scientific studies. <em>Ayurveda</em> recommends only purified and processed form of gold for internal administration.</p> Sahil Kumar, Minakshi Copyright (c) 2024 Sahil Kumar, Minakshi Mon, 06 May 2024 00:00:00 +0530 A conceptual study of Bhutabhisangaja and Aupsargika Vyadhi w.s.r. to Covid-19 <p><em>Sushruta</em> emphasized special attention to infections caused by <em>Rakshasa/Bhuta</em> in conditions such as smallpox, <em>Apasmara</em>, and other diseases related to <em>Baalgraha</em>, injuries, and wounds. <em>Charaka </em>focused on contagious diseases, mentioning entities like the Rabies virus (<em>Skand Apasmara</em>), <em>Bhuta</em> influences or possession in contagious diseases (<em>Agantuka Roga</em>), and the use of remedies to ward off <em>Bhuta</em>, destroy <em>Rakshasa</em>, and counteract the effects of <em>Garha</em>. The <em>Atharvaveda</em> also extensively discusses the use of medicines to counteract entities such as <em>Bhuta</em>, subtle microorganisms, and their destructive nature, indicating that the causative agents of diseases in the ancient texts were perceived to be similar to modern concepts of viruses and bacteria. The classification of <em>Bhuta </em>in the context of <em>Unmada</em> and <em>Apasmara</em> in <em>Charaka</em>, as well as the mention of remedies to counteract <em>Bhuta</em>. <em>Sushruta </em>and <em>Vagbhatta </em>also highlighted the impact of <em>Bhuta</em> or <em>Rakshas</em> on the mind, leading to mental symptoms or disorders. Affected individuals may exhibit symptoms or actions beyond human capabilities. However, literary evidence on this topic is scarce. In literature and the <em>Atharvaveda</em>, alluded remedies, substances, <em>Yoga</em>, fumigation, etc., that counteract <em>Bhuta</em> or <em>Rakshas</em> have been established to have anti-bacterial or anti-viral effects. In this context, maintaining cleanliness and hygiene is crucial not only for protection against <em>Bhuta </em>but also for safeguarding against bacteria or viruses.</p> Nippu Kumari Sharma, Vijay Shankar Pandey Copyright (c) 2024 Nippu Kumari Sharma, Vijay Shankar Pandey Mon, 06 May 2024 22:53:43 +0530 ‘Queen of Poisons’ Aconitum with special reference to Indian Aconite - Vatsanabha <p>Aconitum, the "Queen of Poisons" commonly known as Monkshood or Wolf’s bane, is a genus of perennial plants belonging to the family Ranunculaceae. In <em>Ayurveda</em> also few species of Aconitum are used for its therapeutic actions and the most potent of them is <em>Aconitum Ferox</em>, also known as Indian aconite or <em>Vatsanabha</em>, and it has the ability to function as both the ultimate poison and an elixir. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, <em>Vatsanabha</em> is considered as <em>Mahavisha</em> included among <em>Sthavara Visha</em> by <em>Acharya Charaka</em>, and in <em>Kanda Visha</em> by <em>Acharya Susrutha</em>. <em>Aconitum Ferox</em> is a highly toxic with the estimated fatal dose of 1g of root powder with a fatal period of 6 hours which contains a potent cardiotoxin and neurotoxin known as Aconitine. Ingesting even a small amount of the plant can result in severe symptoms and even death. As a result of the high toxicity of <em>Vatsanabha</em>, prior to any therapeutic use, the roots should under gone proper <em>Sodhana</em> process. <em>Rasayana</em> (rejuvenating), <em>Deepana</em> (improves digestion), <em>Balavardhana</em> (improves strength) <em>Agnimandyahara</em> (relieves indigestion) <em>Pleehodara</em> (useful in splenomegaly), <em>Vataraktahara</em> (useful against gout) <em>Shwasahara</em> (useful respiratory diseases), <em>Kasahara</em> (relieves cough), <em>Gudamayahara</em> (useful in ano-rectal disorders) etc. are just a few of the therapeutic indications of <em>Vatsanabha</em> that have been used successfully to treat a range of medical conditions. Recent Researches have shown that <em>Vatsanabha</em> contains several biologically active compounds that may have numerous potential therapeutic properties. The pharmacological potential of <em>Aconitum Ferox </em>still justifies vast research possibilities.</p> Sahana V. M. Vats, Sunil Kumar Copyright (c) 2024 Sahana V. M. Vats, Sunil Kumar Mon, 06 May 2024 22:58:56 +0530 A review article on Ayurvedic approach for Chikitsa Krama of Amlapitta <p>In this present era everyone is trying to follow western culture. Everyone is struggling to survive in the age of competition and while doing all these they are neglecting their own health. Because of changing lifestyle, food habits, behavioral pattern etc. They are facing various functional or psychological diseases. <em>Amlapitta</em> (Hyperacidity) is possessed by words <em>Amla</em> (sour) <em>Pitta</em> (gastric juice). In <em>Ayurveda</em> <em>Amlapitta</em> is managed through <em>Pitta Shamana</em> with <em>Vamana </em>and <em>Virechana. </em>The cardinal symptoms of <em>Amlapitta</em> include <em>Avipaka </em>(indigestion) <em>Klma</em> (tiredness) <em>Utklesha</em> (nausea), <em>Tikta Amlaudgar </em>(heat and throat burn) and <em>Aruchi (</em>Anorexia).<strong><sup>[1]</sup> </strong><em>Amlapitta</em> is a disorder of <em>Annavaha Strotas</em>. In <em>Pathya Kalpana</em> not only<em> Hetus</em> but proper follow of <em>Dincharya </em>and <em>Rutucharya</em> are important.