Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences https://jaims.in/jaims <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2456-3110" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Monthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Monthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published monthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href="http://www.jaims.in">www.jaims.in</a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> en-US <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> editor@jaims.in (Dr. Umapati C. Baragi) umapati.baragi@gmail.com (Dr. Jyoti Baragi) Sun, 25 Feb 2024 18:12:58 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Comparative clinical evaluation of Jeevantyadi Yamaka Matra Basti and Uttara Basti in Bandhyatva (Anovulation) https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2859 <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Infertility is presently a leading and longstanding gynaecological issue affecting approximately 15% of the couples in reproductive age group around the globe while 10-15% in Indian population. Ovulatory dysfunctions form the major cause of female infertility, out of which Anovulation accounts for 40%. Anovulation can be interpreted as <em>Abeejotsarga </em>or <em>Abeejata</em>. <em>Panchakarma</em> plays an important role in the management of Infertility. Thus, the present study aimed at evaluating the ovulation inducing effect of <em>Jeevantyadi Yamaka</em> through <em>Matra Basti</em> and <em>Uttara Basti. </em><strong>Methodology:</strong> The study was conducted on 40 female subjects, diagnosed of anovulation with either primary or secondary infertility, fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria and were randomly allocated into two groups with 20 subjects in each. But only 33 patients completed the trial with 18 patients in Group A and 15 patients in Group B. Group A received <em>Jeevantyadi Yamaka Matra Basti</em> while Group B were administered with <em>Jeevantyadi Yamaka Uttara Basti</em> for a period of three menstrual cycles. The assessment of results was done by follicular study conducted from 9th day of menstrual cycle till 20th day of every cycle for consecutive three cycles. <strong>Results:</strong> Both the groups showed significant improvement in assessment parameters. Although the number of patients were less in Group B than Group A but Ovulation was observed in 5.5% of subjects in Group A and 40% of subjects in Group B. <strong>Discussion: </strong><em>Jeevantyadi Yamaka Matra Basti </em>and <em>Uttara Basti</em> both are equally effective in increasing the size of follicles and other assessment parameters. But in overall, <em>Jeevantyadi Yamaka Uttara Basti</em> was more effective in achieving Ovulation due to its local effect. As, this study was only for three months so no result was seen on Conception.</p> Rupali Purohit, Arvind Gupta, Poonam Khot, Vandana Copyright (c) 2024 Rupali Purohit, Arvind Gupta, Poonam Khot, Vandana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2859 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 08:52:43 +0000 A randomized controlled clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Haridra Arka in the management of Dushta Vrana vis-à-vis Chronic Non-Healing Ulcer https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3012 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> A chronic wound is a wound that does not heal in an orderly set of stages and in a predictable amount of time. Any wound after 7 days is to be considered as <em>Dushta Vrana</em>. The use of <em>Arka</em> preparations in <em>Vrana</em> is mentioned in classics. <strong>Objective:</strong> To evaluate the efficacy of <em>Haridra Arka</em> in the management of <em>Dushta Vrana </em>and to study the anti-microbial property of<em> Haridra Arka. </em><strong>Methodology: </strong>A single blind clinical study with pre-test and post-test design. The 30 patients with diagnostic criteria of <em>Dushta Vrana</em> were selected from Muniyal Institute of <em>Ayurveda</em> Medical Sciences, Manipal. In Group A, the wound is cleaned and dressed with <em>Haridra Arka.</em> In the control group, Betadine was used for dressing. Wound management done once in a day. Duration of the study for 30 days or till the formation of granulation tissue. Follow-up done once in 7 days for 1 month. The data were graded based on the assessment criteria and were analysed statistically. <strong>Results: </strong>The outcome of the treatment after 30 days showed high statistical significance in parameters like depth, edge and exudates amount, and other parameters like pain, itching, smell, undermining, necrotic tissue type, necrotic tissue amount, exudates type, skin colour surrounding the wound and granulation tissue showed statistical significance. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Both these treatments showed reduction in symptoms but Group B in which Betadine was used showed better results. It can be concluded that <em>Haridra</em> in the form of <em>Arka</em> is not very effective in the management of <em>Dushta Vrana</em> when compared to Betadine.</p> Ashna Ratheesh A.P., Gururaja D. Copyright (c) 2024 Ashna Ratheesh A.P., Gururaja D. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3012 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 14:52:55 +0000 Effect of Suryanamaskara and Heating Pranayama on Grade 1 Obesity - A Randomized Controlled Trial https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2813 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Obesity is a prevalent health condition in society with potentially fatal side effects that can result in serious disability. The objective of this study was to assess the Effect of <em>Suryanamaskara</em> and Heating <em>Pranayama</em> on Body Mass Index, Waist circumference, Skin fold thickness among obese&nbsp;individuals. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> A total of 60 subjects aged 18-30 years were screened and after filling inclusion criteria as well as diagnostic criteria (WHO criteria of obesity) 30 subjects were recruited to the study. <em>Suryanamaskara</em> and Heating <em>Pranayama</em> was given for the duration of 45 minutes each for 5 days. <strong>Results:</strong> Study results demonstrate that there is a significant decrease in Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Circumference (WC), and Skin Fold Thickness (SKF) in the study group after 45 minutes of <em>Suryanamaskara</em> and heating <em>Pranayama</em> practice for 4 weeks, while there is no improvement in the control group. <strong>Discussion:</strong> The study reveals that practice of <em>Suryanamaskara</em> and heating <em>Pranayama</em> can help the people suffering from obesity. So, finally it can be concluded that the practice of <em>Suryanamaskara</em> and heating <em>Pranayama</em> can help to manage&nbsp;Grade&nbsp;1&nbsp;obesity.</p> Geetarani Devi, Swathi KV, Archana K, Babbychand Bash Devi, Joychand Singh Copyright (c) 2024 Geetarani Devi, Swathi KV, Archana K, Babbychand Bash Devi, Joychand Singh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2813 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 15:04:13 +0000 An experimental study to evaluate galactagogue activity of Bidali (Dioscorea pentaphylla Linn.) with special reference to Stanya Janana https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2906 <p>More than 8 Lakh infantile deaths in India are attributed to inadequate breastfeeding, which is correlated with a prevalence of 45% to 53.6% cases of oligogalactia. <em>Bidali</em> (<em>Dioscorea</em> <em>pentaphylla</em> Linn.) is one among the two varieties of <em>Vidari</em> as described by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Dalhana, </em>with <em>Stanya</em> <em>Vardhaka</em> <em>Karma</em>. Hence the experimental evaluation of galactagogue activity of <em>Bidali (Dioscorea pentaphylla </em>Linn.) was carried out using milk estimation by the means of pup weight and weight gain along with estimation of serum prolactin and histology of breast tissue. Assessment was done by dam weight, daily milk yield by the means of pup weight and weight gain, serum prolactin estimation and histology of breast issue. The treatment groups have shown positive result in dose dependent manner in the parameters; Weight of Dams, and Weight of Pups. Histology reports re-emphasize the same; the development of Tubulo-alveolar unit and intraluminal secretions were more in group treated with higher dose than that of group treated with lower dose of <em>Bidali</em> (<em>Dioscorea</em> <em>pentaphylla</em> Linn.).</p> Akshatha Somayaji, Giri Prashath K G, Suresh Janadri, Shiva Manjunath M P, Seema Pradeep, Manjunath P Mudagal Copyright (c) 2024 Akshatha Somayaji, Giri Prashath K G, Suresh Janadri, Shiva Manjunath M P, Seema Pradeep, Manjunath P Mudagal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2906 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 15:17:36 +0000 Efficacy of Mind Sound Resonance Technique [MSRT] on Anxiety among Young Male Adults - A Randomized Controlled Trial https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2896 <p><strong>Background and Objectives: </strong>Anxiety disorder is a most common psychiatric disorder. Mind Sound Resonance Technique [MSRT] was developed using the concepts found in ancient writings that discuss the influence of <em>Nadanusandhana</em> [<em>HathaYoga Pradipika</em>] and Om [<em>Mandukya</em> <em>Upanishad</em>] in gaining internal control over mental changes. Mind Sound Resonance Technique was found to be beneficial in the management of anxiety. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate how mind sound resonance therapy affects anxiety disorder.<strong> Materials and Methods: </strong>60 male participants between the ages of 18 to 30 were enrolled, and they were split into study and control groups at random. STAI Y1 &amp; STAI Y2, DASS were assessed before and after 8 weeks of intervention. All the details of the study were explained and informed consent was obtained from the subjects.<strong> Result: </strong>Result suggested that experimental group demonstrated state anxiety [STAI-Y1] [p≤0.05], trait anxiety [STAI-Y2] [p≤0.05], depression [p≤0.05], anxiety [p≤0.05], and stress [p≤0.05] scores all significantly decreased. Interestingly in the control group a notable rise in trait anxiety was seen [STAI-Y2] [p ≤ 0.05] and a similar but less extent of reduction in scores on the DASS for depression [p≤0.05], anxiety [p≤0.05], and stress [p≤0.05].<strong> Conclusion/Discussion:</strong> The current investigation found that using the Mind sound resonance approach for 8 weeks on Anxiety subjects has shown to be significantly reduce in State Anxiety scores [STAI-Y1], Trait anxiety [STAI-Y2], DASS- Depression Anxiety Stress scores.</p> Joychand Singh, Archana K, Anupritha A Shetty, Babbychand Bash, Geetarani Devi Copyright (c) 2024 Joychand Singh, Archana K, Anupritha A Shetty, Babbychand Bash, Geetarani Devi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2896 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 15:31:02 +0000 A Clinical Study of Yashtimadhu & Guduchi with special reference to Amlapitta https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3014 <p><em>Amlapitta </em>is a disease prevalent all over the world. The increasing prevalence rate is a constant challenge to the research workers.<em> Amlapitta</em> is very common disease caused due to <em>Agnimandhya</em> (digestive impairment) by increased <em>Drava Guna </em>of <em>Vidagdha Pachaka</em> <em>Pitta</em> (liquid quality of burned digestive <em>Pitta</em>) affecting the <em>Annavaha Strotas</em> (channels that carry the ingested food) and characterized by primary symptoms such as <em>Avipaka</em> (indigestion), <em>Klama</em> (exhaustion without any exertion). This is a burning problem in the society because of irregular and improper food habits and stressful lifestyle. The aim of the present study was to find out efficacy of <em>Yashtimadhu</em> and <em>Guduchi</em> in <em>Amlapitta</em>.