INFLUENCE OF CLASSICAL SANSKRIT MAXIMS (NYAYAH) IN THE INSCRIPTION OF AYURVEDIC LITERATURE
The texts in Olden days were written in a concise style known as Sutra style. This was meant especially for the brevity and for the oral transformation of the knowledge. Many devices of writing like Tantrayukti, Tacchilya, Arthashraya and Nyayah etc. were used to explain the complex matter in a simple manner and also to preserve the knowledge from improper persons. Sanskrit scholars have enriched and embellished Sanskrit language by various devices like Chandas, Alankara, Sandhi, Samasa, Tantrayukties, Nyayas, Tacchilyas, Arthashrayas, Kalpana etc. among which the Nyayas have a special place which explains the complex subject in simple manner by using the common proverbs and sayings. This is one of the devices by which an experience secured from or a conclusion reached in a particular case can be used to explain a similar situation in a brief and effective manner. A Nyayah may be used to explain a similar situation in a brief and to explain the situation in a given case forcefully. It was therefore natural that Ayurvedic Literature was also influenced by these maxims whenever faced with any ambiguity or conflict in the Shastras and for the sake of brevity maxims were used by the authors. So this present article highlights the maxims used and also to explore the particular circumstances where these maxims are used in the inscription of the Ayurvedic literature.
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