</p> Harpreet Singh, Sanjna Sharma, Gareema Panwar Copyright (c) 2024 Harpreet Singh, Sanjna Sharma, Gareema Panwar Mon, 06 May 2024 23:05:44 +0530 Role of Ayurveda medicine in the management of Amashaya Arbhuda w.s.r. to Carcinoma of Stomach <p>Due to faulty lifestyle, altered food habits and chronic psychological stress and mental depression, the incidence of Malignancy has been raised. Carcinoma of stomach is one such disorder which is commonly seen in Indian population. Symptoms like pain abdomen, burning sensation of the stomach, malena, weight loss, loss of appetite and anaemia are the common clinical features of this disease. <em>Ayurveda</em> medicine is beneficial in the cases with early diagnosis. After radical excision of the active lesion, palliative treatment can be given by using <em>Ayurveda</em> medicine. In <em>Ayurveda</em>, <em>Vyadhi Pratyanika Aushadhi Prayoga, Yogasana</em> and <em>Pranayama</em>, Assurance, changes in food and life style and <em>Pathapathya Prayoga</em> are advised. Medicines having actions like Anticancer, cytotoxic, <em>Shoolahara</em>, Antacid, antispasmodics, antidepressant, anxiolytic, antistress, adaptogenic, CNS depressant, <em>Balya, Brimhala, Ojaskara</em>, immunomodulator and cytoprotective actions are used as palliative measures. In this paper, the role of <em>Ayurveda</em> medicines in the management of <em>Amashaya Arbhuda</em> w.s.r. to carcinoma of stomach is discussed elaborately.</p> Shripathi Acharya G., Niranjan S, Swapna Swayamprabha, Rajeshwari S. Acharya Copyright (c) 2024 Shripathi Acharya G., Niranjan S, Swapna Swayamprabha, Rajeshwari S. Acharya Mon, 06 May 2024 23:13:02 +0530 A literary review on Ayurveda perspective of Pandu in Kaumarabhritya <p>In traditional science of Indian medical system, Childhood age is described as <em>Kaumaravastha</em>. The basic feature of this age group is to increase immunity, physical &amp; mental strength, management of nutritional supply &amp; control of prevalence of disease in of growing children. <em>Kaumarbhritya</em> not only to help paediatric disease but also describe dietary &amp; daily life routine for paediatric care. The <em>Pandu</em> is one of the common diseases of childhood as early growing life which resembles Anaemia as per modern science. The disease involves vitiation of <em>Dhatus</em> by <em>Pitta</em> predominant <em>Tridosha</em>, which leads to deficiency of Blood (Rakta) Fat (<em>Meda</em>) &amp; <em>Ojas.</em><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> The condition is associated with laxity (<em>Saithilya</em>) of <em>Dhatus</em>, heaviness (<em>Gaurava</em>). Other predominant features are like diminish <em>Varna </em>(Complexion), <em>Vala</em> (Strength) &amp; <em>Sneha</em> (Smoothness) of the body. There are certain premonitory symptoms which indicate chances of <em>Pandu</em> like <em>Hrudaya</em> <em>Spandana</em> (Palpitation), <em>Roukshya</em> (Dryness), <em>Swedabhava</em> (Loss of sweating) &amp; <em>Shrama</em> (tiredness).<strong><sup>[4]</sup></strong> The <em>Pandu</em> may arise due to <em>Sevan</em> of <em>Kshara</em>, <em>Amla</em>, <em>Lavana</em>, <em>Asatmya</em> <em>Bhojana</em>. Hence Ayurveda recommended to take <em>Satmya</em> <em>Bhojana</em> &amp; all of the foods which increase the amount of blood. The foods like <em>Kharjura</em>, <em>Kismis</em>, Apple, Pomegranate should be given. The drugs to be used in child should have <em>Madhura</em> <em>Rasa</em>.There are various Ayurveda formulation also available for the management of <em>Pandu</em> such as <em>Navayasa</em> <em>Choorna</em>. <em>Samsodhana</em> <em>Karma</em> also indicated for the management of <em>Pandu</em> <em>Roga</em>. This Article described various <em>Ayurveda</em> perspective of <em>Pandu</em> <em>Roga</em> in children.</p> Bighneswar Mishra Copyright (c) 2024 Bighneswar Mishra Mon, 06 May 2024 23:22:10 +0530 Preconceptional and Antenatal Care through Life Style with special reference to Sadvritta: A Scoping Review <p><em>Sadvritta</em> is a group of good conducts indicated to practice throughout life for everyone. <em>Sadvritta</em> plays significant role in prevention of all kind of diseases and in promotion of health. Female reproductive health is responsible for proper outcomes related to maternal and child health. There are guidelines in Ayurveda which consists of concepts of preconceptional, antenatal and post-natal health care of a mother and child. Wholesome life style with physical, psychological and verbal acts along with required medication and <em>Panchakarma</em> are mentioned. Special guidelines are mentioned for a couple as a <em>Garbhadhan</em> <em>Vidhi</em> (method of impregnation) which is supposed to follow at the time of preconception. Wholesome regimens at physical, mental and verbal level in life style of pregnant woman and a father at the time of conception is advised to maintain. Many factors described in <em>Garbhini</em> <em>Paricharya</em> and <em>Sadvritta</em> other than nutrition and medication are important for prevention. Emotional health of a mother is associated with the health of a child. <em>Sadvritta</em> and Ayurvedic life style consists guidelines which can reduce health issues due to stress. Many countries have developed national level health programmes for mother and child health. Goals of mother and child health programme emphases on antenatal, intra-natal and post- natal health care. Objectives of MCH programme are reduction of mortality and morbidity rates of mother and child. For it, care can be started at preconceptional phase. There may be a scope to advise <em>Sadvritta</em> guidelines to currently established MCH with Ayurveda health care. This article is an effort to view scope in MCH through Ayurveda and <em>Sadvritta</em>.