&nbsp; In present study total 30 patients were taken, divided into 3 equal groups. In Group-I: 10 patients were treated with oral administration of <em>Yashtimadhu</em>, in Group-II: 10 patients were treated with <em>Guduchi</em> and in Group-III: 10 patients were treated with <em>Yashtimadhu</em> and <em>Guduchi</em>. After conducting clinical trial on 30 patients, observation and results were obtained. Statistical analysis shows that all three groups were significantly effective to reduce the cardinal symptoms, especially Group-III (<em>Yashtimadhu</em> and <em>Guduchi)</em>.</p> Sharad Rathi, Manisha Rathi Copyright (c) 2024 Sharad Rathi, Manisha Rathi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3014 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 15:57:58 +0000 A Novel Ayurvedic treatment - Arthrothermia® for Osteoarthritis https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2932 <p><strong>Purpose:&nbsp;</strong>The purpose of this study was to report promising data revealed by a novel <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment; Arthothermia<sup>®</sup> for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). <strong>Method:</strong>&nbsp;We enrolled 30 patients with OA who received Arthothermia<sup>®</sup> treatment. The Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) was used to evaluate the treatment outcome. The five subscales of KOOS: Pain, Other Symptoms, Function in daily living (ADL), Function in Sport and Recreation (Sport/Rec), and knee-related Quality of Life (QOL) were scored separately. The KOOS data was calculated for the 30 patients before and after Arthothermia<sup>®</sup> treatment. <strong>Results:</strong> The KOOS before Arthothermia<sup>®</sup> ranged from 3.37 to 31.3. The KOOS was significantly improved after Arthothermia<sup>®</sup> and it ranged from 83.67 to 98.53. The difference in KOOS between before and after Arthothermia<sup>®</sup> treatment was calculated for the 30 patients as a group (unpaired t-test) as well as for each patient individually (paired t-test). The difference in KOOS was highly significant (p&lt;0.0001) for both; unpaired and paired t-test analysis. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The present study documented that the <em>“</em>Arthothermia<sup>®</sup><em>”</em> – a unique Ayurveda treatment approach (combination of alkaline cautery and indirect micro thermal cautery) brought significant changes in KOOS in the OA patients in very short time duration. The promising data hold a ray of hope for better management of OA and needs wide explorations to bring magnificent outcome for patients suffering with OA.</p> Prerak Shah, Dhruti Kagrana Copyright (c) 2024 Prerak Shah, Dhruti Kagrana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2932 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 16:09:00 +0000 Pharmaceutical preparation, standardization and comparative study of Tinduka Ghanavati and Kulattha Guda Avaleha in context of Shwasa Roga https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3011 <p>Ayurveda is the world's oldest medical system, which dates back to the <em>Rigveda</em> period BC. 5000. All the medical systems of the world have received their form of organization and developmental inspiration from this, this is an undisputed proven fact. Ayurveda has been called the science of age. <em>Charak</em> has described Ayurveda as eternal. The medical science of <em>Rasashastra</em> is also included in Ayurveda medical science. <em>Rasashastra</em> has been revolutionary in Ayurveda since the 8th century. This has been said to reflect the results of <em>Rasashastra</em> during this period.&nbsp; The chemical drug manufacturing process was being used in the medical world since the 8th century. Since time immemorial, humans have been engaged in research for various purposes in various areas of their lives. Research in Ayurveda is necessary and mandatory.&nbsp; As the struggle and difficulties in a person's life increase along with progressing on the path of salvation, he is suffering from very painful diseases due to not following the health- protecting diet and practices recommended by the famous people. Among these diseases, respiratory disease also holds an important place. This is seen more in the human community. From the study of various texts, it was found that <em>Tindukaghanvati</em> and <em>Kulathaguda Avaleha</em> are effective drug combinations for respiratory diseases. Therefore, in this research work, the study of the above mentioned <em>Yogas</em> on respiratory diseases was considered. The presented research work is being presented before the scholars to reestablish the principles propounded by the <em>Acharyas</em>. The success of the effort depends on the consent of scholars.</p> Manisha Rathi, Sharad Rathi Copyright (c) 2024 Manisha Rathi, Sharad Rathi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3011 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 16:19:30 +0000 Pharmaceutical analytical study of Baladi Kwatha and to evaluate the effect of various concentration of preservatives in it https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2941 <p>Due to advent of commercialization longer shelf-life becomes the need of the hour for various pharmaceutical products, especially for the preparation of <em>Kwatha Kalpana </em>(Decoction). The shelf-life of <em>Kwatha</em> is 1 <em>Prahara </em>(3 hours). According to <em>Acharya Sharangadhara</em> it is considered as <em>Sadhyo-sevana. Panchavidha Kashaya Kalpana</em> are considered as basic pharmaceutical preparation and the most important form of <em>Kalpana. </em>But the preparation of <em>Kwatha</em> is not possible all the times as the shelf life of <em>Kwatha</em> is short and makes it impossible to market it as soon as it is prepared. Therefore, there is need to find different ways to preserve the <em>Kwatha</em> for longer duration for their easier usage and transportation. This present study is carried out mainly in 3 stages, that is, pharmaceutical study, analytical study and microbiological study. In pharmaceutical study, the preparation of <em>Baladi Kwatha</em> was carried out as per the classical reference of <em>Shamana Kashaya</em> and they were added with different ratios of preservatives (SB-0.1%, SB-0.2%, SB-0.2% + MP-0.05% + PP-0.05%, SB-0.48% + MP-0.1% + PP-0.1%). No much changes were noted in analytical studies.&nbsp; Preservatives like, sodium benzoate, in permitted amounts could only preserve acidic <em>Kwatha</em> for a shorter period. Hence, marketing <em>Baladi Kwatha</em> with sodium benzoate cannot be properly stabilized by 0.1% &amp; was observed that at least 0.2% is required to preserve the <em>Kwatha</em> for 60 days free from microbial contamination. It was observed that as per the permissible limit, the preservatives when used in combination of sodium benzoate 0.2%, methyl paraben 0.05%, propyl paraben 0.05%, has passed the shelf-life for 3 months.</p> Vrashank V Gaitonde, Seema M.B, Surekha S Medikeri Copyright (c) 2024 Vrashank V Gaitonde, Seema M.B, Surekha S Medikeri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2941 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 17:22:58 +0000 Concept of Sthoulya in Ayurveda and its management with Pathya Apathya https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2908 <p>According to WHO - 39% of adults aged 18 year and over were overweight in 2016 and 13% were obese. Over 340 million Children and adolescent aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016. 39 million children under the age of 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2020.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> The prevalence of <em>Sthoulya</em> (obesity) is increasing worldwide in all age groups. <em>Sthoulya</em> is a burgeoning global problem due to change in life style, Faulty diet pattern and decrease interest in the Exercise which lead to Hypertension, Diabetes mellites, Atherosclerosis and other non-communicable disease. <em>Ayurveda</em> is the science of life according to <em>Ayurveda Samhitas Sthoulya</em> is a <em>Santarpanjanya Vyadhi</em> which is described in <em>Astonindatiya Adhyaya</em> in <em>Sutrasthana</em> of <em>Charak Samhita</em> in detail. In <em>Sthoulya</em> disease mainly <em>Medo Vaha Srotas</em> is affected due to which their overgrowth of <em>Medodhatu</em> and this process eventually manifests as <em>Sthoulya</em>. In <em>Ayurveda </em>several measures are given by which we can reduce the risk of <em>Sthoulya</em> by the help <em>Ahaar Vihaar</em> and <em>Aushadha</em>. A study has shown that how <em>Triphala Tail</em> and <em>Triphala Churna</em> act on <em>Samprapti</em> of <em>Sthoulya</em> and breaks it to reduce the <em>Meda</em> which is the main cause of <em>Sthoulya.</em></p> Simran Chauhan, Manohar Ram, Ramnihor Tapsi Jaiswal, Ramesh Kant Dubey Copyright (c) 2024 Simran Chauhan, Manohar Ram, Ramnihor Tapsi Jaiswal, Ramesh Kant Dubey https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2908 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 17:40:23 +0000 Principle of Lok-Purush Samyata w.s.r. to Homeostasis - A Review https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2935 <p>Man is a unique structure of the world, the structure that we see today has been continuously evolving. The structures that we see in the universe is made up of some elements, same elements could be seen in the human body structure. Everything that is in the universe is also present in the human body. <em>Charak Samhita</em> named this principle as <em>Lok Purusha Samya</em>. When there are changes in the external environment, then the environment automatically tries to return to its previous state, similarly in the human body too, when there are changes in its internal environment, then the body again returns to its previous state. An attempt is made to bring the internal environment into equilibrium, the same phenomenon is called homeostasis. The preservation of the internal environment in response to changes in the external environment is known as homeostasis. Three elements - the sun, moon, and air - maintain this cosmos in the exterior environment. The three energies of <em>Vata, Pitta</em>, and <em>Kapha</em> maintain our body in the same way as the universe. Furthermore, the fundamentals of our body are <em>Doshas, Dhatus,</em> and <em>Malas</em>. Thus, homeostasis in Ayurveda refers to the state of equilibrium between <em>Doshas, Dhatus,</em> and <em>Malas</em>, which stand for our internal environment. This article attempts to review and explain the significance of <em>Lok-Purush Samya Siddhanta</em> in preserving the internal environment (homeostasis). This idea also applies to the concepts of treatment, which is nothing more than the restoration of homeostasis, the body's natural state.</p> Vikram Singh, Shruti Sharma, Ashok Kumar Sharma, Rekhraj Meena Copyright (c) 2024 Vikram Singh, Shruti Sharma, Ashok Kumar Sharma, Rekhraj Meena https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2935 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 18:04:43 +0000 An integrated approach in the management of Cardiovascular Diseases https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2879 <p>Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally. According to WHO an estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2019, representing 32% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% were due to heart attack and stroke. India has one of the highest burdens of cardiovascular disease worldwide. The annual number of deaths from CVD in India is projected to rise from 2.26 million (1990) to 4.77 million (2020). The rate of incidence of cardiac disorders is almost doubled in Indian population which is an alarming fact.