UPASHAYA & ANUPASHAYA : A BIRD’S EYE VIEW

  • Sreeharsha N Post Graduate Scholar, Department of Swasthavritta & Yoga, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda & Hospital, Hassan.
  • Gurubasavaraj Yalagachin Associate Professor, Department of Swasthavritta & Yoga, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda & Hospital, Hassan.
  • Divyasree C H Post Graduate Scholar, Department of Shareera Kriya, Ashwini Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Tumkur, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

The approach of the treatment in any disease begins with Roga Pareeksha and Rogi Pareeksha. Once these two concepts are clear, Vyadhi Vinishchaya will be perfect. This enables the Vaidya to choose appropriate Chikitsa. The five entities of Roga Pareeksha are Nidana (aetiology), Purvaroopa (early signs and symptoms), Roopa (cardinal features), Upashaya (symptomatic treatment) and Samprapti (pathogenesis). When Vaidya has doubtful diagnosis of a disease after thorough examination, he will carry out symptomatic first hand simple therapy, result of which will clarify his ambiguity in diagnosis. For example the pain in the Janu Sandhi may raise the doubt in the physician regarding its diagnosis as Amavata or Sandhivata.  The Sthanika Taila Prayoga as Upashaya will result in clarity of diagnosis. Hence Upashaya (Pathya) and Anupashaya (Apathya) are the diagnostic tools in Vyadhi Vinishchaya. This creates a pavement for the path of thinking that Ahara, Vihara and  Oushadha  which relieve the Lakshanas of any Vyadhi are considered as Upashaya and those which aggravate or worsen are called as  Anupashaya. This concept can be practically utilised to advice the Rogi regarding Pathya and Apathya in the specific disesase and it also helps to diagnose the disease without confusion. Hence a detailed knowledge of Upashaya (Pathya) and Anupashaya (Apathya) is essential in Chikitsa.

Published
2017-09-10
How to Cite
N, Sreeharsha; YALAGACHIN, Gurubasavaraj; H, Divyasree C. UPASHAYA & ANUPASHAYA : A BIRD’S EYE VIEW. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (ISSN 2456-3110), http://www.jaims.in/index.php/jaims/pages/view/Citation, v. 2, n. 4, p. 274 - 276, sep. 2017. ISSN 2456-3110. Available at: <http://jaims.in/index.php/jaims/article/view/341>. Date accessed: 24 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.21760/jaims.v2i4.9366.
Section
Review Articles