</p> Archana Dhananjay Inchekar, Yogita Shrotriya, Mrunal A. Tiwari Copyright (c) 2024 Archana Dhananjay Inchekar, Yogita Shrotriya, Mrunal A. Tiwari Mon, 06 May 2024 23:29:38 +0530 Female Menstrual Cycle and its relation to Tridosha and Sapta Dhatu - A Literary Review <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is the life science which specifies its two purposes very clearly, first maintenance of one’s health and second curing the diseased condition. Concepts of <em>Ayurveda</em> are based on <em>Tridoshas, Sapta Dhatus </em>and<em> Trimala. </em>Their balanced state is said to be the characteristic feature of a healthy individual. Beside the <em>Doshas </em>and <em>Sapta Dhatus, Upadhatu </em>also mentioned which plays a major role in individual health. <em>Artava</em>, the foremost of its category is the <em>Upadhatu </em>of <em>Rasa Dhatu </em>plays a significant role in reproductive health and conception. The word <em>Artava </em>is used for menstrual blood in <em>Ayurveda</em> classics. The menstrual cycle in <em>Ayurveda</em> is known as <em>Rituchakra</em>, consisting three phases which are <em>Rajashravakala</em>, the <em>Ritukala </em>and the <em>Rituvyatita Kala </em>and shows a time period of 28 days. The normal characteristics of <em>Shudh Artava </em>has been mentioned in Ayurveda classics and deviation from this characteristic are shown due to <em>Tridosha </em>imbalance leading to further problems in Menstrual cycle and reproduction. This abnormality has been described as <em>Artavdushti, Yonivyapad </em>in <em>Ayurveda</em> classics where they are classified on the basis of the three <em>Doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha).</em> Considering the normal physiology of menstrual cycle, the bleeding phase is facilitated by <em>Vata dosha</em>, whereas the time period during ovulatory/proliferative phase shows the predominance of <em>Kapha dosha</em>. During the luteal phase, the <em>Pitta Dosha </em>comes into action. Most of the discomforts, abnormalities during menstruation are the outcomes of the <em>Doshas</em> imbalances.</p> Garima Malik, Jitesh Kumar Panda, Suniti Tanwar Copyright (c) 2024 Garima Malik, Jitesh Kumar Panda, Suniti Tanwar Mon, 06 May 2024 23:37:32 +0530 Concept of Janapadodhwamsa in perspective of today's environment affecting human health <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is an ancient system of medicine, clearly mentioned about diseases causing epidemic under a broad term <em>‘Janapadodhwamsa’</em> which literally means demolition of people or community. There are four factors that has been described which are common and essential for every living being i.e., <em>Vayu</em> (air), <em>Jala</em> (water), <em>Desha</em> (land) and <em>Kala</em> (season). Any abnormal alteration in these four factors can significantly influence individual or community or environment or all of them together. The reason for <em>Janpadodhwansa</em> has been described as <em>Adharma</em> (immorality) and the root cause of <em>Adharma</em> is said to be <em>Prajnaparadha</em> (delinquency of wisdom). Considering the noteworthiness of <em>Janpadodhwansa</em>, a whole chapter has been depicted in <em>Charak Samhita</em> illustrating its onset, causes, peculiar features and management. In <em>Janapadodhwamsa</em>, persons having distinct <em>Prakriti </em>(constitution), <em>Aahara </em>(diet), <em>Deha </em>(body), <em>Bala </em>(strength), <em>Satmya </em>(suitableness), <em>Mana </em>(mind) and <em>Vaya </em>(age) may be affected by one particular disease simultaneously. In <em>Ayurveda</em> terms like virus, bacteria don’t exist, but term like <em>Krumi</em>, <em>Bhuta</em> etc. were considered as a causative factor for the diseases. On the basis of characteristic features of vitiated four factors in Ayurveda classics, catastrophe conditions like cyclones, earthquakes, endemic/epidemic or pandemic disease outbreak etc., may simulate with <em>Janpadodhwansa</em>. Restrained utilisation of natural, man-made resources, adoption of <em>Ayurveda</em> dietetics and lifestyle, <em>Panchakarma</em> therapies, <em>Rasayana</em> therapies may effectively contribute to prevent and manage these situations especially like disease outbreak. This review primarily focussed on the need of understanding the topic of <em>Janpadodhwansa</em> in current scenario.</p> Nikita Kshirsagar, Arun Bhatkar, Manoj Nimbalkar, Ashvin Bagde, Sonali Fulkar Copyright (c) 2024 Nikita Kshirsagar, Arun Bhatkar, Manoj Nimbalkar, Ashvin Bagde, Sonali Fulkar Mon, 06 May 2024 23:43:07 +0530 Beejotsarga - An Ayurvedic prospective on ovulation <p>The aim of Ayurveda is <em>Swasthasya Swasthya Rakshanam</em> &amp; <em>Aturasya Vikara Prashanam</em>, which means the maintenance of health and the cure of disease. <em>Beejotsarga</em> (ovulation) is an important physiological condition in women that further grants her the identity of motherhood. <em>Arthava</em> is the <em>Upadhatu</em> of <em>Rasa</em> <em>Dhatu</em> and is responsible for conception. In Ayurveda, <em>Arthava </em>is considered as a <em>Beeja </em>(seed) produced during <em>Beejotsarga</em> (ovulation), which occurs during the ovulation period, also known as <em>Rutukala.</em> The proper condition of <em>Agni, Dhatus</em>, and <em>Upadhatus</em> is essential for a proper <em>Beejotsarga</em>. An improper condition of these elements hampers the physiological process of ovulation. Therefore, it is necessary to study the Ayurvedic concept of <em>Beejotsarga</em> to understand the clinical aspects of ovulation in order to effectively cure and prevent diseases.</p> Savita Vangi, Daneshwari Gunari Copyright (c) 2024 Savita Vangi, Daneshwari Gunari Mon, 06 May 2024 23:47:11 +0530 Role of Gandhak Rasayan in Kshudra Kushtha - A Review Article <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is an ancient medical science, which not only treats the diseases but it also emphasizing for a healthy life. <em>Ayurveda’s</em> main aim is to maintaining <em>Dhatusamya</em> of body. The person who follows the rules of <em>Dincharya, Ritucharya</em> and <em>Aahar Vihar</em> able to live healthy life. But in today’s lifestyle it is difficult to follows these rules and due to sedentary changes in daily habits of diet, work etc. This continuous exposure to these factors various systemic changes are occurring in our body, these factors mainly vitiates <em>Rakta Dhatu</em> and in <em>Kshudra Kushtha</em> (Minor skin diseases) also the vitiation of <em>Rakta Dhatu</em>. There are two types of <em>Kustha, Maha Kushta</em> and <em>Kshudra Kustha. Mahakustha</em> is of eight types and <em>Kshudra Kustha</em> is of eleven types. According to <em>Ayurveda, Tvacha</em> (skin) is a seat of <em>Sparshanrndriya</em>. It carries the sensation of touch and it also covers the internal part of the body. <em>Tvacha</em> (skin) is ‘<em>Panchbhautik’</em> but out of them <em>Vayumahabhuta</em> is prominent one. <em>Gandhak Rasayana</em> is one of the oral medicines described for many skin diseases. <em>Gandhak Rasayana</em> mainly acts on skin, blood and it is <em>Rasayana</em> in action. So, it more or less acts on all <em>Doshas</em> and <em>Dhatus</em>.