&nbsp; Cardiovascular Disease is largely the product of interactions of modifiable risk factors like changing lifestyles, bad eating habits and rapidly evolving socio-economic determinants like access to healthcare. There is a need of developing an integrative approach which conceptualizes a unique blend of different systems to bring the balance of body, mind and spirit for perfect health. <em>Ayurveda</em> holds the breakthrough to the key challenges that the India and in turn the world is facing in present era in cardiac care. Various scattered literature can be brought together and a clinical cardiology in <em>Ayurveda</em> can be given to modern society. Present paper is an effort towards Integrative approach for the management of CVDs.</p> Pratibha Lokhande, Babita Sharma, Nitin Ujjaliya Copyright (c) 2024 Pratibha Lokhande, Babita Sharma, Nitin Ujjaliya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2879 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 09:11:07 +0000 Role of Dhatvagni in disease pathogenesis https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3022 <p><em>Agni</em> is an important aspect of existence of human life. <em>Agni</em> is intended to be a symbol of wholesome life within the body. Its depletion poses a serious threat to life. It determines how much food should be consumed and also affects food digestion, metabolism, cell transformation and nourishment of tissues. It is crucial for determining the severity of disease and health. <em>Agni</em> is classified into 13 types: one <em>Jatharagni</em>, five <em>Bhutagni</em>, and seven <em>Dhatvagni</em>, based on its functions and site of action. The most significant is <em>Jatharagni</em>, which breaks down four different kinds of food into <em>Rasa</em> and <em>Mala</em>. The five <em>Bhutagnis</em> feed the <em>Bhutas</em> in the body by acting on the corresponding <em>Bhutika</em> part of the meal. Every <em>Dhatu</em> is divided into three parts by the seven <em>Dhatvagni</em> acting on its corresponding <em>Dhatus</em>. Thus, the two categories of goods that come from the full transformation process are <em>Prasad</em> (essence) and <em>Kitta</em> (excrete). The former is consumed for sustenance, whereas the latter is discarded because, if it remains in the body longer, it defiles it. <em>Dhatu</em> is either depleted or overproduced depending on whether the <em>Agni</em> rise or decrease. This shows that <em>Agni</em> has an autoregulatory and negative feedback system. The restoration of a well-formed <em>Dhatu</em> and the adjustment of <em>Agni</em> are necessary for disease treatment. Hence, our body’s normal physiology and pathology depends on <em>Agni</em>, mainly <em>Dhatvagni</em>.</p> Monika Prajapat, Ashok Kumar Sharma, Kishori Lal Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Monika Prajapat, Ashok Kumar Sharma, Kishori Lal Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3022 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 16:44:37 +0000 Kriyakala in Ayurveda: Understanding disease progression for precise treatments https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3029 <p><em>Ayurveda</em>, an ancient wisdom, focuses on keeping healthy people healthy and healing those who are unwell. It does this by balancing <em>Dosha</em> (biological factors), <em>Dhatu</em> (body tissues), and <em>Mala</em> (waste). <em>Shat Kriyakala</em> is about understanding how a disease progresses. It helps figure out the right actions to fix <em>dosha</em> imbalances. <em>Kriyakala</em> is a mix of two words: <em>Kriya</em>, meaning the treatments like medicine, food, and habits that help fix <em>dosha</em> imbalances, and <em>Kala</em>, which shows the stage of a disease. <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> talked about six stages that tell us how a disease is developing in the body. This guides us on when to step in with treatment. Detecting diseases early means we can treat them more effectively and with less discomfort. This study aims to show how <em>Shat</em> <em>Kriyakala</em> is super useful in figuring out how diseases progress and how severe they might get. This concept is found in ancient texts. <em>Kriyakala</em> is like a guidebook. It tells us about diagnosis (figuring out what's wrong), prognosis (how the disease might go), and when to act. This helps prevent a disease from taking a strong hold in the body. Understanding <em>Kriyakala</em> helps us know when to step in to keep diseases from getting worse.</p> Neha Bishnoi, Suman Meena, Man Mohan Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Neha Bishnoi, Suman Meena, Man Mohan Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3029 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 07:47:32 +0000 Role of Ayurveda medicines in the management of Alcoholic Liver Disease https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3023 <p>Due to faulty food habits and altered lifestyles, non communicable disorders are commonly occurring in modern India. Alcoholic liver disease is caused due to intake of excessive alcohol for prolonged period. The alcohol taken undergoes metabolic changes and acetaldehyde is formed which damages the liver. Initially liver cells get studded with fat droplets and leads to inflammation of the liver called Alcoholic hepatitis. If further alcohol is taken in excessive amounts, it leads to Alcoholic cirrhosis. In this condition some of the hepatocytes undergo necrosis followed by abnormal regeneration and formation of multiple nodules and extensive fibrosis. There will be decrease in liver function followed by emaciation of the body and ascites in alcohol liver disease. <em>Ayurveda</em> medicine has a better role and outcome. Use of hepatoprotectives, hepatic stimulant, <em>Rasayana</em> drugs. Choalaganges, <em>Tikta</em> and <em>Madhura</em> <em>Rasayukta</em> drugs, <em>Mootrala</em> drugs and protein supplementation are found effective in the management of Alcoholic liver disease. Present paper highlights the role of <em>Ayurveda</em> medicines in the management of Alcoholic liver disease.</p> Shripathi Acharya G, Niranjan S., Swapna Swayamprabha, Rajeshwari S Acharya Copyright (c) 2024 Shripathi Acharya G, Niranjan S., Swapna Swayamprabha, Rajeshwari S Acharya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3023 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 18:08:37 +0000 A comprehensive guide to Dhatuposhana Nyayas https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2898 <p>Learning any <em>Shastra</em> by using its own learning methodologies helps to acquire the knowledge of that <em>Shastra</em> effortlessly. In <em>Ayurveda Shastra Acharyas</em> have used such methodologies to explain the concepts. <em>Nyayas, Tantrayukti, Tacchilyadi, Kalpanas</em> etc. are the different tools of methodologies. <em>Nyayas</em> are those which take up a daily situation and explain the concepts of any <em>Shastra</em>. This makes the concept easily understandable even by low intellectual student. <em>Dhatuposhana Nyayas</em> are group of four <em>Nyayas</em> used to explain <em>Dhatuposhana</em>. These <em>Nyayas</em> help the reader to understand the hidden aspects in it. With the clear knowledge of <em>Dhatuposhana Nyayas</em> one can understand <em>Dhatuposhana</em> and understand its applicability. Hence an attempt has been made to understand the <em>Dhatuposhana Nyayas</em> and its applicability.&nbsp;</p> Sowbhagya Kumbar, Sri Nagesh K.A Copyright (c) 2024 Sowbhagya Kumbar, Sri Nagesh K.A https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2898 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 18:25:04 +0000 Preventive health care and life style management https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2916 <p>The primary cause of death worldwide has shifted in the recent century from communicable diseases to non-communicable diseases. The public health systems continue to face difficulties as a result of outbreaks of communicable diseases. It is acknowledged that changes in human behaviour and lifestyle are risk factors for the current public health issues, which have a substantial impact on wellness and quality of life. In addition to helping to prevent and treat diseases, leading a healthy lifestyle is essential for promoting overall wellbeing. Evidence-based methods for managing one's lifestyle have been made available by modern medicine, yet doing so successfully presents difficulties. The traditional practices of <em>Ayurveda</em>,<em> Yoga</em>, and Meditation appear promising as complementing methods to promote social welfare. The author puts up a fresh viewpoint and model dubbed "Integrative Lifestyle" that is based on data from both contemporary and conventional methods of lifestyle management. Ayurveda has made significant contributions to both the prevention and treatment of ailments. A healthy lifestyle might include behaviour that are outlined in depth in Ayurveda, such as <em>Dincharya </em>(conducts during the day),<em> Ratricharya</em> (conducts during the night),<em> Ritucharya</em> (seasonal conducts), <em>Ahara Vidhi</em> (diet guidelines), and <em>Sadvritta</em> (excellent conducts), among others.</p> Neha Maurya, Manohar Ram, Ram Nihor Tapsi Jaiswal, Anjana Saxena Copyright (c) 2024 Neha Maurya, Manohar Ram, Ram Nihor Tapsi Jaiswal, Anjana Saxena https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2916 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 18:37:39 +0000 A review article on Katrigraha vis-à-vis Mechanical low back pain and its management through Ayurveda https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3024 <p>In the present society, all age group people experience back pain, which is brought on by an unhealthy food and way of life. In Ayurveda, this ailment is compared to <em>Katigraha</em>, one of the <em>Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhi</em>. It is a condition where pain and stiffness are brought on by <em>Shuddha Vata</em> or <em>Sama Vata</em>, which are concentrated in <em>Kati Pradesha</em>. Modern science says that actions like lifting heavy objects, bending, having poor posture, being sedentary, etc. cause Mechanical low back pain. It is usually limited to the lumbosacral region, buttock, or thigh and doesn't go past the knees. Modern medical treatments for low back pain have their own disadvantages and weren't effective over the long term. The Ayurvedic Chikitsa Sutra of <em>Katigraha</em> includes a description of <em>Snehana, Swedana, Shamana,</em> and Conventional <em>Rasayana</em> in addition to a healthy food and way of life. The breadth of Ayurvedic treatment for <em>Katigraha </em>shall be the main topic of the current paper.</p> Pooja Shivashimpar, S.G. Chavan Copyright (c) 2024 Pooja Shivashimpar, S.G. Chavan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3024 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 18:45:57 +0000 Concept of Artava and its applied aspect in Stree Roga https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3025 <p>Women represent the cornerstone of a family’s overall health. Healthy women, Healthy world embodies that women are custodians of family health; they play a critical role in maintaining the health and overall wellbeing of community. In <em>Ayurveda</em> word “<em>Artava</em>” denotes menstrual blood.&nbsp; <em>Artava </em>is related to 2 seasons i.e., it may be due to presence of <em>Ritukala</em> (ovulation period) and <em>Rajakal</em> (menstruation period) in women. Human body is controlled by the three energies called <em>Tridoshas - Vata, Pitta</em> and <em>Kapha</em> which are characterized under seven <em>Dhatus</em>. These <em>Dhatus</em> have <em>Updhatus</em> also. <em>Artava</em> (menstrual blood) is one of the <em>Updhatus</em> of <em>Rasa Dhatu.</em><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> The specific characteristics of menstrual blood with its physiological and pathological variation described in <em>Ayurveda</em> classics as <em>Shudhartava </em>and <em>Artavdhusti</em> respectively help in identifying the hormonal status of women. <em>Shudhartava</em> plays crucial role in maintaining women’s healthy reproductive life. When <em>Artava</em> is not quite same as highlights of <em>Shudhartava</em> mentioned in classics then there may be <em>Artavdushti</em> or menstrual abnormalities like dysmenorrhoea, menorrhagia, amenorrhoea etc uterine disorders like endometriosis, adenomyosis, uterine fibroid, etc which may be cause of infertility. <em>Ayurveda</em> classics explains about colour, texture, specific smell, amount and other associated features like type of pain in various <em>Artavdushti</em>. So, only by observing menstrual blood variation we can find out the disease associated with it. Thus, study of <em>Artava</em> and <em>Artavdhusti</em> plays a very significant role in diagnosis of pathological disorders related with female reproductive system.