Phytochemical evaluation of Celastrus paniculatus seed oil extracted by a method used by ‘Uraanv’ tribe of Chhattisgarh
More than 35,000 plant species are being used in various human cultures around the world for medicinal purposes. Medicated oil plays an important role for prevention and cure of diseases in Ayurveda. Celastrus paniculatus seed oil is such wonderful medicinally useful oil. It is commonly known as Black-Oil tree, Intellect tree, Climbing-staff plant and Jyotishmati and “Tree of life” in Ayurveda. It possesses Anti-depressant, Anti-Parkinson, Anti-Alzheimer’s, Neuroprotective, IQ improving activity. In tribal district (Jashpur) of Chhattisgarh, Indian people uses traditional method to extract C. paniculatus oil. It is commonly used by the tribes for the treatment of various diseases like headache, muscular spasm and local inflammations. The present study aim is documentation of traditional method of oil extraction used by ‘Uraanv’ tribe. This paper also dealt with the Physicochemical and qualitative phytochemical evaluation of C. paniculatus seed oil. Oil yield by traditional method was 25%. Carbohydrate, reducing sugar, monosaccharide, protein, amino acid, steroid, flavonoid, alkaloid, fixed oil, phytosterols, saponin, diterpenoid and cardiac glycoside were found in the oil sample.The GC-MS analysis shows the presence of 47 compounds in the oil. These phytochemical might be responsible for the therapeutic effect of C. paniculatsus seed oil.
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