</p> Heena Kaushik, Brijender Singh Tomar, Satbir Kumar Chawla Copyright (c) 2024 Heena Kaushik, Brijender Singh Tomar, Satbir Kumar Chawla Mon, 06 May 2024 23:52:18 +0530 Maintenance of Ocular Health by Ayurveda <p>There are five sense organs (<em>Gyanendriya</em>) in <em>Ayurveda</em> i.e., Eye, Ear, Nose, Tongue and Skin among them prime importance is given to eye. It says “<em>Sarvendriyaanam</em> <em>Nayanam</em> <em>Pradhanam</em>”. A faulty lifestyle has resulted in many eye disorders like Dry eye, Computer vision syndrome, Age related macular degeneration, Cataract, Diabetic retinopathy and many more which adversely effects quality of life. To avoid these lifestyle disorders, prevention of eye disorders and preservation of ocular health has become essential because good vision is necessary for social and intellectual development of humans. But unlikely the preventive aspects of eye health and diseases related to eye has not been given due importance in our day-to-day life. For preventing these eye disorders and for maintaining eye health much more has been described in <em>Ayurvedic</em> texts in the form of <em>Dincharya</em> (Daily regimen), <em>Ritucharya</em>, <em>Sadvritta</em>, <em>Swasthavritta</em> and <em>Chakshyusya</em> <em>Rasayana</em>. Many tested procedures like <em>Anjana</em> (Collyrium), <em>Netraprakshalana</em> (Eye wash), <em>Snana</em> (Bath), <em>Padabhyanga</em> (Foot massage with oil) are highly effective daily procedures for the prevention of eye disorders and maintenance of good eye health. Various <em>Yogasana</em>, <em>Pranayama</em>, <em>Neti</em> and <em>Trataka</em> are also considered beneficial for the eye health. The aim of this article is to spread awareness among society about the maintenance of eye health and prevention of eye disorders.</p> Monika Jangra, Ashu, Manoj Kumar Copyright (c) 2024 Monika Jangra, Ashu, Manoj Kumar Tue, 07 May 2024 08:37:04 +0530 Essential Ayurvedic diagnostic approach of Vrana - A Conceptual Study <p><em>Vrana</em> is an interruption of tissue caused by physical, microbial, chemical or immunological or typically associated with loss of function. The rupture of the continuity of body tissue or part of body Skin is also called as a <em>Vrana.</em> Normally wound factors delay wound healing. The presence of infection is one of the important factors which delay the wound healing process. <em>Vrana </em>is a common problem observed in surgical practice nowadays. It is one of the fundamental aspects of <em>Shalyatantra,</em> as a trauma and after surgical procedures (<em>Abhighataj Vrana</em> and Postoperative <em>Vrana</em>) surgeon thinks about healing of wound, so it is important to know about wound and wound healing. <em>Acharya</em> describes <em>Vrana </em>as its different aspects; cause symptoms etc. <em>Vranitagara,</em> method of <em>Vranaraksha Vidhi</em>, various type of <em>Vrana Srava, Dustavrana</em> and <em>Sudhdha Vrana</em> in detail. <em>Sushruta </em>also mentioned <em>Aragwadhadi Gana</em> to treat many types of <em>Dustavrana.</em> <em>Panchendriya Pariksha</em> and <em>Vranasrav</em> with <em>Doshik</em> involvement should be applied to diagnostic purposes. The 6 stages of <em>Vrana</em> as <em>Shat Kriya Kala </em>are helpful for diagnostic assessment. <em>Samprapti</em> is the reason for <em>Roga Gyan</em> and <em>Chikitsa Gyan.</em> That’s the only reason to know detail about <em>Samprapti </em>in <em>Ayurveda.</em> <em>Dustavrana</em> are of 20 types. Also, presence of <em>Dushtavrana</em> can damage the condition of the patient with different complications and may become fatal for him/her.</p> Sejal B. Padvi, Rajeshkumar Sharma, Harshit S. Shah Copyright (c) 2024 Sejal B. Padvi, Rajeshkumar Sharma, Harshit S. Shah Tue, 07 May 2024 08:42:05 +0530 Scientific applicability in day-to-day practice on Granthokta Garbhini Paricharya <p>Achievement of motherhood is the cherished desire of every woman, as fetus depends upon mother for its nourishment, so health of pregnant women is most important as motherhood represents the bearing capacity of fetus inside the womb and delivery in a healthy status. There are many physiological and psychological changes occur in different stages of pregnancy in which some of them may ends up in discomfort and trouble. <em>Acharyas </em>have described <em>Masanumasika</em> <em>Garbhini Paricharya</em> in classical texts of <em>Ayurveda</em> for pregnant women that help in the development of fetus, healthy growth of fetus and care to mother. <em>Garbhini Paricharya</em> is nothing but the care given to pregnant women mostly through <em>Ahara</em> and <em>Vihara</em>. It is the daily regimen one should have to follow in the most delicate days of their life. The nine monthly diets are singularly unique in <em>Ayurveda</em>. This <em>Paricharya </em>changes in accordance to the growth of fetus in the womb and at the same time ensures health of mother. One can find remnants of dietetics (<em>Paricharya</em>) with older women and midwives but detailed and comprehensive diet plan as <em>Paricharya </em>is being practiced only by <em>Acharyas.