&nbsp;</p> Priyanka, Jitesh Kumar Panda, Suniti Tanwar Copyright (c) 2024 Priyanka, Jitesh Kumar Panda, Suniti Tanwar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3025 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Ayurvedic approach in Oro-Dental Care in Prameha https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3026 <p>Ayurveda, the traditional system of medicine that originated in India, offers a holistic approach to health and wellness, including oral care. In the context of diabetes, maintaining oral health is crucial because individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing dental issues such as gum disease and infections. Ayurveda emphasizes the balance of <em>doshas</em> i.e. <em>Vata, Pitta</em>, and <em>Kapha</em>, proper diet, and lifestyle modifications to promote overall well-being, including oral health. Regular dental check-ups, maintaining good oral hygiene practices, and following the guidance of Ayurvedic principles are essential components of oral care for individuals with diabetes cases. Exploring the integration of Ayurveda into the oral care of diabetes cases involves considering the holistic principles of Ayurveda, the role of specific practices like oil pulling and herbal components, and the practical application of these principles in conjunction with conventional care. It's a fascinating intersection of traditional wisdom and modern healthcare, and ongoing research can shed more light on the efficacy and nuances of Ayurvedic approaches in managing oral health in individuals with diabetes.</p> Shilpa Shankarrao Walkikar Copyright (c) 2024 Shilpa Shankarrao Walkikar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3026 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 06:15:08 +0000 A critical review of Pathya Apathya in Dyslipidemia https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3027 <p>According to Ayurveda, dyslipidemia and <em>Medoroga</em> are connected. <em>Medoroga</em> is a disease brought on by <em>Medovridhi</em>, which in turn prevents other <em>Dhatus</em> from receiving enough food. The major cause of the linked conditions <em>Medoroga, Prameha</em>, and <em>Sthaulya</em> is a vitiated <em>Medo Dhatu.</em> Thus, the management of these disorders is likewise comparable. <em>Rukshana</em>, <em>Udvartana</em>, <em>Ruksha</em>-<em>Ushna</em> <em>Basti</em>, <em>Virechana</em>, and <em>Shamana Prayogas</em> like <em>Guggulu</em>, <em>Shilajithu</em>, <em>Guduchi</em>, etc. are all used in <em>Ayurvedic</em> medicine to treat <em>Medoroga</em>. A condition of lipoprotein metabolism known as dyslipidemia can cause either an excess or a shortage of lipoproteins, or perhaps both. Atherosclerosis is a result of elevated amounts of atherogenic lipoproteins, mostly LDL but also IDL. This may then result in peripheral vascular disease (PVD), cerebral vascular disease (CVD), coronary artery disease (CAD), etc. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) monitoring study, dyslipidemia is more common in young male industrial workers (62%) than it is in adults between the ages of 15 and 64. Dyslipidemia goes unnoticed and untreated until a problem, such as a myocardial infarction brought on by early atherosclerosis, occurs.</p> Shraddha Sahu, Nikhila Ranjan Nayak, Aradhana Kande Copyright (c) 2024 Shraddha Sahu, Nikhila Ranjan Nayak, Aradhana Kande https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3027 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 06:50:25 +0000 Lifestyle Disorders and Ayurveda with special reference to Raktagata Vata (Hypertension) https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2905 <p>As the name indicates, lifestyle disorders are disorders or diseases caused by improper lifestyle. They are also called non-communicable diseases (NCDs). According to WHO non-communicable diseases are the cause of 73% of deaths all over the world. These diseases are classified under <em>Santarpanjanya Vyadhis</em> according to <em>Ayurveda</em>. In India, 53% of deaths and 44 % of disability are caused by non-communicable diseases. As per the WHO report it is estimated that an estimated 1.28 billion adults aged 30-79 years worldwide have hypertension, most (two-thirds) living in low and middle-income countries. <em>Raktagata Vata</em> or Hypertension is not considered as <em>Vyadhi</em> by <em>Ayurveda</em>. It is the pathophysiology involves <em>Prasaravastha</em> of <em>Doshas</em> along with <em>Rasa, Rakta</em> and <em>Meda Dhatu</em> from their respective sites to hamper respective <em>Srotas</em> for blood circulation that leads to severe and chronic diseases of the brain, heart, kidneys etc. <em>Ayurveda</em> deals with the prevention of diseases first then cure of diseases. Ayurveda mainly focuses on <em>Ahaar, Vihaar</em> and <em>Aushadha</em> for the treatment of any disease. <em>Ahaar</em> along with <em>Vihara</em> is very important for the maintenance of health. For this, concepts of <em>Dincharya, Ritucharya, Sadvritta</em> and <em>Rasayana</em> therapy have been given in <em>Ayurvedic</em> texts.</p> Pooja Kumari Sharma, Manohar Ram, Ramnihor Tapsi Jaiswal, Manish Mishra Copyright (c) 2024 Pooja Kumari Sharma, Manohar Ram, Ramnihor Tapsi Jaiswal, Manish Mishra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2905 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 07:13:02 +0000 Role of Panchakarma in management of Urinary Tract Infection - Review Article https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3028 <p>All ages of urinary tract infections (UTI) are associated with substantial morbidity and long-term problems. Since using antibiotics helps treat urinary tract infections, it is highly concerning from a therapeutic standpoint when harmful germs become resistant to them. Ayurvedic medications are said to include particularly significant ingredients that are used to treat a variety of illnesses. The review study included a variety of scientific and clinical data that support the effectiveness of Ayurvedic medications in treating urinary tract infections. In the current paper, an evaluation of the effectiveness of Ayurvedic medications for treating clinical conditions such as UTIs was conducted. Good antibacterial qualities were demonstrated by ayurvedic drugs against gramme positive and negative microscopic organisms that cause urinary tract infections. Other aspects are highlighted likewise mitigating, diuretic, cell reinforcement, nephroprotective and antiurolithiatic properties helpful in the administration of UTI and all medications are protected even in high dosages subsequently can be adequately utilized for UTI conditions. In this paper an attempt is made to highlight the research work of role of <em>Panchkarma</em> in UTI, which would be effective in the treatment of UTI.</p> Richa Kumari, Man Mohan Sharma, Suman Meena Copyright (c) 2024 Richa Kumari, Man Mohan Sharma, Suman Meena https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3028 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 07:27:03 +0000 Vernonia amygdalina Del (Bitter leaf) a traditional anti-diabetic gold mine - Mini Review https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2854 <p>Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide epidemic that has serious consequences for public health. This in-depth analysis of <em>Vernonia amygdalina</em>, or Bitter Leaf, aims to shed light on the plant's potential anti-diabetic properties by discussing its botanical description, chemical composition, traditional uses, and mechanisms of action, scientific findings, safety concerns, and implications for future study. <em>Vernonia amygdalina</em>, a plant native to various nations in Africa, has gained popularity as a possible treatment for diabetes. Bitter leaf's traditional function in reducing diabetes-related complications is also highlighted, and the review goes deeply into the plant's rich historical and cultural context. The possible anti-diabetic properties of Bitter leaf are discussed, along with the processes that may be at play. These include the effect on insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis, and pancreatic beta cell activity. Improving glycemic control and insulin resistance is only two of the positive effects seen in clinical trials and research investigations. There is also discussion of precautions to take, including details on how this treatment could interact with standard drugs. The review continues by stressing the need for more study to fill up the gaps in our understanding and pave the path for the deliberate application of <em>Vernonia amygdalina </em>as an adjunctive method of diabetes care. This analysis of Bitter leaf's diabetes-fighting properties adds to the increasing body of information around diabetes natural treatments, opening up new lines of inquiry and possible therapeutic applications in the field.</p> Peter Achunike Akah Copyright (c) 2024 Peter Achunike Akah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2854 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 07:35:55 +0000 Critical analysis of Srava and Gandha of Vrana with special reference to Madhumehajanya Dusta Vrana vis-à-vis Diabetic Foot Ulcer https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2915 <p>Diabetes Mellitus is one of the major health concerns of India gradually gaining potential to become an epidemic. At present, India has a stunning population of people suffering from diabetes which goes up to 101 million and by the end of 2045 it is expected to be between 124 to 135 million. As per a Cohort study conducted by Diabetic Federation of India 2/3<sup>rd</sup> of these diabetic patients suffer from Diabetic complications. When we consider these 2/3<sup>rd</sup> of the diabetic population who suffer from Diabetic complications, majority of them tend to develop Diabetic Foot Ulcers in their lifetime due to uncontrolled glycemic status. <em>Madhumehajanya</em> <em>Dusta</em> <em>Vrana</em> vis-à-vis Diabetic Foot ulcers once formed does not only affect the patient physically but can significantly negatively impact a patient’s quality of life by its presentations. Due to the non-healing nature of <em>Madhumehajanya</em> <em>Dusta</em> <em>Vrana</em> and associated infection, it discharges multiple secretions from its floor which results in morbid moisture in the ulcer further adding to its non-healing nature. The present article is intended to understand the same in detail regarding the <em>Srava</em> and <em>Gandha </em>of <em>Madhumehajanya</em> <em>Dusta</em> <em>Vrana</em> in detail as per Ayurvedic and contemporary science point of view.</p> Narayan K.R, Siddanagouda A Patil, Prashanth A S Copyright (c) 2024 Narayan K.R, Siddanagouda A Patil, Prashanth A S https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2915 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 08:04:28 +0000 A clinical assessment of Dhatu with Nadi Parikshan https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3030 <p>According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, the human body's physiology revolves around the balance of the <em>Dosha, Dhatu, </em>and <em>Mala.</em><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> <em>Dhatu </em>acts as both structural and functional components of body. It gives strength to the body and performs many functions including nourishment of body, circulation of biomaterials, holding up the organs, reproduction and maintenance of body frame, etc. In <em>Ayurveda</em> the method of diagnosis and reporting of various clinical parameters has been mentioned under pulse diagnosis. It is a very important diagnostic tool referred to as the&nbsp;<em>Ashtvidhpariksha. </em>The only non-invasive diagnostic approach that can identify the state of<em> Dosha </em>is the<em> Ayurvedic </em>pulse diagnosis; however, it takes a lot of regular practice.