A Review on Sthoulya with special reference to Obesity
Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual ideal body weight. In Ayurveda, Obesity is described as Medo Roga or Sthoulya. Continuous indulgence in highfat food, fried items, etc., along with a sedentary lifestyle leads to excess accumulation of body fat which gets deposited in the numerous body channels. Appropriate Ayurvedic internal medicines along with Shodhan procedures are used to achieve the best results, without any side effects. Vamana, Virechan, Basti, Udvartan according to vitiation of Dosha, these Shodhana procedures gives effective results. Pathya Apathya (Diet management) & Lifestyle modifications play an important role in the management of Obesity. Sthaulya (Obesity) is such a disease, which provides the platform for so many hazards like hypertension, diabetes mellitus etc. as well as psychological disorders like stress. The mortality and morbidity rates are more in obese person. It is one of the most common, yet among the most neglected public health problems in the present world. In rich countries, obesity is more common among the less educated, but in poor countries, obesity is more common among the highly educated. In classics Sthoulya (Obesity) has been described under the Santarpanajanya Vikara and in Bahudoshavastha condition. Ayurvedic treatment aims not only at the radical removal of the causative factors of the disease, but also at the restoration of Doshika equilibrium.
Charak, Charaka Samhita, Sutra Sthana, Ashtouninditiya Adhyaya In: 21/3-4, Tripathi B. vol-I 4th ed 1995, Chowkhamba Surbharti Prakashan, Varanasi: 1995;p.398.
Harison T. R. Harison’s Principle of Internal Medicine Evaluation and Management of Obesity, In: 416 Vol- II ed 19th:p.2392
Gaurav Kumar, Sharma Meenakshi, Kaundal Ramesh, Rana Ashwani, Sharma Om Prakash, A Review on Sthoulya (obesity) and its management in Ayurveda, 2014; 2(6): 66.
Tortora G. C. Principles of anatomy and physiology, Metabolism and Nutrition, In: 25 ed11, p.986.
World Health Organization, The Global Burden of Diseases. Update 2004. Part 2, causes of Death. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2008;p.8-10
Charaka, Prof. Priyavat Sharma (ed), Charak Samhita, Sutrasthana, Ashtouninditiya Adhyaya, In; 21/4, Vol-I, Ist ed, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series, Varanasi: 1976;p.144-145.
Charak, Dr. Ram Karan Sharma, Vd Bhagwan Dash (eds), Charak Samhita, Sutrasthana, Ashtouninditiya adhyaya In: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series, Varanasi: 21/21-28, Vol-I: P. 378-380.
Charak, Dr. Ram Karan Sharma, Charak Samhita, Vimanasthana, Srotovimana Adhyaya, In: 5/16, Vol-II, Ist ed, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office Varanasi: 1977;p.175.
Charak, Priyavat Sharma (ed), Charak Samhita, Sutrasthana, Shadvirechanashratashritiya Adhyaya In: 4/9, Chowkhamba Prakashan, Varanasi: p.25
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for non-commercial purposes.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.