</em> The main intension of advising <em>Garbhini Paricharya</em> is <em>Paripurnatya</em> (providing growth to fetus and mother), <em>Anupaghata</em> (pregnancy without complications) and <em>Sukhaprasava</em> (for normal delivery and healthy progeny). In this paper we are giving a broad expanse of the month wise diet as <em>Garbhini Paricharya</em> which can be modified according to the season, age, place, and digestive fire of pregnant woman. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Sakshi, Jitesh Kumar Panda, Suniti Tanwar Copyright (c) 2024 Sakshi, Jitesh Kumar Panda, Suniti Tanwar Tue, 07 May 2024 08:51:01 +0530 Back to Basics: A Review on Skincare by Ayurveda vis a vis Contemporary Science <p>Skin is the largest part of integumentary system. It not only prevents diseases but also enhances the appearance. Humans have always been curious about young and glossy skin. But the prevalence of skin issues has increased since few decades. This has raised demand of over-the- counter cosmetic products. The market of cosmetics is reportedly growing in India. Though such products have aesthetic property, they may lead to adverse effects. Ideal skincare includes a range of practice done to keep skin healthy and attractive<strong>.</strong> So, it has both preventive and aesthetic value. Ayurveda literature contains a scattered but detailed description about nurturing the skin and keeping it healthy. Apt use of <em>Panchakarma </em>(bio-cleansing regimen), <em>Rasayana </em>(rejuvenation therapy), judicious incorporation of <em>Pathya</em> <em>Ahar-Vihar</em> (diet and lifestyle regimen) described along with local applications like <em>Abhyanga </em>(massage)<em>, Lepa </em>(topical application of medicinal paste) is the soul of skincare in Ayurveda. This article focuses on collecting and studying Ayurvedic perspective of skincare in the context of contemporary science. It would help for better understanding of described modalities and effective skincare practice in todays’ era.</p> Gathe K, Damle R Copyright (c) 2024 Gathe K, Damle R Tue, 07 May 2024 08:55:04 +0530 Understanding Samaana Vaata in relation to the physiology of digestion <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is a way of life governed by the principle that whatever there is in the universe is there in the body also. The concept of <em>Tridosha</em> is one such theory which decides the well-being and the diseased condition of a human being. That is, when in equilibrium leads to health and when vitiated, leads to disease. <em>Vaata</em> being one of the <em>Tridosha</em> leads the other two <em>Dosha</em>, <em>Mala</em>, <em>Dhatus</em> as the wind carries the clouds in the sky. There are five types of <em>Vaata</em>, i.e., <em>Prana</em>, <em>Udana</em>, <em>Samana</em>, <em>Vyana</em> and <em>Apana</em>. <em>Samaana</em>, is situated near <em>Jatharagni </em>and moves all over the <em>Koshta</em>. The function of <em>Samaana</em> <em>Vaata</em> can be corelated with functions such as <em>Grahana</em>, <em>Pachana</em>, <em>Vivechana</em>, <em>Munchana</em>. The myenteric plexus, or plexus of Auerbach, is located between the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis in gastrointestinal tract. The motor neurons of these plexus mostly control GI tract motility (movement), particularly the frequency and strength of contraction of the muscularis. This can be co-related to <em>Karma</em> of <em>Samana Vata</em> like <em>Grahana</em>, <em>Munchana</em>. The submucosal plexus, also known as Meissner’s plexus, is a network of autonomic motor nerve fibres located in the submucosa of the gastrointestinal tract.&nbsp;The motor neurons of the submucosal plexus supply the secretory cells of the mucosal epithelium, controlling the secretions and absorption of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.&nbsp;This can be co-related to <em>Karma</em> of <em>Samana Vaata</em> like <em>Pachana</em>, <em>Vivechana.</em> Hence this article is aimed at further exploration of these anatomical and physiological aspects.</p> Bindu M Bhandari, Krishnamurthy N, Kochuthresia Jose Copyright (c) 2024 Bindu M Bhandari, Krishnamurthy N, Kochuthresia Jose Tue, 07 May 2024 08:58:46 +0530 A Quandary Standpoint of Ayurveda on Diabetes with associated CVDs <p>Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in persons with diabetes has a significant and growing impact on public health. Patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type I or type II are highly susceptible to many heart conditions, including congestive heart failure, peripheral arterial disease, cardiomyopathy, and coronary heart disease. Diabetes demands rigorous control of all cardiovascular risk factors due to its significant risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. According to estimates, the global population with diabetes will increase from 171 million in 2000 to 366 million by 2030, and the global population with hypertension will rise by 60% to reach 1.56 billion by 2025. 65–75% of deaths among diabetics are attributable to cardiovascular disease. The rationale is that cardiovascular illnesses and diabetes mellitus share a number of risk factors. The current medical system is effective in preventing infectious diseases, but it has not been effective in preventing diseases linked to a lifestyle by itself. Ayurvedic medicine is the best at managing and preventing lifestyle problems since it emphasizes a complete lifestyle adjustment for the patient. For those with diabetes and CVD, a special regimen of food <em>(Aahar),</em> exercise <em>(Vihar),</em> and herbs <em>(Aushadhi) </em>can help reduce symptoms and promote overall health. Reviewing the co-morbidity between diabetes mellitus <em>(Madhumeha)</em> and its related cardiovascular risks is the goal of this research work.