</p> Aishwarya Pandey, Ashok Kumar Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Aishwarya Pandey, Ashok Kumar Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3030 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 08:15:44 +0000 Role of Shatapushpa Taila in the management of Artava Kshaya https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3031 <p>Menstruation is the visible manifestation; cyclic, physiologic uterine bleeding due to shedding of endometrium and it is the major stage of puberty in girls. Once the menstruation starts, it continues cyclically at intervals of 21-35 days with mean of 28 days. Due to changed lifestyle, food habits, increased stress and strain, alters the normal physiology and ends with the disruption of H-P-O (Hypothalamus-Pituitary-ovarian) Axis which may lead to many gynaecological problems in which the most common one is <em>Artava Kshaya. Artavakshaya</em> is characterized by delayed and scanty menstrual bleeding associated with pain in <em>Yoni Pradesh</em>. <em>Acharya Susuruta</em> has explained about <em>Artava Kshaya</em> features i.e., <em>Yathochitakal Adarshanam </em>(delayed menstruation) and <em>Alpatvam </em>(scanty menstruation), <em>Yonivedana</em> (pain in <em>Yoni Pradesh</em>). It can be co-related with Oligomenorrhoea and Hypomenorrhea by their signs and symptoms. <em>Shodhana </em>and use of <em>Agneya Dravya</em> is the line of treatment. <em>Shatapushpa Taila Paana, Basti, Nasya, Abhayanga</em> is indicated in <em>Kashyap Samhita </em>to treat <em>Artavakshaya</em> like conditions.</p> Anudeepa Nath, Dipak Kumar Goswami Copyright (c) 2024 Anudeepa Nath, Dipak Kumar Goswami https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3031 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 08:26:08 +0000 Assessment of acceptance of Ayurveda Visual Science Medications: Revealing unmet needs https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3032 <p>Ayurvedic Visual Science (AVS) has served the nation since <em>Rajashri Nimi</em>, the King of <em>Videha,</em> well documented in Susruta Samhita in 800-600BC. Vision is the most essential sensory function of humans. Loss of vision is considered the highest disability in the general population. Still the unmet needs in ophthalmic research include glaucoma, retinal dystrophies, diabetic retinopathy (DR), retinitis pigmentation (RP), dry eye, progressive myopia, macular degeneration, and corneal diseases. There is no solution of many disorders in spite of the great invention in modern diagnosis and treatment. AVS has progressed tremendously in treating diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa and other incurable diseases. The Ayurvedic ocular medication comprises oral medication, <em>Panchakarma</em> and <em>Kriya kalpa</em>(Ocular procedures) to treat eye diseases holistically after factoring in the entire health profile of patients. A small cross-sectional study was conducted at Sri Sri Ayurveda Medical College, Bangalore, and 885 patients were included, nearly 02% of the total OPD strength of <em>Shalya &amp; Shalakya</em> OPD. Maximum patients are males between the ages of 51-60 years. The most accepted group for Ayurveda Ocular treatment suffered from progressive myopia (26%), followed by 24% of patients with diabetic retinopathy and 13% with chronic conjunctivitis and Age-related macular degeneration. A consensus roadmap from AYUSH should address the unmet need through Ayurveda visual science supported by tangible clinical outcomes.</p> Sarbeswar Kar, Ashok Kumar Panda Copyright (c) 2024 Sarbeswar Kar, Ashok Kumar Panda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3032 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 08:38:31 +0000 Ayurvedic approach to Embryogenesis: Exploring Fetal Development https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2925 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Embryology in <em>Ayurveda</em> is the study of embryonic and fetal development using <em>Ayurvedic</em> principles. <em>Ayurveda</em> describes the conception process, fetal development, and the effect of <em>Doshas</em> (biological energies) on the fetus's growth and health. <em>Ayurvedic</em> embryology emphasizes the mother's health and well-being during pregnancy, as well as the effect of the father's <em>Doshas</em> on the child's genetic makeup. It also includes prenatal care guidelines, such as diet, lifestyle, and herbal remedies, to help the fetus develop normally. <strong>Aims:</strong> This review applies <em>Ayurvedic</em> concepts of <em>Grabhasharir</em> to embryology, analyzing the genesis of progeny using modern scientific knowledge. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> <em>Brihattrayee</em> along with other relevant literature were reviewed to&nbsp;identify the hidden core of embryology described in chapters about <em>Garbhasharir</em>. <strong>Results:</strong> The <em>Ayurvedic</em> essence outlines two types of processes in progeny genesis: dependent and independent, with dependent processes modifying and independent processes unaffected by parental efforts. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Even though the embryology concepts outlined in Ayurveda extend back millennia, they are still relevant in today's scientific world when properly interpreted.</p> Varsha, Himanshu Chouhan Copyright (c) 2024 Varsha, Himanshu Chouhan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2925 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 08:49:34 +0000 Brief knowledge of Prakriti and its importance https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3033 <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is the science of living. The main goals of <em>Ayurveda </em>are illness prevention and treatment<em>. Prakriti</em> is one of the main principles of <em>Ayurveda</em>, which draws from the <em>Veda,</em> <em>Purana, Upanishad, </em>and<em> Darshana</em>. A person's <em>Prakriti</em>, or intrinsic nature, is something that is predetermined at birth and cannot be changed. According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, there are two main aspects of human nature: mental nature and physical nature. In addition to palmistry, horoscopes, and numerology, <em>Ayurveda</em> considered <em>Prakriti Parikshana</em> to be one of the most important ways to choose the right partner. For all these methods, some trustworthy information had to be provided by the person being questioned or examined. It is not required to have a name, birthdate, time, palm impression, etc. for <em>Prakriti Parikshan</em>. The subject only needs to be seated in front of the examiner to be examined; however, the person may also be seen in a picture or on video. The concept of <em>Prakriti</em> is what sets <em>Ayurveda</em> apart from other medical systems. Each person has a different range of options for medical care and medication based on their <em>Prakriti</em>. Understanding the patient's physical and mental constitution, as well as the prognosis, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of many ailments, are all aided by <em>Prakriti Analysis.</em></p> Kanchan Kararrwal, Krishan Kumar Copyright (c) 2024 Kanchan Kararrwal, Krishan Kumar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3033 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 08:59:06 +0000 Enlightening the Principles of Traditional Learning Methods through Ayurveda https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2796 <p>Traditional knowledge is employed to mean knowledge, innovations and practices. It is valid and necessary, and awaits its currently relevant wider application for human benefit. Ayurveda is nectar of Indian traditional knowledge gives a great contribution for well being of humanities. The seed of knowledge of Ayurveda have embedded in <em>Veda</em>. The ultimate goal of Ayurveda is also attaining wisdom as in philosophies of Indian system. The three canonical texts of classical Ayurveda <em>Charak</em> <em>Samhita,</em> <em>Susruta</em> <em>Samhita</em> and <em>Astang</em> <em>Hridyam</em> revealed a multidisciplinary ways of learning and as per <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charaka</em> <em>Adhayan</em> (study), <em>Adhyapan</em> (teaching) and <em>Sambhasa</em> (participating debate). <em>Susruta</em> <em>Samhita</em> exhorts that knowledge of medicinal plants should be gained from of cowherds, hermits, hunters, forest dwellers and those who gather plants of forest for the food. On the importance of studying other sciences, opinion of <em>Susruta</em> is if a person studied one science only, will not be able to arrive at a correct decision, hence we should be known to many sciences and reading many sciences but unable to interpret its meaning is just like a donkey carrying a bundle of sandal wood. Ultimate goal of every knowledge is attaining wisdom. Principles like <em>Pargyapradha,</em> <em>Achar</em> <em>Rasayan,</em> <em>Sadvritta</em> are described in <em>Ayurvedic</em> scriptures which helps in attaining pure knowledge.</p> Jyoti Sihag, Raka Jain Copyright (c) 2024 Jyoti Sihag, Raka Jain https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2796 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 15:12:11 +0000 A review on role of Ranjaka Pitta - As coloring of Blood https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3034 <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Tridosha, Sapthadhatu</em> and <em>Trimala</em> are the basic elements of the body. The <em>Dosha </em>that is most important for digestion and metabolism is the <em>Pitta Dosha</em>. One of the five type of <em>Pitta, Ranjaka Pitta</em> aids in <em>Ranjana Karma</em>. The seven steps of <em>Raktotpatti </em>(Erythropoiesis) and the colour transition from <em>Shweta </em>to <em>Aalaktaka </em>were elucidated by <em>Acharya Sharangadhara</em>. Erythropoiesis is seen in which the uncommitted pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells passes through different stages and finally become the matured RBC. The intrinsic factor of castle, vitamin B<sub>12</sub>, iron, and other substances found in the stomach, liver, and spleen are the factors that cause erythropoiesis. <strong>Objective:</strong> The relationship between the functions of <em>Ranjaka Pitta</em> and the variable influencing erythropoiesis is discussed in this article. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Literature searches were conducted using classical text in <em>Ayurveda </em>and contemporary books and many others. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Various <em>Acharyas </em>state that the <em>Ranjaka Pitta</em>, which is situated in <em>Amashaya, Yakruth</em>, and <em>Pleeha,</em> engages in both <em>Rasa Ranjana Karma</em> and <em>Raktothpatti</em>. Possible interpretations for <em>Ranjaka Pitta</em> include the stimulant factor and maturation factor found in the stomach, liver, and spleen that are necessary for the manufacture of red blood cells.</p> Amrutha K., K N Rajasekhar, Gayathri Holla Copyright (c) 2024 Amrutha K., K N Rajasekhar, Gayathri Holla https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3034 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 16:13:07 +0000 Literary review on strides of Ayurveda manuscript research and contemporary advances in manuscript studies in Ayurveda colleges of Kerala https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2895 <p>Manuscriptology, a branch of literary research is designated as a primordial one as it is concerned with the preservation of the past for the future. This involves a systematic study of collection, classification, preservation, transcription, translation, lower and higher criticism of manuscripts. Manuscripts are the documented version of orally transmitted treasures of various types of knowledge including <em>Ayurveda</em>. Until and unless <em>Ayurveda</em> scholars embark in the field of manuscriptology, especially in critical editions and publication of <em>Ayurveda</em> manuscripts, the enrichment of our science both in knowledge and pragmatic domain will remain an incomplete one. The online data revealed that only 2% of <em>Ayurveda</em> manuscripts are in the published sector. So it is the need of the hour to conduct manuscriptology works on <em>Ayurveda</em> manuscripts exemplifying India’s cultural and knowledge heritage. This article will review the strides of manuscriptology along with a glimpse into the study of manuscripts done by <em>Ayurveda</em> colleges in Kerala. Eventually, all these works reveal the fact that further research on <em>Ayurveda</em> manuscripts is inevitable in contemporary knowledge-gathering settings.