A comprehensive study on Twak Shareera

  • Rakesh R Final Year Post Graduate Scholar, Department of Shareera Rachana, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda and Hospital, Kuthpady, Udupi, Karnataka, India.
  • Nithin Kumar Associate Professor, Department of Shareera Rachana, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda and Hospital, Kuthpady, Udupi, Karnataka, India.
Keywords: Twak Shareera, Integumentary system.

Abstract

Background: Twak is the outermost protective layer as well as largest sensory organ of body. Acharya Susrutha and Acharya Charaka described its layers according to their functions and diseases, which are related to those layers. It is the location of sweat channels, hairs and hair pits. It is the largest organ constituting 15-20% of total body mass. Objectives: To do the literary study of Twak Shareera as explained in Samhitha and Comparative study of Twak Shareera with contemporary science. Methodology: Literary study was done by collecting references from different Samhitas, contemporary science, journals and web sites. Conclusion: Twak is one of the Indriya Adhishtana. The total thickness of the Twak is Angushtodara Pramana, which is approximately 5.95 Yavas. After this study, Twak layers can be compared with skin. Avabhasini and Lohitha as Stratum Corneum, Sweta as stratum lucidum, Tamra as stratum spinousm and stratum granulosum, Vedini as stratum basale and papillary dermis, Rohini as reticular Dermis and Mamsadhara Twak as Superficial fascia.

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References

Vaidya Jadavji Trikamji, editor. Commentary Nibanda Sangraha of Dalhana on Susrutha Samhita of Susruta, Suthra sthana.

Dr. Brahmanand Tripathi, editor. Commentary Charaka Chandrika on Charaka Samhita of Agnivesa, elaborated by Charaka and Dridhabala. Shareera Sthana.

Peter L. Williams & amp; Roger Warwick, editors. Gray’s Anatomy; 36th edition Edinburgh London Melbourne and New York; Churchill Livingstone.

How to Cite
Rakesh R, & Nithin Kumar. (2021). A comprehensive study on Twak Shareera. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences, 6(5), 275 - 278. Retrieved from https://jaims.in/jaims/article/view/1441
Section
Review Article