</p> Khyati Sud, Sushant Sud Copyright (c) 2024 Khyati Sud, Sushant Sud Tue, 07 May 2024 09:04:57 +0530 Role of Ayurvedic management in Pakshaghata (Hemiplegia): A Case Report <p>Hemiplegia is a condition with gradual weakness or loss of functions on either half of the body. The injury to the motor centers of the brain either due to ischemia or hemorrhage, can cause poor balance, speech deficits and loss of function. The prevalence rate of hemiplegia is 9 cases per 1000 in global population.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> In <em>Ayurveda</em>, this condition can be compared to <em>Pakshaghata</em> due to similarity in clinical signs and symptoms being. According to <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> <em>Pakshaghata</em> is a <em>Vatavyadhi</em>, where vitiated <em>Vata</em> <em>Dosha</em> is involved in its pathogenesis<em>.</em> Since <em>Pakshaghata</em> is <em>Nanatatmaja Vaat Vyadhi</em> hence use of oral ayurvedic drugs along with <em>Panchakarma</em> therapeutics is recommended.</p> Shrikant Lodhi, Ratnesh Kumar Shukla, Vivek Sharma, Shraddha Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Shrikant Lodhi, Ratnesh Kumar Shukla, Vivek Sharma, Shraddha Sharma Tue, 07 May 2024 09:08:22 +0530 Gridrasi (Lumbar Radiculopathy) - A Case Study <p><strong>Background:</strong> <em>Gridrasi</em> is one among the Vataja <em>Nanatmaja</em> <em>vyadi’s</em>, which is closely related with sciatica(lumbar radiculopathy) which is characterized by pain radiating along the sciatic nerve, which runs down one/both legs from lower back. The incidence of sciatica varying from 13% to 40%. The prevalence of sciatic varies considerably ranging from 3.8% in working population to 7.9% in non-working population. <strong>Aim and Objectives:</strong> The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of <em>Shamana Aushadi’s</em> and <em>Shodhana Chikitsa</em> in <em>Gridrasi</em>. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> It is a single case study. A 31yr old female who was already diagnosed with herniation of L4-L5 and posterocentral protrusion of L3-L4 and L4-L5 discs. <em>Shamana Aushadis </em>followed by<em> Panchakarma</em> treatment like <em>Valuka Sweda, Patra Pinda Sweda,</em> <em>Basti</em>. <strong>Results:</strong> Symptomatic assessment of patient was carried out and satisfactory outcome was there and quality of life of patient was significantly improved. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Procedure’s and <em>Shamanaushadis</em> were satisfactory results and symptomatic relief.</p> Annapurna K. Bhandge, Prashanth AS Copyright (c) 2024 Annapurna K. Bhandge, Prashanth AS Tue, 07 May 2024 09:13:50 +0530 Management of Dushtavrana (Non-Healing Ulcer) through Ayurveda - A Case Report <p><em>Shalyatantra </em>is one among the<em> Astang Ayurveda, </em>the branch of<em> Shalyatantra </em>refers<em> to surgical </em>and parasurgical procedures in<em> Ayurveda. Dusthavrana </em>(non healing ulcer) are a frequently encountered problem in present era produced commonly as a complication of trauma or pathologic insult and it causes long term agony to the patient. The issue of non-healing ulcers management with <em>Ayurvedic</em> remedy is one of the major areas of the research and has come under increased study. This is a case report of 40-year-old female, who had an episode of <em>Dushtavrana</em> (non healing ulcer) and presented to the outpatient department with complaints of severe pain, itching and ulcer over right ankle region. The first line of management for <em>Dushtavrana</em> is <em>Shodhana</em>. <em>Kalka</em> is the specific treatment for <em>Dusthavrana</em> which is mentioned under <em>Shodhana</em> and <em>Ropana Kriya</em> of <em>Saptopakrama</em>. <em>Yavadi Kalka</em> is one of the formulations mentioned in <em>Dwivraniya Chikitsa Adhyaya</em>. <em>Yavadi Kalka</em> is simple, very cost-effective procedure. In the present case, <em>Yavadi Kalka</em> after <em>Jaloukavacharana</em> has shown assuring results in the management of <em>Dushtavrana</em>.</p> Priyanka Biradar, Prasadshakti G. Gannur, A. M. Madni Copyright (c) 2024 Priyanka Biradar, Prasadshakti G. Gannur, A. M. Madni Tue, 07 May 2024 09:18:08 +0530 Ayurvedic management of Venous Ulcer - Case study <p>Varicose ulcers are wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of venous valves, usually of the legs. They are the major chronic wounds, occurring in 70% to 90% of leg ulcer cases. In Sushrut Samhita, where get the most scientific description of wound and its management. Similarly, Sushrut has given the almost importance to bloodletting therapy in <em>Siravikara</em> and <em>Twakdosha</em>. Aforesaid description let us to try <em>Siravyadha</em>. ln venous ulcer followed by dressing with <em>Gomutraarka</em> and <em>Jathyadikeram</em>. This treatment proved very effective and the ulcer healed completely within 30 days. However further evaluation is required to be done by taking a large samples size to prove its significance in treating Venous ulcer.</p> Mrudul Mohan, Devan R, Anjitha ES, Archana IC, Pavithra Copyright (c) 2024 Mrudul Mohan, Devan R, Anjitha ES, Archana IC, Pavithra Tue, 07 May 2024 09:21:38 +0530 Role of Ayurvedic medicines with Panchakarma therapy in SLE w.s.r. to Aamvata <p><strong>Background:</strong> Autoimmune disorders occur when the body’s immune system is working hard to defend against potentially precarious substances our bodies such as allergens, toxins, infection or food but does not identify the difference between the invaders and own body cells. SLE is an autoimmune disease in which organs, tissues and cells undergo damage, mediated by tissues binding auto antibodies and immune complexes. SLE affects heart, joints, skin, lungs, blood vessels, liver, kidney and nervous system. Due to <em>Piita Pradhantwa</em> in SLE it can be correlated with <em>Pitta Anubandhi Amavata</em> as both are systemic autoimmune disease having involvement of mainly <em>Pitta Dosha</em>. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> A male patient with complaints of pain in multiple joints with swelling, recurrent mouth ulcers, weakness all over the body and erythematous rashes on both hands with some discharge came to OPD of PTKLS Hospital and diagnosed as <em>Amavata</em> and admitted in IPD of the Hospital and treated according to Ayurveda Protocol including oral medications and <em>Panchakarma</em> therapy. <strong>Result: </strong>Patient got symptomatic relief. Details of this will be discussed in full paper. <strong>Discussion: </strong>In <em>Ayurveda</em>, symptoms of <em>Vata Kapha Anubandhi Amavata</em> can be correlated with RA and symptoms of <em>Pitta Anubandhi Amavata</em> can be correlated with SLE as there is involvement of <em>Pitta</em> <em>Dosha</em> and <em>Rakta Dhatu</em> in SLE.</p> Veenu Yadav, Shraddha Sharma, Rajesh Meshram Copyright (c) 2024 Veenu Yadav, Shraddha Sharma, Rajesh Meshram Tue, 07 May 2024 09:26:30 +0530 Management of PCOS Infertility then implementation of Garbhini Parichaya till Full Term by Ayurveda - Case Study <p>Primary Infertility associated with recurrent pregnancy loss because of Viral infections like TORCH and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a worrisome issue nowadays. In modern medicine, antiviral drugs are the main treatment for TORCH, causing various side effects. Ayurveda being preventive and curative medicinal branch, has good positive outcome in the treatment of TORCH induced BOH and infertility. The <em>Garbhini Paricharya </em>refers to the care given to pregnant lady. It has to be started as soon as the signs and symptoms of pregnancy are seen. The rate of abortions can be prevented by following proper antenatal care detailed in Ayurveda. Presenting a case report of 32-year-old female came to Govt. Ayurvedic college and hospital, Varanasi with 11 years of married life and history of two consecutive spontaneous abortions and wasn’t able to conceive since then. She was detected with PCOS and Positive TORCH infection. Her last USG findings dated 17/01/2023 was right ovarian- PCOS morphology &amp; left ovarian- hemorrhagic cyst 54x60mm + subserosal uterine fibroid 20x27mm in fundal region with complaints of inability to conceive with complaints of delayed menses at interval of 2-6 months with prolonged bleeding with clots for 10-15 days for 7 years (after last abortion). Treatment protocol was based upon <em>Samprapti Vighatan</em> &amp; focused on <em>Prakriti</em> of patient, <em>Dosha</em> <em>Pradhanya Lakshana </em>&amp; <em>Dosha Dushya Sammurchana</em>. She was treated with <em>Jalkumbhi Kshar</em> with <em>Varunadi Kwath </em>for her fibroid and <em>Pushpadhanva Rasa</em>, <em>Kanchanar Guggulu, Ashokarishta</em> etc along with <em>Nasya</em>, <em>Matra Basti and Uttar Basti.</em> After 4 months of treatment, patient was treated successfully with Ayurvedic intervention and <em>Garbhini paricharya</em> with conception and delivery of a full-term healthy baby boy.</p> Ankita Pandey, Anjana Saxena, Sushil Mishra Copyright (c) 2024 Ankita Pandey, Anjana Saxena, Sushil Mishra Tue, 07 May 2024 09:33:41 +0530 Management of Mandagni (~diminution of Agni) a case study; evaluating the effect of Chitrakadi Vati and Ekakala Bhojana (one time meal in day) in alleviating gastrointestinal symptoms <p>Ayurveda, an ancient medical science, emphasizes the balance of <em>Tridosha</em> (<em>Vata, Pitta, Kapha</em>), proper functioning of <em>Dhatus</em> (tissues), and enhancement of <em>Agni</em> (digestive fire) for maintaining health. <em>Mandagni</em>, or diminished <em>Agni</em>, is a common ailment in Ayurveda associated with various gastrointestinal symptoms. This case study aims to evaluate the efficacy of traditional Ayurvedic interventions, specifically <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em> and <em>Ekakala</em> <em>Bhojana</em> (one-time meal in a day), in alleviating <em>Mandagni</em> and its related gastrointestinal manifestations. The study documents the case of a 38-year-old female patient exhibiting symptoms of <em>Mandagni</em>, including abdominal and head heaviness, cough, weakness, and tastelessness. Treatment involved <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em> and <em>Ekakala</em> <em>Bhojana</em>, aimed at enhancing <em>Jatharagni</em> and alleviating symptoms. Assessment criteria encompassed subjective and objective measures, showing improvements in symptoms and laboratory parameters post-treatment. Discussion highlights the pharmacological actions of <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em> and dietary modifications of <em>Ekakala</em> <em>Bhojana</em> in promoting digestion and alleviating symptoms. The study concludes positively, suggesting the efficacy of these Ayurvedic interventions in managing <em>Mandagni</em> and enhancing overall well-being.</p> Rekha Singh Jatav, Bharat Kumar Padhar, Rashmi Mutha, Muniraj, Manmahendra Copyright (c) 2024 Rekha Singh Jatav, Bharat Kumar Padhar, Rashmi Mutha, Muniraj, Manmahendra Tue, 07 May 2024 10:10:46 +0530 Supplementation of Amra Beej Majja Churna in Vitamin B12 Deficiency - A Case Study <p>B12 is an important vitamin needed by red blood cells for maturation and DNA synthesis of myelin- producing oligodendrocytes. It remarkably supports the regeneration of nerves after injury. B12 is also involved in Hcy metabolism, transmethylation processes, fatty acid and nucleic acid synthesis, energy production etc. The symptoms of its deficiency range from glossitis to severe demyelination of nervous tissue. Indian population, with largely vegetarian food habit, is prone to harbor Vitamin B12 deficiency. There<strong><em>’</em></strong>s a general belief that vegan diet is devoid of Vitamin B12 but a few recent researches have shown that the <em>Amra </em><em>Beej</em><em> Majja </em>can act as a cost effective food supplement not just for calcium, vitamin A and C but also for Vitamin B12. So, there<strong><em>’</em></strong>s a felt need to evaluate therapeutically, the acclaimed role of <em>Amra </em><em>Beej</em><em> Majja </em><em>Churna</em> as a supplement in people with Vitamin B12 deficiency. This paper presents a clinical study on the administration of <em>Amra Beej Majja Churna </em>in a patient with vegan dietary habits having Vitamin B12 deficiency which was clinically verified with low serum levels of the same. She presented with symptoms like hair loss, fatigue, tingling sensation in lower limbs and pain in calf muscles. The study was conducted for 2 months after which blood tests revealed increased serum Vitamin B12 levels from 189pg/ml to 217pg/ml along with significant symptomatic relief especially in tingling sensation and hair loss.</p> Alisha Prakash, Trupti Jain, Nitin Marwaha Copyright (c) 2024 Alisha Prakash, Trupti Jain, Nitin Marwaha Tue, 07 May 2024 10:15:27 +0530 Understanding the treatment modalities of Pemphigus Vulgaris (Agnivisarpa) through the lens of Ayurveda - A Single Case Study <p>Pemphigus is a disease that causes blisters and sore on the skin or mucous membrane. The blisters rupture easily, leaving open sores, which may ooze and become infected. <em>Agnivisarpa</em> can be compared to pemphigus vulgaris due to its resemblance in sign and symptoms. The disease needs early and proper treatment to prevent further morbidity and mortality. Being an autoimmune disorder physician generally use corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs here an attempt is made to study in detail about pemphigus vulgaris and its understanding though <em>Ayurveda</em>. A case report of 47year old male patient with clinical presentation of fluid filled blisters burning and pain along with hyperpigmentation received systemic medication in modern medicine without an adequate response. <em>Samshodhan</em> coupled with<em> Samshamana </em>medication are the cornerstones for <em>Visarpa</em>. Hence in this study, <em>Virechana Karma </em>once in a week for 2 month<em>. </em>After that<em> Raktamokshana </em>(After completion of 3 sitting of<em> Virechana Karma)</em> followed by 3 months of <em>Samshamana</em> medicine. At the conclusion of treatment, a skin lesion assessment was performed.</p> Harpreet Singh, Gareema Panwar, Vaidya Vinay Vasudev Welankar Copyright (c) 2024 Harpreet Singh, Gareema Panwar, Vaidya Vinay Vasudev Welankar Tue, 07 May 2024 10:20:41 +0530 Efficacy of Marma Chikitsa in the management of Avabahuka (frozen shoulder) - A Single Case Study <p><em>Avabahuka</em> (frozen shoulder) is a type of <em>Vata Vyadhi</em> caused by vitiated <em>Vata Dosha</em> with <em>Anubhandha</em> of <em>Kapha Dosha</em>. The symptoms of <em>Avabahuka</em> can be correlated with the symptoms of adhesive capsulitis, which is commonly known as frozen shoulder. Being a disease of shoulder joint, which has the greatest range of motion, it seriously affects routine day-to-day activities. A 56-year-old female came to the OPD of Pt. Khushilal Sharma Government Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Bhopal (MP) with pain and restricted movement in the right shoulder since 6 months, having undergone conventional treatment without any significant improvement. In this case study effect of <em>Marma Chikitsa</em> in the management of <em>Avabahuka</em> (frozen shoulder) is evaluated. The patient was treated with <em>Marma Chikitsa</em> for 10 days. The range of movements improved gradually from 45 to 123° for abduction, 102° to 165° for flexion, 53 to 65 for external rotation, and 30° to 45° for extension. VAS score for pain in the right shoulder was 7 before treatment, which came down to 4 after first course of the treatment regimen and gradually to 3 after completion of the treatment. The study suggested that <em>Marma Chikitsa</em> may be used for relieving symptoms of <em>Avabahuka</em>; however, study on large population was suggested.</p> Aayushi Chouhan, Rita Marwaha, Nisha Bhalerao, Swatantra Kumar Chourasia Copyright (c) 2024 Aayushi Chouhan, Rita Marwaha, Nisha Bhalerao, Swatantra Kumar Chourasia Tue, 07 May 2024 10:27:46 +0530 Ardita and its Ayurvedic Management - A True Story <p><em>Ardita</em> is a disease with functional disturbances affecting the <em>Uthamanga</em> (head) and stands close with the symptoms of Bell's palsy. It is narrated as one among the <em>Asheeti Vata Vikaras</em>. It is a condition that develops due to <em>Vata</em> and <em>Kapha Dusti</em>. The present case study was conducted with an objective to find out the effective <em>Ayurvedic </em>management in Bell’s palsy. This report is on a case study of a 29 years old male patient who approached to <em>Kayachikitsa </em>OPD presenting with symptoms of deviation of mouth towards on left side, unable to chew from right side, difficulty in complete closure of right eye, since 1 day. After relevant examinations and screening it was diagnosed as Bell's palsy. This disease though self-resolving some cases remain partially recovered and some may be left with major facial dysfunction. So, the patient was admitted in Sri Kalabyraveshwara Swamy Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital for 10 days and this condition was managed through <em>Panchkarama</em> &amp; palliative treatment. The patient was treated with <em>Mukhabhyanga, Panasa Patra Sweda</em> for 10 days and <em>Nasya Karma</em> for 8 consecutive days. There was no side effect observed during and after the treatment. The patient got complete relief in all symptoms without any residual weakness or deformity within two weeks which is much early than the self-resolving period of 6 months.</p> Sindhu H.V, Abdul Khader Copyright (c) 2024 Sindhu H.V, Abdul Khader Tue, 07 May 2024 10:35:44 +0530