</p> Asha V C Copyright (c) 2024 Asha V C https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2895 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 16:21:50 +0000 A literary review article on Agnikarma in Kamala https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2933 <p>Jaundice is defined as a yellowish discoloration of skin, mucous membrane and sclera due to the deposition of bile pigment (bilirubin). It can be classified as pre-hepatic, hepatic and post hepatic jaundice. The causes of various forms of Jaundice are either acquired or congenital. The incidence of jaundice in India is 2.37-3.15 per 1000 population. Varied reasons result in jaundice. Some of them are medically managed whereas some require surgical interventions. The underlying causative factors and clinical manifestations in such conditions are similar to <em>Kamala</em> described in <em>Ayurveda</em>. Various treatment protocols have been mentioned by various <em>Acharya</em> in their respective <em>Samhita.</em> One among them is a handbook for an <em>Ayurvedic </em>physician from Andhra Pradesh, written by Basavaraju named as <em>Basavarajiyam</em> where he has mentioned <em>Agnikarma </em>in <em>Kamala Vyadhi</em> which is a unique practice that might help for early recovery of patients. Another famous book on <em>Viddha</em> and <em>Agnikarma</em> <em>Chikitsa </em>by Dr.R.B. Gogate from Maharashtra also mentions about similar kind of treatment. By considering all these, the present article is aimed at understanding the textual references of <em>Agnikarma </em>in <em>Kamala.</em></p> Anisha Khandelwal, Giri V. Rajneesh, Bhakta S. Copyright (c) 2024 Anisha Khandelwal, Giri V. Rajneesh, Bhakta S. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2933 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 16:32:42 +0000 Ayurvedic approach towards Karnagata Rogas https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3035 <p>The <em>Uttamanga</em> or head occupies the first place among the vital organs of the body. It is due to its substratum of vital and sense organs which includes eyes, ears, nose, oral cavity and CNS. <em>Shalakya</em> <em>Tantra</em> one among the <em>Astangas</em> of <em>Ayurveda</em> deals with the anatomically, physiology, pathology and management pertaining to <em>Jyanendriyas</em>. The ears are one of the <em>Jyanendriya</em>. An ear is the organ that enables hearing and body balancing using the vestibular system. The organ of ear is situated deep below the body surface and inaccessible for inspection with naked eye or palpate. It can be facilitated with the help of modern aids like head mirrors, otoscope, various speculums, mirrors etc and the disorders can be understood on <em>Ayurvedic</em> line i.e., site, underlying <em>Doshas, Dushyas</em>, <em>Lakshanas</em> and should be treated with <em>Ayurvedic</em> line of management. <em>Asatmyendriyartha Samyoga</em> of <em>Indriya</em> i.e <em>Ayoga, Atiyoga</em> and <em>Mithya Yoga</em> of <em>Srotrendriya</em> causes <em>Roga</em>. Factors that affecting ear health are prolong usage of ear phones (particularly when the volume is set close to the maximum), exposure to loud noise/sounds (movie theatres, concerts, firecrackers etc), impacted ear wax, insertion of sharp or unclean particles into the ear, instillation of contaminated solutions, swimming in polluted water, recurrent upper respiratory tract infections, allergies, nutritional deficiency. Noise above 70 dB over a prolonged period of time may start to damage hearing. Loud noise above 120 dB can cause immediate harm to ears. In this article an attempt is made on the understanding <em>Nidana</em>, <em>Samprapti</em>, signs and symptoms and management of <em>Karna Rogas</em> mentioned by various <em>Acharyas</em> in <em>Ayurveda.</em></p> M. Priyanka, Ch. Ramadevi, K. Anasuya Copyright (c) 2024 M. Priyanka, Ch. Ramadevi, K. Anasuya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3035 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 16:45:05 +0000 Iron prophylaxis in Pregnancy - Modern and Ayurvedic View https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3036 <p>Iron is mandatory for normal fetal development, including the brain. Iron deficiency may have deleterious effects for intelligence and behavioral development. It is important to prevent iron deficiency in the fetus by preventing iron deficiency in the pregnant woman. Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm delivery and low birth weight. <em>Ayurveda</em> has recorded some of the complications of pregnancy under the name <em>Garbhopdravas</em>. <em>Garbhini Pandu</em> is the commonest <em>Upadrava</em> among them. <em>Garbhini Pandu</em> is described as a symptom and not as a <em>Vyadhi</em> in <em>Ayurveda</em> classics.</p> Jyoti Pawar, Madhuri Bhalgat Copyright (c) 2024 Jyoti Pawar, Madhuri Bhalgat https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3036 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 17:01:03 +0000 Ayurvedic review article on Shitada with special reference to Gingivitis https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3037 <p>Oral cavity is a unique area of the body which is also known as the window of G.I.T. because many systemic disease can be clinically correlated upto some extent. If oral hygiene is not maintained properly than its sequelae can be quite dangerous. Without treatment gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, in which the inflammation of the gums results in tissue destruction and bone resorption around the teeth which is more serious and can eventually lead to loss of teeth in 40-45% of population of India. Food and plaque can get trapped in this space and cause a gum infection or it may leads to gingivitis on chronic accumulation of food or plaque. Plaque is a thin biofilm of bacteria which is continuously formed on the surface of teeth, as plaque advances it hardens and gets converted into tartar, when plaque extends below cervical line it may leads to bacterial infections like Gingivitis. If left untreated this bacterial infection can lead to detachment of gums from tooth surface and the tooth/teeth may become loose and unstable.</p> Mahipal Singh Shekhawat, Aparna Sharma, Sharad Bhatnagar Copyright (c) 2024 Mahipal Singh Shekhawat, Aparna Sharma, Sharad Bhatnagar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3037 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 17:30:13 +0000 Review of Guggul Asava mentioned in Gada Nigraha https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2927 <p><em>Guggulu Asva</em> is a unique <em>Asava Arishtha</em> mentioned in the text of <em>Gada Nighraha</em> which is indicated in <em>Shwasa, Kasa, Bhagandara, Praneha</em>, etc.but this particular formulation is not available in the market. Many formulations of <em>Guggulu</em> are available in the market like <em>Vati, Choorna, Ghrita, Taila</em>, etc. but <em>Asava Arishtas</em> of <em>Guggulu</em> are not available. Here, an attempt is made to prepare <em>Guggulu Asava</em> and understand the reason behind its unavailability and also its analytical study is carried out.</p> Sneha Dinesh Patel, Manish Kumar Singh, Sarbesvar Kar Copyright (c) 2024 Sneha Dinesh Patel, Manish Kumar Singh, Sarbesvar Kar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2927 Sat, 24 Feb 2024 17:33:18 +0000 Fertility with Ayurveda - A Single Case Study on Treatment of Primary Infertility due to Tubal Blockage with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3046 <p>Infertility associated with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a major cause of concern in the present generation among the reproductive age groups due to unhealthy lifestyles in the modern era. This is a case report of an infertile couple who had not been able to conceive for 4 yrs. The female was diagnosed with PCOS with left tubal blockage. The objective of the present treatment included <em>Ayurvedic</em> management of PCOS, ensuring regular ovulation and thereby helping to develop healthy pregnancy and successful childbirth. Based on <em>Ayurvedic</em> science this case was diagnosed as <em>Vandhyatva</em> (Infertility) due to <em>Nashtartava</em> (that can be related with Polycystic ovarian disease) And Tubal blockage that can be related with <em>Artava Vaha Strotosangha</em>. This research paper presents a case study of the effectiveness of a comprehensive <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment approach involving <em>Uttarbasti</em> with <em>Kasisadi Tail</em> along with oral medicines i.e., <em>Pushpadhanva Ras</em> and <em>Kanchnar Guggulu</em> as major medications in the successful treatment of a primary infertility patient having history of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) And Tubal blockage. In <em>Ayurveda</em> primary infertility can be correlated with <em>Anapatya</em> type of <em>Vandhyatava</em> and its causative factor PCOD can be correlated with <em>Nashtaartava</em> as per <em>Sushrut</em> and <em>Pushpaghnijataharni</em> as per <em>Kashyap</em> and tubal blockage as <em>Sanga</em> variant of <em>Artavavaha Strotodushti.</em> Treatment plan included both <em>Shodhana</em> (Purification) and <em>Shamana</em> (mitigation) therapies. The outcome of the <em>Ayurvedic</em> intervention was the conception of the patient within 1 year of treatment.</p> Basanti Guru, Payal Sindel Copyright (c) 2024 Basanti Guru, Payal Sindel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3046 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 16:30:17 +0000 Role of Virechana and Neelakantha Rasa as Rasayana with Phalatrikadi Kwatha Anupana in Madhumeha (DM2) - A Single Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3038 <p><em>Madumeha</em> is a progressive both <em>Avaranajanya</em> and <em>Dhatukshayajanya</em> <em>Vyadhi</em><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> it is correlated with diabetes mellitus, with the involvement of <em>Tridosha</em>. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic, autoimmune, stress induced impaired hyperglycemia. It is due to either deficiency of insulin or combination of insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion. <em>Virechana</em> and <em>Rasarasayana Yogas</em> are stated as the best in <em>Madhumeha</em>. In the present study <em>Virechana</em> was selected. For <em>Deepana Pachana, Abhayadi Kwatha</em> was selected, <em>S</em><em>nehana</em> was done with <em>Murchita Sarshapa Taila</em>, during <em>Vishramakaala, Sarvanga Abhyanga</em> was done with <em>M</em><em>urchita</em> <em>Sarshapa</em> <em>T</em><em>aila</em> and <em>Baspa Sweda</em> was done for 3 days. <em>Virechana</em> was given with <em>Vishalapippali Yoga</em>, followed by <em>Rasarasayana Yoga, Neelakantha Rasa</em> with <em>Phalatrikadi Kwatha</em>. Result showed that, there was very good improvement in the subjective parameters and objective parameter, FBS was reduced from 102.7 mg/dl to 98 mg/dl. PPBS were reduced from 145.6 mg/dl to 132 mg/dl. HbA1C was reduced from 8.4% to 5.8% after the intervention. In the contest of <em>Madhumeha Chikitsa, Virechana</em> is highlighted. In practice the newly diagnosed case of <em>Madhumeha</em> is reversible with timely Ayurvedic classical intervention. A significant improvement, in subjective and objective parameter of <em>Madhumeha</em> (DM2) has made it necessary to make a single case study.</p> Narasareddy, Madhava Diggavi, Fareeda Begum Shaikh, Ramaling Hugar Copyright (c) 2024 Narasareddy, Madhava Diggavi, Fareeda Begum Shaikh, Ramaling Hugar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3038 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 16:35:38 +0000 Ayurvedic Management of Developmental Displasia of the Hip: A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2920 <p>Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) poses a significant threat to childhood mobility and can lead to later complications, including the need for hip replacements. This article provides a comprehensive overview of DDH, covering its incidence, prevalence, risk factors, and associated pathology. It emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and outlines various treatment modalities, ranging from non-surgical interventions like the Pavlik harness to surgical options such as open reduction and hip reconstruction. The article includes a case report of an 8-year-old female with DDH who sought <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment after previous consultations offered surgery as the primary solution. The therapeutic intervention involved a combination of <em>Koshta Shuddhi, Basti Karma</em>, and oral medications. The results indicated a significant reduction in pain and improved mobility, demonstrating the potential efficacy of <em>Ayurvedic</em> approaches in managing DDH. The discussion delves into the pathophysiology of DDH, highlighting the role of <em>Vata Dosha</em> and emphasizing the multifaceted benefits of <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatments in addressing the underlying imbalances. The presented case underscores the importance of personalized care and alternative treatment options for DDH, contributing to the broader discourse on holistic healthcare and integrative medicine. In conclusion, this article provides a thorough exploration of DDH, incorporating clinical features, diagnosis, and a detailed treatment case study. It not only contributes valuable insights into the conventional management of DDH but also introduces the potential benefits of Ayurvedic interventions, opening avenues for further research and collaboration between traditional and modern medical practices.</p> Rikhitha Anchan, Ravishankar Pervaje Copyright (c) 2024 Rikhitha Anchan, Ravishankar Pervaje https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2920 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 16:41:25 +0000 Partial Fistulotomy followed by Kshara application and Ksharasutra Ligation in Fistula-in-ano - Multiple approaches in a Single Case https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3039 <p><em>Bhagandhara</em> is one of the common ailments pertaining to <em>Guda</em> and it is mentioned under the heading of <em>Ashtomahagada</em> (eight major diseases). According to <em>Acharya</em> <em>Susahruta, ‘Bhagandhara’</em> starts as deep-seated <em>pidika</em> (boil) surrounding <em>Guda</em> (anus) within two <em>Angulas</em>, producing fever and pain. In contemporary science it is compared to fistula-in-ano. Fistula-in-ano is a track lined by granulation tissue and communicating two epithelial lined surfaces which opens deeply in the anal canal or rectum and superficially on the skin around the anus. In modern medical science various treatment modalities has been explained but they are having its own merits and demerits.<em>&nbsp; Ksharasutra</em> is a medicated thread, indicated in ano-rectal disorders particularly in the management of <em>Bhagandhara</em>. In plane <em>Kshrasutra</em> the required time for cut through and healing of wound is more, so patients are mentally disturbed with this disease. Hence to minimize the required time, multiple interventions along with <em>Ksharasutra</em> is opted. In this case report, a patient of fistula- in-ano having 9cm at posterior aspect of anal canal was treated with multiple approaches which are partial fistulotomy, <em>Kshara</em> application and <em>Ksharasutra </em>ligation for remaining part of tract. Regular dressing was done with <em>Jatyadi Ghrita</em> for the partial fistulotomy wound and old <em>Ksharasutr</em>a was changed with a new one by rail-road method on every week for the remaining part of fistulous tract. The unit cutting time (UCT) was measured and noted at every week. This case was cured completely within 7 weeks. Hence study concluded that the long fistula cases can be treated with multiple interventions along with <em>Ksharasutra</em>.</p> Srinivasa NV, Shilpa PN Copyright (c) 2024 Srinivasa NV, Shilpa PN https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3039 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 16:47:22 +0000 Promising effect of Ayurveda in the management of Gridhrasi - A Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3040 <p>Nowadays, the most prevalent ailment affecting human body is backache, which has an impact on everyday routine. Human life styles have altered dramatically over time due to over exertion, improper sitting and standing postures in work place, jerky movements during travel etc invariably causes jerks to the spinal column leading to Sciatica etc. spinal disorders. Its prevalence is 1.2% to 43% Worldwide which affects person’s age group of 30-60 years. Currently it seen in younger adults also with equal ratio in both genders. In <em>Ayurveda</em> it can be correlated with <em>Gridhrasi.</em> The word <em>Gridhrasi </em>is derived from - <em>Gridhramapi Syathi. </em>So<em>,</em> which means the disease where gait of the affected person resembles like a <em>Gridhra </em>which means Vulture. <em>Gridhra</em> is a bird which is fond of meat. This bird pierces the meat with its beak and pulls out; which gives severe pain to the prey similarly this type of pain is felt by affected person hence it is named as <em>Gridhrasi</em>. The present case is single case study which is about 20 days, where patient came with complaints of pain and stiffness in lower back region radiating to right lower leg, difficulty to sit normally, etc. since 3 months. The Patient was treated with peculiar combinations like only <em>Niruhabasti, Kukkutanda Sweda</em> along with <em>Shamanaushadhis</em> and reported with evident result in this case.</p> Vibha M. Joshi, Triveni D, A. S. Prashanth Copyright (c) 2024 Vibha M. Joshi, Triveni D, A. S. Prashanth https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3040 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 16:55:41 +0000 A case report on the use of Ayurveda in the treatment of Iron Deficiency Anaemia https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2919 <p>Among pregnant women and young children, nutritional iron deficiency anaemia is a worldwide public health concern and the leading cause of anaemia. Iron deficiency anaemia is often caused by blood loss or mal-absorption. Iron deficiency anaemia and <em>Pandu</em> <em>Roga</em> are very similar clinical entities. <em>Pitta</em> <em>Pradhan</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> is <em>Pandu</em> <em>Roga</em>. The vitiated <em>Doshas</em> in <em>Pandu</em> <em>Roga</em> cause a disruption in tissue metabolism, which results in <em>Dhatu</em>-<em>Shathilya</em> in all of <em>Dhatu</em>. Paleness is the dominant colour across the body. The <em>Rasavaha</em> and <em>Raktavaha</em> <em>Srotasas</em> play a significant role in the development of <em>Pandu</em>. In this case study, we see a 22-year-old female patient with iron deficiency anaemia who, after a month of treatment with Ayurvedic formulations in the <em>Pandu</em> <em>Roga</em> line of treatment and iron-rich dietary supplements, experienced a dramatic improvement in her symptoms (less swelling, no pallor, increased energy, decreased palpitation, and hair loss of 10 strands per day) and an increase in her haemoglobin level (from 8.6g/dl to 12.7g/dl) at a very rapid pace. The <em>Samprapti</em> of <em>Pandu</em> <em>Roga</em> may be broken with the aid of the formulas. Iron deficiency anaemia (<em>Pandu</em>) may be effectively treated with Ayurvedic medication.</p> Ritesh Damle, Dnyaneshwar Padavi Copyright (c) 2024 Ritesh Damle, Dnyaneshwar Padavi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2919 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:01:46 +0000 Case report on Ayurvedic management of Eczema with special reference to Charma Kushta https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3041 <p>Skin inflammation is referred to as eczema, also referred to as dermatitis. Erythema, vesiculation, and oozing are the symptoms of acute eczema, followed by subacute scaling and crusting and chronic lichenification. According to Ayurveda, <em>Charmakushta </em>which is one among the 18 types of <em>Kushta</em> can be correlated to chronic stage of eczema. This condition can be managed with <em>Sodhana </em>and <em>Shamana</em> principles mentioned in <em>Kushta</em>. The subjective parameter like pruritus is assessed with NRS(numeric rating scale) and EASI score (eczema area and severity index) was taken for measuring area or extent along with severity. Sleep disturbance was measured using atopic dermatitis sleep score (ADSS) and DLQI (Dermatology Life Quality Index) was also assessed. All these parameters were assessed before and after treatment and also after follow up. DLQI of the patient was 66.6%before treatment which was reduced to 26.6% after treatment and 13.3% after follow up. NRS score has showed a 5 point decrease in the score and ADSS showed a marked decrease in mean score after follow up. EASI score also showed a marked reduction from 22 to 8.6 after follow up.</p> Neethu KS, Ajay Paul Copyright (c) 2024 Neethu KS, Ajay Paul https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3041 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:07:38 +0000 A case study on Gridhasi w.s.r. to Sciatica https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3042 <p><em>Gridhasi</em> is one of the most common disease of <em>Vata Vyadhi</em>, which closely related with sciatica. This is characterised by low back pain and radiates towards posterior part of leg or discomfort associated with sciatic nerve. It has painful (<em>Shoola Pradhan</em>) condition which hampers the routine of life. In <em>Gridhasi</em> pain starts form <em>Kati-Prushta</em> (Pelvic &amp; Lumbo-Sacral resion) radiating towards <em>Jangha</em> (Thigh), <em>Pada </em>(Legs) with impairment of lifting leg (Stiffness). The prevalence of sciatica varies considerably ranging from 3.8% in the working population to 7.9% in nonworking population. Contemporary medicine has limitations giving short term relief in pain or surgical intervention with side effect. The aim of this study was to access the effect of <em>Ayurvedic</em> management through <em>Shodhan</em> and <em>Shaman Chikitsa</em>. Here in this case study a 60 year female patient was suffering from sciatic pain (Low back Pain) radiating towards posterior part of leg due to herniation of L4-L5 and L5-S1 that is correlated with <em>Gridhasi</em> since 6 months approached to Ayurvedic Hospital and She was treated with <em>Panchakarma</em> treatment including <em>Dashmooladi Niruha Basti</em>, <em>Merudand Basti</em>, <em>Patra Pinda Sweda</em> and <em>Raktmokshan </em>along with <em>Shaman Chikitsa</em>. The treatment was continued for consecutive two months.</p> Umesh Tamrakar, Minakshee Chouhan, Kamini Soni Copyright (c) 2024 Umesh Tamrakar, Minakshee Chouhan, Kamini Soni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3042 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:14:11 +0000 Ayurvedic approach to manage Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome with Yoga Basti - A Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3043 <p>A 31year old unmarried woman came to OPD of PTSR department of IAS&amp;R, Kurukshetra with clinical features such as irregular menses, weight gain and excessive hair growth over face, abdomen and thighs, mood swings, insomnia, acne on face, bloating etc. Patient was a diagnosed case of PCOD as she had already visited allopathic hospitals. Her USG report shows multiple small follicles in Necklace pattern in bilateral ovaries. Hormone test shows LH-FSH ratio value &gt;2.50. Lipid profile shows derangement of Triglycerides (187.00 mg/dl), HDL (26.70mg/dl), VLDL cholesterol (37.40mg/dl). She has undergone hormonal therapy for 3 months and later discontinued the treatment this case was managed by tablet <em>Sukumar Kashaya, Kanchnar Guggul, Dashmoolarishta </em>and<em> Kaumaryasava </em>along with<em> Yoga Basti </em>with the <em>Sahacharadi Taila </em>mixed with<em> Murchhit Til Tail </em>and<em> Erandamooladi Niruha Basti </em>and<em> Matra Basti </em>with<em> Sahacharadi Taila </em>mixed with<em> Murchhit Til Tail.</em> This treatment gave very promising results with improvement of overall health of the patient.</p> Lalita, Suniti Tanwar, Jitesh Kumar Panda, Tinkle Rani Copyright (c) 2024 Lalita, Suniti Tanwar, Jitesh Kumar Panda, Tinkle Rani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3043 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:22:24 +0000 Application of Trisootra Chikitsa in the management of Mukhadooshika with special reference to Acne Vulgaris - A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2903 <p><em>Mukhadushika</em>, likewise referred to as acne vulgaris, is a prevalent skin condition with significant medical and psychological repercussions, particularly among adolescents. Acne is a widespread skin problem that affects over 85% of teenagers, primarily on the face as well as on the chest and upper back. Due to the changing lifestyle, incompatible food practices and sedentary lifestyle, these types of skin manifestations became more prevalent in the present scenario. In modern cosmetology the treatment of Acne includes topical retinoids, antibiotics etc. which all usually causes adverse effects like skin irritation, peeling, redness and associated with sun sensitivity. A 25-year-old female patient suffering from facial pimples, pain, and related discomfort visited the OPD. Despite prior allopathic treatment, no relief was observed. By the proper analysis of the patient history thereby adopting <em>Trisootra Chikitsa</em> protocol, a substantial improvement in the patient's symptoms, with the absence of reddish nodules and tenderness considerable change in the complexion over the face of patient was achieved. It is observed that adopting <em>Trisootra Chikitsa</em> principles along with suitable <em>Oushadhis</em> is beneficial in the management of <em>Mukhadushika</em>, thereby improving the complexion of the skin.</p> Ajith Krishnan, Priyanka Ajithkrishnan Copyright (c) 2024 Ajith Krishnan, Priyanka Ajithkrishnan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2903 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:28:08 +0000 Ayurvedic management of Hemorrhagic Stroke : A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3044 <p>WHO defines stroke as a "neurological deficit of cerebrovascular cause that persists beyond 24 hours or is interrupted by death within 24 hours". There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding. Both cause parts of the brain to stop functioning properly. Stroke is a major global public health problem. According to the Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) study in 1990, stroke was the second leading cause of death worldwide. Subsequent efforts to update the GBD study reported nearly 5.87 million stroke deaths globally in 2010.With the rising proportion of mortality, stroke still remains the second leading cause of death worldwide. The present study is a diagnosed case of ruptured right DACA aneurysm and unruptured right MCA M1 segment aneurysm and ICD (International classification of diseases) classification as Subarchnoid hemorrhage from middle cerebral artery. The patient presented with symptoms of loss of strength and weakness in left upper &amp; lower extremity with stiffness. The <em>Ayurvedic </em>diagnosis of <em>Vama Pakshaghata</em> was done and managed with <em>Dhanyamla Seka, Abhyanga, Shastika Shali Pinda Sweda, Dhara</em> and <em>Matrabasti</em>. Two assessments were made before and after treatment using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIH-SS). The patient got significant improvement in the signs and symptoms and improvement in movements within 45 days. The results were remarkably encouraging.</p> Veena G. Rao, Apoorva M.S., Manasa S.D. Copyright (c) 2024 Veena G. Rao, Apoorva M.S., Manasa S.D. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3044 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:34:13 +0000 A case report of Ayurvedic management on Dantavidradhi w.s.r. to periodontal Abscess https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2918 <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Aacharya Vagbhatta</em> has described seventy five <em>Mukhroga</em>; among them <em>Dantamooolgat Roga</em> are thirteen. <em>Dantavridradhi </em>(Periodontal Abscess) is one of the <em>Dantamulagata Roga</em> can be correlated with periodontal Abscess. <em>Dantavridhi </em>(Periodontal Abscess) is <em>Tridoshaja</em>, <em>Sadhya Vyadhi</em> as swelling develops on gums and accomplished with pain, burning sensation, pus discharge and sometimes with blood stains. <strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>A 47 year old normal and oriented female patient attended <em>Shalakya Tantra</em> OPD at ITRA Hospital with complains of swelling on upper jaw gums (gingiva) as chief complain associated with pain during chewing, mild pus discharge since 12 days. She was diagnosed with <em>Dantavridradhi </em>(Periodontal Abscess) and treated by Ayurvedic management as orally <em>Triphala Guggulu</em>, <em>Gandusha</em> and <em>Kavala</em> with <em>Panchtiktak Kwatha, Pratisarana/Lepa </em>of <em>Katuki Churna </em>mixed with <em>Gomutra </em>locally and adviced to maintain oral hygiene properly. <strong>Observation and Result: </strong>Considerable reduction of swelling is observed on the upper jaw gums (gingiva) within 8 days. Pain and pus discharge were relieved after 5 days. Complete relief in symptoms were noticed after 10 days. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Ayurveda line of treatment approach is helpful in the management of <em>Dantavridradhi </em>(Periodontal Abscess)<em>.</em></p> Dhara Makwana, D.B. Vaghela Copyright (c) 2024 Dhara Makwana, D.B. Vaghela https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2918 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:40:18 +0000 An Ayurvedic Management of Diabetic Retinopathy - A Case Report https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3045 <p>Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most frequent micro vascular complication of Diabetes mellitus. It is an eye condition that can cause vision loss and blindness. Globally the prevalence of Diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients is estimated to be 27.0% which leads to 0.4 million blindness in the world.<strong><sup>[1] </sup></strong>It affects blood vessels in the retina (the light-sensitive layer of tissue in the back of the eye). It commonly affects both eyes and can lead to vision loss if it left untreated. Currently available conventional treatments (Focal laser therapy, Anti-vascular growth factor drug) for DR have certain limitations, considering which options from alternative resources are being searched. Despite advances in science the treatment of DR is challenging. So, in this case Ayurveda treatment was done.</p> Arti Panwar, Arun Kumar, Preeti Pahwa Copyright (c) 2024 Arti Panwar, Arun Kumar, Preeti Pahwa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3045 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:45:41 +0000 Role of Virechan in the management of Ankylosing Spondylitis - A Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2901 <p>Ankylosing Spondylitis is probably an autoimmune disorder with genetic component HLAB27 as important causative factor and having characteristic inflammatory back pain. As is a gradually progressive condition over several years until structural damage manifests clinically as sacroiliitis, loss of spinal mobility and reduce quality of life. It is also called as Marie Stumpell and Bechterew’s disease. It affects primarily the sacroiliac joint, spine, certain peripheral joints, tendon can also be affected and extra articular manifestation may be present sometimes. Ankylosing Spondylitis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that can cause the vertebrae to fuse in advanced stages. It is more common in male than female. Signs and symptoms typically begin in early adulthood. No satisfactory treatment is available in modern medicine for this disease. In the present case report, a 21 year old female patient presented with complaints pain the lower back region accompanied by early morning stiffness and pain radiating to B/L hip joints. This pain was insidious in onset which brought the patient to OPD of Arthritis Clinic (<em>Aamvata)</em> of Pandit Khushilal Sharma Government Ayurveda Institute Bhopal. As per Ayurvedic classics, this condition can be correlated with<em> Aamvata</em> and treated with <em>Panchkarma</em> procedure <em>Virechan karma</em>. The outcome was very remarkable she got symptomatic relief assessed by Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index without causing any adverse effect.</p> Rupali Dave, Sanjay Srivastava Copyright (c) 2024 Rupali Dave, Sanjay Srivastava https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2901 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 17:51:10 +0000 Bhedana Karma in the management of Chalazion: A Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2923 <p>A chalazion, the most common inflammatory lesions of the eyelid. They are typically slowly enlarging, non-tender eyelid nodules, benign and self-limiting, though they can develop as a bump on eyelid. In <em>Ayurveda</em> it can be correlated with <em>Utsangini</em>, <em>Tridoshaja Vartmagata Roga</em>. In this study a 20 year old female patient approached to the <em>Shalakya Tantra</em> OPD of Rajeev Institute of Ayurvedic Medical Science and Research Centre, Hassan with a history of swelling on upper eyelid of right eye since 2 months. The growth was large in size and the inner part of eyelid is red in colour and painless. On examination the patient was diagnosed with chalazion. The patient was treated with <em>Bhedana Karma</em> followed <em>Pratisarana Karma</em> and systemically administered <em>Shamana Chikitsa.</em> Remarkable result was observed in all the aspects of the disease. Hence, <em>Bhedana</em> and <em>Pratisarana Karma</em> are proofed to be effective in the management of chalazion.</p> Varun TV, Chaitra TM, Akshitha P. Copyright (c) 2024 Varun TV, Chaitra TM, Akshitha P. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/2923 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 18:00:12 +0000 Systemic analysis of different Niruha Basti’s in Vatavyadhi (Gridhrasi) - A Case Study https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3047 <p>Ayurveda is popular holistic science in this present era that deals with scientific evidence-based treatment principles and approaches toward a positive lifestyle. It explains mainly about 2 types of <em>Chikitsa</em> i.e., <em>Shodhana</em> and <em>Shamana</em>. Out of this, <em>Basti Chikitsa</em> is one of the 5 important treatment modalities that are explained under panchakarma and it is often used in the management of different kinds of <em>Vatavyadhi.</em><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> The different manifestations of <em>Gridhrasi </em>with different cause requires a blended approach of various treatment modalities with <em>Basti Chikitsa </em>as a centre of focus. This Case study includes 3 different presentations of <em>Gridhrasi </em>with Pain in low back region radiating to lower limbs successfully treated with 3 different <em>Niruha Bastis</em>. Assessments of Subjective parameters include <em>Lakshanas </em>of <em>Gridhrasi </em>and Objective parameters include Straight Leg Raising Test and Bragard’s sign.</p> Suraksha S., Lolashri S.J. Copyright (c) 2024 Suraksha S., Lolashri S.J. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/3047 Sun, 25 Feb 2024 18:09:36 +0000